United States Census Mortality Schedules

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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United_States_Census_Mortality_Schedules|Mortality Schedules]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United_States_Census_Mortality_Schedules|Mortality Schedules]]''  
  
== Availability  ==
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Mortality schedules list people who died during the previous 12 months. Mortality schedules were taken along with population schedules during the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses, and in six states (Colorado, Florida, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, and South Dakota) in 1885. These schedules include persons who died between June 1st through May 31st in the year prior to the federal census. A typical mortality schedule will list the dead person's name, age, sex, color (white, black, or mulatto), married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, and cause of death. Though part of the federal censuses, mortality schedules are separate from the population schedules.
  
'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months prior to the 1850 census.  Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.  
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'''On the Internet.''' Free 1850 mortality schedule images and indexes are on the Internet at the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 FamilySearch Record Search]. Ancestry has relatively "complete" mortality schedules for each census year 1850 to 1885. They offer these mortality schedule [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/Default.aspx?htx=List&dbid=8756&cj=1&sid=MortSched&o_xid=0002499312&o_lid=0002499312 indexes and images]  for "free" on the Internet in return for registering your e-mail information with them. Although Ancestry has images and every name indexed for the states they covered, it is important to check Ancestry's source database to determine if the state and year you are searching for has been included (a few state-years are missing). Each state's census page on the FamilySearch Research Wiki shows which mortality schedules should be availalble for the state.  
  
You can find mortality schedules at the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]], in state archives (see the Archives and Libraries section of the state Wiki page), the [[Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) Library|DAR Library]], the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]], on the Internet at&nbsp;[http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8756&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry], and [http://www.mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880].<br>
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Free county-by-county typescripts of most states and mortality schedule years are also available on the Internet at [http://www.mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880].  
  
'''1850--<br>'''  
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'''Microfilms.''' The [[Family History Library]] has copies of most of the available mortality schedules and indexes on microfilm. These are listed in the ''Place Search'' of the [[Introduction to the Family History Library Catalog|Family History Library Catalog]] under
  
'''1860--<br>'''  
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:'''[STATE] - CENSUS '''
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::or
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:'''[STATE] - VITAL RECORDS'''
  
'''1870--<br>'''
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You can also find some originals or copies of mortality schedules in some of the respective states' archives (see the Archives and Libraries page of the state's Wiki pages), or in the [[Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) Library|DAR Library]], or in the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]].
  
'''1880--<br>'''  
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'''Microfiche Index.''' Ronald Vern Jackson's ''[[Accelerated Indexing Systems U.S. Census Indexes (on Microfiche)|AIS Microfiche Census Indexes]]'' are available at many larger genealogical libraries. '''''Search&nbsp;8'''''&nbsp; in the set is an index for most mortality schedules from 1850 to 1885.
  
'''1885--'''Mortality schedules exist in 1885 for Colorado, Florida, Nebraska, New Mexico, and North and South Dakota.  
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'''Uses.''' Use mortality schedules to supplement population schedule information, and for clues suggesting possible death records and obituaries to research. They are also a source of secondary birth information.  
  
== <br>Historical Background ==
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=== Sources Consulted ===
  
'''1850-1885 Mortality Schedules--'''Mortality schedules were taken along with population schedules in the 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, and a few in 1885. These schedules include persons who died between June 1st through May 31st in the year prior to the federal census.&nbsp;Though part of the federal censuses, they are separate from the population schedules.<br>
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*William Dollarhide, ''The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes''. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.) ({{FHL|973 X27d}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/47184654 WorldCat entry].
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*Loretto Dennis Szucs, and Matthew Wright, ''Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records''. (Orem, Utah: Ancestry, 2001) ({{FHL|973 X27s}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/47054658 WorldCat entry].
  
