United States Census 1930

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
m
(add table)
(40 intermediate revisions by 11 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
Additional information may be found on the [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Portal:United_States_Census United States Census Portal] page.  
+
''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United_States_Census_1930|1930 Census]]''
  
== Content ==
+
== Indexes and Images ==
  
1930 Census was taken beginning 1 April 1930, [time frame?]  The following information was recorded by the census taker:  
+
For an article about 1930 censuses scheduled to become available for free online at [[FamilySearch Historical Record Collections|FamilySearch Historical Record Collections]] see the [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/United_States_Census_Population_Schedules,_1930_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records) U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1930] Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1930 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has images of all 1930 federal censuses.
  
 
+
Twelve southern states have a [[Soundex|Soundex]] index to their census: Alabama (Jefferson, Mobile, and Montgomery counties separate), Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia.
  
1790-2000 Information: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
+
For tips locating individuals in census records see [[United States Census Searching|U.S. Census Searching]].
  
 
+
== Content  ==
  
== Value  ==
+
The 1930 Census was taken beginning 1 April 1930, [time frame?] (except Alaska, 1 Oct 1929)
  
The 1870 census can be used to:<sup>1</sup>  
+
The following information was recorded by the census taker:<ref>U.S. Census Bureau, "Availability of Census Records About Individuals" in ''Fact Finder for the Nation'' at http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf (accessed 24 April 2010).</ref>  
  
&nbsp;
+
{| width="99%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
*Address
 +
*Name
 +
*Relationship to head of family
 +
*Sex
 +
*Age of person
 +
*Marital status
 +
*Age at 1st marriage
 +
*Birthplace
  
1930—2 Apr 1930 (except Alaska, 1 Oct 1929)<br>1) Age of person<br>2) Age when record was made<br>3) Birthplace<br>4) Birthplace of children<br>5) Birthplace of parents<br>6) Birthplace of spouse<br>7) Employment<br>8) Head of household<br>9) Home owned/rented &amp; value<br>10) Language<br>11) Literacy—read/write<br>12) Live on a farm<br>13) Marital status, age at 1st<br>14) Name<br>15) Name of wife<br>16) Names of children<br>17) Names of neighbors<br>18) Occupation &amp; Industry<br>19) Persons in Household<br>20) Race or color<br>21) Radio set?<br>22) Relationship to head of family<br>23) Residence<br>24) Sex<br>25) Veteran, which war?<br>26) Year of immigration to U.S.<br>27) Naturalized or alien<br>
+
| valign="top" |
 +
*Birthplace of parents
 +
*Employment
 +
*Head of household
 +
*Home owned or rented
 +
*Home value or monthly rental
 +
*Live on a farm
 +
*Language
 +
*Literacy—read/write
  
&nbsp;
+
| valign="top" |
 +
*Live on a farm
 +
*Occupation and Industry
 +
*Persons in Household
 +
*Race or color
 +
*Radio set?
 +
*Veteran, which war?
 +
*Year of immigration
 +
*Naturalized or alien
  
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html]
+
|}
  
&nbsp;
+
== Value  ==
  
&nbsp;
+
The 1930 census can be used to:<ref>Loretto Dennis Szucs, and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/64084569 The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy, 3rd ed.]''' (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006) [[{{TheSource}}]].</ref><ref>National Archives, "Clues in Census Records, 1850-1930" in ''The National Archives: Genealogists/Family Historians'' at http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html (accessed 24 April 2010).</ref>
  
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
+
:*Identify military service - military records
 +
:*Identify date of immigration and naturalization dates
 +
:*If there were previous marriages / marriage dates
  
*Lists age at first marriage
+
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html]
*Lists if individual attended college
+
*Lists if the household owned a radio set
+
*Lists whether the individual was at work the day before the census was taken
+
*Lists if a veteran and which war or expedition
+
  
*There is not a complete state Soundex.
+
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
 
