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''[[United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Massachusetts]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Plymouth County, Massachusetts|Plymouth]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] '''Abington''' ''  
+
''[[United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[South Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]'' '''Abbeville County'''  
  
:''This article is about a town in Plymouth County. For other uses, see [[Abington]].'' <br><br>
+
'''Abbeville County, South Carolina''' genealogy and family history research guide. Introduces you to county topics such as vital record births, marriages, divorces, and deaths, census, court records, deeds, maps, immigration, maps, military records, newspapers, obituaries, plantations, probate records, slaves, local archives, libraries, museums, churches, cemeteries, and Civil War records.
  
== Brief History  ==
+
{{Infobox U.S. County
 +
| county = Abbeville County
 +
| county_map = Sc-abbeville.png
 +
| state = South Carolina
 +
| state_map = South-carolina.png
 +
| latd = 34.23
 +
| longd = 82.45
 +
| founded year = 1785
 +
| founded date = March 12
 +
| seat wl = Abbeville
 +
}}
  
The first land grant in this area was to Nathaniel Souther, Secretary of the Plymouth Colony, in 1654. The first settler was Andrew Ford in 1668. This area was part of Bridgewater at that time and set off as its own town in 1712. Abington was in Plymouth Colony. The town was placed in Plymouth County when counties were formed in 1685. For a brief time, the town was part of the Dominion of New England from 1686 to 1689. The town is still in Plymouth County, though was in limbo, until the "Colony" was merged with Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1691 that became the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
+
== Quick Dates  ==
  
== Historical Data  ==
+
Abbeville County's civil records start the following years:
<center>'''Associated names'''<ref>William Francis Galvin, ''Historical Data Relating to Counties, Cities and Towns in Massachusetts'' (Boston, new ed., 1997), 11. {{WorldCat|37416784}}; {{FHL|677425|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 H2h 1997}}</ref> </center>
+
Abington at one time was called Manamooskeagin.
+
  
Village or section names include Center Abington, Musterfield, North Abington, Thicket, and West Abington.
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
<center>'''Border changes''' </center>
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
 
|-
! width="100" scope="col" | Dates
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Abbeville County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''
! width="500" scope="col" | Events
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Abbeville County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Abbeville County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Death]]'''
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Abbeville County, South Carolina#Census|Census]]'''
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Abbeville County, South Carolina#Land|Land]]'''
 +
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Abbeville County, South Carolina#Probate|Probate]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| 10 June 1712
+
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1915
| Abington established from part of Bridgewater and adjoining land [Acts and Resolves - Mass. Bay, 21: 605].
+
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1911
|-
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1915
| 14 June 1727
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1790
| Part included in the new town of Hanover.
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1873
|-
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1782
| 31 Mar. 1847
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| Border between Abington and Weymouth established.
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|-
+
| 21 Mar. 1861
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| Border between Abington and Randolph established.
+
|-
+
| <br>
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| Border between Abington and Hingham established.
+
|-
+
| 9 Mar. 1874
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| Eastern part established as the new town of Rockland.
+
|-
+
| 4 Mar. 1875
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| Southern part established as part of the new town of South Abington [now Whitman].
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Town Histories ==
+
== County Courthouse ==
  
Works written on the town include:
+
{{SCAbbevilleCourthouse}}
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="0"
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'''Abbeville County Courthouse'''<br>201 Court Square<br>Abbeville, SC 29620-2452<br>Phone: 864-366-5312
|-
+
 
| 1.  
+
[http://www.abbevillecountysc.com/probate.aspx '''Abbeville County Probate Court''']<br>102 Courthouse Court Square, Rm.102<br>P.O. Box 70<br>Abbeville, SC 29620<br>Phone: 864-366-5312 Ext. 62<br>Fax: 864-366-4023<br>Marriage and Probate records
| Benjamin Hobart, ''History of the Town of Abington, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, from its first settlement'' (Boston, 1866), 453 pp. The appendix of this book covers over hundred pages devoted to the genealogy of town families.
+
 
|-
+
[http://abbevillecountysc.com/clerkcourt.aspx '''Abbeville Register of Deeds''']<br>102 Courthouse Court Square<br>Abbeville, South Carolina 29620<br>Phone: 864-366-5312<br>Land records
| <br>
+
 
| The appendix includes the families: Beal, Blake, Blanchard, Brown, Cobb, Cooke, Corthell, Dunbar, Dunham, Dyer, Ford, Gurney, Hobart, Howe, Howland, Hunt, Jacobs, Jenkins, King, Lane, Nash, Noyes, Payn (i.e. Paine), Pool, Pratt, Reed, Stetson, Studley, Thaxter, Torrey, Walker, Wheeler, and Whitman.
+
[http://abbevillecountysc.com/clerkcourt.aspx '''Abbeville County Clerk of Court''']<br>102 Courthouse Court Square, Rm. 103<br>P.O. Box 99<br>Abbeville, South Carolina 29620<br>Phone: 864-366-5312<br>Fax: 864-366-9188<br>General Sessions and Common Pleas court records.
|-
+
 
| <br>
+
'''Hours'''<br>8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.<br>Monday - Friday
| Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/historyoftownofa00hoba Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=EF9AAAAAYAAJ Google Books], and on [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=16885 Ancestry] ($). {{WorldCat|1515424}}; {{FHL|262595|item|disp=FHL film 1033649}}.
+
 
|-
+
== Historical Facts  ==
| 2.  
+
 
| "History and Description of Abington, Mass., Aug. 1816" in Massachusetts Historical Society Collections, 2nd Series, 7 [1818]: 114-124.
+
Abbeville County takes its name from the town of Abbeville, which was named by Huguenot settler Dr. John de la Howe in honor of his home, Abbeville, France. <ref>Workers of the Writers' Program of the Works Projects Administration in the State of South Carolina, ''Palmetto Place Names'' (The Reprint Company: Spartanburg, S.C., 1975) 11. </ref> Abbeville County was settled heavily by Scots-Irish settlers who migrated from Pennsylvania along the Great Wagon Road. <ref>Edgar, Walter, ''South Carolina: A History'' (University of South Carolina Press: Columbia, South Carolina, 1998) 56. </ref> Learn more about the history of Abbeville County from the [http://www.statelibrary.sc.gov/abbeville-county South Carolina State Library] or from [http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/abbeville_county_sc.html Carolana.com].
|-
+
 
| <br>  
+
When Abbeville was created from the old [[Ninety-Six District, South Carolina|Ninety-Six District]] in 1785, it inherited the former district's record collection. <ref>Mike Becknell, "Overview of South Carolina Genealogical Research," Group Tour of the South Carolina Department of Archives and History, 10 May 2011.</ref>
| No digital version available. {{WorldCat|741827093}}.
+
 
|-
+
==== Parent County/Boundary Changes  ====
| 3.  
+
 
| Aaron Hobart, ''An Historical Sketch of Abington, Plymouth County, Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1839), 176 pp.
+
*'''1785''' - Thirty-three counties were created within existing South Carolina Districts. Abbeville County was created within [[Ninety-Six District, South Carolina|Ninety-Six District]].
|-
+
*'''1800''' - Abbeville was re-christened a district and Ninety-Six District was abolished.<ref>South Carolina State Library, ''South Carolina Counties'' (http://www.statelibrary.sc.gov/sc-counties : accessed 7 Apr 2011).</ref>
| <br>
+
*'''1868''' - Abbeville and all other districts became counties.
| Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/anhistoricalske00hobagoog Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=DMwTAAAAYAAJ Google Books]. {{WorldCat|6702615}}; {{FHL|820241|item|disp=FHL fiche 6078737}}.
+
*'''1897''' - [[Greenwood County, South Carolina|Greenwood County]] was created from Abbeville and [[Edgefield County, South Carolina|Edgefield]] Counties.
|-
+
*'''1898''' - Greenwood County gained from Abbeville and Edgefield Counties.
| 4.  
+
*'''1916''' - [[McCormick County, South Carolina|McCormick County]] was created from Abbeville, Greenwood, and Edgefield Counties.
| Charles A. Snow, ''A Historical Discourse given on the 50<sup>th</sup> Anniversary of the Baptist Church, South Abington, Mass., November 6, 1872'' (South Abington, Mass., 1873), 32 pp.
+
 
|-
+
For more information as well as maps of Abbeville County through time, see the [http://archives.sc.gov/formation/ South Carolina State Archives] or [http://www.familyhistory101.com/maps/sc-maps.html South Carolina County Maps and Atlases].
| <br>
+
 
| A digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=DcwTAAAAYAAJ Google Books].
+
==== County Seat  ====
|-
+
 
| 5.  
+
The county seat of Abbeville County is [[Abbeville, South Carolina|Abbeville]].
| [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abington,_Massachusetts Abington Wikipedia page].
+
 
|}
+
==== County Pronunciation  ====
<div style="float: left; width: 147%">
+
 
== Vital Records ==
+
[http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SC-abbeville.ogg Hear it spoken]<ref>Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).</ref>
 +
 
 +
==== Record Loss  ====
 +
 
 +
Fires in January and November of 1872 and January 1873 destroyed virtually all records except those of the probate and equity courts.
 +
 
 +
== Places / Localities  ==
 +
 
 +
{{Abbeville County, South Carolina}} The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.
 +
 
 +
== Resources  ==
 +
 
 +
=== Research Guides  ===
 +
 
 +
*''[http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/rg0001.htm South Carolina Archives Summary Guide: Abbeville County]'', available online, courtesy: [http://scdah.sc.gov/ South Carolina Department of Archives and History].
 +
*''Inventory of county archives of South Carolina no. 1, Abbeville County (Abbeville), WPA, pub. 1938. {{FHL|201835|item|disp=FHL Fiche 6048337 (3 fiche)}}, {{FSbook|88027}}''
 +
*''Research Materials in South Carolina'', by John H. Moore; pub. Columbia, South Carolina, 1967
 +
*''Bibliography of South Carolina, 1563-1950'', 6 vol., Robert C. Turnbull; pub. Charlottesville, Virgina 1956-1960
 +
 
 +
== Books  ==
 +
 
 +
*''150 Years Later'', Collier, Melvin J., pub. 2011. Available here: ''[http://www.writeherepublishing.com/150YearsLater/ 150 Years Later]. &nbsp;''This resource will be very useful for identifying research techniques and historical documentation available for discovering ancestors who were former slaves and former slaveholders. &nbsp;Specific resources often overlooked are cited and are useful for research in Abbeville County, SC. &nbsp;Methods for identifying ancestors migrating to Mississippi prior to 1865 have also been cited.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
=== African Americans  ===
 +
 
 +
''[[African American Research|United States African Americans]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[South Carolina African Americans]]''
 +
 
 +
*Fair, Robert A. ''Our Slaves Should Have the Bible: An Address Delivered Before the Abbeville Bible Society, At Its Anniversary, July, 1854 by Robert A. Fair, Esq., Abbeville, S.C.'' , pub. 1854. Digital version at [http://www.archive.org/details/ourslavesshouldh00fair Internet Archive].
 +
*Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/1790SCc.htm "'Other Free' Heads of Household in the 1790 South Carolina Census, by County,"] Free African Americans.com. [Includes free blacks in Abbeville County.]
 +
*''Will of George Galphin''. Typescript, 2002. {{FHL|1045362|item|disp=FHL fiche 6004787}} [Chiefly the will of George Galphin of Abbeville, South Carolina. He gave all the legatees listed in his will their freedom and discharged them from all manner of slavery and bondage. He also left items to family members living in Ireland.]
 +
*[http://www.nps.gov/history/seac/ITD/longversion/itd-lg1.htm In Those Days] is an oral history from elderly African Americans in Elbert County, Georgia, and Abbeville County, South Carolina.
 +
 
