United States Census Slave Schedules

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Slave schedules were kept for:  Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia.  
 
Slave schedules were kept for:  Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia.  
  
[http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] has schedules for 1850.
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[http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] has schedules for 1850.  
  
 
== Historical Background  ==
 
== Historical Background  ==
  
'''1850-1860'''--Slaves were enumerated separately and usually only numbered, not named.
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'''1850-1860'''--Slaves were enumerated separately and usually only numbered, not named.  
  
== Content  ==
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== Contents ==
  
City, town, or subsidtrict of slave owner<br>Name of slave owner<br>Number of slaves listed by age, sex, color<br>Fugitive<br>Manumitted (freed)<br>Deaf, dumb, insane, or idiotic  
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; City, town, or subdistrict of slave owner<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Name of slave owner<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Number of slaves listed by age, sex, color<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Fugitive<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Manumitted (freed)<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Deaf, dumb, insane, or idiotic  
  
 
== Value  ==
 
== Value  ==
  
'''Name''' -- Sometimes&nbsp;an&nbsp;enumerator chose to list the first names of individual slaves.&nbsp; Each countywide slave schedule must be searched to see if there are names of slaves or not.&nbsp;  
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'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Name''' -- Sometimes&nbsp;an&nbsp;enumerator chose to list the first names of individual slaves.&nbsp; Each countywide<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; slave&nbsp;schedule must be searched to see if there are names of slaves or not.&nbsp;  
  
'''Number '''--&nbsp;of slaves enumerated&nbsp;could help determine if the owner had a plantation or not, and its size.
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'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Number '''--&nbsp;The number of slaves enumerated&nbsp;could help determine if the owner had a plantation or not, and&nbsp;its&nbsp;size.  
  
 
== Indexes&nbsp;  ==
 
== Indexes&nbsp;  ==

Revision as of 22:16, 5 August 2008

Additional information may be found on the United States Census Portal page.

Contents

Availability

The National Archives has retained and microfilmed all of the original manuscripts for applicable states.

Slave schedules were kept for:  Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia.

Ancestry has schedules for 1850.

Historical Background

1850-1860--Slaves were enumerated separately and usually only numbered, not named.

Contents

                         City, town, or subdistrict of slave owner
                         Name of slave owner
                         Number of slaves listed by age, sex, color
                         Fugitive
                         Manumitted (freed)
                         Deaf, dumb, insane, or idiotic

Value

                         Name -- Sometimes an enumerator chose to list the first names of individual slaves.  Each countywide
                                       slave schedule must be searched to see if there are names of slaves or not. 

                         Number -- The number of slaves enumerated could help determine if the owner had a plantation or not, and its size.

Indexes 

Few slave schedules have been indexed.  Ancestry has indexes for 1850.

Web Sites

Ancestry.com (1850): http://content.ancestry.com/

Biographic Citations 

  • Dollarhide, William. The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.) FHL Book 973.X27d.
  • Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Wright, Matthew. Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records. (Orem, Utah: 2001 Ancestry) FHL Book 973 X27s.