+
 Date at top of each page Response to questions as of <br>1 Apr 1930<br> Omit—children born between <br>1 Apr and enumeration<br> Include—alive on 1 Apr 1930 but dead at enumeration<br> Enumerators instructed to spell out birthplaces for Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Russia, Turkey.<br> No Separate Indian schedules. Reservations enumerated in general population schedules. In place of country of birth for father, the degree of Indian blood was listed, and for country of birth of mother, the tribe was listed.<br> Servicemen in duty posts.<br> Enumerations District (ED) numbering altered for 52 of the 56 states/territories. County assigned number based on alpha order. ED followed the county number:<br>i.e. 1-1, 1-23, 5-2, 1-73<br>American Samoa, Canal zone, Guam &amp; Virgin Islands did not use this system.
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
&nbsp;
+
  
== States Covered and Missing  ==
+
#The 1930 used a "Crews of Vessels" schedule also called "[[United States Census Merchant Seamen|1930 Census of Merchant Seamen]]"
 +
#Date at top of each page Response to questions as of 1 Apr 1930
 +
#Omit—children born between 1 Apr and enumeration
 +
#Include—alive on 1 Apr 1930 but dead at enumeration
 +
#Lists age at first marriage
 +
#Lists if individual attended college
 +
#Lists if the household owned a radio set
 +
#Lists whether the individual was at work the day before the census was taken
 +
#Lists if a veteran and which war or expedition
 +
#Only twelve Southern states have a [[Soundex|Soundex]] index: Alabama (Jefferson, Mobile, and Montgomery counties are ''separate''), Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky (''only'' counties of Bell, Floyd, Harlan, Kenton, Muhlenberg, Perry and Pike), Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia (''only'' counties of Fayette, Harrison, Kanawha, Logan, McDowell, Mercer, and Raleigh). See [[Finding a Person in the 1930 Census (Even Without An Index)|Finding a Person in the 1930 Census (Even Without An Index)]].
 +
#Enumerators instructed to spell out birthplaces for Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Russia, Turkey.
 +
#No Separate Indian schedules. Reservations enumerated in general population schedules. In place of country of birth for father, the degree of Indian blood was listed, and for country of birth of mother, the tribe was listed.
 +
#Servicemen in duty posts.
 +
#Enumerations District (ED) numbering altered for 52 of the 56 states/territories. County assigned number based on alpha order. ED followed the county number:&nbsp; i.e. 1-1, 1-23, 5-2, 1-73
 +
#American Samoa, Guam, Panama Canal Zone, and the U.S. Virgin Islands did not use this system.
 +
#First census to include seaman on U.S.-flag merchant vessels. ''1930 Census of Merchant Seamen'', NARA RG 029, M1932 (3 rolls); Alabama to Indiana {{FHL|2342410}}, Louisiana to New York (EDs 15-34 to 24-950) {{FHL|2342411}}, New York (EDs 24-972 to 52-55) to Wisconsin, Correspondence, reports and records {{FHL|2342412}}. Includes name of vessel, owner and address, what port, name of seaman, state or country of birth, occupation, whether a veteran and of what war, and address of next of kin.
  
*All states, District of Columbia, and the Territories listed below
+
== States and Territories Covered ==
  
<br>
+
*All states, District of Columbia, and the Territories listed below:
  
'''No States Missing'''
+
*[[Alaska Census|Alaska]]
 +
*[[American Samoa Census|American Samoa]]
 +
*[[Guam Census|Guam]]
 +
*[[Hawaii Census|Hawaii&nbsp;]]
 +
*[[Panama Canal Zone Census|Panama Canal Zone]]
 +
*[[Puerto Rico Census|Puerto<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1246290024214_315" /> Rico]]
 +
*[[U.S. Virgin Islands Census|U.S. Virgin Islands]]
  
=== &nbsp;  ===
+
== Missing Records ==
  
== Territories  ==
+
*'''No States Missing'''
  
*Alaska
+
== Where to Find the Records ==
*Hawaii&nbsp;<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
+
  
&nbsp;
+
The 1930 Federal Census is available online.
  
== Web Sites  ==
+
'''Online'''
  
1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
+
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=6224 1930 United States Federal Census] (Ancestry) ($)
 +
*[http://www.fold3.com/title_20/census_us_federal_1930 Census - US Federal 1930] (Fold3) ($)
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1810731|United States Census, 1930}} (FamilySearch) - index only
  
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html ]<br>
+
:''For the 1930 Merchant Seamen schedules see [[United States Census Merchant Seamen|U.S. Census Merchant Seamen]]''.
  
&nbsp;
+
== References  ==
  
== Bibliographic Citations  ==
+
{{reflist}}
  
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)
+
{{USCensus}}
  
<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
+
[[Category:United_States_Census|Census 1930]]

Revision as of 02:36, 21 May 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  1930 Census

Contents

Indexes and Images

For an article about 1930 censuses scheduled to become available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1930 Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1930 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has images of all 1930 federal censuses.

Twelve southern states have a Soundex index to their census: Alabama (Jefferson, Mobile, and Montgomery counties separate), Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia.

For tips locating individuals in census records see U.S. Census Searching.

Content

The 1930 Census was taken beginning 1 April 1930, [time frame?] (except Alaska, 1 Oct 1929)

The following information was recorded by the census taker:[1]

  • Address
  • Name
  • Relationship to head of family
  • Sex
  • Age of person
  • Marital status
  • Age at 1st marriage
  • Birthplace
  • Birthplace of parents
  • Employment
  • Head of household
  • Home owned or rented
  • Home value or monthly rental
  • Live on a farm
  • Language
  • Literacy—read/write
  • Live on a farm
  • Occupation and Industry
  • Persons in Household
  • Race or color
  • Radio set?
  • Veteran, which war?
  • Year of immigration
  • Naturalized or alien

Value

The 1930 census can be used to:[2][3]

  • Identify military service - military records
  • Identify date of immigration and naturalization dates
  • If there were previous marriages / marriage dates

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html

Unique Features and Problems

  1. The 1930 used a "Crews of Vessels" schedule also called "1930 Census of Merchant Seamen"
  2. Date at top of each page Response to questions as of 1 Apr 1930
  3. Omit—children born between 1 Apr and enumeration
  4. Include—alive on 1 Apr 1930 but dead at enumeration
  5. Lists age at first marriage
  6. Lists if individual attended college
  7. Lists if the household owned a radio set
  8. Lists whether the individual was at work the day before the census was taken
  9. Lists if a veteran and which war or expedition
  10. Only twelve Southern states have a Soundex index: Alabama (Jefferson, Mobile, and Montgomery counties are separate), Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky (only counties of Bell, Floyd, Harlan, Kenton, Muhlenberg, Perry and Pike), Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia (only counties of Fayette, Harrison, Kanawha, Logan, McDowell, Mercer, and Raleigh). See Finding a Person in the 1930 Census (Even Without An Index).
  11. Enumerators instructed to spell out birthplaces for Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Russia, Turkey.
  12. No Separate Indian schedules. Reservations enumerated in general population schedules. In place of country of birth for father, the degree of Indian blood was listed, and for country of birth of mother, the tribe was listed.
  13. Servicemen in duty posts.
  14. Enumerations District (ED) numbering altered for 52 of the 56 states/territories. County assigned number based on alpha order. ED followed the county number:  i.e. 1-1, 1-23, 5-2, 1-73
  15. American Samoa, Guam, Panama Canal Zone, and the U.S. Virgin Islands did not use this system.
  16. First census to include seaman on U.S.-flag merchant vessels. 1930 Census of Merchant Seamen, NARA RG 029, M1932 (3 rolls); Alabama to Indiana FHL 2342410, Louisiana to New York (EDs 15-34 to 24-950) FHL 2342411, New York (EDs 24-972 to 52-55) to Wisconsin, Correspondence, reports and records FHL 2342412. Includes name of vessel, owner and address, what port, name of seaman, state or country of birth, occupation, whether a veteran and of what war, and address of next of kin.

States and Territories Covered

  • All states, District of Columbia, and the Territories listed below:

Missing Records

  • No States Missing

Where to Find the Records

The 1930 Federal Census is available online.

Online

For the 1930 Merchant Seamen schedules see U.S. Census Merchant Seamen.

References

  1. U.S. Census Bureau, "Availability of Census Records About Individuals" in Fact Finder for the Nation at http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf (accessed 24 April 2010).
  2. Loretto Dennis Szucs, and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy, 3rd ed.' (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006) [FHL Book 973 D27ts 2006].
  3. National Archives, "Clues in Census Records, 1850-1930" in The National Archives: Genealogists/Family Historians at http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html (accessed 24 April 2010).