== Content  ==
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{{USCensus}}
  
For the '''deceased''' it provides:
 
  
:Name<br>
 
:Sex<br>
 
:Color (white, black, mulatto)<br>
 
:Widowed<br>
 
:Place of birth (state, territory, or country)<br>
 
:Month death occurred<br>
 
:Profession/occupation/trade<br>
 
:Disease or cause of death and number of days ill
 
  
== Value  ==
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A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:
  
'''Mortality schedules''' can be used to:
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*[[United States Census Mortality Schedules, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
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*Trace and document genetic symptoms and diseases
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*Verify and document African American, Chines, and Native American ancestry
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*Focus searches in obituaries, mortuary records, cemeteries, and probate records by documenting death dates and family&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; members.
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*Provide migration point clues
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*Supplement population schedules
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== Indexes  ==
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[http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8756&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry]--Ancestry has&nbsp;images and every name&nbsp;indexes for the mortality schedules, however it is important to check the source of the database to determine if the state and year you are searching for has been included.
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'''Family History Library Indexes--'''The Family History Library has copies of most of the available mortality schedules and indexes. These are listed in the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog under [STATE] - CENSUS or [STATE] - VITAL RECORDS.&nbsp;
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== Web Sites  ==
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Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8756&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 http://www.ancestry.com]<br>
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Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://www.mortalityschedules.com/ http://www.mortalityschedules.com/]&nbsp;
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== Sources of This Collection&nbsp;  ==
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*Dollarhide, William. The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.) FHL Book 973.X27d.
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*Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Wright, Matthew. Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records. (Orem, Utah: 2001 Ancestry) FHL Book 973 X27s
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'''How to Cite Your Sources'''
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An example of citing these records is: United States. Census Office. 7th census, 1850. United States Census (Mortality Schedule), 1850. Census page. From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org), April 23, 2010. Oliver Smith, Davis County, Davis, Iowa, image number 00026.&nbsp;&nbsp;
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Instructions for citing this source can be found at: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]  
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{{USCensus}}
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[[Category:United_States_Census|Morality Schedules]]
 
[[Category:United_States_Census|Morality Schedules]]

Revision as of 02:05, 22 June 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  Mortality Schedules

Mortality schedules list people who died during the previous 12 months. Mortality schedules were taken along with population schedules during the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses, and in six states (Colorado, Florida, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, and South Dakota) in 1885. These schedules include persons who died between June 1st through May 31st in the year prior to the federal census. A typical mortality schedule will list the dead person's name, age, sex, color (white, black, or mulatto), married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, and cause of death. Though part of the federal censuses, mortality schedules are separate from the population schedules.

On the Internet. Free 1850 mortality schedule images and indexes are on the Internet at the FamilySearch Record Search. Ancestry has relatively "complete" mortality schedules for each census year 1850 to 1885. They offer these mortality schedule indexes and images  for "free" on the Internet in return for registering your e-mail information with them. Although Ancestry has images and every name indexed for the states they covered, it is important to check Ancestry's source database to determine if the state and year you are searching for has been included (a few state-years are missing). Each state's census page on the FamilySearch Research Wiki shows which mortality schedules should be availalble for the state.

Free county-by-county typescripts of most states and mortality schedule years are also available on the Internet at Mortality Schedules 1850-1880.

Microfilms. The Family History Library has copies of most of the available mortality schedules and indexes on microfilm. These are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under

[STATE] - CENSUS
or
[STATE] - VITAL RECORDS

You can also find some originals or copies of mortality schedules in some of the respective states' archives (see the Archives and Libraries page of the state's Wiki pages), or in the DAR Library, or in the National Archives.

Microfiche Index. Ronald Vern Jackson's AIS Microfiche Census Indexes are available at many larger genealogical libraries. Search 8  in the set is an index for most mortality schedules from 1850 to 1885.

Uses. Use mortality schedules to supplement population schedule information, and for clues suggesting possible death records and obituaries to research. They are also a source of secondary birth information.

Sources Consulted

  • William Dollarhide, The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.) (FHL 973 X27d). WorldCat entry.
  • Loretto Dennis Szucs, and Matthew Wright, Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records. (Orem, Utah: Ancestry, 2001) (FHL 973 X27s). WorldCat entry.



A wiki article describing an online collection is found at: