United States, Freedmans Bank Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1417695 |title=Freedman Bank Records 1865-1874|location=United States}}<br>
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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1417695 |title=United States, Freedmans Bank Records, 1865-1874|location=United States}}<br>  
  
== Collection Time Period  ==
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<br>
 
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The registers cover approximately the years 1865 to 1874.
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== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
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Each register book consists of preprinted forms, with information for four depositors on each page. The registers are arranged chronologically by the date the account was established and then numerically by account number. Many numbers are missing, a few are out of order, and some blocks of numbers were never used. Many registers seem to be missing.  
 
Each register book consists of preprinted forms, with information for four depositors on each page. The registers are arranged chronologically by the date the account was established and then numerically by account number. Many numbers are missing, a few are out of order, and some blocks of numbers were never used. Many registers seem to be missing.  
  
=== Record Content<br> ===
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The Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company was established and incorporated by an act of Congress on March 3, 1865, as a banking institution in Washington, D.C., primarily for the benefit of freed slaves and former African American military personnel. It was commonly called the Freedman’s Bank; however, it was not under the supervision of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Freedmen’s Bureau).&nbsp;
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The Registers of Signatures of Depositors in Branches of the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company contain the records of 29 branches of the Freedmen’s Bank.&nbsp;
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The branches were located in the following cities:&nbsp;
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*Atlanta, Georgia&nbsp;
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*Augusta, Georgia&nbsp;
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*Baltimore, Maryland&nbsp;
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*Beaufort, South Carolina&nbsp;
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*Charleston, South Carolina&nbsp;
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*Columbus, Mississippi&nbsp;
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*Huntsville, Alabama&nbsp;
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*Lexington, Kentucky&nbsp;
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*Little Rock, Arkansas&nbsp;
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*Louisville, Kentucky&nbsp;
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*Lynchburg, Virginia&nbsp;
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*Memphis, Tennessee&nbsp;
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*Mobile, Alabama&nbsp;
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*Nashville, Tennessee&nbsp;
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*Natchez, Mississippi&nbsp;
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*New Bern, North Carolina&nbsp;
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*New Orleans, Louisiana&nbsp;
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*New York, New York&nbsp;
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*Norfolk, Virginia&nbsp;
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*Philadelphia, Pennsylvania&nbsp;
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*Raleigh, North Carolina&nbsp;
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*Richmond, Virginia&nbsp;
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*Savannah, Georgia&nbsp;
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*Shreveport, Louisiana&nbsp;
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*St. Louis, Missouri&nbsp;
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*Tallahassee, Florida&nbsp;
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*Vicksburg, Mississippi&nbsp;
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*Washington, D.C.&nbsp;
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*Wilmington, North Carolina
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<br>In 1874, overwhelmed by the effects of the Panic of 1873, mismanagement, abuse, and fraud, the Freedman’s Bank closed. Congress appointed a three-member board and later the Comptroller of the Currency to oversee the affairs of the bank. The Comptroller was made commissioner ex officio, and he submitted annual reports to Congress. The Freedman’s Bank final report was made in 1920. Contrary to what many of its depositors were led to believe, the bank’s assets were not protected by the federal government. While half of the depositors eventually received about three-fifths of the value of their accounts, others received nothing. Well into the 20th century, some depositors and their heirs were still seeking reimbursement for the remaining portions of their accounts.&nbsp;Depositors included about 67,000 African Americans, or about two percent of the former slave population. In addition, thousands of non–African Americans made deposits at the bank. These people were primarily immigrants who were born in the British Isles, Scandinavia, and Continental Europe. Depositors listed the names of close relatives. All together, the records lists about 480,000 names.&nbsp;
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The registers cover approximately the years 1865 to 1874.&nbsp;
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The registers identify those who opened accounts. Because the Freedman’s Bank was required by law to protect the interests of depositors’ heirs, the branches collected an enormous amount of personal information about each depositor and his or her family when the account was opened.
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Registers of depositors are usually reliable because the information came from the depositor himself or from a close family member (in the case of children). Some errors may have been made in recording the information
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<br>
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=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
 +
 
 +
The registers identify those who opened accounts. Because the Freedman’s Bank was required by law to protect the interests of depositors’ heirs, the branches collected an enormous amount of personal information about each depositor and his or her family when the account was opened.&nbsp;
 +
 
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Registers of depositors are usually reliable because the information came from the depositor himself or from a close family member (in the case of children). Some errors may have been made in recording the information&nbsp; {{Collection citation
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| text =<!--bibdescbegin-->Freedman's Savings and Trust Company. Registers of signatures of depositors in branches of the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company, 1865–1874. National Archives and Records Administration.<!--bibdescend-->}}
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[[United States Freedman's Bank Registers 1865-1874 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
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== Record Content ==
  
 
The key genealogical facts found in the registers may contain the following information:  
 
The key genealogical facts found in the registers may contain the following information:  
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== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 +
 +
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
  
 
Freedman’s Bank registers are a good source to quickly identify a family group and residence. Use a person’s birthplace, age, and place of residence to search for census and other record types. The bank records probably identify persons for whom other records do not exist.  
 
Freedman’s Bank registers are a good source to quickly identify a family group and residence. Use a person’s birthplace, age, and place of residence to search for census and other record types. The bank records probably identify persons for whom other records do not exist.  
 
== Record History  ==
 
 
The Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company was established and incorporated by an act of Congress on March 3, 1865, as a banking institution in Washington, D.C., primarily for the benefit of freed slaves and former African American military personnel. It was commonly called the Freedman’s Bank; however, it was not under the supervision of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Freedmen’s Bureau).
 
 
The Registers of Signatures of Depositors in Branches of the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company contain the records of 29 branches of the Freedmen’s Bank.
 
 
The branches were located in the following cities:
 
 
*Atlanta, Georgia
 
*Augusta, Georgia
 
*Baltimore, Maryland
 
*Beaufort, South Carolina
 
*Charleston, South Carolina
 
*Columbus, Mississippi
 
*Huntsville, Alabama
 
*Lexington, Kentucky
 
*Little Rock, Arkansas
 
*Louisville, Kentucky
 
*Lynchburg, Virginia
 
*Memphis, Tennessee
 
*Mobile, Alabama
 
*Nashville, Tennessee
 
*Natchez, Mississippi
 
*New Bern, North Carolina
 
*New Orleans, Louisiana
 
*New York, New York
 
*Norfolk, Virginia
 
*Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
 
*Raleigh, North Carolina
 
*Richmond, Virginia
 
*Savannah, Georgia
 
*Shreveport, Louisiana
 
*St. Louis, Missouri
 
*Tallahassee, Florida
 
*Vicksburg, Mississippi
 
*Washington, D.C.
 
*Wilmington, North Carolina
 
 
In 1874, overwhelmed by the effects of the Panic of 1873, mismanagement, abuse, and fraud, the Freedman’s Bank closed. Congress appointed a three-member board and later the Comptroller of the Currency to oversee the affairs of the bank. The Comptroller was made commissioner ex officio, and he submitted annual reports to Congress. The Freedman’s Bank final report was made in 1920. Contrary to what many of its depositors were led to believe, the bank’s assets were not protected by the federal government. While half of the depositors eventually received about three-fifths of the value of their accounts, others received nothing. Well into the 20th century, some depositors and their heirs were still seeking reimbursement for the remaining portions of their accounts.&nbsp;Depositors included about 67,000 African Americans, or about two percent of the former slave population. In addition, thousands of non–African Americans made deposits at the bank. These people were primarily immigrants who were born in the British Isles, Scandinavia, and Continental Europe. Depositors listed the names of close relatives. All together, the records lists about 480,000 names.
 
 
=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
 
 
The registers identify those who opened accounts. Because the Freedman’s Bank was required by law to protect the interests of depositors’ heirs, the branches collected an enormous amount of personal information about each depositor and his or her family when the account was opened.
 
 
=== Record Reliability  ===
 
 
Registers of depositors are usually reliable because the information came from the depositor himself or from a close family member (in the case of children). Some errors may have been made in recording the information
 
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
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== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
{{Contributor invite}}  
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{{Contributor_invite}}  
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
 
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
==== Example of a Source Citation for a Record Found in This Collection  ====
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=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
 
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"Freedmans Bank Records, 1865-1874." index and images, ''[https://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch]'' accessed March 9, 2011), entry for Augusta Isaac, age 13; citing Bank Records; Freedman's Savings and Trust Company Registers.<br>
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== Citation for This Collection  ==
+
 
+
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
+
 
+
<!--bibdescbegin-->"Freedman's Bank Records, 1865-1874," index and images, FamilySearch, from Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company.Registers of signatures of depositors in branches of the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company, 1865–1874.<!--bibdescend-->
+
  
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
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"Freedmans Bank Records, 1865-1874." database and digital ''FamilySearch'' images, (https://familysearch.org: accessed March 9, 2011), Augusta Isaac, age 13; citing Bank Records; Freedman's Savings and Trust Company Registers.<br>

Revision as of 20:07, 27 November 2012

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.


Contents

Record Description

Each register book consists of preprinted forms, with information for four depositors on each page. The registers are arranged chronologically by the date the account was established and then numerically by account number. Many numbers are missing, a few are out of order, and some blocks of numbers were never used. Many registers seem to be missing.

The Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company was established and incorporated by an act of Congress on March 3, 1865, as a banking institution in Washington, D.C., primarily for the benefit of freed slaves and former African American military personnel. It was commonly called the Freedman’s Bank; however, it was not under the supervision of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Freedmen’s Bureau). 

The Registers of Signatures of Depositors in Branches of the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company contain the records of 29 branches of the Freedmen’s Bank. 

The branches were located in the following cities: 

  • Atlanta, Georgia 
  • Augusta, Georgia 
  • Baltimore, Maryland 
  • Beaufort, South Carolina 
  • Charleston, South Carolina 
  • Columbus, Mississippi 
  • Huntsville, Alabama 
  • Lexington, Kentucky 
  • Little Rock, Arkansas 
  • Louisville, Kentucky 
  • Lynchburg, Virginia 
  • Memphis, Tennessee 
  • Mobile, Alabama 
  • Nashville, Tennessee 
  • Natchez, Mississippi 
  • New Bern, North Carolina 
  • New Orleans, Louisiana 
  • New York, New York 
  • Norfolk, Virginia 
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
  • Raleigh, North Carolina 
  • Richmond, Virginia 
  • Savannah, Georgia 
  • Shreveport, Louisiana 
  • St. Louis, Missouri 
  • Tallahassee, Florida 
  • Vicksburg, Mississippi 
  • Washington, D.C. 
  • Wilmington, North Carolina


In 1874, overwhelmed by the effects of the Panic of 1873, mismanagement, abuse, and fraud, the Freedman’s Bank closed. Congress appointed a three-member board and later the Comptroller of the Currency to oversee the affairs of the bank. The Comptroller was made commissioner ex officio, and he submitted annual reports to Congress. The Freedman’s Bank final report was made in 1920. Contrary to what many of its depositors were led to believe, the bank’s assets were not protected by the federal government. While half of the depositors eventually received about three-fifths of the value of their accounts, others received nothing. Well into the 20th century, some depositors and their heirs were still seeking reimbursement for the remaining portions of their accounts. Depositors included about 67,000 African Americans, or about two percent of the former slave population. In addition, thousands of non–African Americans made deposits at the bank. These people were primarily immigrants who were born in the British Isles, Scandinavia, and Continental Europe. Depositors listed the names of close relatives. All together, the records lists about 480,000 names. 

The registers cover approximately the years 1865 to 1874. 

The registers identify those who opened accounts. Because the Freedman’s Bank was required by law to protect the interests of depositors’ heirs, the branches collected an enormous amount of personal information about each depositor and his or her family when the account was opened.

Registers of depositors are usually reliable because the information came from the depositor himself or from a close family member (in the case of children). Some errors may have been made in recording the information


Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

The registers identify those who opened accounts. Because the Freedman’s Bank was required by law to protect the interests of depositors’ heirs, the branches collected an enormous amount of personal information about each depositor and his or her family when the account was opened. 

Registers of depositors are usually reliable because the information came from the depositor himself or from a close family member (in the case of children). Some errors may have been made in recording the information 

Freedman's Savings and Trust Company. Registers of signatures of depositors in branches of the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company, 1865–1874. National Archives and Records Administration.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

The key genealogical facts found in the registers may contain the following information:

Freedman's Bank Register.jpg
  • Account number
  • Name of depositor
  • Date of application
  • Birthplace
  • Place brought up
  • Residence
  • Age
  • Complexion
  • Occupation
  • Name of employer
  • Spouse’s name
  • Children’s names
  • Father’s name
  • Mother’s name
  • Brothers’ and sisters’ names

Additional information included only in the early books were:

  • Name of former master or mistress
  • Name of plantation
  • Regiment and company served in during the Civil War

Sometimes the following information is also included:

  • Wife’s maiden name or the name of a former spouse
  • Names of nieces, nephews, aunts, uncles, grandparents, and in-laws
  • Residence of these individuals and whether they were living or dead
  • Death certificate copies

In addition to individuals, African American churches, private businesses, and beneficial societies also maintained accounts. Such accounts usually list the names of leaders, owners, or officials of those institutions.

How to Use the Records

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Freedman’s Bank registers are a good source to quickly identify a family group and residence. Use a person’s birthplace, age, and place of residence to search for census and other record types. The bank records probably identify persons for whom other records do not exist.

Related Websites

Registers of signatures of depositors in branches of the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company, 1865-1874

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"Freedmans Bank Records, 1865-1874." database and digital FamilySearch images, (https://familysearch.org: accessed March 9, 2011), Augusta Isaac, age 13; citing Bank Records; Freedman's Savings and Trust Company Registers.