United States Social Security Death Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: United States Social Security Death Index .
Collection Time Period
This index covers death events from 1962 to 2005 and a few from 1937 to 1961. Current as of February 28, 2011.
The index is an online searchable database. It only includes the names of deceased individuals whose deaths were reported to Social Security.
The index includes the following information:
- Name of the deceased (Married women are usually listed by their married name)
- Birth date
- Death date
- State or territory where the Social Security number was issued
- Death residence zip code and corresponding localities
How to Use the Records
Name indexes make it possible to access specific information quickly. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations.
When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:
- The place where the death occurred.
- The approximate date of the death.
- The name of the deceased.
Follow these steps to use the index.
- Enter your ancestor’s first and last names in the appropriate fields. Be aware that married women are usually listed under their married names.
- Enter a birth year or death year. For common names enter a year range.
If there are no results, try variant spellings of the names.
Follow the additional instructions on the screen for search tips and to learn how to request a copy of the person’s original application.
Compare the information in the index to what you already know about your ancestor to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:
Use the death date and place to obtain a death certificate. The death certificate may lead you to mortuary, funeral, or church records
Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth to find your ancestor’s birth records and parents' names.
If your ancestor was born before 1930 you can use the birth date or age along with the place of birth to find the family in census records.
Use the residence to locate church and land records.
Keep in mind:
- The information in the records is usually reliable, but depends upon the reliability of the informant.
- There is also some variation in the information given from one record to another record.
- If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the surnames.
- The index only includes the names of deceased individuals whose deaths were reported to Social Security.
You may also want to do the following;
- Search the index to see if other family members are also listed. These might include the father, the mother, brothers, and sisters.
- Search the index to see if earlier or later generations are also listed. These might include aunts, uncles, grandparents, or children.
This index is a master index file of deaths reported to the Social Security Administration. It has been kept since 1962, when operations were computerized. The index includes about 50 percent of deceased persons from 1962 to 1971 and about 85 percent of the deceased persons from 1972 to 2005. It also includes a few deaths from 1937 to 1961. As of 2005, the index contained 76 million death records.
The Social Security Administration provides an extract from its file for distribution through the Department of Commerce’s National Technical Information Service. Because this extracted file deals with deceased persons, the information is considered to be public domain. Several organizations have purchased this file and posted it to their Web sites.
Why This Collection Was Created?
The administration was created in 1936 and began issuing Social Security numbers to track the earnings that workers reported for retirement benefits. In 1961 the Internal Revenue Service began using Social Security numbers to identify taxpayers.
The death date, death residence, Social Security number, and state of issue is usually reliable since it comes directly from the Social Security Administration’s master file. However, realize that errors may have occurred when the information was originally entered. Information listed for the name and birth date was provided by an informant and may be inaccurate.
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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from the record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find th record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you do not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched in found in the Wiki Article: How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections
Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection
"U.S. Social Security Death Index." database, FamilySearch: (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed April 8, 2011), entry for Fred D. Evans, 031-01-1427 born 9 April 1898 died 3 March 1988; derived from U.S. Social Security Administration. Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia : National Technical Information Service, 13 July 2011).
Sources of Information for This Collection
"U.S. Social Security Death Index," database, FamilySearch: (https://www.familysearch.org) : 2011. Derived from United States Social Security Administration. Death Master File. Database. Alexandria, Virginia : National Technical Information Service, 2011.
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