United States Gazetteers

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A gazetteer is a list and description of places. It can be used to locate the places where your family lived. Gazetteers describe towns and villages, sizes of population, rivers and mountains, and other geographical features. They usually include only the names of places that existed at the time the gazetteer was published. The place names are generally listed in alphabetical order, similar to a dictionary.
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]''
  
=== Modern Place Names ===
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A gazetteer is a list and description of places. It can be used to locate the places where your family lived. Gazetteers describe towns and villages, sizes of population, rivers and mountains, and other geographical features. They usually include only the names of places that existed at the time the gazetteer was published. The place names are generally listed in alphabetical order, similar to a dictionary.
  
'''Place Names in the Family History Library Catalog'''
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=== Modern Place Names ===
  
Places are listed by their modern names and boundaries. The catalog includes only places for which the library has records.
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'''Place Names in the Family History Library Catalog'''
  
Other Sources of Place Information<br>For more comprehensive information, see:
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Places are listed by their modern names and boundaries. The catalog includes only places for which the library has records.
  
''Bullinger's Postal and Shippers Guide for the United States &amp; Canada'', Annual. Westwood, New Jersey: Bullinger's Guides, 1871-. (FHL book 970 E8b; 1961 edition on film 483709.) It is available at most large libraries.
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Other Sources of Place Information<br>For more comprehensive information, see:  
  
Other helpful books or records are listed in the&nbsp;Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
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*''Bullinger's Postal and Shippers Guide for the United States &amp; Canada'', Annual. Westwood, New Jersey: Bullinger's Guides, 1871-. (FHL book {{FHL|970 E8b|disp=970 E8b}}; 1961 edition on film {{FHL|125704|title-id|disp=1320793 Item 7}}.) It is available at most large libraries.
  
UNITED STATES - NAMES, GEOGRAPHICAL
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Other helpful books or records are listed in the&nbsp;Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
  
UNITED STATES - GAZETTEERS
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UNITED STATES - NAMES, GEOGRAPHICAL
  
Two national gazetteers are:
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UNITED STATES - GAZETTEERS
  
Abate, Frank R., editor. ''American Places Dictionary: A Guide to 45,000 Populated Places, Natural Features, and Other Places in the United States''. Four Volumes. Detroit, Michigan: Omnigraphics, 1994. (FHL book 973 E5a.)
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National gazetteers include:  
  
Abate, Frank R., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America: Providing Name, Location, and Identification for Nearly 1,500,000 Populated Places, Structures, Facilities, Locales, Historic Places, and Geographic Features in the Fifty States'' . . . 11 Volumes. Detroit, Michigan: Omnigraphics, 1991. (FHL book 973 E5o.)
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*Find which county a town is in, what town a cemetery is in, or even where a post office is by using the free online U.S. Geological Survey's [http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic Geographical Names Information System].
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*Abate, Frank R., editor. ''American Places Dictionary: A Guide to 45,000 Populated Places, Natural Features, and Other Places in the United States''. Four Volumes. Detroit, Michigan: Omnigraphics, 1994. (Family History Library&nbsp;book {{FHL|973 E5a|disp=973 E5a}}.)
 +
*Abate, Frank R., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America: Providing Name, Location, and Identification for Nearly 1,500,000 Populated Places, Structures, Facilities, Locales, Historic Places, and Geographic Features in the Fifty States'' . . . 11 Volumes. Detroit, Michigan: Omnigraphics, 1991. (Family History Library book {{FHL|973 E5o|disp=973 E5o}}.)
  
 
=== Historical Place Names  ===
 
=== Historical Place Names  ===
  
Because names and boundaries of some places have changed or no longer exist, you may need to use sources that describe places as they were known earlier. An example of a national gazetteer that identifies places in the [[Portal:United States of America|United States]] as of 1884 is:  
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Because names and boundaries of some places have changed or no longer exist, you may need to use sources that describe places as they were known earlier. An example of a national gazetteer that identifies places in the [[United States]] as of 1884 is:  
  
de Colange, Leo. ''The National Gazetteer''. London, England: Hamilton, Adams, and Company, 1884. (FHL book 973 E5c; film 845264; fiche 6046725.)  
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*de Colange, Leo. ''The National Gazetteer''. London, England: Hamilton, Adams, and Company, 1884. (Family History Library book {{FHL|267236|title-id|disp=973 E5c}}; film {{FHL|267236|title-id|disp=845264}}; fiche {{FHL|267236|title-id|disp=6046725}}.)
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How did your migrating ancestor find the correct destination out West? Quite possibly they had a copy of Brown's book:
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*Brown, Samuel R. ''The Western Gazetteer or Emigrant's Directory, Containing a Geographical Description of the Western States and Territories, viz. The States of Kentucky, Indiana, Louisiana, Ohio, Tennessee and Mississippi: and the Territories of Illinois, Missouri, Alabama, Michigan, and North-Western''. Auburn, N.Y.: H.C. Southwick, 1817. Digital versions at [http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/navigate.pl?lincoln.13 NIU Library Digitization Projects] and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?akid=k160710&cpn=pfmxk160710&ix=cdusaus0358_westerngazetteer World Vital Records] ($).
  
 
Some additional pre-1900 U.S. gazetteers are:  
 
Some additional pre-1900 U.S. gazetteers are:  
  
*1797,&nbsp; fiche 6010048-54  
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*1797,&nbsp; fiche {{FHL|267236|title-id|disp=6010048-54}}
*1834,&nbsp; fiche 6010021-24  
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*1834,&nbsp; fiche [[6010021-24|6010021-24]]
*1853,&nbsp; fiche 6046770  
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*1853,&nbsp; fiche {{FHL|267242|title-id|disp=6046770}}
*1855,&nbsp; fiche 6010028-32
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*1855,&nbsp; fiche {{FHL|137013|title-id|disp=6010028-32}}
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These sources are listed in the&nbsp;Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under UNITED STATES - GAZETTEERS. Gazetteers and similar guides to place names for most states are listed in the Place Search under [STATE] - GAZETTEERS. For bibliographies of gazetteers see:
  
These sources are listed in the&nbsp;Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under UNITED STATES - GAZETTEERS. Gazetteers and similar guides to place names for most states are listed in the&nbsp;Place Search under [STATE] - GAZETTEERS. For bibliographies of gazetteers see:  
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*Grim, Ronald E. ''Historical Geography of the United States: A Guide to Information Sources''. Detroit, Michigan: Gale Research, 1982. (Family History Library book {{FHL|196060|title-id|disp=973 E33g}}.)
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*Sealock, Richard B., editor, et. al. ''Bibliography of Place- Name Literature, United States and Canada''. Third Edition. Chicago, Illinois: American Library Assoc., 1982. (Family History Library book {{FHL|188398|title-id|disp=970 E23s}} 1982.)
  
Grim, Ronald E. ''Historical Geography of the United States: A Guide to Information Sources''. Detroit, Michigan: Gale Research, 1982. (FHL book 973 E33g.)
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For river landings in many states across the country, see:  
  
Sealock, Richard B., editor, et. al. ''Bibliography of Place- Name Literature, United States and Canada''. Third Edition. Chicago, Illinois: American Library Assoc., 1982. (FHL book 970 E23s 1982.)
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*Adams, Louis A. ''Adam's Directory of Points and Landings on Rivers and Bayous in the States of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Iowa, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Tennessee, Texas and Wisconsin.'' New Orleans&nbsp;: W.L. Murray, 1877. Digital version at [http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924095607135 Internet Archive].
<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
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=== Useful Web Sites ===
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=== Web Sites ===
  
<br>[http://geonames.usgs.gov/ US Board on Geographic Names (BGN)]<br><br>
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*[http://geonames.usgs.gov/ US Board on Geographic Names (BGN)]  
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*[http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/tgn/ GettyThesaurus of Geographic Names]
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*[http://www.hometownlocator.com/ Home Town Locator.com] Lists Cities &amp; Towns within each US county
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*http://www.ghosttowns.com Provides information on lost towns
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*[http://www.epodunk.com/genealogy/ http://www.epodunk.com/genealogy/]
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*[http://www.fallingrain.com/world/US http://www.fallingrain.com/world/US]
  
[http://www.bartleby.com/69/ www.bartleby.com/69/]
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{{Place|United States}}
  
[[Category:Record Types of the United States]]
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[[Category:Record_Types_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:Gazetteers]]

Revision as of 16:14, 2 August 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Gazetteers

A gazetteer is a list and description of places. It can be used to locate the places where your family lived. Gazetteers describe towns and villages, sizes of population, rivers and mountains, and other geographical features. They usually include only the names of places that existed at the time the gazetteer was published. The place names are generally listed in alphabetical order, similar to a dictionary.

Modern Place Names

Place Names in the Family History Library Catalog

Places are listed by their modern names and boundaries. The catalog includes only places for which the library has records.

Other Sources of Place Information
For more comprehensive information, see:

  • Bullinger's Postal and Shippers Guide for the United States & Canada, Annual. Westwood, New Jersey: Bullinger's Guides, 1871-. (FHL book 970 E8b; 1961 edition on film 1320793 Item 7.) It is available at most large libraries.

Other helpful books or records are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

UNITED STATES - NAMES, GEOGRAPHICAL

UNITED STATES - GAZETTEERS

National gazetteers include:

  • Find which county a town is in, what town a cemetery is in, or even where a post office is by using the free online U.S. Geological Survey's Geographical Names Information System.
  • Abate, Frank R., editor. American Places Dictionary: A Guide to 45,000 Populated Places, Natural Features, and Other Places in the United States. Four Volumes. Detroit, Michigan: Omnigraphics, 1994. (Family History Library book 973 E5a.)
  • Abate, Frank R., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America: Providing Name, Location, and Identification for Nearly 1,500,000 Populated Places, Structures, Facilities, Locales, Historic Places, and Geographic Features in the Fifty States . . . 11 Volumes. Detroit, Michigan: Omnigraphics, 1991. (Family History Library book 973 E5o.)

Historical Place Names

Because names and boundaries of some places have changed or no longer exist, you may need to use sources that describe places as they were known earlier. An example of a national gazetteer that identifies places in the United States as of 1884 is:

  • de Colange, Leo. The National Gazetteer. London, England: Hamilton, Adams, and Company, 1884. (Family History Library book 973 E5c; film 845264; fiche 6046725.)

How did your migrating ancestor find the correct destination out West? Quite possibly they had a copy of Brown's book:

  • Brown, Samuel R. The Western Gazetteer or Emigrant's Directory, Containing a Geographical Description of the Western States and Territories, viz. The States of Kentucky, Indiana, Louisiana, Ohio, Tennessee and Mississippi: and the Territories of Illinois, Missouri, Alabama, Michigan, and North-Western. Auburn, N.Y.: H.C. Southwick, 1817. Digital versions at NIU Library Digitization Projects and World Vital Records ($).

Some additional pre-1900 U.S. gazetteers are:

These sources are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under UNITED STATES - GAZETTEERS. Gazetteers and similar guides to place names for most states are listed in the Place Search under [STATE] - GAZETTEERS. For bibliographies of gazetteers see:

  • Grim, Ronald E. Historical Geography of the United States: A Guide to Information Sources. Detroit, Michigan: Gale Research, 1982. (Family History Library book 973 E33g.)
  • Sealock, Richard B., editor, et. al. Bibliography of Place- Name Literature, United States and Canada. Third Edition. Chicago, Illinois: American Library Assoc., 1982. (Family History Library book 970 E23s 1982.)

For river landings in many states across the country, see:

  • Adams, Louis A. Adam's Directory of Points and Landings on Rivers and Bayous in the States of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Iowa, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Tennessee, Texas and Wisconsin. New Orleans : W.L. Murray, 1877. Digital version at Internet Archive.

Web Sites