United States Census Slave Schedules

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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United_States_Census_Slave_Schedules|Slave Schedules]]''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census|U.S. Census]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census Slave Schedules|Slave Schedules]]''__NOTOC__
  
== Availability ==
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=== Historical Background ===
  
The [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]] has retained and microfilmed all of the original manuscripts for applicable states.  
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Slave Schedules were used in two U.S. Federal Censuses: The 1850 U.S. Federal Census and the 1860 U.S. Federal Census. Slaves were usually not named, but enumerated separately and usually only numbered under the slave owner's name. The [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]] has microfilmed all of the original manuscripts for applicable states.
  
Slave schedules were kept for:  Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia.
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=== Contents  ===
  
'''1850 United States Census Slave Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1420440;t=browsable;w=0 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site] listing each '''slave owner's''' name and residence. It also show the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.
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'''1850 and 1860 schedules'''
  
[http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] has images and every name indexes for 1850 and 1860 slave schedules.
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*City, town, or sub district of slave owner
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*Name of slave owner
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*NO NAMES OF SLAVES (occasionally names were listed)
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*Number of slaves owned
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*Age, sex, color
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*Fugitive from state?
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*Number of slaves manumitted (released from slavery)
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*Deaf,dumb (mute), blind, insane, or idiotic?
  
== Historical Background  ==
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1860 added one additional question:
  
'''1850-1860'''--Slaves were usually not named, but enumerated separately and usually only numbered under the slave owner's name.
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*Number of slave houses
  
== Contents  ==
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'''Blank Schedules'''
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; City, town, or sub district of slave owner<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Name of slave owner<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Number of slaves listed by age, sex, color<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Fugitive<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Manumitted (freed)<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Deaf, dumb, insane, or idiotic
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[http://c.mfcreative.com/pdf/trees/charts/1850Slave.pdf Blank 1850 Slave Schedule] (reproduction)<br>
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[http://c.mfcreative.com/pdf/trees/charts/1860Slave.pdf Blank 1860 Slave Schedule] (reproduction)
  
== Value  ==
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=== Value  ===
  
'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Name''' -- Sometimes&nbsp;an&nbsp;enumerator chose to list the first names of individual slaves.&nbsp; Each countywide slave&nbsp;schedule must be searched to see if there are names of slaves or not.&nbsp;
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#Name -- Sometimes an enumerator chose to list the first names of individual slaves. Each countywide slave schedule must be searched to see if there are names of slaves or not.
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#Number -- The number of slaves enumerated could help determine if the owner had a plantation or not, and size.
  
'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Number '''--&nbsp;The number of slaves enumerated&nbsp;could help determine if the owner had a plantation or&nbsp;not,&nbsp;and&nbsp;its&nbsp;size.
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=== 1850 Slave Schedules ===
  
== Indexes&nbsp;  ==
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1850 Slave schedules were used for Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah Territory, Virginia.
  
Few slave schedules have been indexed.&nbsp; [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] has&nbsp;indexes for&nbsp;1850.
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==== Where to Find the Records ====
  
== Web Sites  ==
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The 1850 Slave Schedules are available online.
  
Ancestry.com (1850):&nbsp;[http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 http://content.ancestry.com/]
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'''Online'''
  
== Sources of This Collection  ==
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8055 1850 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules] (Ancestry) ($)
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*{{RecordSearch|1420440|United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850}} (FamilySearch)
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::A wiki article describing this collection is found at:
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::*[[United States Census Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
*Dollarhide, William. The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.) FHL Book 973.X27d.
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=== 1860 Slave Schedules ===
*Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Wright, Matthew. Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records. (Orem, Utah: 2001 Ancestry) FHL Book 973 X27s.
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'''How to Cite Your Sources'''
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1860 Slave schedules were used for Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah Territory, Virginia.
  
An example of citing these records is: United States. Census Office. 7th census, 1850. United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850. Census page. From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org), April 23, 2010. Thomas Smith, Kent County, Kent, Delaware, image number 00603.&nbsp;&nbsp;
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==== Where to Find the Records ====
  
Instructions for citing this source can be found at: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]<br>
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The 1860 Slave Schedules are available online.
  
{{USCensus}}
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'''Online'''
  
=== FamilySearch Historical Record Collectons ===
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7668 1860 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules] (Ancestry) ($)
  
An online collection containing this record is located in [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://hr-search-api:8080/searchapi/search/collection/1420440 FamilySearch.org]
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=== Websites  ===
  
A wik &nbsp;article describing this collection is found at:
 
  
*[[United States Census Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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=== References  ===
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*Dollarhide, William. The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.) FHL Book 973.X27d.
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*Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Wright, Matthew. Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records. (Orem, Utah: 2001 Ancestry) FHL Book 973 X27s.
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{{USCensus}}
  
 
[[Category:United_States_Census]]
 
[[Category:United_States_Census]]

Revision as of 02:32, 6 December 2011

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Census Gotoarrow.png Slave Schedules

Historical Background

Slave Schedules were used in two U.S. Federal Censuses: The 1850 U.S. Federal Census and the 1860 U.S. Federal Census. Slaves were usually not named, but enumerated separately and usually only numbered under the slave owner's name. The National Archives has microfilmed all of the original manuscripts for applicable states.

Contents

1850 and 1860 schedules

  • City, town, or sub district of slave owner
  • Name of slave owner
  • NO NAMES OF SLAVES (occasionally names were listed)
  • Number of slaves owned
  • Age, sex, color
  • Fugitive from state?
  • Number of slaves manumitted (released from slavery)
  • Deaf,dumb (mute), blind, insane, or idiotic?

1860 added one additional question:

  • Number of slave houses

Blank Schedules

Blank 1850 Slave Schedule (reproduction)
Blank 1860 Slave Schedule (reproduction)

Value

  1. Name -- Sometimes an enumerator chose to list the first names of individual slaves. Each countywide slave schedule must be searched to see if there are names of slaves or not.
  2. Number -- The number of slaves enumerated could help determine if the owner had a plantation or not, and size.

1850 Slave Schedules

1850 Slave schedules were used for Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah Territory, Virginia.

Where to Find the Records

The 1850 Slave Schedules are available online.

Online

A wiki article describing this collection is found at:

1860 Slave Schedules

1860 Slave schedules were used for Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah Territory, Virginia.

Where to Find the Records

The 1860 Slave Schedules are available online.

Online

Websites

References

  • Dollarhide, William. The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.) FHL Book 973.X27d.
  • Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Wright, Matthew. Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records. (Orem, Utah: 2001 Ancestry) FHL Book 973 X27s.