United States Civil War Soldiers Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(Changed header size)
(added FHL Template)
(16 intermediate revisions by 13 users not shown)
Line 2: Line 2:
 
|CID=CID1910717
 
|CID=CID1910717
 
|title=United States Civil War Soldiers Index
 
|title=United States Civil War Soldiers Index
|location=United States}}<br>
+
|location=United States}}<br>  
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
This index was culled from 6.3 million soldier records in the General Index Cards to the Compiled Military Service Records in the National Archives. This index was a joint project of the U.S. National Park Service, the Federation of Genealogical Societies (FGS), and the Genealogical Society of Utah (GSU).  
+
This index was culled from 6.3 million soldier records in the General Index Cards to the Compiled Military Service Records in the National Archives. This index was a joint project of the U.S. National Park Service, the Federation of Genealogical Societies (FGS), and the Genealogical Society of Utah (GSU). This is an index of soldiers who served in the Civil War, 1861 to 1865.  
 
+
This is an index of soldiers who served in the Civil War, 1861 to 1865.&nbsp;
+
  
 
This in an index to the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) which is a computerized database containing very basic facts about servicemen who served on both sides during the Civil War. The initial focus of the CWSS is the Names Index Project, a project to enter names and other basic information from 6.3 million soldier records in the National Archives. The facts about the soldiers were entered from records that are indexed to many millions of other documents about Union and Confederate Civil War soldiers maintained by the National Archives and Records Administration. The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) is a cooperative effort by the National Park Service (NPS) and several other public and private partners, to computerize information about the Civil War.  
 
This in an index to the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) which is a computerized database containing very basic facts about servicemen who served on both sides during the Civil War. The initial focus of the CWSS is the Names Index Project, a project to enter names and other basic information from 6.3 million soldier records in the National Archives. The facts about the soldiers were entered from records that are indexed to many millions of other documents about Union and Confederate Civil War soldiers maintained by the National Archives and Records Administration. The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) is a cooperative effort by the National Park Service (NPS) and several other public and private partners, to computerize information about the Civil War.  
Line 15: Line 13:
  
 
The information in the index is accurate regarding the locator information. However, any index may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
 
The information in the index is accurate regarding the locator information. However, any index may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
 
 
{{Collection citation
 
| text =<!--bibdescbegin-->United States National Park Service. Civil War soldiers index, National Archives, Washington D.C.<!--bibdescend-->}}
 
 
[[United States Civil War Soldiers Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
  
 
== Record Content  ==
 
== Record Content  ==
Line 39: Line 28:
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
To search for your ancestors in the index you will need to know your ancestors full name. If you are having difficulty finding your ancestor, look for variations in the spelling of the name. If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
+
To begin your search you need to know  
  
Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
+
*The name of your ancestor
 +
*Other identifying information such as age or military unit where served
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records.
+
=== Search the Collection  ===
  
For example:  
+
To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination.
 +
 
 +
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
 +
 
 +
Keep in mind:
 +
 
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 +
 
 +
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 +
 
 +
=== Using the Information  ===
 +
 
 +
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records. For example:  
  
 
*If your ancestor was a union soldier, he may have service or pension records at the National Archives.  
 
*If your ancestor was a union soldier, he may have service or pension records at the National Archives.  
 
*If your ancestor was a confederate soldier, he may have service or pension records in the state archives.
 
*If your ancestor was a confederate soldier, he may have service or pension records in the state archives.
  
You may also find these search tips helpful:
+
=== Tips to Keep in Mind  ===
  
 
*Compile the entries for other individuals who have the same surname. This is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
 
*Compile the entries for other individuals who have the same surname. This is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
Line 56: Line 59:
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  
<br>
+
{{FHL Search Tip
 
+
|foreignone=
 +
|level1=United States
 +
}}
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
Line 70: Line 75:
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
{{Contributor invite}}  
+
{{Contributor_invite}}  
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
Line 76: Line 81:
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
<br>
 +
 
 +
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 +
 
 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
  
"United States, Civil War Soldiers Index." &nbsp;''FamilySearch'' &nbsp;(https://familysearch.org: &nbsp;accessed 8 June 2011). &nbsp; Andrew L. Madison, &nbsp;Condederate Private; &nbsp;Citing Civil War Records, FHL microfilm 821,975; United Stated Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington D.C. United States
+
{{Collection citation | text= "United States, Civil War Soldiers Index." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing multiple microfilm publications, Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
+
{{U.S. Military}}
  
[[Category:United_States|Civil War]]
+
[[Category:NARA military records]]

Revision as of 16:02, 6 August 2014

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

This index was culled from 6.3 million soldier records in the General Index Cards to the Compiled Military Service Records in the National Archives. This index was a joint project of the U.S. National Park Service, the Federation of Genealogical Societies (FGS), and the Genealogical Society of Utah (GSU). This is an index of soldiers who served in the Civil War, 1861 to 1865.

This in an index to the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) which is a computerized database containing very basic facts about servicemen who served on both sides during the Civil War. The initial focus of the CWSS is the Names Index Project, a project to enter names and other basic information from 6.3 million soldier records in the National Archives. The facts about the soldiers were entered from records that are indexed to many millions of other documents about Union and Confederate Civil War soldiers maintained by the National Archives and Records Administration. The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) is a cooperative effort by the National Park Service (NPS) and several other public and private partners, to computerize information about the Civil War.

The goal of the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) is to increase public understanding of this era in American history. The index was created to enable the public to make a personal link between themselves and their ancestors.

The information in the index is accurate regarding the locator information. However, any index may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

Record Content

Each record provides the following:

  • Full name
  • Regiment
  • Whether Union or Confederate
  • Company
  • Soldier's rank
  • Sometimes alternate names
  • NARA publication and roll numbers

How to Use the Record

To begin your search you need to know

  • The name of your ancestor
  • Other identifying information such as age or military unit where served

Search the Collection

To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination.

As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

Keep in mind:

  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records. For example:

  • If your ancestor was a union soldier, he may have service or pension records at the National Archives.
  • If your ancestor was a confederate soldier, he may have service or pension records in the state archives.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Compile the entries for other individuals who have the same surname. This is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
  • Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have been also belonged to the National Guard.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
Dark thin font green pin Version 4.png
Don't overlook FHL Place United States items or FHL Keyword United States items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see United States Archives and Libraries.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.


Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"United States, Civil War Soldiers Index." Index. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing multiple microfilm publications, Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.