United States Census 1920

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Additional information may be found on the [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Portal:United_States_Census United States Census Portal] page.  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census|U.S. Census]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United_States_Census_1920|1920 Census]]''
  
== Content  ==
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== Indexes and Images ==
  
1920 Census was taken beginning 1 January 1920, for two weeks to thirty days. The following information was recorded by the census taker:
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For an article about 1920 censuses scheduled to become available for free online at [[FamilySearch Historical Record Collections|FamilySearch Historical Record Collections]] see the [[United States Census Population Schedules 1920 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1920]]  Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1920 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has images of all 1920 federal censuses. A [[Soundex]] index for each state is also available on microfilm.  
  
 
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For details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the [[United States Census Searching]] Wiki page.
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A free Internet index to the 1920 United States Census can be viewed at [https://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch.org]. This index includes every name listed on the census. Index includes the name, residence, estimated birth year, age in years, birth place, relationship to head of house, gender, race or color, marital status, father birth place, mother birth place, film number, digital GS number, image number and sheet number.
  
 
1790-2000 Information: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
 
1790-2000 Information: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
  
 
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== Content  ==
  
 
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1920 Census was taken beginning 1 January 1920, for thirty days, or two weeks for populations of 2,500+.
  
 
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The following information was recorded by the census taker:
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*Name of street, ave., road
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*House number or farm
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*Number of dwelling in order of visitation
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*Number of family in order of visitation
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*Name of each person who lived w/family
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*Relationship of person to head of family
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*Home owned or rented
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*If owned, mortgaged or free
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*Sex
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*Color or race
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*Age at last birthday
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*Single, married, widowed or divorced
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*Year of immigration to U.S.
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*Naturalized or alien
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*If naturalized, year of naturalization
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*Attended school since 1 Sep 1919
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*Can read or write
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*Birthplace
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*Mother tongue
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*Father’s birthplace
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*Father’s mother tongue
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*Mother’s birthplace
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*Mother’s mother tongue
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*Speak English
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*Trade, profession or type of work
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*Industry, business or establishment at work
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*Number of farm schedule
 +
 
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[http://www.censusfinder.com/1920-census.htm 1920 Census Questions]: Hosted at CensusFinder.com
  
 
== Value  ==
 
== Value  ==
  
The 1870 census can be used to:<sup>1</sup>
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The 1920 census can be used to:  
  
&nbsp;  
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#View several instances, where women, rather than men were listed as head of household in Soundex index
 +
#Identify date of Naturalization
 +
#More specific questions asked of immigrants from Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary, &amp; Turkey could facilitate pinpointing birthplaces.
  
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html ]<br>
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<br> A statistical study was done in 1923 on coal miners listed in the '''1920 census'''.The codes used follow:  
  
&nbsp;
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'''MH '''- coal miners who were also the heads of their households<br>'''BD''' - coal miners who were boarders in a household<br>'''BWF''' - coal miners who lived in their parent's household<br>'''USC''' - "colored" coal miners who were born in the United States (for African American miners)<br>'''USW''' - "white" coal miners who were born in the United States (for caucasians miners)
  
&nbsp;
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1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html]
  
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
  
*Actual date of Census listed
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#Date of enumeration on heading of each page
*Year of naturalization
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#All responses supposed to be as of 1 Jan 1920
*If a farmer, it includes the corresponding farm schedule
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*No separate schedule for the Indian population
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*More accurate listing of place of birth for those born in Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia or Turkey
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*Children born since 1 January were not to be listed
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*An individual who was alive on January 1 but had since died would be listed
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*Did not list some of the previous questions. (number of children, years of marriage, military service, unemployment) <!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
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&nbsp;
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::a. Omit—children born between 1 Jan 1920 and enumeration
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::b. Include—people alive on 1 Jan 1920, but dead by enumeration
  
== States Covered and Missing  ==
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#Year of naturalization
 +
#If a farmer, it includes the corresponding farm schedule
 +
#No separate schedule for the Indian population
 +
#More accurate listing of place of birth for those born in Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia or Turkey
 +
#Did not list some of the previous questions. (number of children, years of marriage, military service, unemployment)
 +
#Census included: Guam, American Samoa, Panama Canal Zone
 +
#[[Soundex|Soundex]] Index for each state/territory
 +
#Servicemen counted at duty posts, not in their families
 +
#Includes schedules &amp; [[Soundex|Soundex]] index for overseas military &amp; naval forces
 +
#[[Soundex|Soundex]] cards for institutions are found at the end of each state’s soundex section
 +
#Institutions at the end of the enumeration section
 +
#Originals destroyed by 83rd Congress
  
*All states, District of Columbia, and the Territories listed below
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== States and Territories Covered  ==
  
'''No States Missing''' &nbsp;
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*All states, District of Columbia, and the Territories listed below:
  
== Territories  ==
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*[[Alaska Census|Alaska]]
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*[[American Samoa Census|American Samoa]]
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*[[Guam Census|Guam]]
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*[[Hawaii Census|Hawaii]]
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*[[Panama Canal Zone Census|Panama Canal Zone]]
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*[[Philippines Census|Philippines]]
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*[[Puerto Rico Census|Puerto Rico]]
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*[[U.S. Virgin Islands Census|U.S. Virgin Islands]]
  
*Alaska
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== Missing Records  ==
*Hawaii<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
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&nbsp;
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*'''No States Missing'''
  
== Web Sites ==
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== Where to Find the Records ==
  
&nbsp;
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The 1920 Federal Census is available online.
  
1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
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'''Online'''
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=6061 1920 United States Federal Census] (Ancestry) ($)
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*{{RecordSearch|1488411|United States Census, 1920}} (FamilySearch) - free
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== Web Sites  ==
  
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html] <br>
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*1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
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*1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html] <br>
  
&nbsp;
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== References  ==
  
<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
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1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)
  
== Bibliographic Citations  ==
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{{USCensus}}
  
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)
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[[Category:United_States_Census]]

Revision as of 05:46, 16 January 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Census Gotoarrow.png 1920 Census

Contents

Indexes and Images

For an article about 1920 censuses scheduled to become available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1920  Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1920 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has images of all 1920 federal censuses. A Soundex index for each state is also available on microfilm.

For details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the United States Census Searching Wiki page.

A free Internet index to the 1920 United States Census can be viewed at FamilySearch.org. This index includes every name listed on the census. Index includes the name, residence, estimated birth year, age in years, birth place, relationship to head of house, gender, race or color, marital status, father birth place, mother birth place, film number, digital GS number, image number and sheet number.

1790-2000 Information: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

Content

1920 Census was taken beginning 1 January 1920, for thirty days, or two weeks for populations of 2,500+.

The following information was recorded by the census taker:

  • Name of street, ave., road
  • House number or farm
  • Number of dwelling in order of visitation
  • Number of family in order of visitation
  • Name of each person who lived w/family
  • Relationship of person to head of family
  • Home owned or rented
  • If owned, mortgaged or free
  • Sex
  • Color or race
  • Age at last birthday
  • Single, married, widowed or divorced
  • Year of immigration to U.S.
  • Naturalized or alien
  • If naturalized, year of naturalization
  • Attended school since 1 Sep 1919
  • Can read or write
  • Birthplace
  • Mother tongue
  • Father’s birthplace
  • Father’s mother tongue
  • Mother’s birthplace
  • Mother’s mother tongue
  • Speak English
  • Trade, profession or type of work
  • Industry, business or establishment at work
  • Number of farm schedule

1920 Census Questions: Hosted at CensusFinder.com

Value

The 1920 census can be used to:

  1. View several instances, where women, rather than men were listed as head of household in Soundex index
  2. Identify date of Naturalization
  3. More specific questions asked of immigrants from Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary, & Turkey could facilitate pinpointing birthplaces.


A statistical study was done in 1923 on coal miners listed in the 1920 census.The codes used follow:

MH - coal miners who were also the heads of their households
BD - coal miners who were boarders in a household
BWF - coal miners who lived in their parent's household
USC - "colored" coal miners who were born in the United States (for African American miners)
USW - "white" coal miners who were born in the United States (for caucasians miners)

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html

Unique Features and Problems

  1. Date of enumeration on heading of each page
  2. All responses supposed to be as of 1 Jan 1920
a. Omit—children born between 1 Jan 1920 and enumeration
b. Include—people alive on 1 Jan 1920, but dead by enumeration
  1. Year of naturalization
  2. If a farmer, it includes the corresponding farm schedule
  3. No separate schedule for the Indian population
  4. More accurate listing of place of birth for those born in Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia or Turkey
  5. Did not list some of the previous questions. (number of children, years of marriage, military service, unemployment)
  6. Census included: Guam, American Samoa, Panama Canal Zone
  7. Soundex Index for each state/territory
  8. Servicemen counted at duty posts, not in their families
  9. Includes schedules & Soundex index for overseas military & naval forces
  10. Soundex cards for institutions are found at the end of each state’s soundex section
  11. Institutions at the end of the enumeration section
  12. Originals destroyed by 83rd Congress

States and Territories Covered

  • All states, District of Columbia, and the Territories listed below:

Missing Records

  • No States Missing

Where to Find the Records

The 1920 Federal Census is available online.

Online

Web Sites

References

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)