United States Census, 1900 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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|CID=CID1325221
 
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|title=United States Census, 1900
 
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== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
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Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
 
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
  
For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1325221/waypoints Browse].
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For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1325221/waypoints Browse].  
  
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.  
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.  
  
{{Collection citation|text = <!--bibdescbegin-->12th Decennial Census Office. "Population Schedules of the 1900 Census." NARA microfilm publication M432. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}
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{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census, 1900
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." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013.
  
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].}}
 
  
=== Record Content ===
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  |text = <!--bibdescbegin-->12th Decennial Census Office. "Population Schedules of the 1900 Census." NARA microfilm publication M432. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}
  
<gallery>
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[[United States Census Population Schedules, 1900 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
Image:1900 United States Census.jpg|1900 United States Census
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</gallery> The 1900 census includes the following genealogical information:
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*Full name
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== Record Content  ==
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Image:1900 United States Census.jpg|1900 United States Census &lt;/gallery&gt; The 1900 census includes the following genealogical information:
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*State, county, township, and enumeration district where census was taken
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*Street address and house number
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*Name of head of household
 +
*Names of all members of household
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*Relationship to head of household
 
*Race  
 
*Race  
*Sex
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*Gender
*Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
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*Month and year of birth
*Birth month and year  
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*Age
*Relationship to the head of household
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*Marital status  
*Birthplace of the individual and the parents (included even if the parents were not members of the household)
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*Number of years married  
*Marital status (single, married, widowed, or divorced)
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*Number of children born to mother  
*Number of years married (can be used to calculate the approximate marriage year)
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*Number of children still living  
*Number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living  
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*Each household member's birthplace
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*Birthplace of person's father
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*Birthplace of person's mother
 
*Year of immigration and number of years in the United States  
 
*Year of immigration and number of years in the United States  
 
*Whether a naturalized citizen  
 
*Whether a naturalized citizen  
 
*Occupation  
 
*Occupation  
*Street address and house number
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*Months attended school
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*Whether member can, read, write and speak English
  
 
The census also includes the following information for people who lived in Alaska:  
 
The census also includes the following information for people who lived in Alaska:  
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*Indian name  
 
*Indian name  
*Tribe of the individual and the parents (included even if the parents were not members of the household)
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*Tribe of the individual and names of their parents  
 
*Percentage of white blood  
 
*Percentage of white blood  
 
*If married, whether living in polygamy  
 
*If married, whether living in polygamy  
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*Year of immigration and number of years lived in the Hawaiian Islands
 
*Year of immigration and number of years lived in the Hawaiian Islands
  
The census also includes the following information about people serving in the military or Navy:  
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The census also includes the following information about people serving in the military or navy:  
  
 
*Name of military, naval station, or vessel  
 
*Name of military, naval station, or vessel  
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== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Some on-line indexes, such as indexes to FamilySearch Historical Records, will take you directly to an image. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
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Search the Collection<br>To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br>⇒Select the "State" category<br>⇒Select the "County" category<br>⇒Select the "Enumeration District" category which takes you to the images<br>
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Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
 +
 
 +
Or
 +
 
 +
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
 +
 
 +
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Some on-line indexes, such as indexes to FamilySearch Historical Records, will take you directly to an image. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
  
 
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
 
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  

Revision as of 20:06, 26 February 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: United States Census, 1900 .

Contents

Record Description

The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This information pertains to the census conducted in 1900.

Population schedules consist of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.

Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in a household on the census day, which was June 1 for the 1900 census. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information collected was supposed to have been about the people who were in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were then sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The 1900 census covers 95 to 97 percent of the population.

The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.


12th Decennial Census Office. "Population Schedules of the 1900 Census." NARA microfilm publication M432. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

Image:1900 United States Census.jpg|1900 United States Census </gallery> The 1900 census includes the following genealogical information:

  • State, county, township, and enumeration district where census was taken
  • Street address and house number
  • Name of head of household
  • Names of all members of household
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Race
  • Gender
  • Month and year of birth
  • Age
  • Marital status
  • Number of years married
  • Number of children born to mother
  • Number of children still living
  • Each household member's birthplace
  • Birthplace of person's father
  • Birthplace of person's mother
  • Year of immigration and number of years in the United States
  • Whether a naturalized citizen
  • Occupation
  • Months attended school
  • Whether member can, read, write and speak English

The census also includes the following information for people who lived in Alaska:

  • Tribe and clan
  • Date of locating to Alaska
  • Occupation in Alaska
  • Post office address at home

The census also includes the following information for Native Americans (Indians):

  • Indian name
  • Tribe of the individual and names of their parents
  • Percentage of white blood
  • If married, whether living in polygamy
  • Whether taxed
  • Year of citizenship
  • Whether citizenship was acquired by land allotment

The census also includes the following information for people living in the Hawaiian Islands:

  • Year of immigration and number of years lived in the Hawaiian Islands

The census also includes the following information about people serving in the military or navy:

  • Name of military, naval station, or vessel
  • Company or troop, regiment, and arm of service
  • Rank grade or class
  • Residence in the United States

How to Use the Records

Search the Collection
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "State" category
⇒Select the "County" category
⇒Select the "Enumeration District" category which takes you to the images

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

Or

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Some on-line indexes, such as indexes to FamilySearch Historical Records, will take you directly to an image. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
  • If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
  • Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”

It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.

Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.

Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:

  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
  • The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.

Known Issues with This Collection

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See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

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Contributions to This Article

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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

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Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"United States Census, 1900," database and digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MMC3-4GM&nbsp;: accessed 11 April 2012), Olive G Mason in household of Aaron K Mason (Jefferson village, Ashtabula, Ohio).