United States Census, 1880 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: United States Census, 1880 .
 


Contents

Collection Time Period

The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This document includes information about the 1880 census.

Record Description

Population schedules were recorded on large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually the order in which the enumerator visited the households. 

Record Content

The 1880 census includes the following genealogical information:

  • Full name
  • Race
  • Sex
  • Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
  • Birth month, if born during the previous year
  • Relationship to the head of household
  • Marital status (single, married, widowed, or divorced)
  • Whether married during the previous year
  • Birthplace (country or state) of the individual and the parents (included even if the parents were not members of the household)
  • Occupation
  • Street address and house number

How To Use The Record

The U.S. federal census is the best source for quickly identifying a family group and residence. The census identifies other persons in the household and tells how they are related. Use an individual’s place of residence, birth state or country, and age to search for other types of records. The census records may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.

Record History

Federal census takers were asked to record information about all the people who were in a household on the census day, which was June 1 for the 1880 census. A census taker might have visited the residence on a later date, but the information collected was to have been about the people in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The schedules cover 95 to 97 percent of the population.

Why This Record was Created

The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.

Record Reliability

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Related Web Sites

This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.

Related Wiki Articles

United States Federal Census

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.


Sources Of This Collection


"U.S. Census Population Schedule, 1880" database, FamilySearch; (http://familysearch.org), from United States. Bureau of the Census. 10th census. Digital images of originals housed at the National Archives, Washington, D.C.. FHL microfilm. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from the record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find th record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you do not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.


The suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched in found in the Wiki Article: How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections

Examples of Sourch Citations for a Record in This Collection

  • United States. Bureau of Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: Setpemper 29.2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B,line 71.
  • Mexico, Districto Federal, Catholic Church Records 1886-1933, digital imagbes, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Femandez Jimenez, 1 Feb, 1910, San Pedro Apostol, Cuahimalpa, Districto Federal, Mexico Film number 0227023






 

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