United States Migration Internal

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(Camino real)
(Changed width of picture to make right side-bar quit overlapping.)
(23 intermediate revisions by 4 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="3" width="100%" border="0"
+
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="3" border="0" width="100%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| valign="top" |  
 
| valign="top" |  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" style="color: rgb(0,51,102); background-color: rgb(250,245,255)" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" width="160" border="0"
+
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" border="0" width="160" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" style="color: rgb(0, 51, 102); background-color: rgb(250, 245, 255);"
|- style="background-color: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center"
+
|- align="center" style="background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"
 
| '''U.S. Migration Routes'''
 
| '''U.S. Migration Routes'''
 
|-
 
|-
Line 15: Line 15:
 
|}
 
|}
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" style="color: rgb(0,51,102); background-color: rgb(250,245,255)" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" width="160" border="0"
+
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" border="0" width="160" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" style="color: rgb(0, 51, 102); background-color: rgb(250, 245, 255);"
|- style="background-color: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center"
+
|- align="center" style="background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"
 
| '''U.S. Migration Topics'''
 
| '''U.S. Migration Topics'''
 
|-
 
|-
Line 28: Line 28:
 
|}
 
|}
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" style="color: rgb(0,51,102); background-color: rgb(250,245,255)" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" width="160" border="0"
+
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" border="0" width="160" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" style="color: rgb(0, 51, 102); background-color: rgb(250, 245, 255);"
|- style="background-color: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center"
+
|- align="center" style="background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"
 
| '''Substitute Records '''
 
| '''Substitute Records '''
 
|-
 
|-
Line 36: Line 36:
  
 
*[[United States Census|Census]]  
 
*[[United States Census|Census]]  
 +
*Church Records
 
*[[United States Directories|Directories]]  
 
*[[United States Directories|Directories]]  
 
*Journals and Diaries  
 
*Journals and Diaries  
Line 45: Line 46:
 
|}
 
|}
  
| valign="top" align="left" width="100%" |  
+
| align="left" width="100%" valign="top" |  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="0"
+
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="100%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
| <center>''[[United States|United States&nbsp;]] &gt; &nbsp;[[United States Migration Internal|Migration Internal]]''</center>
+
| <center>''[[United States|United States]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[United_States_Migration_Internal|Migration Internal]]''</center>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Image:Wagon Train.jpg|thumb|center|587px|Wagons were bumpy—most pioneers walked or rode horseback beside the oxen pulling their wagons.]]
+
| [[Image:Wagon Train.jpg|thumb|left|500px]]
 
|}
 
|}
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="0"
+
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="95%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| __TOC__  
 
| __TOC__  
| <center>'''Key U.S. Migration Internet Links'''</center>
+
| <center>'''Key U.S. Migration Internet Links'''</center>  
 
*[http://www.oregonpioneers.com/ortrail.htm Oregon and Its Pioneers] free lists 1839-1855  
 
*[http://www.oregonpioneers.com/ortrail.htm Oregon and Its Pioneers] free lists 1839-1855  
 
*[http://cagenweb.com/cpl/cpl_list.htm California Pioneer List Master Index] pre-1880  
 
*[http://cagenweb.com/cpl/cpl_list.htm California Pioneer List Master Index] pre-1880  
Line 62: Line 63:
 
*[http://reta.nmsu.edu/modules/heraldry/lesson/pdf/HrldList.pdf ''Camino Real: Five Waves of Settlers 1598-1800'']. New Mexico  
 
*[http://reta.nmsu.edu/modules/heraldry/lesson/pdf/HrldList.pdf ''Camino Real: Five Waves of Settlers 1598-1800'']. New Mexico  
 
*[http://www.octa-trails.org/ Oregon-California Trails Association] free website  
 
*[http://www.octa-trails.org/ Oregon-California Trails Association] free website  
*[http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] ($) indexes to immigration and pioneer lists
+
*[http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] ($) indexes to immigration and pioneer lists  
 +
*[http://www.migrations.org/index.html Migrations]&nbsp;An ongoing project with thousand of names for all States.
  
 
|}
 
|}
Line 68: Line 70:
 
== '''Value of Migration Research'''  ==
 
== '''Value of Migration Research'''  ==
  
Mountains, forests, rivers, and the gaps between them channelled migration into predictable settlement patterns. Events like gold or land rushes, and Indian treaties also affected settlement.  
+
Mountains, forests, waterways, and the gaps between them channelled migration into predictable settlement patterns. Events like gold or land rushes, and Indian treaties also affected settlement.  
  
