United States Census, 1920 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1488411 |title=United States Census, 1920|location=United States}}<br>  
 
{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1488411 |title=United States Census, 1920|location=United States}}<br>  
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== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
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Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day, which was 1 January for the 1920 census. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office in the Commerce Department in Washington D.C.&nbsp;The 1920 census covers 95-97% of the population.&nbsp;&nbsp;  
 
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day, which was 1 January for the 1920 census. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office in the Commerce Department in Washington D.C.&nbsp;The 1920 census covers 95-97% of the population.&nbsp;&nbsp;  
  
The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This information pertains to the census conducted in 1920.
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The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This information pertains to the census conducted in 1920.  
  
 
The U.S. federal census was taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives that a state could send to the House of Representatives in Congress. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.&nbsp;  
 
The U.S. federal census was taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives that a state could send to the House of Representatives in Congress. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.&nbsp;  
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Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.&nbsp;  
 
Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.&nbsp;  
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=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
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{{Collection citation| text = <!--bibdescbegin--> Bureau of the Census. "Population Schedules for the 1920 Census." NARA microfilm publication T625.  National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}  
 
{{Collection citation| text = <!--bibdescbegin--> Bureau of the Census. "Population Schedules for the 1920 Census." NARA microfilm publication T625.  National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}  
 
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
 
  
 
=== Record Content  ===
 
=== Record Content  ===
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Important genealogical information in the 1920 census:  
 
Important genealogical information in the 1920 census:  
  
[[Image:1920 United States Census.jpg|thumb|right]]  
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[[Image:1920 United States Census.jpg|thumb|right|1920 United States Census.jpg]]  
  
 
*Full name  
 
*Full name  
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*Birth dates calculated from ages are often off by a year.
 
*Birth dates calculated from ages are often off by a year.
  
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== Known Issues with This Collection<br>  ==
 
== Known Issues with This Collection<br>  ==

Revision as of 14:35, 25 July 2012

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: United States Census, 1920 .


Contents

Record Description

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day, which was 1 January for the 1920 census. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office in the Commerce Department in Washington D.C. The 1920 census covers 95-97% of the population.  

The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This information pertains to the census conducted in 1920.

The U.S. federal census was taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives that a state could send to the House of Representatives in Congress. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states. 

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor.

Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified. 

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

Bureau of the Census. "Population Schedules for the 1920 Census." NARA microfilm publication T625. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d.

Record Content

Important genealogical information in the 1920 census:

1920 United States Census.jpg
  • Full name
  • Race
  • Sex
  • Age (can be used to calculate the approximate birth year)
  • Relationship to the head of household
  • Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced
  • Birthplace and birthplace of the father and mother (whether or not the parents were members of the household)
  • Year of immigration
  • Whether a naturalized citizen
  • Year of naturalization
  • Occupation
  • Native tongue spoken and that of the father and mother (whether or not the parents were members of the household)
  • Whether can speak English
  • Street address and house number

How to Use the Records

Begin your search by locating your ancestor in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination.

Carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
  • If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
  • Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment, school, or military records.

It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.

Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.

Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:

  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
  • The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
  • Birth dates calculated from ages are often off by a year.


Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

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Contributions To This Article

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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"United States Census, 1920," database and digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MLBX-6PY&nbsp;: accessed 11 April 2012), John T Elliot in household of Charles N Elliot (Ketchikan, First, Alaska).

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.