United States Directories

From FamilySearch Wiki

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''[[Portal:United States of America|United States of America]] > United States Directories''
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''[[Portal:United States of America|United States of America]] > United States Directories''  
  
 
=== Why were Directories Created?  ===
 
=== Why were Directories Created?  ===
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The most helpful directories for genealogical research are city and county directories of local residents and businesses. These are generally published annually and may include an individual's address, occupation, spouse's name, and other helpful facts. An individual's address can be very helpful when searching an unindexed census of a large city.  
 
The most helpful directories for genealogical research are city and county directories of local residents and businesses. These are generally published annually and may include an individual's address, occupation, spouse's name, and other helpful facts. An individual's address can be very helpful when searching an unindexed census of a large city.  
  
=== Value ===
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=== Value ===
  
Directors are particularly helpful for research in large cities, where a high percentage of the people were renters, new arrivals, or temporary residents. A directory may be the only source to list an ancestor if he or she was not registered to vote and did not own property.
+
Directors are particularly helpful for research in large cities, where a high percentage of the people were renters, new arrivals, or temporary residents. A directory may be the only source to list an ancestor if he or she was not registered to vote and did not own property.  
  
 
=== Content and format of Directories  ===
 
=== Content and format of Directories  ===
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The '''Family History Library '''has a comprehensive collection, City Directories of the [[Portal:United States of America|United States]], reproduced on microform by Research Publications. This includes 336 cities and regions from the late 1700s to 1935. The pre-1860 city directories are on more than 6,000 microfiche. Directories for 1861 to 1935 are on 1,118 microfilms. These and other directories are listed in the Place Search of the [[Introduction to the Family History Library Catalog|Family History Library Catalog]] under  
 
The '''Family History Library '''has a comprehensive collection, City Directories of the [[Portal:United States of America|United States]], reproduced on microform by Research Publications. This includes 336 cities and regions from the late 1700s to 1935. The pre-1860 city directories are on more than 6,000 microfiche. Directories for 1861 to 1935 are on 1,118 microfilms. These and other directories are listed in the Place Search of the [[Introduction to the Family History Library Catalog|Family History Library Catalog]] under  
 +
 
::[STATE], [COUNTY], [TOWN] - DIRECTORIES
 
::[STATE], [COUNTY], [TOWN] - DIRECTORIES
  
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::[STATE] - OCCUPATIONS  
 
::[STATE] - OCCUPATIONS  
 
::[STATE], [COUNTY] - DIRECTORIES  
 
::[STATE], [COUNTY] - DIRECTORIES  
::[STATE], [COUNTY] - OCCUPATIONS  
+
::[STATE], [COUNTY] - OCCUPATIONS
  
There are also special directories that can help you locate libraries, newspapers, churches, ethnic associations, government officials, and other organizations or offices.
+
There are also special directories that can help you locate libraries, newspapers, churches, ethnic associations, government officials, and other organizations or offices.  
  
 
=== Availability  ===
 
=== Availability  ===
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Local public and university libraries generally have directories for their region. The Library of Congress has the largest collection of city and county directories.  
 
Local public and university libraries generally have directories for their region. The Library of Congress has the largest collection of city and county directories.  
 +
 +
== City Directories Online ==
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 +
[http://www.distantcousin.com/directories/ DistantCousin.com] is making city directories available online. This is&nbsp;a&nbsp;free online archive of city directory records and scanned images. These databases are searchable on this site. Alternately, you may peruse our collection by geographic location, below. Please note that we are adding to our collection on a regular basis. Please check back often for new databases. <br>
  
 
=== Related Records:  ===
 
=== Related Records:  ===
For related records see the [[United States Census|United States Census]] page.
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 +
For related records see the [[United States Census|United States Census]] page.  
 +
 