 
Understanding the transportation systems available to ancestors can help genealogists better guess their place of origin. Connect the place where an ancestor settled to the nearby canals,waterways, trails, roads, and railroads to look for connections to places they may have lived previously.  
 
Understanding the transportation systems available to ancestors can help genealogists better guess their place of origin. Connect the place where an ancestor settled to the nearby canals,waterways, trails, roads, and railroads to look for connections to places they may have lived previously.  
Line 78: Line 80:
 
:*clues for finding other records
 
:*clues for finding other records
  
== '''Types&nbsp;of U.S. Migration Records'''  ==
+
== '''Types of U.S. Migration Records'''  ==
  
 
Actual lists of travelers are unusual.&nbsp;A few passenger lists are available at the New York State Archives for the [[Erie Canal|Erie Canal]] from 1827-1829. But lists of pioneers who settled an area are sometimes available on the Internet, or in the form of county or local histories. The diaries and journals of people on the move may help you learn who they had as companions on the journey, and what their trip was like.  
 
Actual lists of travelers are unusual.&nbsp;A few passenger lists are available at the New York State Archives for the [[Erie Canal|Erie Canal]] from 1827-1829. But lists of pioneers who settled an area are sometimes available on the Internet, or in the form of county or local histories. The diaries and journals of people on the move may help you learn who they had as companions on the journey, and what their trip was like.  
  
Censuses, directories, land and property records, plat maps, tax records, and voting registers can sometimes be used to learn where new arrivals settled.  
+
Censuses, directories, land and property records, plat maps, tax records, and voting registers can sometimes be used to learn where new arrivals settled. Starting in 1850 federal censuses show where a person was born, and starting in 1880 where the parents were born.
 +
 
 +
Church records of some denominations may indicate a former residence of a family or a place to which they were moving. The minutes of the Society of Friends (Quakers) are especially helpful, since the Monthly Meeting from which the family was moving issued a certificate of recommendation to the Monthly Meeting to which they were going. And the receiving Monthly Meeting recorded in their minutes, the location of the Monthly Meeting from which the family had come. Not all denominations were as diligent in recording this type of information, but some others had somewhat similar records.
 +
 
 +
Maritime museums often hold records of ships, ports, maps, photographs, personal and business records, and manuscripts. Collections vary by facility.  
  
 
== '''Migration Records for Selected States'''  ==
 
== '''Migration Records for Selected States'''  ==
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="503"
+
*[[Image:California flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://cagenweb.com/cpl/cpl_list.htm California]  
|-
+
*[[Image:Indiana flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.indianapioneers.com/ Indiana]  
| valign="top" align="left" |
+
*[[Image:New Mexico flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://reta.nmsu.edu/modules/heraldry/lesson/pdf/HrldList.pdf New Mexico]  
*[[Image:Alabama flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Alabama Census|Alabama]]
+
*[[Image:Indiana flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.ogs.org/research/search_ogsffo.php Ohio]  
*[[Image:Alaska flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Alaska Census|Alaska]]
+
*[[Image:Oregon flag.png|border|22x13px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.oregonpioneers.com/ortrail.htm Oregon]  
*[[Image:Arizona flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Arizona Census|Arizona]]  
+
*[[Image:Utah flag.png|border|22x15px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompanysearch/1,15773,3966-1,00.html Utah]
*[[Image:Arkansas flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Arkansas Census|Arkansas]]
+
*[[Image:California flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[California Census|California]]
+
*[[Image:Colorado flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Colorado Census|Colorado]]  
+
*[[Image:Connecticut flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Connecticut Census|Connecticut]]
+
*[[Image:Delaware flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Delaware Census|Delaware]]
+
*[[Image:District of Columbia flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[District of Columbia Census|District of Columbia]]
+
*[[Image:Florida flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Florida Census|Florida]]  
+
*[[Image:Georgia flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Georgia Census|Georgia]]
+
*[[Image:Hawaii flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Hawaii Census|Hawaii]]
+
*[[Image:Idaho flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Idaho Census|Idaho]]  
+
*[[Image:Illinois flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Illinois Census|Illinois]]
+
*[[Image:Indiana flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Indiana Census|Indiana]]  
+
*[[Image:Iowa flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Iowa Census|Iowa]]
+
*[[Image:Kansas flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Kansas Census|Kansas]]
+
  
| valign="top" align="left" |
+
== '''Bibliography'''  ==
*[[Image:Kentucky flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Kentucky Census|Kentucky]]
+
*[[Image:Louisiana flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Louisiana Census|Louisiana]]
+
*[[Image:Maine flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Maine Census|Maine]]
+
*[[Image:Maryland flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Maryland Census|Maryland]]
+
*[[Image:Massachusetts flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Massachusetts Census|Massachusetts]]
+
*[[Image:Michigan flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Michigan Census|Michigan]]
+
*[[Image:Minnesota flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Minnesota Census|Minnesota]]
+
*[[Image:Mississippi flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Mississippi Census|Mississippi]]
+
*[[Image:Missouri flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Missouri Census|Missouri]]
+
*[[Image:Montana flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Montana Census|Montana]]
+
*[[Image:Nebraska flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nebraska Census|Nebraska]]
+
*[[Image:Nevada flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nevada Military Records|Nevada]]
+
*[[Image:New Hampshire flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Hampshire Census|New Hampshire]]
+
*[[Image:New Jersey flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Jersey Census|New Jersey]]
+
*[[Image:New Mexico flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New Mexico Census|New Mexico]]
+
*[[Image:New York flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[New York Census|New York]]
+
*[[Image:North Carolina flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[North Carolina Census|North Carolina]]
+
  
| valign="top" align="left" |
+
Adams, James Truslow, editor-in-chief. ''Atlas of American History.'' New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1943.  
*[[Image:North Dakota flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[North Dakota Census|North Dakota]]
+
*[[Image:Ohio flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Ohio Census|Ohio]]
+
*[[Image:Oklahoma flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Oklahoma Census|Oklahoma]]
+
*[[Image:Oregon flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Oregon Census|Oregon]]
+
*[[Image:Pennsylvania flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Pennsylvania Census|Pennsylvania]]
+
*[[Image:Rhode Island flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Rhode Island Census|Rhode Island]]
+
*[[Image:South Carolina flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[South Carolina Census|South Carolina]]
+
*[[Image:South Dakota flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[South Dakota Census|South Dakota]]
+
*[[Image:Tennessee flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Tennessee Census|Tennessee]]
+
*[[Image:Texas flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Texas Census|Texas]]
+
*[[Image:Utah flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Utah Census|Utah]]
+
*[[Image:Vermont flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Vermont Census|Vermont]]
+
*[[Image:Virginia flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Virginia Census|Virginia]]
+
*[[Image:Washington flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Washington Census Records|Washington]]
+
*[[Image:West Virginia flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[West Virginia Census|West Virginia]]
+
*[[Image:Wisconsin flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Wisconsin Census|Wisconsin]]
+
*[[Image:Wyoming flag.png|border|22x20px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Wyoming Census|Wyoming]]
+
  
|}
+
Atwood, Wallace W. ''The Physiographic Provinces of North America'', Boston: Ginn, 1940.
 +
 
 +
Billington, Ray Allen. ''The American Frontier Thesis: Attack and Defense''. New York: Holt, Rinehart &amp; Winston, 1966.
 +
 
 +
Billington, Ray Allen. ''Westward Expansion: a History of the American Frontier''. 5th Ed. New York: Macmillan, 1982. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=0023098600+ WorldCat 0023098600]<br>
 +
 
 +
Flanders, Stephen A. ''Atlas of American Migration.'' New York, New York: Facts on File, c1998. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=0816031584 WorldCat 0816031584]
 +
 
 +
Putnam, Jackson K. "The Turner Thesis and the Westward Movement: a Reappraisal." ''Western Historical Quarterly'' 7 (October 1976).
  
