United States Emigration and Immigration

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{{US-immigration-sidebar}}  
 
{{US-immigration-sidebar}}  
<div style="float: right; width: 74%;">
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<div style="width: 74%; float: right">
 
''[[United States]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[United_States_Emigration_and_Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]''  
 
''[[United States]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[United_States_Emigration_and_Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]''  
  
[[Image:Immigrants Behold the Statue of Liberty.jpg|thumb|left|205px]][[Image:Ellis Island.jpg|thumb|175px]]  
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[[Image:Immigrants Behold the Statue of Liberty.jpg|thumb|left|205px|Immigrants Behold the Statue of Liberty.jpg]][[Image:Ellis Island.jpg|thumb|175px|Ellis Island.jpg]]  
  
 
The [[Tracing Immigrant Origins]] Wiki pages can help you identify an immigrant ancestor's original hometown. Those pages introduce the principles, search strategies, and additional record types you can use.  
 
The [[Tracing Immigrant Origins]] Wiki pages can help you identify an immigrant ancestor's original hometown. Those pages introduce the principles, search strategies, and additional record types you can use.  
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Nearly fifty million people have immigrated to America. Significant patterns of immigration and settlement can be observed during three periods: Pre-1820. An estimated 650,000 individuals arrived in America before 1820. The majority (60 percent) were English and Welsh. Smaller numbers of German, Irish, Scotch-Irish, Dutch, French, Spanish, African, and other nationalities also arrived. For the most part these immigrants settled in small clusters in the eastern, middle-Atlantic, and southern states.  
 
Nearly fifty million people have immigrated to America. Significant patterns of immigration and settlement can be observed during three periods: Pre-1820. An estimated 650,000 individuals arrived in America before 1820. The majority (60 percent) were English and Welsh. Smaller numbers of German, Irish, Scotch-Irish, Dutch, French, Spanish, African, and other nationalities also arrived. For the most part these immigrants settled in small clusters in the eastern, middle-Atlantic, and southern states.  
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A general overview of emigration and immigration including historical trends, port history, and the naturalization process can be found in this [http://www.mesarfhc.org/powerpoint_training/pdf_files/imigration_naturalization.pdf slide presentation].
  
 
'''1820-1880.''' Over ten million immigrants came from northern Europe, the British Isles, and Scandinavia during these years. There was a significant increase in the number of immigrants from Germany and Ireland beginning in the 1840s and 1850s. While some of the new arrivals settled in large eastern and mid-western cities, most migrated to the midwest and west.  
 
'''1820-1880.''' Over ten million immigrants came from northern Europe, the British Isles, and Scandinavia during these years. There was a significant increase in the number of immigrants from Germany and Ireland beginning in the 1840s and 1850s. While some of the new arrivals settled in large eastern and mid-western cities, most migrated to the midwest and west.  
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*Tepper, Michael H. ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/27995064 American Passenger Arrival Records: A Guide to the Records of Immigrants Arriving at American Ports by Sail and Steam, updated and enlarged]''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1993. ({{FHL|973 W27am 1993}}.)
 
*Tepper, Michael H. ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/27995064 American Passenger Arrival Records: A Guide to the Records of Immigrants Arriving at American Ports by Sail and Steam, updated and enlarged]''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1993. ({{FHL|973 W27am 1993}}.)
  
The Mesa Arizona Family History Center has created two ''Quick Starts'' to help with immigration searches. The suggested resources can be found at many libraries, repositories and online.
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<br>'''Ireland''' <br>
 
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See [[Ireland Emigration and Immigration]]
*[http://www.mesarfhc.org/quick_starts/immigration_before_1820.htm Immigration Before 1820]
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*[http://www.mesarfhc.org/quick_starts/immigration_after_1820.htm Immigration After 1820]
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<br>'''Ireland'''  
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Millions of Irish (mostly Catholic) immigrated to the United States (a slight majority to New York City) in especially the mid to late 19th Century. Their migration fanned out into the midwest, i.e. Chicago St. Louis, the south, i.e. Alabama and Georgia and out west. Visit the [http://aad.archives.gov/aad/fielded-search.jsp?dt=180&cat=GP44&tf=F&bc=sl '''Famine Emigrants 1846-1851 database'''] at the NARA website for an online search of nearly 700,000 Irish Famine Immigrants. A significant (60+ million-name) database is now searchable online at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/default.aspx?cat=40 '''Ancestry.com from early to 1960'''] for emigrant passengers to the United States.  
 