 
== Directories of Each State  ==
 
== Directories of Each State  ==
  
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|-
 
|-
 
| valign="top" align="left" |  
 
| valign="top" align="left" |  
*[[Image:Alabama flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Alabama Directories|Alabama]]  
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*[[Image:Alabama flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Alabama Directories|Alabama]]  
*[[Image:Alaska flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Alaska Directories|Alaska]]  
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*[[Image:Alaska flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Alaska Directories|Alaska]]  
*[[Image:Arizona flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Arizona Directories|Arizona]]  
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*[[Image:Arizona flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Arizona Directories|Arizona]]  
*[[Image:Arkansas flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Arkansas Directories|Arkansas]]  
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*[[Image:Arkansas flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Arkansas Directories|Arkansas]]  
*[[Image:California flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[California Directories|California]]  
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*[[Image:California flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[California Directories|California]]  
*[[Image:Colorado flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Colorado Directories|Colorado]]  
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*[[Image:Colorado flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Colorado Directories|Colorado]]  
*[[Image:Connecticut flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Connecticut Directories|Connecticut]]  
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*[[Image:Connecticut flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Connecticut Directories|Connecticut]]  
*[[Image:Delaware flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Delaware Directories|Delaware]]  
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*[[Image:Delaware flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Delaware Directories|Delaware]]  
*[[Image:District of Columbia flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[District of Columbia Directories|District of Columbia]]  
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*[[Image:District of Columbia flag.png|border|22x11px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[District of Columbia Directories|District of Columbia]]  
*[[Image:Florida flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Florida Directories|Florida]]  
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*[[Image:Florida flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Florida Directories|Florida]]  
*[[Image:Georgia flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Georgia Directories|Georgia]]  
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*[[Image:Georgia flag.png|border|22x14px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Georgia Directories|Georgia]]  
*[[Image:Hawaii flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Hawaii Directories|Hawaii]]  
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*[[Image:Hawaii flag.png|border|22x11px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Hawaii Directories|Hawaii]]  
*[[Image:Idaho flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Idaho Directories|Idaho]]  
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*[[Image:Idaho flag.png|border|22x18px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Idaho Directories|Idaho]]  
*[[Image:Illinois flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Illinois Directories|Illinois]]  
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*[[Image:Illinois flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Illinois Directories|Illinois]]  
*[[Image:Indiana flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Indiana Directories|Indiana]]  
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*[[Image:Indiana flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Indiana Directories|Indiana]]  
*[[Image:Iowa flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Iowa Directories|Iowa]]  
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*[[Image:Iowa flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Iowa Directories|Iowa]]  
*[[Image:Kansas flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Kansas Directories|Kansas]]
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*[[Image:Kansas flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Kansas Directories|Kansas]]
  
 
| valign="top" align="left" |  
 
| valign="top" align="left" |  
*[[Image:Kentucky flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Kentucky Directories|Kentucky]]  
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*[[Image:Kentucky flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Kentucky Directories|Kentucky]]  
*[[Image:Louisiana flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Louisiana Directories|Louisiana]]  
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*[[Image:Louisiana flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Louisiana Directories|Louisiana]]  
*[[Image:Maine flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Maine Directories|Maine]]  
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*[[Image:Maine flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Maine Directories|Maine]]  
*[[Image:Maryland flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Maryland Directories|Maryland]]  
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*[[Image:Maryland flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Maryland Directories|Maryland]]  
*[[Image:Massachusetts flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Massachusetts Directories|Massachusetts]]  
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*[[Image:Massachusetts flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Massachusetts Directories|Massachusetts]]  
*[[Image:Michigan flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Michigan Directories|Michigan]]  
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*[[Image:Michigan flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Michigan Directories|Michigan]]  
*[[Image:Minnesota flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Minnesota Directories|Minnesota]]  
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*[[Image:Minnesota flag.png|border|22x14px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Minnesota Directories|Minnesota]]  
*[[Image:Mississippi flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Mississippi Directories|Mississippi]]  
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*[[Image:Mississippi flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Mississippi Directories|Mississippi]]  
*[[Image:Missouri flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Missouri Directories|Missouri]]  
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*[[Image:Missouri flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Missouri Directories|Missouri]]  
*[[Image:Montana flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Montana Directories|Montana]]  
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*[[Image:Montana flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Montana Directories|Montana]]  
*[[Image:Nebraska flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nebraska Directories|Nebraska]]  
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*[[Image:Nebraska flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nebraska Directories|Nebraska]]  
*[[Image:Nevada flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nevada Directories|Nevada]]  
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*[[Image:Nevada flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nevada Directories|Nevada]]  
*[[Image:New Hampshire flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Hampshire Directories|New Hampshire]]  
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*[[Image:New Hampshire flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Hampshire Directories|New Hampshire]]  
*[[Image:New Jersey flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Jersey Directories|New Jersey]]  
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*[[Image:New Jersey flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Jersey Directories|New Jersey]]  
*[[Image:New Mexico flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Mexico Directories|New Mexico]]  
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*[[Image:New Mexico flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Mexico Directories|New Mexico]]  
*[[Image:New York flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New York Directories|New York]]  
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*[[Image:New York flag.png|border|22x11px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New York Directories|New York]]  
*[[Image:North Carolina flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[North Carolina Directories|North Carolina]]
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*[[Image:North Carolina flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[North Carolina Directories|North Carolina]]
  
 
| valign="top" align="left" |  
 
| valign="top" align="left" |  
*[[Image:North Dakota flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[North Dakota Directories|North Dakota]]  
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*[[Image:North Dakota flag.png|border|22x17px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[North Dakota Directories|North Dakota]]  
*[[Image:Ohio flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Ohio Directories|Ohio]]  
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*[[Image:Ohio flag.png|border|22x14px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Ohio Directories|Ohio]]  
*[[Image:Oklahoma flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Oklahoma Directories|Oklahoma]]  
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*[[Image:Oklahoma flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Oklahoma Directories|Oklahoma]]  
*[[Image:Oregon flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Oregon Directories|Oregon]]  
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*[[Image:Oregon flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Oregon Directories|Oregon]]  
*[[Image:Pennsylvania flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Pennsylvania Directories|Pennsylvania]]  
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*[[Image:Pennsylvania flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Pennsylvania Directories|Pennsylvania]]  
*[[Image:Rhode Island flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Rhode Island Directories|Rhode Island]]  
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*[[Image:Rhode Island flag.png|border|21x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Rhode Island Directories|Rhode Island]]  
*[[Image:South Carolina flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[South Carolina Directories|South Carolina]]  
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*[[Image:South Carolina flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[South Carolina Directories|South Carolina]]  
*[[Image:South Dakota flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[South Dakota Directories|South Dakota]]  
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*[[Image:South Dakota flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[South Dakota Directories|South Dakota]]  
*[[Image:Tennessee flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Tennessee Directories|Tennessee]]  
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*[[Image:Tennessee flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Tennessee Directories|Tennessee]]  
*[[Image:Texas flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Texas Directories|Texas]]  
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*[[Image:Texas flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Texas Directories|Texas]]  
*[[Image:Utah flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Utah Directories|Utah]]  
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*[[Image:Utah flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Utah Directories|Utah]]  
*[[Image:Vermont flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Vermont Directories|Vermont]]  
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*[[Image:Vermont flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Vermont Directories|Vermont]]  
*[[Image:Virginia flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Virginia Directories|Virginia]]  
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*[[Image:Virginia flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Virginia Directories|Virginia]]  
*[[Image:Washington flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Washington Directories|Washington]]  
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*[[Image:Washington flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Washington Directories|Washington]]  
*[[Image:West Virginia flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[West Virginia Directories|West Virginia]]  
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*[[Image:West Virginia flag.png|border|22x12px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[West Virginia Directories|West Virginia]]  
*[[Image:Wisconsin flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Wisconsin Directories|Wisconsin]]  
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*[[Image:Wisconsin flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Wisconsin Directories|Wisconsin]]  
*[[Image:Wyoming flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Wyoming Directories|Wyoming]]
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*[[Image:Wyoming flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Wyoming Directories|Wyoming]]
  
 
|}
 
|}

Revision as of 23:18, 25 January 2010

United States of America > United States Directories

Contents

Why were Directories Created?

Directories were created for salesmen, merchants, and other interested in contacting residents of an area. They are arranged alphabetically giving lists of names and addresses. These often list the adult residents of a city or area.

The most helpful directories for genealogical research are city and county directories of local residents and businesses. These are generally published annually and may include an individual's address, occupation, spouse's name, and other helpful facts. An individual's address can be very helpful when searching an unindexed census of a large city.

Value

Directors are particularly helpful for research in large cities, where a high percentage of the people were renters, new arrivals, or temporary residents. A directory may be the only source to list an ancestor if he or she was not registered to vote and did not own property.

Content and format of Directories

Directories sometimes have maps and addresses of churches, cemeteries, courthouses, and other important locations.

The Family History Library has a comprehensive collection, City Directories of the United States, reproduced on microform by Research Publications. This includes 336 cities and regions from the late 1700s to 1935. The pre-1860 city directories are on more than 6,000 microfiche. Directories for 1861 to 1935 are on 1,118 microfilms. These and other directories are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under

[STATE], [COUNTY], [TOWN] - DIRECTORIES

You can find further information about city directories in research outlines available for each state.

Some directories list only certain types of businesses, professionals, clergymen, alumni, or other special groups. These are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

[STATE] - DIRECTORIES
[STATE] - OCCUPATIONS
[STATE], [COUNTY] - DIRECTORIES
[STATE], [COUNTY] - OCCUPATIONS

There are also special directories that can help you locate libraries, newspapers, churches, ethnic associations, government officials, and other organizations or offices.

Availability

Time Period of availability: Directories have been published usually annually (yearly) since the early 1800's. City and county directories are similar to present day telephone  books and are useful records for locating people.

Local public and university libraries generally have directories for their region. The Library of Congress has the largest collection of city and county directories.

City Directories Online

DistantCousin.com is making city directories available online. This is a free online archive of city directory records and scanned images. These databases are searchable on this site. Alternately, you may peruse our collection by geographic location, below. Please note that we are adding to our collection on a regular basis. Please check back often for new databases.

Related Records:

For related records see the United States Census page.

Directories of Each State

Web Sites