United States, New England Naturalization Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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|CID=CID1840474  
 
|CID=CID1840474  
 
|title=United States New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906  
 
|title=United States New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906  
|location=United States}}<br>
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|location=United States}}<br>  
 
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== Collection Time Period  ==
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These indexes are for records that cover the years from 1791 to 1906.
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== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
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*Vermont
 
*Vermont
  
The index consists of 3x5 inch cards arranged by state then by Soundex coded names of petitioners.For more information on the Soundex see&nbsp;FamilySearch Wiki: [[Soundex|Soundex]]  
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The index consists of 3x5 inch cards arranged by state then by Soundex coded names of petitioners.For more information on the Soundex see FamilySearch Wiki: [[Soundex|Soundex]]  
  
 
The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to the late 1800s each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906 many entries were typewritten.  
 
The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to the late 1800s each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906 many entries were typewritten.  
  
 
While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.  
 
While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.  
 +
 +
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.&nbsp;
 +
 +
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.&nbsp;
 +
 +
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).&nbsp;
 +
 +
Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.&nbsp;
 +
 +
These indexes are for records that cover the years from 1791 to 1906.&nbsp;
 +
 +
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. Most counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.
 +
 +
The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.
 +
 +
For a list of records by localities and soundex currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1840474/waypoints Browse].
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=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
 +
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{{Collection citation| text =<!--bibdescbegin-->Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization. "New England Naturalization Index." NARA microfilm publication M1299. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., n.d.<!--bibdescend-->}}
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[[United States New England Naturalization Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
 
== Record Content  ==
 
== Record Content  ==
  
The index cards include the following:  
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[[Image:New England Naturalization Index (10-0418) (11-0563) DGS 1429671 118.jpg|thumb|right]] The index cards include the following:  
  
*Name  
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*Name of immigrant
*Location of the court that granted the certificate of naturalization  
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*Place of residence
*The volume and page number (or certificate number) of the naturalization record
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*Title and location of court granting certificate of naturalization  
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*Volume and page number where certificate is recorded
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*Country of birth
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*Age or birth date
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*Date of arrival and U. S. port of entry
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*Names and address of witnesses
  
 
Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:  
 
Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:  
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Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the card index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. You may need to look at many cards to find the one you are seeking. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
 
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the card index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. You may need to look at many cards to find the one you are seeking. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
 +
 +
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the "Locality - Soundex Range" category which takes you to the images<br>
 +
 +
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
  
 
When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:  
 
When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:  
  
*The full name of your ancestor.
+
*The full name of your ancestor  
*The approximate immigration and naturalization dates.
+
*The approximate immigration and naturalization dates  
*The ancestor’s residence.
+
*The ancestor’s residence
  
 
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.  
 
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.  
Line 71: Line 100:
 
Use the locator information found in the index (such as name of court, page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.  
 
Use the locator information found in the index (such as name of court, page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.  
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:
+
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.  
  
Use naturalization records to:  
+
For example, you can use naturalization records to:  
  
 
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin  
 
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin  
Line 95: Line 124:
 
*Search the indexes of nearby localities.
 
*Search the indexes of nearby localities.
  
== Record History  ==
+
== Related Websites ==
 
+
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.
+
 
+
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.
+
 
+
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
+
 
+
Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.
+
 
+
=== Why this Record Was Created  ===
+
 
+
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. Most counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.
+
 
+
=== Record Reliability  ===
+
 
+
The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.
+
 
+
== Related Web Sites ==
+
  
 
[[National Archives Northeast Region (Boston)]].  
 
[[National Archives Northeast Region (Boston)]].  
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== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
[[Connecticut Naturalization and Citizenship|Connecticut Naturalization and Citizenship<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1285114175591_332" />]]<br>[[Maine Naturalization and Citizenship|Maine Naturalization and Citizenship]]<br>[[Massachusetts Naturalization and Citizenship|Massachusetts Naturalization and Citizenship]]<br>[[New Hampshire Naturalization and Citizenship|New Hampshire Naturalization and Citizenship]]<br>[[Rhode Island Naturalization and Citizenship|Rhode Island Naturalization and Citizenship]]<br>[[Vermont Naturalization and Citizenship|Vermont Naturalization and Citizenship]]  
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*[[Connecticut Naturalization and Citizenship|Connecticut Naturalization and Citizenship<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1285114175591_332" />]]  
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*[[Maine Naturalization and Citizenship|Maine Naturalization and Citizenship]]  
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*[[Massachusetts Naturalization and Citizenship|Massachusetts Naturalization and Citizenship]]  
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*[[New Hampshire Naturalization and Citizenship|New Hampshire Naturalization and Citizenship]]  
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*[[Rhode Island Naturalization and Citizenship|Rhode Island Naturalization and Citizenship]]  
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*[[Vermont Naturalization and Citizenship|Vermont Naturalization and Citizenship]]
  
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
{{Contributor invite}}  
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{{Contributor_invite}}  
 
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==== Style Guide  ====
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For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: [[FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages|FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages]].
+
 
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== Sources of Information for This Collection  ==
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<!--bibdescbegin-->“United States New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906,” database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/); from United States Federal Archives and Records Center. NARA M1299. FHL Microfilm, 117 rolls. Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->
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We welcome your assistance in adding source citation information for individual archives when collection data was collected from various sources or archives. The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: [[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]]
+
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
  
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
  
Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above.
+
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
Examples of citations:  
+
"United States, New England Naturalization Index, 1791." &nbsp;database and digital images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://www.familysearch.org http://familysearch.org]: accessed 8 April 2011). &nbsp;James Hadley, Hartford Connecticut; citing Naturalization Indexes, Connecticut H533 (Phillip)-J212 (Wolfe). Image 34; United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington, D.C.
  
*United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
+
[[Category:United_States|Naturalizations]]
*Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023
+

Revision as of 21:13, 6 February 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

This collection is a Soundex index to photocopies of naturalization documents filed in courts in the following states:

  • Connecticut
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • New Hampshire
  • Rhode Island
  • Vermont

The index consists of 3x5 inch cards arranged by state then by Soundex coded names of petitioners.For more information on the Soundex see FamilySearch Wiki: Soundex

The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to the late 1800s each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906 many entries were typewritten.

While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.

The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship. 

Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen. 

No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). 

Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters. 

These indexes are for records that cover the years from 1791 to 1906. 

Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. Most counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.

The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.

For a list of records by localities and soundex currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization. "New England Naturalization Index." NARA microfilm publication M1299. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., n.d.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

New England Naturalization Index (10-0418) (11-0563) DGS 1429671 118.jpg
The index cards include the following:
  • Name of immigrant
  • Place of residence
  • Title and location of court granting certificate of naturalization
  • Volume and page number where certificate is recorded
  • Country of birth
  • Age or birth date
  • Date of arrival and U. S. port of entry
  • Names and address of witnesses

Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:

  • Name of the immigrant
  • Country of birth
  • Arrival date
  • Date of Declaration of Intent or Naturalization
  • Names of witnesses
  • Signature of judge or court official

In post-1906 records, you may also find:

  • Birth date
  • Birthplace
  • Age
  • Race
  • Last foreign residence
  • Current residence
  • Arrival place
  • Marital status
  • Name of spouse
  • Maiden name of wife
  • Birth date of spouse
  • Residence of spouse

How to Use the Record

Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the card index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. You may need to look at many cards to find the one you are seeking. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "Locality - Soundex Range" category which takes you to the images

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:

  • The full name of your ancestor
  • The approximate immigration and naturalization dates
  • The ancestor’s residence

If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.

Use the locator information found in the index (such as name of court, page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.

For example, you can use naturalization records to:

  • Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
  • Confirm their date of arrival
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.

You may also find these tips helpful:

  • Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
  • An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
  • If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
  • Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
  • The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
  • You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.

If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:

  • Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
  • Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
  • Search the indexes of nearby localities.

Related Websites

National Archives Northeast Region (Boston).

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"United States, New England Naturalization Index, 1791."  database and digital images, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org: accessed 8 April 2011).  James Hadley, Hartford Connecticut; citing Naturalization Indexes, Connecticut H533 (Phillip)-J212 (Wolfe). Image 34; United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington, D.C.