United States Census 1920

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(8 intermediate revisions by 5 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United_States_Census_1920|1920 Census]]''  
+
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census|U.S. Census]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United_States_Census_1920|1920 Census]]''  
  
 
== Indexes and Images  ==
 
== Indexes and Images  ==
Line 6: Line 6:
  
 
For details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the [[United States Census Searching]] Wiki page.  
 
For details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the [[United States Census Searching]] Wiki page.  
 +
 +
A free Internet index to the 1920 United States Census can be viewed at [https://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch.org]. This index includes every name listed on the census. Index includes the name, residence, estimated birth year, age in years, birth place, relationship to head of house, gender, race or color, marital status, father birth place, mother birth place, film number, digital GS number, image number and sheet number.
 +
 +
1790-2000 Information: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
  
 
== Content  ==
 
== Content  ==
  
1920 Census was taken beginning 1 January 1920, for thirty days, or two weeks for populations of 2,500+.&nbsp; <br>The following information was recorded by the census taker:&nbsp;
+
1920 Census was taken beginning 1 January 1920, for thirty days, or two weeks for populations of 2,500+.  
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Name of street, ave., road<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;House number or farm<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Number of dwelling in order of visitation<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Number of family in order of visitation<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Name of each person who lived w/family<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Relationship of person to head of family<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Home owned or rented<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; If owned, mortgaged or free<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Sex<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Color or race<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Age at last birthday<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Single, married, widowed or divorced<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Year of immigration to U.S.<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Naturalized or alien<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;If naturalized, year of naturalization<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Attended school since&nbsp;1 Sep 1919<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Can read or write<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Birthplace<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Mother tongue<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Father’s birthplace<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Father’s mother tongue<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Mother’s birthplace<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Mother’s mother tongue<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Speak English<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Trade, profession or type of work<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Industry, business or establishment at work<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Number of farm schedule<br>&nbsp;
+
The following information was recorded by the census taker:
  
'''''1920 United States Census'''''A free Internet index to the 1920 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 Family Search&nbsp;Record Search Pilot]. This index includes every name listed on the census. Index includes the name, residence, estimated birth year, age in years, birth place, relationship to head of house, gender, race or color, marital status, father birth place, mother birth place, film number, digital GS number, image number and sheet number.
+
*Name of street, ave., road
 +
*House number or farm
 +
*Number of dwelling in order of visitation
 +
*Number of family in order of visitation
 +
*Name of each person who lived w/family
 +
*Relationship of person to head of family
 +
*Home owned or rented
 +
*If owned, mortgaged or free
 +
*Sex
 +
*Color or race
 +
*Age at last birthday
 +
*Single, married, widowed or divorced
 +
*Year of immigration to U.S.
 +
*Naturalized or alien
 +
*If naturalized, year of naturalization
 +
*Attended school since 1 Sep 1919
 +
*Can read or write
 +
*Birthplace
 +
*Mother tongue
 +
*Father’s birthplace
 +
*Father’s mother tongue
 +
*Mother’s birthplace
 +
*Mother’s mother tongue
 +
*Speak English
 +
*Trade, profession or type of work
 +
*Industry, business or establishment at work
 +
*Number of farm schedule
  
1790-2000 Information: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
+
[http://www.censusfinder.com/1920-census.htm 1920 Census Questions]: Hosted at CensusFinder.com
  
 
== Value  ==
 
== Value  ==
  
The&nbsp;1920 census can be used to:<sup>1</sup><br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;View several instances, where women, rather than men were listed as head of household in Soundex index<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Identify date of Naturalization<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;More specific questions asked of immigrants from Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary, &amp; Turkey&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; could facilitate pinpointing birthplaces.
+
The 1920 census can be used to:  
  
&nbsp;  
+
#View several instances, where women, rather than men were listed as head of household in Soundex index
 +
#Identify date of Naturalization
 +
#More specific questions asked of immigrants from Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary, &amp; Turkey could facilitate pinpointing birthplaces.
  
A statistical study was done in 1923 on coal miners listed in the '''1920 census'''.&nbsp; The codes used follow:  
+
<br> A statistical study was done in 1923 on coal miners listed in the '''1920 census'''.The codes used follow:  
  
'''MH '''- coal miners who were also the heads of their households<br>'''BD''' - coal miners who were boarders in a household<br>'''BWF''' - coal miners who lived in their parent's household<br>'''USC''' - coal miners who were born in the United States<br>'''USW''' - coal miners who were born in the United States (don't know of any distinction between the w or the c)<br>
+
'''MH '''- coal miners who were also the heads of their households<br>'''BD''' - coal miners who were boarders in a household<br>'''BWF''' - coal miners who lived in their parent's household<br>'''USC''' - "colored" coal miners who were born in the United States (for African American miners)<br>'''USW''' - "white" coal miners who were born in the United States (for caucasians miners)  
  
<br>1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html ]<br>
+
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html]  
  
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
  
1. &nbsp;Date of enumeration on heading of each page<br>2.&nbsp; All responses supposed to be as of 1 Jan 1920<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; a. Omit—children born between 1 Jan 1920 and enumeration<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; b.&nbsp;Include—people alive on 1 Jan 1920, but dead by enumeration<br>3.&nbsp; Year of naturalization<br>4.&nbsp; If a farmer, it includes the corresponding farm schedule<br>5.&nbsp; No separate schedule for the Indian population<br>6.&nbsp; More accurate listing of place of birth for those born in Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia or Turkey<br>7.&nbsp; Did not list some of the previous questions. (number of children, years of marriage, military service, unemployment)8.&nbsp;&nbsp;Census included: Guam, American Samoa, Panama Canal Zone<br>9.&nbsp; [[Soundex|Soundex]] Index for each state/territory<br>10.&nbsp;Servicemen counted at duty posts, not in their families<br>11. Includes schedules &amp; [[Soundex|Soundex]] index for overseas military &amp; naval forces<br>12. [[Soundex|Soundex]] cards for institutions are found at the end of each state’s soundex section<br>13.&nbsp;Institutions at the end of the enumeration section<br>14.&nbsp;Originals destroyed by 83rd Congress<br>
+
#Date of enumeration on heading of each page  
 +
#All responses supposed to be as of 1 Jan 1920
  
== States Covered and Missing  ==
+
::a. Omit—children born between 1 Jan 1920 and enumeration
 +
::b. Include—people alive on 1 Jan 1920, but dead by enumeration
  
*All states, District of Columbia, and the Territories listed below
+
#Year of naturalization
 +
#If a farmer, it includes the corresponding farm schedule
 +
#No separate schedule for the Indian population
 +
#More accurate listing of place of birth for those born in Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia or Turkey
 +
#Did not list some of the previous questions. (number of children, years of marriage, military service, unemployment)
 +
#Census included: Guam, American Samoa, Panama Canal Zone
 +
#[[Soundex|Soundex]] Index for each state/territory
 +
#Servicemen counted at duty posts, not in their families
 +
#Includes schedules &amp; [[Soundex|Soundex]] index for overseas military &amp; naval forces
 +
#[[Soundex|Soundex]] cards for institutions are found at the end of each state’s soundex section
 +
#Institutions at the end of the enumeration section
 +
#Originals destroyed by 83rd Congress
  
'''No States Missing''' &nbsp;
+
== States and Territories Covered  ==
  
== Territories ==
+
*All states, District of Columbia, and the Territories listed below:
  
 
*[[Alaska Census|Alaska]]  
 
*[[Alaska Census|Alaska]]  
 
*[[American Samoa Census|American Samoa]]  
 
*[[American Samoa Census|American Samoa]]  
*[[American Samoa Census|Hawaii]]
 
 
*[[Guam Census|Guam]]  
 
*[[Guam Census|Guam]]  
 +
*[[Hawaii Census|Hawaii]]
 
*[[Panama Canal Zone Census|Panama Canal Zone]]  
 
*[[Panama Canal Zone Census|Panama Canal Zone]]  
 
*[[Philippines Census|Philippines]]  
 
*[[Philippines Census|Philippines]]  
Line 50: Line 95:
 
*[[U.S. Virgin Islands Census|U.S. Virgin Islands]]
 
*[[U.S. Virgin Islands Census|U.S. Virgin Islands]]
  
== Web Sites ==
+
== Missing Records ==
  
'''1920 United States Census'''—A free Internet census partial index to the 1920 census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1488411;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch Record Search]. This index shows every name listed on the census including information about each person’s residence, age, and birthplace. Census images are not included.
+
*'''No States Missing'''
  
1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
+
== Where to Find the Records  ==
  
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html] <br>
+
The 1920 Federal Census is available online.  
  
=== FamilySearch Historical Record Collections  ===
+
'''Online'''
  
An online collection containing this record is located in [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://hr-search-api:8080/searchapi/search/collection/1488411 FamilySearch.org.]
+
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=6061 1920 United States Federal Census] (Ancestry) ($)
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1488411|United States Census, 1920}} (FamilySearch) - index only
  
A wiki article describing this collecion is found at:
+
== Web Sites  ==
  
[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/United_States_Census_Population_Schedules_1920_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records) United States Census Population Schedules 1920]  
+
*1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
 +
*1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html] <br>
  
== Sources of This Collection&nbsp; ==
+
== References ==
  
 
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)  
 
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)  
 
2. Coal miners: As of 2004, information from Bill from Heritage Quest and Bethany Evans one of their professional census indexers. <br>
 
 
'''How to Cite Your Sources'''
 
 
An example of citing these records is: United States. Bureau of the Census. 14th census, 1920. United States Census, 1920. Census page. From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org), April 23, 2010. James B Smith, Clayton, Adams, Illinois, image number 00094.
 
 
Instructions for citing this source can be found at: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]
 
 
<br>
 
  
 
{{USCensus}}  
 
{{USCensus}}  
  
 
[[Category:United_States_Census]]
 
[[Category:United_States_Census]]

Revision as of 18:26, 15 July 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Census Gotoarrow.png 1920 Census

Contents

Indexes and Images

For an article about 1920 censuses scheduled to become available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1920  Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1920 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has images of all 1920 federal censuses. A Soundex index for each state is also available on microfilm.

For details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the United States Census Searching Wiki page.

A free Internet index to the 1920 United States Census can be viewed at FamilySearch.org. This index includes every name listed on the census. Index includes the name, residence, estimated birth year, age in years, birth place, relationship to head of house, gender, race or color, marital status, father birth place, mother birth place, film number, digital GS number, image number and sheet number.

1790-2000 Information: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

Content

1920 Census was taken beginning 1 January 1920, for thirty days, or two weeks for populations of 2,500+.

The following information was recorded by the census taker:

  • Name of street, ave., road
  • House number or farm
  • Number of dwelling in order of visitation
  • Number of family in order of visitation
  • Name of each person who lived w/family
  • Relationship of person to head of family
  • Home owned or rented
  • If owned, mortgaged or free
  • Sex
  • Color or race
  • Age at last birthday
  • Single, married, widowed or divorced
  • Year of immigration to U.S.
  • Naturalized or alien
  • If naturalized, year of naturalization
  • Attended school since 1 Sep 1919
  • Can read or write
  • Birthplace
  • Mother tongue
  • Father’s birthplace
  • Father’s mother tongue
  • Mother’s birthplace
  • Mother’s mother tongue
  • Speak English
  • Trade, profession or type of work
  • Industry, business or establishment at work
  • Number of farm schedule

1920 Census Questions: Hosted at CensusFinder.com

Value

The 1920 census can be used to:

  1. View several instances, where women, rather than men were listed as head of household in Soundex index
  2. Identify date of Naturalization
  3. More specific questions asked of immigrants from Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary, & Turkey could facilitate pinpointing birthplaces.


A statistical study was done in 1923 on coal miners listed in the 1920 census.The codes used follow:

MH - coal miners who were also the heads of their households
BD - coal miners who were boarders in a household
BWF - coal miners who lived in their parent's household
USC - "colored" coal miners who were born in the United States (for African American miners)
USW - "white" coal miners who were born in the United States (for caucasians miners)

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html

Unique Features and Problems

  1. Date of enumeration on heading of each page
  2. All responses supposed to be as of 1 Jan 1920
a. Omit—children born between 1 Jan 1920 and enumeration
b. Include—people alive on 1 Jan 1920, but dead by enumeration
  1. Year of naturalization
  2. If a farmer, it includes the corresponding farm schedule
  3. No separate schedule for the Indian population
  4. More accurate listing of place of birth for those born in Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia or Turkey
  5. Did not list some of the previous questions. (number of children, years of marriage, military service, unemployment)
  6. Census included: Guam, American Samoa, Panama Canal Zone
  7. Soundex Index for each state/territory
  8. Servicemen counted at duty posts, not in their families
  9. Includes schedules & Soundex index for overseas military & naval forces
  10. Soundex cards for institutions are found at the end of each state’s soundex section
  11. Institutions at the end of the enumeration section
  12. Originals destroyed by 83rd Congress

States and Territories Covered

  • All states, District of Columbia, and the Territories listed below:

Missing Records

  • No States Missing

Where to Find the Records

The 1920 Federal Census is available online.

Online

Web Sites

References

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)