United States Census, 1870 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(Entered citation)
(28 intermediate revisions by 14 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1438024|title=United States Census, 1870|location=United States}}&nbsp;<br>  
+
{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1438024 |title=United States Census, 1870|location=United States}}<br>  
 
+
== Collection Time Period  ==
+
 
+
The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790-present. This information pertains to censuses conducted in 1850, 1860, and 1870.
+
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
Line 9: Line 5:
 
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor.  
 
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor.  
  
=== Record Content  ===
+
For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1438024/waypoints Browse].
  
[[Image:1870 United States Census.jpg|thumb|right]]
+
The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790-present. This information pertains to censuses conducted in 1850, 1860, and 1870.&nbsp;
  
Important genealogical information in the 1870 census:
+
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day, which was 1 June. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office in the Commerce Department in Washington D.C. The 1870 census covers 80-90% of the population.
  
*Full name
+
The U.S. federal census was taken at the beginning of every decade to apportion the number of representatives that a state could send to the House of Representatives in Congress. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.
*Age (can be used to approximate birth year)
+
*Sex
+
*Race
+
*Birthplace
+
*Occupation
+
*Whether married during the previous year
+
*Town, township, or post office of residence
+
*Month of birth if born during the previous year
+
*Month of marriage if married during the previous year
+
*Whether the father and mother of each person was born in a foreign country
+
  
== How To Use The Record  ==
+
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
  
The U.S. federal census is the best source to quickly identify a family group and residence. Use the place of residence, and the birth state for each person along with his or her age to search for other record types. The census identifies other persons in the household and how they are related. The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
+
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
{{USCensus}}
+
The following citation refers to the original source of the information for collections published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
  
== Record History  ==
+
{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census, 1870
 +
." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013.
  
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day, which was 1 June. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office in the Commerce Department in Washington D.C. The 1870 census covers 80-90% of the population.
+
 
 +
| text =<!--bibdescbegin-->9th Decennial Census Office. "Population Schedules for the 1870 Census.” NARA microfilm publication M593. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}
  
=== Why This Record Was Created  ===
+
[[United States Census Population Schedules, 1870 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
The U.S. federal census was taken at the beginning of every decade to apportion the number of representatives that a state could send to the House of Representatives in Congress. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.
+
== Record Content  ==
  
=== Record Reliability  ===
+
Important genealogical information in the 1870 census:
  
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
+
[[Image:1870 United States Census.jpg|thumb|right|1870 United States Census.jpg]]
  
== Known Issues with This Collection<br>  ==
+
*Town/township, county and state where census was taken
 +
*Date of enumeration and name of post office
 +
*Dwelling number and family number
 +
*Name of each person in household
 +
*Age of each person in household (can be used to approximate birth year)
 +
*Sex of each person in household
 +
*Race of each person in household
 +
*Occupation of each person in household
 +
*Value of any real estate
 +
*Value of personal property
 +
*Birthplace
 +
*Was father foreign born
 +
*Was mother foreign born
 +
*Indicate month born if child born during past year
 +
*Indicate month married if person married during past year
 +
*Indicate if person attended school during past year
 +
*Is person able to read and write
  
{{HR Known Issues|no message=}}Problem # 1 - [Wyoming} Some records found in the United States Census, 1870 for the Wyoming Territory, Albany, Laramie do not return the correct image. The images can be found by browsing the United States Census, 1870, Wyoming Territory, Carbon, Fort Fred Steele (census of soldiers).
+
== How To Use The Record  ==
  
Note: Wyoming did not become a state until 1890, therefore, records will be found under Wyoming Territory<br>  
+
Search the Collection<br> To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the "State" category<br> ⇒Select the "County" category<br> ⇒Select the "Locality" category which takes you to the images<br>  
  
Problem # 2 - [Tennessee} The census of Ripley, Lauderdale, Tennessee: Start of census (p. 1-14) found under Ripley. Census continues with p. 15 at the start of the images for District # 02 and continues to the end.  
+
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
  
