United States Census, 1880 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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Collection Time Period
The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This document includes information about the 1880 census.
Population schedules were recorded on large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually the order in which the enumerator visited the households.
The 1880 census includes the following genealogical information:
- Full name
- Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
- Birth month, if born during the previous year
- Relationship to the head of household
- Marital status (single, married, widowed, or divorced)
- Whether married during the previous year
- Birthplace (country or state) of the individual and the parents (included even if the parents were not members of the household)
- Street address and house number
How to Use the Record
The U.S. federal census is the best source for quickly identifying a family group and residence. The census identifies other persons in the household and tells how they are related. Use an individual’s place of residence, birth state or country, and age to search for other types of records. The census records may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all the people who were in a household on the census day, which was June 1 for the 1880 census. A census taker might have visited the residence on a later date, but the information collected was to have been about the people in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The schedules cover 95 to 97 percent of the population.
Why the Record was Created
The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
Known Issues with This Collection
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Contributions to This Article
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We especially need language translations for both content and images. For specific needs, please look for callout boxes throughout the article or visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.
Example of a Source Citation for a Record Found in This Collection
"United States Census, 1880." index and images, FamilySearch: (https//www.familysearch.org]: accessed 8 April 2011). entry for Gary E Brown, age 30: citing Census Records, FHL microfilm 1,254,553; United States Bureau of Census, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
"U.S. Census Population Schedule, 1880" index, FamilySearch; (http://familysearch.org), from United States. Bureau of the Census. 10th census. Digital images of originals housed at the National Archives, Washington, D.C.. FHL microfilm. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.