United States Census Slave SchedulesEdit This Page

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<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->Additional information may be found on the [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Portal:United_States_Census United States Census Portal] page.<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census|U.S. Census]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United_States_Census_Slave_Schedules|Slave Schedules]]''__NOTOC__
  
== Availability ==
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=== Historical Background ===
  
The [[Www.nara.gov|National Archives]] has retained and microfilmed all of the original manuscripts for applicable states.  
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Slave Schedules were used in two U.S. Federal Censuses: The 1850 U.S. Federal Census and the 1860 U.S. Federal Census. Slaves were usually not named, but enumerated separately and usually only numbered under the slave owner's name. The [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]] has microfilmed all of the original manuscripts for applicable states.  
  
Slave schedules&nbsp;were kept for: &nbsp;Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia.
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=== Contents  ===
  
[http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] has schedules for 1850.
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'''1850 and 1860 schedules'''
  
== Historical Background  ==
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*City, town, or sub district of slave owner
 +
*Name of slave owner
 +
*NO NAMES OF SLAVES (occasionally names were listed)
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*Number of slaves owned
 +
*Age, sex, color
 +
*Fugitive from state?
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*Number of slaves manumitted (released from slavery)
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*Deaf,dumb (mute), blind, insane, or idiotic?
  
'''1850-1860'''--Slaves were enumerated separately and usually only numbered, not named.
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1860 added one additional question:
  
== Contents ==
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*Number of slave houses
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; City, town, or subdistrict of slave owner<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Name of slave owner<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Number of slaves listed by age, sex, color<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Fugitive<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Manumitted (freed)<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Deaf, dumb, insane, or idiotic
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'''Blank Schedules'''
  
== Value  ==
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[http://c.mfcreative.com/pdf/trees/charts/1850Slave.pdf Blank 1850 Slave Schedule] (reproduction)<br> [http://c.mfcreative.com/pdf/trees/charts/1860Slave.pdf Blank 1860 Slave Schedule] (reproduction)
  
'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Name''' -- Sometimes&nbsp;an&nbsp;enumerator chose to list the first names of individual slaves.&nbsp; Each countywide<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; slave&nbsp;schedule must be searched to see if there are names of slaves or not.&nbsp;
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=== Value  ===
  
'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Number '''--&nbsp;The number of slaves enumerated&nbsp;could help determine if the owner had a plantation or&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; not,&nbsp;and&nbsp;its&nbsp;size.
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#Name -- Sometimes an enumerator chose to list the first names of individual slaves. Each countywide slave schedule must be searched to see if there are names of slaves or not.
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#Number -- The number of slaves enumerated could help determine if the owner had a plantation or not, and size.
  
== Indexes&nbsp; ==
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=== 1850 Slave Schedules ===
  
Few slave schedules have been indexed.&nbsp; [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry] has&nbsp;indexes for&nbsp;1850.  
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1850 Slave schedules were used for Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah Territory, Virginia.  
  
== Web Sites ==
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==== Where to Find the Records ====
  
Ancestry.com (1850):&nbsp;[http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 http://content.ancestry.com/]
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The 1850 Slave Schedules are available online.  
  
== Biographic Citations&nbsp;  ==
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'''Online'''
  
*Dollarhide, William. The Census Book: ''A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes''. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.) FHL Book 973.X27d.  
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8055 1850 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules] (Ancestry) ($)
*Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Wright, Matthew. ''Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records''. (Orem, Utah: 2001 Ancestry) FHL Book 973 X27s. <br>
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*{{RecordSearch|1420440|United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850}} (FamilySearch)
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*:A wiki article describing this collection is found at:
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*:*[[United States Census Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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=== 1860 Slave Schedules  ===
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 +
1860 Slave schedules were used for Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah Territory, Virginia.
 +
 
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==== Where to Find the Records  ====
 +
 
 +
The 1860 Slave Schedules are available online.
 +
 
 +
'''Online'''
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7668 1860 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules] (Ancestry) ($)
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=== Websites  ===
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=== References  ===
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*Dollarhide, William. The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.) FHL Book 973.X27d.  
 +
*Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Wright, Matthew. Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records. (Orem, Utah: 2001 Ancestry) FHL Book 973 X27s.
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{{USCensus}}
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[[Category:United_States_Census]]

Latest revision as of 19:07, 18 January 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Census Gotoarrow.png Slave Schedules

Historical Background

Slave Schedules were used in two U.S. Federal Censuses: The 1850 U.S. Federal Census and the 1860 U.S. Federal Census. Slaves were usually not named, but enumerated separately and usually only numbered under the slave owner's name. The National Archives has microfilmed all of the original manuscripts for applicable states.

Contents

1850 and 1860 schedules

  • City, town, or sub district of slave owner
  • Name of slave owner
  • NO NAMES OF SLAVES (occasionally names were listed)
  • Number of slaves owned
  • Age, sex, color
  • Fugitive from state?
  • Number of slaves manumitted (released from slavery)
  • Deaf,dumb (mute), blind, insane, or idiotic?

1860 added one additional question:

  • Number of slave houses

Blank Schedules

Blank 1850 Slave Schedule (reproduction)
Blank 1860 Slave Schedule (reproduction)

Value

  1. Name -- Sometimes an enumerator chose to list the first names of individual slaves. Each countywide slave schedule must be searched to see if there are names of slaves or not.
  2. Number -- The number of slaves enumerated could help determine if the owner had a plantation or not, and size.

1850 Slave Schedules

1850 Slave schedules were used for Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah Territory, Virginia.

Where to Find the Records

The 1850 Slave Schedules are available online.

Online

1860 Slave Schedules

1860 Slave schedules were used for Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah Territory, Virginia.

Where to Find the Records

The 1860 Slave Schedules are available online.

Online

Websites

References

  • Dollarhide, William. The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.) FHL Book 973.X27d.
  • Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Wright, Matthew. Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records. (Orem, Utah: 2001 Ancestry) FHL Book 973 X27s.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 18 January 2012, at 19:07.
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