 +
Known plantations [http://south-carolina-plantations.com/abbeville/abbeville-county.html South Carolina Plantations]:
 +
 
 +
*Broadway
 +
*Cedar Hill
 +
*Cherry Hill
 +
*Clover Hill
 +
*Cotton Hill
 +
*Ellington
 +
*Lochaber (at Long Cane)  
 +
*Millwood (at Calhoun Falls)
 +
*Orange Hill
 +
*Rocky Grove
 +
*Vienna (at Mount Carmel)
 +
 
 +
=== Biography  ===
 +
 
 +
*''First Settlers of South Carolina, 1670-1680'', pub. 1969, {{FHL|199960|item|disp=FHL Film 2055168 Item 11}}  
 +
*''First settlers of South Carolina, 1670-1700'', pub. 1985, {{FHL|643252|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 W2b}}  
 +
*Aiken, Virginia Carolina Smith, 1831-1900. [http://libcat.csd.sc.edu/search~S14/?searchtype=X&searcharg=diary+virginia+carolina+smith+aiken&searchscope=14&sortdropdown=-&SORT=DZ&extended=0&searchlimits=&searchorigarg=X+plantations# Diary, 1872-1898].
 +
 
 +
=== Cemeteries  ===
 +
 
 +
There are more than 120 burial grounds in the county.
 +
 
 +
To view a list, see [[Abbeville County, South Carolina Cemeteries|Abbeville County, South Carolina Cemeteries]].  
 +
 
 +
=== Census  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Federal  ====
 +
 
 +
{{Historical populations
 +
|type = USA
 +
|heading = Census
 +
|footnote = Source: [http://factfinder.census.gov/home/saff/main.html?_lang=en "American FactFinder".] United States Census Bureau.
 +
|1790 |9197
 +
|1800 |13553
 +
|1810 |21156
 +
|1820 |23167
 +
|1830 |28149
 +
|1840 |29351
 +
|1850 |32318
 +
|1860 |32385
 +
|1870 |31129
 +
|1880 |40815
 +
|1890 |46854
 +
|1900 |33400
 +
|1910 |34804
 +
|1920 |27139
 +
|1930 |23323
 +
|1940 |22931
 +
|1950 |22456
 +
|1960 |21417
 +
|1970 |21112
 +
|1980 |22627
 +
|1990 |23862
 +
|2000 |26167
 +
}} 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Abbeville County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see [[South Carolina Census|South Carolina Census]]. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.
 +
 
 +
See [[South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book]] for more information about statewide printed indexes.
 +
 
 +
See [http://www.us-census.org/states/southcarolina/a-sc.htm#Abbeville Abbeville County, SC census assignments], including links to transcribed files [[http://www.us-census.org/ The USGenWeb Census Project<sup>®</sup>]]
 +
 
 +
===== 1779  =====
 +
 
 +
*[http://files.usgwarchives.org/sc/districts/census/1779_96d.txt 1779 Census-96th District] (online)
 +
 
 +
===== 1800  =====
 +
 
 +
*Ware, Lowry P. ''The Second Census of the United States, 1800, Abbeville District, South Carolina''. 1972. {{FHL|975.735 X2w 1800}}
 +
 
 +
===== 1810  =====
 +
 
 +
*Pursley, Larry E. ''Federal Census of Abbeville County, South Carolina, 1810-1840''. pub. 2006. {{FHL|1316575|item|disp=FHL Book 975.735 X22p}}
 +
 
 +
===== 1820  =====
 +
 
 +
*Pursley, Larry E. ''Federal Census of Abbeville County, South Carolina, 1810-1840.'' pub. 2006. {{FHL|1316575|item|disp=FHL Book 975.735 X22p}}
 +
 
 +
===== 1820 Manufactures  =====
 +
 
 +
The original manufactures schedules for South Carolina are kept at the [[National Archives and Records Administration|NARA]], Washington, D.C. FHL copies: {{FHL|280127|item|disp=FHL microfilms 1024517 - 1024518}}.
 +
 
 +
Published abstract:
 +
 
 +
*National Archives. ''Indexes to Manufactures Census of 1820''. pub. 1920; reprint 1977. {{FHL|280979|item|disp=FHL Book 973 X2m 1820}}; digital version at [http://www.lineages.com/InfoCenter/Databases/1820Manufactures.cfm Lineages]. [Includes this county.]
 +
 
 +
===== 1830  =====
 +
 
 +
*Pursley, Larry E. ''Federal Census of Abbeville County, South Carolina, 1810-1840.'' pub. 2006. {{FHL|1316575|item|disp=FHL Book 975.735 X22p}}
 +
 
 +
===== 1840  =====
 +
 
 +
*Pursley, Larry E. ''Federal Census of Abbeville County, South Carolina, 1810-1840.'' pub. 2006. {{FHL|1316575|item|disp=FHL Book 975.735 X22p}}
 +
 
 +
====== Revolutionary War Pensioners  ======
 +
 
 +
*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census''. pub. 1841. {{FHL|282860|item|disp=FHL Book 973 X2pc 1840 and film 2321}}; digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ Google Books]. [See South Carolina, Abbeville District on page 142.]
 +
 
 +
===== 1850  =====
 +
 
 +
*Lawrence, Harold. ''The 1850 Census of Abbeville District, South Carolina.'' pub. 1981. {{FHL|975.735 X28L 1850}}
 +
 
 +
===== 1860  =====
 +
 
 +
*McKinney, Margaret Vaughan. ''Abbeville County, South Carolina, 1860 Census.'' pub. 1991. {{FHL|486875|item|disp=FHL Book 975.735 X2m 1860}}
 +
 
 +
===== 1890  =====
 +
 
 +
For 1890, see: [[United States Census 1890]].  
 +
 
 +
=== Churches  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Baptist  ====
 +
 
 +
[http://library.furman.edu/specialcollections/baptist_resources/baptist_resources.htm South Carolina Baptist Historical Collection ]<br>James B. Duke Library <br>Furman University <br>3300 Poinsett Highway <br>Greenville, SouthCarolina 29613-0600 <br>Phone: (864) 294-2194 <br>Fax: (864) 294-2194
 +
 
 +
==== Methodist  ====
 +
 
 +
[http://www.gcah.org/site/pp.aspx?c=ghKJI0PHIoE&b=3590193 United Methodist Archives and History Center of the United Methodist Church]<br>Located on the campus of Drew Universtiy, Madison, New Jersey.  
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
The [http://sc.edu/library/digital/collections/scs.html Inventory of (SC) Church Archives 1937-1939] is available for free online, courtesy: [http://www.sc.edu/library/socar/ South Caroliniana Library]. Abbeville County's W.P.A. reports are included.
 +
 
 +
[http://scgen.org/church/abbeville.htm Abbeville County Churches] identifies dozens of churches in the area, courtesy: [http://scgen.org/ South Carolina Genealogical Society].
 +
 
 +
'''Presbyterian'''
 +
 
 +
*''The Constitution and Bye Laws, of the Upper Long-Cane Society of Abbeville District''. Abbeville, S.C.: John Taggart, 1832. Digital version at [http://www.archive.org/details/constitutionbyel00abbe Internet Archive].
 +
 
 +
=== Court Records  ===
 +
 
 +
=== DNA  ===
 +
 
 +
{{DNA}} DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Abbeville County residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested.
 +
 
 +
Peter Lee (African American) b. ca 1810 SC
 +
 
 +
John Thomas Black b. 1870 Anderson Co, SC - d. ca 1958 Abbeville Co, SC
 +
 
 +
=== Genealogy  ===
 +
 
 +
More than 100 genealogies have been published about Abbeville County families. To view a list, visit [[Abbeville County, South Carolina Genealogy]].
 +
 
 +
=== History  ===
 +
 
 +
*Davis, Mary Katherine. "The Feather Bed Aristocracy: Abbeville District in the 1790s," ''The South Carolina Historical Magazine'', Vol. 80, No. 2 (Apr. 1979):136-155. {{FHL|53340|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 B2s v. 80 (1979)}}; digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/27567550 JSTOR] ($).
 +
 
 +
*Carlisle, H. Arnett. ''The History of Lowndesville, S.C.'' (Danielsville, Georgia: Heritage Papers, c1987), 414 pages. Includes biographies, military history, cemeteries and the following census information: 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, and 1910. Book found at {{WorldCat|18557351}}, {{FHL|642517|item|disp=FHL Book 975.735/L1 H2c}}
 +
 
 +
=== Immigration  ===
 +
 
 +
*Moragne, W.C. ''An Address, Delivered at New Bordeaux, Abbeville District, S.C., November 15, 1854, on the 90th Anniversary of the Arrival of the French Protestants at that Place''. James Phynney, 1857. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=oonhgbHeHggC Google Books].  
 +
*Porter, H. Leonard. ''Destiny of the Scotch-Irish: An Account of a Migration from Ballybay, Ireland to Washington County, New York; Abbeville District, South Carolina; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Preble County, Ohio; Randolph County, Illinois and the Central Illinois Prairie, 1720-1853''. 1985. {{FHL|206028|item|disp=FHL Book 973 W2po}}
 +
 
 +
Early migration routes to and from Abbeville County for European settlers included: <ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry]. {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D274 2002}}, and William E. Myer, ''Indian Trails of the Southeast''. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). {{WorldCat|1523234}}, ({{FHL|54678|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 M992i}}) </ref>  
 +
 
 +
:*Savannah River pre-historic
 +
:*[[Middle Creek Trading Path]] pre-historic
 +
:*[[Augusta and Cherokee Trail]] in Georgia 1740s
 +
:*[[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]] about 1765
 +
:*[[Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path]] about 1765-1777
 +
 
 +
=== Land and Property ===
 +
 
 +
*'''''Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868''''' For information about the State Land Grants, see [[South Carolina Land and Property#Plats_For_State_Land_Grants_1784-1868|State Land Grants]]
 +
 
 +
==== Deed Books  ====
 +
 
 +
Because of South Carolina’s history as an agricultural state many residents owned land. For more information about types of land records see [[South Carolina Land and Property]].
  
The town's vital records are available in many locations:  
+
Tracing records through South Carolina county and district changes can be difficult. In general, for earliest records begin by searching the Charleston District, then your ancestor’s residential district, then neighboring districts, then the residential county, then neighboring counties. Not all districts and counties kept records. The following chart show where you may best expect to find land records for Abbeville County:  
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="0"
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1" align="center" style="width: 381px; height: 206px;"
 +
|+ '''Tracing Land&nbsp;Currently in Abbeville County with Parent Counties and Districts''' <ref>Schweitzer, George K. , ''South Carolina Genealogical Research'' (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, {{FHL|425402|item|disp=FHL book 975.7 D27s}}</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| 1.
+
| width="16%" valign="middle" height="25" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''Date'''
| Abington Town Clerk's Office, 500 Gliniewicz Way, Abington MA 02351, 781-982-2112, [http://abington.depina.net/ website].
+
| width="45%" valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''Government Office'''
 
|-
 
|-
| 2.
+
| 1710-1719
| ''Vital Records of Abington, Massachusetts, to the year 1850'' (Boston, 1912), 2 v.
+
| ''Proprietary Land Grants''
 
|-
 
|-
| <br>
+
| 1719-1769
| Note: This includes, in part, church records from the First Church (C.R.1), Second Church of Christ (C.R.2), Third Church of Christ (C.R.3), Fourth Congregational Church (C.R.4), and First Baptist Church of Christ (C.R.5). Deaths are included from Mt. Vernon Cem. (G.R.1), Maplewood Cem. (G.R.2), Abiah Reed Cem. [now in Rockland] (G.R.3), Samuel Reed Cem. [now in Rockland] (G.R.4), Old Cem. [now in Rockland] (G.R.5), Lane Cem. [now in Rockland] (G.R.6), Wilkes Cem. [now in Rockland] (G.R.7), Beal Cem. [now in Rockland] (G.R.8), Mount Pleasant Cem. [now in Rockland] (G.R.9), High Street Cem. [now in Whitman] (G.R.10), Small Pox Cem. [now in Whitman] (G.R.11), Mount Zion Cem. [now in Whitman] (G.R.12), Colebrook Cem. [now in Whitman] (G.R. 13), Old Cem. [on Washington St.] (G.R. 14), Beech Hill Cem. [now in Rockland] (G.R. 15), Old Cem. [between Abington and North Abington] (G.R. 16), West Abington Cem. (G.R. 17), Cobb Family Burying Ground [West Abington] (G.R. 18), and The Plain Cem. [West Abington] (G.R. 19).
+
| ''Charleston District''
 
|-
 
|-
| <br>
+
| 1769-1800
| These volumes were microfilmed by the Family History Library ({{FHL|231249|item|disp=FHL film 873756 Items 1-2}}); and in digital version at [http://archive.org/details/vitalrecordsofab00abin Internet Archive] and Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=ziy7CGKXzVsC vol. 1] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=is4UAAAAYAAJ vol. 2]). {{WorldCat|1044201}}; {{FHL|231249|item|disp=FHL book 974.482/A1 V2v}}.
+
| ''Abbeville County (old) Records Lost'' *
 
|-
 
|-
| 3.
+
| 1800-1865
| Microfilm of the originals created by the Family History Library, 1712-1860, {{FHL|390605|item|disp=FHL films 904376–904378, 770907}}; 1850-1905, {{FHL|737654|item|disp=FHL films 2111177–2111178}}.
+
| ''Abbeville District Records Lost'' *
 
|-
 
|-
| 4.
+
| 1868-1873
| Microfiche of the originals created by the Holbrook Research Institute covering town records that included vital records and a few other town records, 1712-1892, on 79 fiche. Soon to be part of [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7840 ‘’Massachusetts, Town Vital Collections, 1620–1988’‘] at [http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry]– ($); Index
+
| ''Abbeville County Records Lost''*
 
|-
 
|-
| 5.
+
| 1873-present
| Official state copy of vital records starting in 1841. See the guide to the state for more information here.
+
| ''Abbeville County''
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Cemeteries  ==
+
<nowiki>*</nowiki>Deeds burned in 1873 while in storage
  
The following is a list of cemeteries in present-day Bridgewater. Remember that the "old" town included present-day East Bridgewater, West Bridgewater, and Brockton. For more details regarding these cemeteries, see the state guide under cemeteries for books on the subject.
+
<nowiki>**</nowiki> Records of Pendleton/Anderson County should also be checked
  
#Adams Street Burying Ground [called Old Cem. in VRs], n.d. (A)
+
=== Maps  ===
#Bicknell Family Tomb, n.d.
+
#Cobb Family Burying Ground. (A)
+
#Cushing Family Tomb.
+
#Gould Family Burial Ground or Indian Cemetery, 1798.
+
#Hillside Cemetery, 18<sup><small>th</small></sup> Century.
+
#Hunt Family Tomb, n.d.
+
#Island Grove Cemetery or Centree Cemetery or French's Burying Ground, n.d.
+
#Mount Vernon Cemetery, 1732. (A)
+
#Old Church Burying Ground. (A)
+
#Plain Cemetery, n.d. (A)
+
#Richards Family Burial Ground.
+
#Torrey Family Burying Ground.
+
#West Abington Cemetery, n.d. (A)
+
  
Abstracts of the cemeteries above are marked and keyed to: (A) ''Vital Records of Abington, Massachusetts, to the year 1850'' (Boston, 1912). [See links above for various versions of this source.]  
+
[http://129.252.86.89/cdm4/multi_results.php?CISOMODE=grid&CISOGRID=thumbnail,A,1;title,60,1;relati,A,0;contri,A,0;subjec,A,0;20;title,subjec,descri,none,none&CISOBIB=title,A,1,N;creato,A,0,N;date,200,0,N;none,A,0,N;none,A,0,N;20;title,none,none,none,none&CISOTHUMB=20%20(4x5);title,none,none,none,none&CISOTITLE=20;title,none,none,none,none&CISOHIERA=20;date,title,none,none,none&CISOSUPPRESS=1&CISOTYPE=link&CISOOP1=exact&CISOFIELD1=title&CISOBOX1=&CISOOP2=exact&CISOFIELD2=date&CISOBOX2=&CISOOP3=exact&CISOFIELD3=source&CISOBOX3=&CISOOP4=exact&CISOFIELD4=CISOSEARCHALL&CISOBOX4=Abbeville+County&c=exact&CISOROOT=%2FSFMAPS Abbeville County Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps of South Carolina] (South Carolina Digital Collections)
  
== Churches  ==
+
[http://129.252.86.89/cdm4/multi_results.php?CISOMODE=grid&CISOGRID=thumbnail,A,1;title,60,1;relati,A,0;contri,A,0;subjec,A,0;20;title,subjec,descri,none,none&CISOBIB=title,A,1,N;creato,A,0,N;date,200,0,N;none,A,0,N;none,A,0,N;20;title,none,none,none,none&CISOTHUMB=20%20(4x5);title,none,none,none,none&CISOTITLE=20;title,none,none,none,none&CISOHIERA=20;date,title,none,none,none&CISOSUPPRESS=1&CISOTYPE=link&CISOOP1=exact&CISOFIELD1=title&CISOBOX1=&CISOOP2=exact&CISOFIELD2=date&CISOBOX2=&CISOOP3=exact&CISOFIELD3=source&CISOBOX3=&CISOOP4=exact&CISOFIELD4=CISOSEARCHALL&CISOBOX4=Abbeville+County&c=exact&CISOROOT=%2Ftopo Topographical Maps of Abbeville County, South Carolina, 1888-1975] (South Carolina Digital Collections)
  
The following is a list of churches established in town in order of organization date (if known) and condition of records in the 1889 survey if listed.
+
=== Military History and Records  ===
  
#First Congregational Church, 1712, records good.
+
==== General  ====
#New Jerusalem Society, 1835, records good.
+
#Fourth Congregational Church, North Abington, 1839, records good.
+
#First Universal Church, 1863, records good.
+
#St. Bridget's Roman Catholic Church, 1864, records unknown.
+
#Second Advent Church, n.d., church extinct by 1889, record location unknown.
+
#[http://www.abingtonfbc.com/ First Baptist Church of Abington], 1886.
+
#Assembly of God Brazilian Church, n.d.
+
#Flame of the Covenant, n.d.
+
#Joy in Life Luthern Church, n.d.
+
#Life Giving Church, n.d.
+
#South Shore Community Church, n.d.
+
  
== Newspapers  ==
+
*[http://genealogytrails.com/scar/abbeville/abbeville_militaryindex.htm Abbeville County, South Carolina Military Index] (South Carolina Genealogy Trails)
  
#Weekly News, 1878-1879.
+
==== Revolutionary War  ====
#Abington Advertiser, 1962-1965, 1993-present.
+
#Abington Mariner, 1990-present.
+
  
== Libraries and Historical Societies  ==
+
*"Battle of Cedar Springs," ''Upper South Carolina Genealogy and History,''Feb 2006 Volume 20, Issue 1. Piedmont Historical Society: Spartansburg, SC. Revolutionary war history.
 +
*"Revolutionary war pensions, B", ''Genealogical Roots and Branches,'' August 1989, Volume 10, Issue 7. Old Ninety-Six Chapter, SCGS: Greenwood, SC.
 +
*"Pension records, Revolutionary War," ''Genealogical Roots and Branches,'' November 1987, Volume 8, Issue 9. Old Ninety-Six Chapter, SCGS&nbsp;: Greenwood, SC.
 +
*"Revolutionary pension records," ''Genealogical Roots and Branches,'' October 1987, Volume 8, Issue 8. Old Ninety-Six Chapter, SCGS: Greenwood, SC.
 +
*"Soldiers killed, 1788," ''Carolina Genealogist,'' Winter 1977, Issue 29. Heritage Papers: Danielsville, Georgia. {{FHL|1145482|item|disp=FHL Book 975 B2cg no. 19-32}}. Indexed in PERiodical Source Index (PERSI) under CRGN.
  
The following is list of research facilities in town:
+
===== War of 1812  =====
  
#Abington Historical Commission, 500 Gliniewicz Way, Abington MA 02351, 781-982-0059, [http://www.abingtonma.gov/pages/AbingtonMA_Bcomm/Historical/index website].  
+
*''List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance...'' Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. {{FHL|286899|item|disp=FHL Book 973 M2Lp v. 5}}; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t7oqAAAAMAAJ Google Books] and [http://www.archive.org/details/listpensionerso02buregoog Internet Archive]. [See Vol. 5, South Carolina, Abbeville County, p. 181. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
#Abington Public Library, 600 Gliniewicz Way, Abington MA 02351, 781-982-2139, [http://www.abingtonpl.org/ website].  
+
 
#Dyer Memorial Library, 28 Centre Ave., PO Box 2245, Abington MA 02351, 781-878-8480, [http://www.dyerlibrary.org/hsoa.html website].
+
===== Civil War  =====
 +
 
 +
Civil War service men from Abbeville County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regimens that were formed of many men from Abbeville County.
 +
 
 +
:- [[1st Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry|1st Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry]]
 +
::- Company B
 +
::- Company G
 +
 
 +
:- [[1st Battalion, South Carolina Rifles|1st Battalion, South Carolina Rifles]]
 +
::- Company A
 +
 
 +
:- [[1st Regiment, South Carolina Artillery|1st Regiment, South Carolina Artillery]]
 +
::- Company A - (also known as Calhoun's Battery; Sumter Light Artillery, Sumter Battery, Preston's Battery, Blake's Battery and other name variations of these
 +
 
 +
:- [[1st Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry|1st Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry]]
 +
::- Company A - (also known as M. T. Owens Cavalry and Albemarle, South Carolina Cavalry, and Abbeville Troop) - many men from Abbeville District (County)
 +
::- Company G - (also known as L. J. Johnson's Cavalry)
 +
 
 +
:- [[1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (6 months, 1861)|1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (6 months, 1861)]]
 +
::- Company D - (also known as the Abbeville Volunteers)
 +
 
 +
:- [[1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Butler's) (1st Regulars)|1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Butler's) (1st Regulars)]]
 +
::- Company A - (also called Company B and [http://corktree.tripod.com/South_Carolina_Artillery_Units_in_the_War_of_the_Rebellion Beauregard Artillery])
 +
 
 +
:- [[1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (McCreary's) (1st Provisional Army)|1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (McCreary's) (1st Provisional Army)]]
 +
::- Company H - (also known as Haskell's Rifle Corps)
 +
 
 +
:- [[1st Regiment, South Carolina State Troops Junior Reserves (State Militia)|1st Regiment, South Carolina State Troops Junior Reserves (State Militia)]]
 +
::- Company F
 +
::- Company G
 +
 
 +
:- [[1st Regiment, South Carolina Rifles (Orr's)|1st Regiment, South Carolina Rifles (Orr's)]]
 +
::- Company B (also known as Abbeville Minutemen or McDuffie Guards
 +
::- Company E (also known as Oconee Riflemen or Oconee Rifles)
 +
::- Company G (also known as Marshall Riflemen)
 +
 
 +
:- [[1st Regiment, South Carolina State Troops|1st Regiment, South Carolina State Troops]]
 +
::- Company F
 +
::- Company I
 +
 
 +
:- [[1st Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry|1st Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry ]]
 +
::- Company A (also known as M. T. Owens Cavalry and Albemarle, South Carolina Cavalry
 +
::- Company G (also known as L. J. Johnson's Cavalry)
 +
 
 +
:- [[2nd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry|2nd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry]]
 +
::- Company G (also known as Bonham's Light Dragoons and Lipscomb's Troop)
 +
::- Company I (also known as the Edgefield Hussars or formerly known as Company A, Cavalry Battalion, Hampton Legion, and the Edgefield Dragoons)
 +
 
 +
:- [[2nd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (2nd Palmetto Regiment)|2nd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (2nd Palmetto Regiment)]]
 +
::- Company F (also known as Secession Guard)
 +
 
 +
:- [[2nd Regiment, South Carolina Rifles|2nd Regiment, South Carolina Rifles]]
 +
::- Company A
 +
::- Company F
 +
::- Company K
 +
 
 +
:- [[3rd Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Lauren's) (James')|3rd Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Lauren's) (James')]]
 +
::- Company A
 +
::- Company D
 +
 
 +
:- [[3rd Battalion, South Carolina Light Artillery (Palmetto Battalion)|3rd Battalion, South Carolina Light Artillery (Palmetto Battalion)]]
 +
::- Company F (also known as the Chestnut Light Artillery)
 +
 
 +
:- [[3rd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry|3rd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry]]
 +
::- Company F
 +
 
 +
:- [[4th Battalion, South Carolina Reserve|4th Battalion, South Carolina Reserve]]
 +
::- Company B
 +
::- Company F
 +
 
 +
:- [[5th Battalion, South Carolina Rifles|5th Battalion, South Carolina Rifles]]
 +
::- Company A
 +
::- Company F
 +
 
 +
:- [[5th Regiment, South Carolina Reserves (90 days 1862-63)|5th Regiment, South Carolina Reserves (90 days 1862-63)]]
 +
::- Company A
 +
::- Company G
 +
::- Company H
 +
 
 +
:- [[6th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry (Aiken's Partisan Rangers) (1st Partisan Rangers)|6th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry (Aiken's Partisan Rangers) (1st Partisan Rangers)]]
 +
::- Company A
 +
::- Company B
 +
::- Company C
 +
::- Company G
 +
::- Company H
 +
 
 +
:- [[6th Regiment, South Carolina Militia|6th Regiment, South Carolina Militia]]
 +
 
 +
:- [[7th Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Nelson's) (Enfield Rifles)|7th Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Nelson's) (Enfield Rifles)]]
 +
::- Company H
 +
 
 +
:- [[7th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry|7th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry ]],
 +
::- Company G
 +
 
 +
:- [[14th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry|14th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry]],
 +
::- Company G
 +
::- Company I
 +
 
 +
:- [[15th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry|15th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry ]]
 +
::- Company K
 +
 
 +
:- [[16th Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry|16th Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry]],
 +
::- Company A
 +
::- Company B
 +
::- Company C
 +
::- Company G
 +
 
 +
:- [[19th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry|19th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry ]]
 +
::- Company G
 +
::- Company H
 +
::- Company I
 +
 
 +
:- [[24th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry|24th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry]]
 +
::- Company F
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
*Ingram, Virginia. ''Confederate Veterans of Abbeville County [S.C.] from the Enrollment Books Taken About 1902''. All Civil War veterans of Abbeville County are listed first by township &amp; then Alphabetically by veteran's surname. {{WorldCat|43499609}}, {{FHL|823886|item|disp=FHL 975.735 M22i}}
 +
*Carlisle, H. Arnett, The History of Lowndesville, S.C. Includes biographies, military history, cemeteries and the following census information: 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, and 1910. Civil War pages 2, 14, 121 &amp; 136. {{WorldCat|18557351}}, {{FHL|642517|item|disp=FHL 975.735/L1 H2c}}
 +
*South Carolina. County Court. ''County Enrollment Book [of] Confederate Veterans; List of Widows, 1929.'' Arranged by surname in alphabetical order. {{FHL|440390|item|disp=FHL Film 181613}}
 +
*Abbeville County Courthouse. ''Distribution of the State Pension Fund in Abbeville County, South Carolina for 1916-1956.''. {{FHL|388098|item|disp=FHL microfilm 181614}}
 +
 
 +
=== Newspapers  ===
 +
 
 +
'''Historic'''
 +
 
 +
The [http://www.loc.gov/index.html Library of Congress] has identified the following historic newspapers for Abbeville County, South Carolina on their [http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/ Chronicling America] website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.
 +
 
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042527/ ''Abbeville Press''] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1860-1869.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067616/ ''Abbeville Wig and Southern Nullifier''] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1831-1833.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067957/ ''Due West Telescope''] (Due West, S.C.) 1851-1867.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067903/ ''Erskine Miscellany''] (Due West, S.C.) 1850-1851.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067898/ ''Lowndesville Advertiser''] (Lowndesville, S.C.) 1888-1889.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067670/ ''The Abbeville Bulletin''] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1865-1865.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026854/ ''The Abbeville Medium''] (Abbeville, S.C) 1871-1923.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067668/ ''The Abbeville Messenger''] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1884-1888.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026853/ ''The Abbeville Press and Banner''] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1925.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85026944/ ''The Banner''] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1844-1847.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067899/ ''The Calhoun Falls News''] (Calhoun Falls, S.C.) 1961-current.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067914/ ''The Calhoun Falls Times''] (Calhoun Falls, S.C.)1946-1959.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92065419/ ''The Donalds Progress''] (Donalds, S.C.) 1906-1906.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92065421/ ''The Due West Weekly''] (Due West, S.C.) 1949-1958.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067882/ ''The Independent Press''] (Abbeville C.H., S.C.) 1853-1860.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067666/ ''The Evening Medium''] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1923-1925.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063799/ ''The Press and Banner and Abbeville Medium''] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1925-current.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067875/ ''The Scimitar''] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1914-1918.
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067900/ ''The Village Observer''] (Due West, S.C.) 1976-current.
 +
 