Millions of Irish (mostly Catholic) immigrated to the United States (a slight majority to New York City) in especially the mid to late 19th Century. Their migration fanned out into the midwest, i.e. Chicago St. Louis, the south, i.e. Alabama and Georgia and out west. Visit the [http://aad.archives.gov/aad/fielded-search.jsp?dt=180&cat=GP44&tf=F&bc=sl '''Famine Emigrants 1846-1851 database'''] at the NARA website for an online search of nearly 700,000 Irish Famine Immigrants. A significant (60+ million-name) database is now searchable online at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/default.aspx?cat=40 '''Ancestry.com from early to 1960'''] for emigrant passengers to the United States.  
  
Here is an enlarged [[List of Irish Emigration|'''List of Irish Emigration''']] websites for locating Irish ancestors on ships. View FamilySearch online tutorials on Irish immigration by [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/education/frameset_education.asp?PAGE=education_research_series_online.asp%3FActiveTab=2 clicking here].  
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Here is an enlarged [[List of Irish Emigration|'''List of Irish Emigration''']] websites for locating Irish ancestors on ships. View FamilySearch online tutorials on Irish immigration by [https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/home.html clicking here].  
  
 
'''England'''  
 
'''England'''  
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Two main regions of early colonization were New England and Virginia. Nearly all of 14,000 pre-1624 Virgina settlers came from the London area. England's Civil War of 1642-1649 and the subsequent Interregnum years up to 1660 significantly impacted the New World settlements. Royalists, at the be-heading of King Charles I, fled England and found refuge in the Virgina Colony. Because&nbsp;King Charles' war-like campaigns so terrorized the Nonconformists (i.e. Puritans), it likewise caused thousands to flee England for Leyden, Holland and North America. Plymouth Colony, created in 1620, by English Separatists (Pilgrims), had by 1650, become populated with numerous Puritans and other English Nonconformists who crossed the ocean seeking&nbsp;religious freedom. The Massachusetts Bay Colony began around this period, with its first&nbsp;inhabitants&nbsp;who came from counties Devonshire, Dorset and Somerset. Later,&nbsp;during&nbsp;the Civil War, this colony was comprised&nbsp;of emigrant&nbsp;'refugees' from England's cradle of Puritanism--counties Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, NW&nbsp;Essex and east Hertfordshire.&nbsp;  
 
Two main regions of early colonization were New England and Virginia. Nearly all of 14,000 pre-1624 Virgina settlers came from the London area. England's Civil War of 1642-1649 and the subsequent Interregnum years up to 1660 significantly impacted the New World settlements. Royalists, at the be-heading of King Charles I, fled England and found refuge in the Virgina Colony. Because&nbsp;King Charles' war-like campaigns so terrorized the Nonconformists (i.e. Puritans), it likewise caused thousands to flee England for Leyden, Holland and North America. Plymouth Colony, created in 1620, by English Separatists (Pilgrims), had by 1650, become populated with numerous Puritans and other English Nonconformists who crossed the ocean seeking&nbsp;religious freedom. The Massachusetts Bay Colony began around this period, with its first&nbsp;inhabitants&nbsp;who came from counties Devonshire, Dorset and Somerset. Later,&nbsp;during&nbsp;the Civil War, this colony was comprised&nbsp;of emigrant&nbsp;'refugees' from England's cradle of Puritanism--counties Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, NW&nbsp;Essex and east Hertfordshire.&nbsp;  
  
The Carolinas were populated with English emigrants as well as Connecticut, New Hampshire and portions of Maryland and Maine.  
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The Carolinas were populated with English emigrants as well as Connecticut, New Hampshire and portions of Maryland and Maine.
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=== Research Tools  ===
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*[[Tracing Immigrant Origins|Tracing Immigrant Origins]] FamilySearch Wiki portal
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*Passenger arrival lists<br>
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*Canadian border crossing records<br>
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*Mexican border crossing records<br>
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*[[Hamburg Passenger Lists|Hamburg passenger lists]]<br>
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*[http://www.immigrantservants.com/ Indentures Servants Database]
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*[http://www.libraryireland.com/ScotchIrishAmerica/Contents.php http://www.libraryireland.com/ScotchIrishAmerica/Contents.php]&nbsp; An account of the (mainly) Ulster Presbyterians who immigrated to America in the 18th century and includes genealogical information.
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*[http://www.westphalia-emigration.de/ http://www.westphalia-emigration.de/]&nbsp;If your German ancestors came to America from Prussia, and if they were roman catholics, there is a chance they came from Westfalen.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Two lists representing the emigrants of two counties in Westfalen.
  
=== FamilySearch Historical Record Collections  ===
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'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''
  
{{RecordSearch|1860873|Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891}} is available online from FamilySearch.
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*[[Maryland, Baltimore Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Maryland, Baltimore Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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*[[Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
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*[[Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1891-1943 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Massachusetts, Boston Passenger Lists, 1891-1943 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
  
 
=== Ports of Arrival  ===
 
=== Ports of Arrival  ===
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="600" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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{| width="600" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
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'''Major Ports''' <br>Atlantic and Gulf Coast Ports<br>Baltimore, Maryland<br>Boston, Massachusetts<br>Detroit, Michigan<br>New Orleans, Louisiana<br>New York City, New York<br>Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  
 
'''Major Ports''' <br>Atlantic and Gulf Coast Ports<br>Baltimore, Maryland<br>Boston, Massachusetts<br>Detroit, Michigan<br>New Orleans, Louisiana<br>New York City, New York<br>Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  
  
| align="left" valign="top" |  
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| valign="top" align="left" |  
 
'''Minor Ports by State''' <br>Alabama<br>Alaska<br>California<br>Connecticut<br>Florida<br>Georgia<br>Hawaii<br>Louisiana<br>Maine  
 
'''Minor Ports by State''' <br>Alabama<br>Alaska<br>California<br>Connecticut<br>Florida<br>Georgia<br>Hawaii<br>Louisiana<br>Maine  
  
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== United States  ==
 
== United States  ==
  
{| border="0" width="99%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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{| width="99%" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" valign="top" |  
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| valign="top" align="left" |  
*[[Image:Alabama flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Alabama Emigration and Immigration|Alabama]]  
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*[[Image:Alabama flag.png|border|22x15px|Alabama flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Alabama Emigration and Immigration|Alabama]]  
*[[Image:Alaska flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Alaska Emigration and Immigration|Alaska]]  
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*[[Image:Alaska flag.png|border|22x15px|Alaska flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Alaska Emigration and Immigration|Alaska]]  
*[[Image:Arizona flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Arizona Emigration and Immigration|Arizona]]  
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*[[Image:Arizona flag.png|border|22x15px|Arizona flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Arizona Emigration and Immigration|Arizona]]  
*[[Image:Arkansas flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Arkansas Emigration and Immigration|Arkansas]]  
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*[[Image:Arkansas flag.png|border|22x15px|Arkansas flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Arkansas Emigration and Immigration|Arkansas]]  
*[[Image:California flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[California Emigration and Immigration|California]]  
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*[[Image:California flag.png|border|22x15px|California flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[California Emigration and Immigration|California]]  
*[[Image:Colorado flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Colorado Emigration and Immigration|Colorado]]  
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*[[Image:Colorado flag.png|border|22x15px|Colorado flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Colorado Emigration and Immigration|Colorado]]  
*[[Image:Connecticut flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Connecticut Emigration and Immigration|Connecticut]]  
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*[[Image:Connecticut flag.png|border|22x13px|Connecticut flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Connecticut Emigration and Immigration|Connecticut]]  
*[[Image:Delaware flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Delaware Emigration and Immigration|Delaware]]  
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*[[Image:Delaware flag.png|border|22x15px|Delaware flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Delaware Emigration and Immigration|Delaware]]  
*[[Image:District of Columbia flag.png|border|22x11px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[District of Columbia Emigration and Immigration|Dist. of Col.]]  
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*[[Image:District of Columbia flag.png|border|22x11px|District of Columbia flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[District of Columbia Emigration and Immigration|Dist. of Col.]]  
*[[Image:Florida flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Florida Emigration and Immigration|Florida]]  
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*[[Image:Florida flag.png|border|22x15px|Florida flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Florida Emigration and Immigration|Florida]]  
*[[Image:Georgia flag.png|border|22x14px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Georgia Emigration and Immigration|Georgia]]  
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*[[Image:Georgia flag.png|border|22x14px|Georgia flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Georgia Emigration and Immigration|Georgia]]  
*[[Image:Hawaii flag.png|border|22x11px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Hawaii Emigration and Immigration|Hawaii]]  
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*[[Image:Hawaii flag.png|border|22x11px|Hawaii flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Hawaii Emigration and Immigration|Hawaii]]  
*[[Image:Idaho flag.png|border|22x18px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Idaho Emigration and Immigration|Idaho]]  
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*[[Image:Idaho flag.png|border|22x18px|Idaho flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Idaho Emigration and Immigration|Idaho]]  
*[[Image:Illinois flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Illinois Emigration and Immigration|Illinois]]  
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*[[Image:Illinois flag.png|border|22x13px|Illinois flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Illinois Emigration and Immigration|Illinois]]  
*[[Image:Indiana flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Indiana Emigration and Immigration|Indiana]]  
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*[[Image:Indiana flag.png|border|22x15px|Indiana flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Indiana Emigration and Immigration|Indiana]]  
*[[Image:Iowa flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Iowa Emigration and Immigration|Iowa]]  
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*[[Image:Iowa flag.png|border|22x15px|Iowa flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Iowa Emigration and Immigration|Iowa]]  
*[[Image:Kansas flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Kansas Emigration and Immigration|Kansas]]
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*[[Image:Kansas flag.png|border|22x13px|Kansas flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Kansas Emigration and Immigration|Kansas]]
  
| align="left" valign="top" |  
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*[[Image:Kentucky flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Kentucky Emigration and Immigration|Kentucky]]  
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*[[Image:Kentucky flag.png|border|22x15px|Kentucky flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Kentucky Emigration and Immigration|Kentucky]]  
*[[Image:Louisiana flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Louisiana Emigration and Immigration|Louisiana]]  
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*[[Image:Louisiana flag.png|border|22x15px|Louisiana flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Louisiana Emigration and Immigration|Louisiana]]  
*[[Image:Maine flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Maine Emigration and Immigration|Maine]]  
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*[[Image:Maine flag.png|border|22x15px|Maine flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Maine Emigration and Immigration|Maine]]  
*[[Image:Maryland flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Maryland Emigration and Immigration|Maryland]]  
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*[[Image:Maryland flag.png|border|22x15px|Maryland flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Maryland Emigration and Immigration|Maryland]]  
*[[Image:Massachusetts flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Massachusetts Emigration and Immigration|Massachusetts]]  
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*[[Image:Massachusetts flag.png|border|22x13px|Massachusetts flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Massachusetts Emigration and Immigration|Massachusetts]]  
*[[Image:Michigan flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Michigan Emigration and Immigration|Michigan]]  
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*[[Image:Michigan flag.png|border|22x15px|Michigan flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Michigan Emigration and Immigration|Michigan]]  
*[[Image:Minnesota flag.png|border|22x14px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Minnesota Emigration and Immigration|Minnesota]]  
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*[[Image:Minnesota flag.png|border|22x14px|Minnesota flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Minnesota Emigration and Immigration|Minnesota]]  
*[[Image:Mississippi flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Mississippi Emigration and Immigration|Mississippi]]  
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*[[Image:Mississippi flag.png|border|22x13px|Mississippi flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Mississippi Emigration and Immigration|Mississippi]]  
*[[Image:Missouri flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Missouri Emigration and Immigration|Missouri]]  
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*[[Image:Missouri flag.png|border|22x13px|Missouri flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Missouri Emigration and Immigration|Missouri]]  
*[[Image:Montana flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Montana Emigration and Immigration|Montana]]  
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*[[Image:Montana flag.png|border|22x15px|Montana flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Montana Emigration and Immigration|Montana]]  
*[[Image:Nebraska flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nebraska Emigration and Immigration|Nebraska]]  
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*[[Image:Nebraska flag.png|border|22x13px|Nebraska flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nebraska Emigration and Immigration|Nebraska]]  
*[[Image:Nevada flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nevada Emigration and Immigration|Nevada]]  
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*[[Image:Nevada flag.png|border|22x15px|Nevada flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nevada Emigration and Immigration|Nevada]]  
*[[Image:New Hampshire flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Hampshire Emigration and Immigration|New Hampshire]]  
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*[[Image:New Hampshire flag.png|border|22x15px|New Hampshire flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Hampshire Emigration and Immigration|New Hampshire]]  
*[[Image:New Jersey flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Jersey Emigration and Immigration|New Jersey]]  
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*[[Image:New Jersey flag.png|border|22x15px|New Jersey flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Jersey Emigration and Immigration|New Jersey]]  
*[[Image:New Mexico flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Mexico Emigration and Immigration|New Mexico]]  
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*[[Image:New Mexico flag.png|border|22x15px|New Mexico flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Mexico Emigration and Immigration|New Mexico]]  
*[[Image:New York flag.png|border|22x11px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New York Emigration and Immigration|New York]]  
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*[[Image:New York flag.png|border|22x11px|New York flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New York Emigration and Immigration|New York]]  
*[[Image:North Carolina flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[North Carolina Emigration and Immigration|North Carolina]]
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*[[Image:North Carolina flag.png|border|22x15px|North Carolina flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[North Carolina Emigration and Immigration|North Carolina]]
  
| align="left" valign="top" |  
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| valign="top" align="left" |  
*[[Image:North Dakota flag.png|border|22x17px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[North Dakota Emigration and Immigration|North Dakota]]  
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*[[Image:North Dakota flag.png|border|22x17px|North Dakota flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[North Dakota Emigration and Immigration|North Dakota]]  
*[[Image:Ohio flag.png|22x14px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Ohio Emigration and Immigration|Ohio]]  
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*[[Image:Ohio flag.png|22x14px|Ohio flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Ohio Emigration and Immigration|Ohio]]  
*[[Image:Oklahoma flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Oklahoma Emigration and Immigration|Oklahoma]]  
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*[[Image:Oklahoma flag.png|border|22x15px|Oklahoma flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Oklahoma Emigration and Immigration|Oklahoma]]  
*[[Image:Oregon flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Oregon Emigration and Immigration|Oregon]]  
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*[[Image:Oregon flag.png|border|22x13px|Oregon flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Oregon Emigration and Immigration|Oregon]]  
*[[Image:Pennsylvania flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Pennsylvania Emigration and Immigration|Pennsylvania]]  
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*[[Image:Pennsylvania flag.png|border|22x15px|Pennsylvania flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Pennsylvania Emigration and Immigration|Pennsylvania]]  
*[[Image:Rhode Island flag.png|border|21x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Rhode Island Emigration and Immigration|Rhode Island]]  
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*[[Image:Rhode Island flag.png|border|21x20px|Rhode Island flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Rhode Island Emigration and Immigration|Rhode Island]]  
*[[Image:South Carolina flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[South Carolina Emigration and Immigration|South Carolina]]  
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*[[Image:South Carolina flag.png|border|22x15px|South Carolina flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[South Carolina Emigration and Immigration|South Carolina]]  
*[[Image:South Dakota flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[South Dakota Emigration and Immigration|South Dakota]]  
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*[[Image:South Dakota flag.png|border|22x13px|South Dakota flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[South Dakota Emigration and Immigration|South Dakota]]  
*[[Image:Tennessee flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Tennessee Emigration and Immigration|Tennessee]]  
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*[[Image:Tennessee flag.png|border|22x13px|Tennessee flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Tennessee Emigration and Immigration|Tennessee]]  
*[[Image:Texas flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Texas Emigration and Immigration|Texas]]  
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*[[Image:Texas flag.png|border|22x15px|Texas flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Texas Emigration and Immigration|Texas]]  
*[[Image:Utah flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Utah Emigration and Immigration|Utah]]  
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*[[Image:Utah flag.png|border|22x15px|Utah flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Utah Emigration and Immigration|Utah]]  
*[[Image:Vermont flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Vermont Emigration and Immigration|Vermont]]  
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*[[Image:Vermont flag.png|border|22x13px|Vermont flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Vermont Emigration and Immigration|Vermont]]  
*[[Image:Virginia flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Virginia Emigration and Immigration|Virginia]]  
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*[[Image:Virginia flag.png|border|22x15px|Virginia flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Virginia Emigration and Immigration|Virginia]]  
*[[Image:Washington flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Washington Emigration and Immigration|Washington]]  
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*[[Image:Washington flag.png|border|22x13px|Washington flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Washington Emigration and Immigration|Washington]]  
*[[Image:West Virginia flag.png|border|22x12px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[West Virginia Emigration and Immigration|West Virginia]]  
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*[[Image:West Virginia flag.png|border|22x12px|West Virginia flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[West Virginia Emigration and Immigration|West Virginia]]  
*[[Image:Wisconsin flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Wisconsin Emigration and Immigration|Wisconsin]]  
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*[[Image:Wisconsin flag.png|border|22x15px|Wisconsin flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Wisconsin Emigration and Immigration|Wisconsin]]  
*[[Image:Wyoming flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Wyoming Emigration and Immigration|Wyoming]]
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*[[Image:Wyoming flag.png|border|22x15px|Wyoming flag.png]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Wyoming Emigration and Immigration|Wyoming]]
  
 
|}
 
|}
 
<div></div><!-- Add Categories BELOW --><div></div><div></div></div>  
 
<div></div><!-- Add Categories BELOW --><div></div><div></div></div>  
 
[[Category:United_States]] [[Category:United_States_Emigration_and_Immigration]]
 
[[Category:United_States]] [[Category:United_States_Emigration_and_Immigration]]

Revision as of 19:34, 11 July 2013

Sub-Topics
News and Events

New York passenger arrival lists (Ellis Island) 1892-1924 index and images are now featured on the Internet at the FamilySearch Historical Records - New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island) 1892-1924 page.

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Emigration and Immigration

Immigrants Behold the Statue of Liberty.jpg
Ellis Island.jpg

The Tracing Immigrant Origins Wiki pages can help you identify an immigrant ancestor's original hometown. Those pages introduce the principles, search strategies, and additional record types you can use.

Contents

Purpose

Emigration records list the names of people leaving and immigration records list those coming into the United States. There are passenger lists for ships coming into the United States and border-crossing records of people leaving Canada or Mexico for the United States. These records may include an emigrant’s name, age, occupation, destination, and sometimes the place of origin or birth.

Historical Background

Nearly fifty million people have immigrated to America. Significant patterns of immigration and settlement can be observed during three periods: Pre-1820. An estimated 650,000 individuals arrived in America before 1820. The majority (60 percent) were English and Welsh. Smaller numbers of German, Irish, Scotch-Irish, Dutch, French, Spanish, African, and other nationalities also arrived. For the most part these immigrants settled in small clusters in the eastern, middle-Atlantic, and southern states.

A general overview of emigration and immigration including historical trends, port history, and the naturalization process can be found in this slide presentation.

1820-1880. Over ten million immigrants came from northern Europe, the British Isles, and Scandinavia during these years. There was a significant increase in the number of immigrants from Germany and Ireland beginning in the 1840s and 1850s. While some of the new arrivals settled in large eastern and mid-western cities, most migrated to the midwest and west.

1880-1920. More than twenty-five million immigrants, primarily from southern and eastern Europe, were attracted to this country. The largest numbers (in order) came from Germany, Italy, Ireland, Austria-Hungary, Russia, and England. Many of these immigrants settled in the larger cities, including New York City, Chicago, and Philadelphia.

An in-depth description of colonial and federal immigration lists is:


Ireland
See Ireland Emigration and Immigration

Millions of Irish (mostly Catholic) immigrated to the United States (a slight majority to New York City) in especially the mid to late 19th Century. Their migration fanned out into the midwest, i.e. Chicago St. Louis, the south, i.e. Alabama and Georgia and out west. Visit the Famine Emigrants 1846-1851 database at the NARA website for an online search of nearly 700,000 Irish Famine Immigrants. A significant (60+ million-name) database is now searchable online at Ancestry.com from early to 1960 for emigrant passengers to the United States.

Here is an enlarged List of Irish Emigration websites for locating Irish ancestors on ships. View FamilySearch online tutorials on Irish immigration by clicking here.

England

Two main regions of early colonization were New England and Virginia. Nearly all of 14,000 pre-1624 Virgina settlers came from the London area. England's Civil War of 1642-1649 and the subsequent Interregnum years up to 1660 significantly impacted the New World settlements. Royalists, at the be-heading of King Charles I, fled England and found refuge in the Virgina Colony. Because King Charles' war-like campaigns so terrorized the Nonconformists (i.e. Puritans), it likewise caused thousands to flee England for Leyden, Holland and North America. Plymouth Colony, created in 1620, by English Separatists (Pilgrims), had by 1650, become populated with numerous Puritans and other English Nonconformists who crossed the ocean seeking religious freedom. The Massachusetts Bay Colony began around this period, with its first inhabitants who came from counties Devonshire, Dorset and Somerset. Later, during the Civil War, this colony was comprised of emigrant 'refugees' from England's cradle of Puritanism--counties Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, NW Essex and east Hertfordshire. 

The Carolinas were populated with English emigrants as well as Connecticut, New Hampshire and portions of Maryland and Maine.

Research Tools

Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:

Ports of Arrival

Major Ports
Atlantic and Gulf Coast Ports
Baltimore, Maryland
Boston, Massachusetts
Detroit, Michigan
New Orleans, Louisiana
New York City, New York
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Minor Ports by State
Alabama
Alaska
California
Connecticut
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Louisiana
Maine

Maryland
Massachusetts
Mississippi
New York (not New York City)
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Texas
Washington
Wisconsin

United States