Problem # 3 - [Georgia] Several counties in Georgia show the images of the pages in reverse order, starting with the highest numbered page first, finishing with page #1. When this happens, click on the left pointing arrow to see the next page, instead of the right pointing arrow as you would normally. If you are searching for names, when the image appears, click the left arrow to go to the next page, and the right arrow to go to the previous page. If you are browsing the collection, you may want to start on the last image in the group and click on the left pointing arrow to see the next page, instead of the right pointing arrow as you would normally. These counties include Burke, Butts, Calhoun, Camden, Campbell, Carroll, Catoosa, Charlton and Chatham. <br>
+
Or
  
== Related Web Sites  ==
+
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
  
[http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]
+
The U.S. federal census is the best source to quickly identify a family group and residence. Use the place of residence, and the birth state for each person along with his or her age to search for other record types. The census identifies other persons in the household and how they are related. The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.  
  
This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supply links to related websites here.  
+
{{USCensus}}
 +
 
 +
== Known Issues with This Collection<br>  ==
 +
 
 +
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see&nbsp;the attached [[United States Census Population Schedules, 1870 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems please&nbsp;email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
 +
 
 +
== Related Websites  ==
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/1870-census.htm 1870 Census Questions]
 +
*[http://www.censusfinder.com Census Finder]
 +
*[http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
[[United States Federal Census]]
+
*[[United States Federal Census]]  
 
+
*[[United States Census]]
[[United States Census]]
+
  
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
Line 73: Line 86:
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.]]
+
 
+
=== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ===
+
 
+
"United States Census, 1870." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://www.familysearch.org http://www.familysearch.org]): accessed 8 April 2011. entry for Robert White, age 60; citing Census Records, North Carolina; United States Census Office, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
+
 
+
== Sources of Information for This Collection  ==
+
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->"U.S. Census Population Schedule, 1870" index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://www.familysearch.org http://www.familysearch.org]); from United States Census Office. 9th census. Digital images of originals housed at the National Archives, Washington, D.C.. FHL microfilm. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. <!--bibdescend-->
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
<br>
+
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
<br>
+
"United States Census, 1870," database and digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MWZP-RHT&nbsp;: accessed 11 April 2012), Robert White in household of Robert White (North Carolina, United States).
  
 
[[Category:United_States_Census|1870]]
 
[[Category:United_States_Census|1870]]

Revision as of 20:26, 26 February 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: United States Census, 1870 .

Contents

Record Description

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor.

For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790-present. This information pertains to censuses conducted in 1850, 1860, and 1870. 

Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day, which was 1 June. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office in the Commerce Department in Washington D.C. The 1870 census covers 80-90% of the population.

The U.S. federal census was taken at the beginning of every decade to apportion the number of representatives that a state could send to the House of Representatives in Congress. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information for collections published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

9th Decennial Census Office. "Population Schedules for the 1870 Census.” NARA microfilm publication M593. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

Important genealogical information in the 1870 census:

1870 United States Census.jpg
  • Town/township, county and state where census was taken
  • Date of enumeration and name of post office
  • Dwelling number and family number
  • Name of each person in household
  • Age of each person in household (can be used to approximate birth year)
  • Sex of each person in household
  • Race of each person in household
  • Occupation of each person in household
  • Value of any real estate
  • Value of personal property
  • Birthplace
  • Was father foreign born
  • Was mother foreign born
  • Indicate month born if child born during past year
  • Indicate month married if person married during past year
  • Indicate if person attended school during past year
  • Is person able to read and write

How To Use The Record

Search the Collection
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "State" category
⇒Select the "County" category
⇒Select the "Locality" category which takes you to the images

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

Or

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

The U.S. federal census is the best source to quickly identify a family group and residence. Use the place of residence, and the birth state for each person along with his or her age to search for other record types. The census identifies other persons in the household and how they are related. The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.


Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"United States Census, 1870," database and digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MWZP-RHT&nbsp;: accessed 11 April 2012), Robert White in household of Robert White (North Carolina, United States).