== '''Key Reference Sources''' ==
+
Turner, Frederick Jackson. ''The Frontier in American History. ''Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1986. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=++%09++0816509468 WorldCat 0816509468]&nbsp;
  
*William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993 Map Guide to U.S. Federal Censuses 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1987) <nowiki>[</nowiki>FHL book 973 X2th<nowiki>]</nowiki>. Shows county boundary changes in each state from 1790 to 1920, and which census areas were lost or still exist.
+
White, C. Langdon &amp; Edwin J. Foscue. ''Regional Geography of North America.'' Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1943.  
*William Dollarhide, [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41640325 ''The Census Book: a Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes: with Master Extraction Forms for Federal Census Schedules, 1790-1930'']. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999)<nowiki>[</nowiki>FHL book 973 X27d<nowiki>]</nowiki>. An online edition is at [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/help/census_book.html HeritageQuestOnline]. Discusses indexes,&nbsp;regular, and non-population schedules.  
+
*G. David Dilts, "Censuses and Tax Lists" in Kory L. Meyerink, ed., ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38206986 Printed Sources: a Guide to Published Genealogical Records]'' (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1998), 300-52. Strategies for finding elusive ancestors, and history of indexing.
+
  
 
== '''Things you can do'''  ==
 
== '''Things you can do'''  ==
  
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:<br>
+
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:<br>  
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" width="100%" border="0"
+
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0" width="100%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]  
 
*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]  
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]<br>
+
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]<br>  
 
*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]<br>
 
*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]<br>
  
Line 173: Line 137:
 
|}
 
|}
  
[[Category:United_States|United_States]] [[Category:Record_Types_of_the_United_States|Record_Types_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:United_States_Migration_Internal|United_States_Migration_Internal]] [[Category:United_States_Emigration_and_Immigration|United_States_Emigration_and_Immigration]]
+
[[Category:United_States|Migration Internal]] [[Category:Record_Types_of_the_United_States|Migration Internal]] [[Category:United_States_Migration_Internal|Migration Internal]] [[Category:United_States_Emigration_and_Immigration|Migration Internal]] [[Category:Migration,_Internal]]

Revision as of 20:10, 20 January 2012

U.S. Migration Routes
U.S. Migration Topics
Substitute Records 

Other records that show where people originated or settled are:

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration Internal
Wagon Train.jpg

Contents

Key U.S. Migration Internet Links

Value of Migration Research

Mountains, forests, waterways, and the gaps between them channelled migration into predictable settlement patterns. Events like gold or land rushes, and Indian treaties also affected settlement.

Understanding the transportation systems available to ancestors can help genealogists better guess their place of origin. Connect the place where an ancestor settled to the nearby canals,waterways, trails, roads, and railroads to look for connections to places they may have lived previously.

Migration research may help you discover:

  • a place of origin, previous hometown, or place where an ancestor settled
  • biographical details such as what they experienced, or with whom they traveled on their journey
  • clues for finding other records

Types of U.S. Migration Records

Actual lists of travelers are unusual. A few passenger lists are available at the New York State Archives for the Erie Canal from 1827-1829. But lists of pioneers who settled an area are sometimes available on the Internet, or in the form of county or local histories. The diaries and journals of people on the move may help you learn who they had as companions on the journey, and what their trip was like.

Censuses, directories, land and property records, plat maps, tax records, and voting registers can sometimes be used to learn where new arrivals settled. Starting in 1850 federal censuses show where a person was born, and starting in 1880 where the parents were born.

Church records of some denominations may indicate a former residence of a family or a place to which they were moving. The minutes of the Society of Friends (Quakers) are especially helpful, since the Monthly Meeting from which the family was moving issued a certificate of recommendation to the Monthly Meeting to which they were going. And the receiving Monthly Meeting recorded in their minutes, the location of the Monthly Meeting from which the family had come. Not all denominations were as diligent in recording this type of information, but some others had somewhat similar records.

Maritime museums often hold records of ships, ports, maps, photographs, personal and business records, and manuscripts. Collections vary by facility.

Migration Records for Selected States

Bibliography

Adams, James Truslow, editor-in-chief. Atlas of American History. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1943.

Atwood, Wallace W. The Physiographic Provinces of North America, Boston: Ginn, 1940.

Billington, Ray Allen. The American Frontier Thesis: Attack and Defense. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1966.

Billington, Ray Allen. Westward Expansion: a History of the American Frontier. 5th Ed. New York: Macmillan, 1982. WorldCat 0023098600

Flanders, Stephen A. Atlas of American Migration. New York, New York: Facts on File, c1998. WorldCat 0816031584

Putnam, Jackson K. "The Turner Thesis and the Westward Movement: a Reappraisal." Western Historical Quarterly 7 (October 1976).

Turner, Frederick Jackson. The Frontier in American History. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1986. WorldCat 0816509468 

White, C. Langdon & Edwin J. Foscue. Regional Geography of North America. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1943.

Things you can do

In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by: