United States Census, 1930 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
m (Edited Link)
(Record Content update)
(48 intermediate revisions by 26 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Record_Search_article
+
{{FamilySearch_Collection
 
|CID=CID1810731
 
|CID=CID1810731
 
|title=United States Census, 1930
 
|title=United States Census, 1930
|location=United States}}<br>
+
|location=United States}} <br>  
 
+
== Collection Time Period  ==
+
 
+
The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This information pertains to the census conducted in 1930.
+
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
Line 12: Line 8:
 
Population schedules consist of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.  
 
Population schedules consist of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.  
  
=== Record Content  ===
+
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in a household on the census day, which was&nbsp;April 1 for the 1930 census. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information collected was supposed to have been about the people who were in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were then sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The 1930 census covers 95 to 97 percent of the population.&nbsp;
  
[[Image:1930 United States Census.jpg|thumb|right]]  
+
The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.
 +
 
 +
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
 +
 
 +
For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1810731/waypoints Browse].
 +
 
 +
The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This information pertains to the census conducted in 1930.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 +
 
 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
 +
 
 +
{{Collection citation| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Bureau of the Census. "Population Schedules for the 1930 Census." NARA microfilm publication T626. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}
 +
 
 +
[[United States Census Population Schedules, 1930 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]  
 +
 
 +
== Record Content  ==
  
 
The 1930 census includes the following genealogical information:  
 
The 1930 census includes the following genealogical information:  
  
*Full name
+
[[Image:1930 United States Census.jpg|thumb|right]]
 +
 
 +
*State, county, township, city/town/precinct, and enumeration district
 +
*Name of street and house number
 +
*Name of head of household
 +
*Names of all members of household
 +
*Relationship to head of household
 +
*Gender
 
*Race  
 
*Race  
*Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)  
+
*Age on last birthday (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)  
*Relationship to the head of household (active military personnel in naval yards, army posts, etc. may use the term "Sailor" or list military rank rather than actual relationship to head of household)
+
*Married or single
*Birthplace of the individual and the parents (included even if the parents were not members of the household)  
+
*Age at time of first marriage
*Marital status (single, married, widowed, or divorced)
+
*Birthplace of each member of household)
*Year immigrated to the United States
+
*Father's birthplace
*Whether a naturalized citizen
+
*Mother's birthplace
 +
*Language spoken
 
*Occupation  
 
*Occupation  
*Native language if foreign-born and whether can speak English
+
*Industry
*Whether a military veteran
+
*Street address and house number
+
  
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 +
 +
Search the Collection<br> To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the "State(Country)" category<br> ⇒Select the "County" category<br> ⇒Select the "Township or Other Division of County" category Select the "Event District" category which takes you to the images<br>
 +
 +
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
 +
 +
Or
 +
 +
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
  
 
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
 
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
  
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
+
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
 +
 
 +
For example:  
  
 +
*Write down middle names, which may be the mother's maiden name.
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.  
+
*Use birth places to identify&nbsp;former residences and to help establish a migration pattern for the family.  
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
 
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.  
 
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.  
*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.  
+
*If military service information is&nbsp;listed, use it to help you find military files in the State or National Archives.  
*Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
+
*Use occupations listed to lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
  
 
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
 
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
Line 57: Line 86:
 
You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.  
 
You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.  
  
{{USCensus}}
+
== Known Issues with This Collection<br>  ==
  
== Record History  ==
+
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[United States Census Population Schedules, 1930 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in a household on the census day, which was June 1 for the 1930 census. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information collected was supposed to have been about the people who were in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were then sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The 1930 census covers 95 to 97 percent of the population.
+
== Related Websites  ==
  
=== Why This Record Was Created  ===
+
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/1930-census.htm 1930 Census Findings]
 
+
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/ Census Finder]
The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.  
+
*[http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]
 
+
=== Record Reliability  ===
+
 
+
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
+
 
+
== Related Web Sites  ==
+
 
+
[http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]  
+
 
+
This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.
+
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
[[United States Census|United States Census]]  
+
*[[United States Census 1930]]
  
=== Contributions to This Article  ===
+
== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
== Known Issues with This Collection<br> ==
 
 
{{HR Known Issues|no message=}}The searchable index of the United States 1930 Census was completed and published on 11 Jul 2011 at [http://www.famlysearch.org http://www.familysearch.org].&nbsp;&nbsp; If you experience any problems with this collection, please contact FamilySearch at support@familysearch.org.<br>
 
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
It is recommended that you cite the sources of information as you search genealogical records. Citing sources will allow you to avoid duplicate searches later and share your sources with other researchers. A citation with specific details about the source document should allow yourself or others to easily find the source document at a later time. You should cite all sources searched, whether new information is found, to avoid duplicating searches without findings.
+
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
 
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched in found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]]
+
 
+
=== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ===
+
  
"United States Census, 1930." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://www.familysearch.org http://www.familysearch.org]): accessed 8 April 2011. entry for Joyce Baker, age 24; citing Census Records, FHL microfilm 2,340,225; United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington, D.C.  
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
== Sources of Information for This Collection  ==
+
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->“United States Census, 1930” index, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://www.familysearch.org http://www.familysearch.org]); from National Archives. “1930 Census.” United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington D.C. FHL microfilm. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->
+
"United States Census, 1930." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://www.familysearch.org] accessed 8 April 2011), Joyce Baker, age 24; citing Census Records, FHL microfilm 2,340,225; United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington, D.C.  
  
 
[[Category:United_States|Census]]
 
[[Category:United_States|Census]]

Revision as of 20:23, 31 January 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: United States Census, 1930 .

Contents

Record Description

Population schedules consist of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.

Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in a household on the census day, which was April 1 for the 1930 census. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information collected was supposed to have been about the people who were in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were then sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The 1930 census covers 95 to 97 percent of the population. 

The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This information pertains to the census conducted in 1930. 

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

Bureau of the Census. "Population Schedules for the 1930 Census." NARA microfilm publication T626. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

The 1930 census includes the following genealogical information:

1930 United States Census.jpg
  • State, county, township, city/town/precinct, and enumeration district
  • Name of street and house number
  • Name of head of household
  • Names of all members of household
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Age on last birthday (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
  • Married or single
  • Age at time of first marriage
  • Birthplace of each member of household)
  • Father's birthplace
  • Mother's birthplace
  • Language spoken
  • Occupation
  • Industry

How to Use the Record

Search the Collection
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "State(Country)" category
⇒Select the "County" category
⇒Select the "Township or Other Division of County" category Select the "Event District" category which takes you to the images

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

Or

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

For example:

  • Write down middle names, which may be the mother's maiden name.
  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Use birth places to identify former residences and to help establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
  • If military service information is listed, use it to help you find military files in the State or National Archives.
  • Use occupations listed to lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”

It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.

Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.

Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:

  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an entire county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.

You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"United States Census, 1930." index and images, FamilySearch ([1] accessed 8 April 2011), Joyce Baker, age 24; citing Census Records, FHL microfilm 2,340,225; United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington, D.C.