 +
*[http://libcat.csd.sc.edu/search~S14?/tAbbeville+press/tabbeville+press/1%2C2%2C2%2CB/frameset&FF=tabbeville+press&1%2C1%2C/indexsort=-# The Abbeville Press] Vol. 8, no. 28 (Nov. 9, 1860) - v. 17, no. 22 (Sept. 24, 1869)
 +
*[http://libcat.csd.sc.edu/search~S14?/tAbbeville+banner/tabbeville+banner/1%2C1%2C2%2CB/frameset&FF=tabbeville+banner&1%2C%2C2# The Abbeville Banner] Vol. 4, no. 1 (Mar. 3, 1847) - v. 25, no. 47 (Sept. 9, 1869)
 +
*[http://libcat.csd.sc.edu/search~S14/?searchtype=t&searcharg=Abbeville+medium&searchscope=14&sortdropdown=-&SORT=D&extended=0&SUBMIT=Search&searchlimits=&searchorigarg=tAbbeville+banner# The Abbeville Medium] Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 29, 1871)-Ceased in 1923.
 +
 
 +
'''Current'''
 +
 
 +
=== Periodicals  ===
 +
 
 +
See: [[Periodicals]] for description.
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.scmar.com/ The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research]
 +
*The South Carolina historical and genealogical magazine (1900) [http://www.archive.org/details/southcarolinahis19121913sout Internet Archive] (F)
 +
 
 +
=== Probate Records  ===
 +
 
 +
Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”<ref>Henry Campbell Black, ''Black's Law Dictionary,'' 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."</ref> Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, [[United States Probate Wills|wills]], bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records in [[South Carolina Probate Records|State Probate Records]].
 +
 
 +
The [[South Carolina Department of Archives and History]] has holdings of microfilms or typescripts of wills, inventories, bills of sale, power of attorneys, bonds, notes, administrations, judgments, and sales records. They have placed [http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/search.aspx Will Transcriptions] for 1782 to 1855 online. Index searchable by name and the image is available.
 +
 
 +
The organization [http://www.copies1918.com/index.html Strictly By Name] provides free online indexes to early Abbeville wills and probate records. They offer a record retrieval service to photocopy and transcribe microfilm copies of the original documents for a small fee. Available indexes:
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.copies1918.com/abbeville.html Abbeville Will Books 1-2: 1787-1837]
 +
*[http://www.copies1918.com/abbevilleprobate.html Abbeville Probate Records: Loose Records 1770s-1840s]
 +
*Abbeville Wills 1787-1815 (Transcripts) [http://www.southcarolinapioneers.net/counties/countyabbeville.html South Carolina Pioneers]
 +
*Index to Abbeville County Minutes of Court of Ordinary,&nbsp;Book B, 1776-1783 [http://www.southcarolinapioneers.net/counties/countyabbeville.html South Carolina Pioneers]
 +
*Index to Abbeville County Will Book A, 1782-1868 [http://www.southcarolinapioneers.net/counties/countyabbeville.html South Carolina Pioneers]
 +
*Index to Abbeville County Will Book B, 1815-1839 [http://www.southcarolinapioneers.net/counties/countyabbeville.html South Carolina Pioneers]
 +
*Index to Abbeville County Will Book C, 1839-1855 [http://www.southcarolinapioneers.net/counties/countyabbeville.html South Carolina Pioneers]
 +
*
 +
 
 +
Additional Abbeville County probate records include:
 +
 
 +
*Young, Willie Pauline. ''South Carolina Historical Records: Records of Will Books of County of Abbeville (Ninety-six District) South Carolina''. Multi-volume, 1947. {{FHL|201864|item|disp=FHL Book 975.735 S2yw (Library has Vol 1 and 4 only}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=29428 Ancestry] ($).
 +
 
 +
=== Taxation  ===
 +
 
 +
Tax-related records are kept by the offices of the county Assessor, Auditor, Sheriff, and Treasurer. Taxes were levied on real and personal property and can help establish ages, residences, relationships, and the year an individual died or left the area. They can be used as substitutes for missing or destroyed land and census records.<br>
 +
 
 +
==== Published abstracts  ====
 +
 
 +
*'''[1784]''' Sarrett, Paul R. [http://files.usgwarchives.net/sc/abbeville/census/abbe1784.txt "1784 Tax Records - Abbeville County,"] available online, courtesy: [http://usgwarchives.net/sc/scfiles.htm The USGenWeb Archives - South Carolina].
 +
*'''[1787]''' Holcomb, Brent H. ''Two 1787 Tax Lists from Ninety Six District, S.C.'', 1974. {{FHL|120763|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7 A1 no. 44}} 1787 tax lists from Ninety Six District, S. C. Covers the area of Edgefield and Abbeville Counties in the 1790 census
 +
*'''[1794] '''1794 Tax Records Abbeville County [http://files.usgwarchives.net/sc/abbeville/census/abbe1784.txt USGenWeb Archives]
 +
 
 +
=== Vital Records  ===
 +
 
 +
Birth, marriage, and death records were not recorded by South Carolina until the 1900s, thus leaving a lack of vital records. Substitute records, when available, are used to obtain this information. These substitute records including newspapers, court records have been added to this section, when applicable.
 +
 
 +
==== Birth  ====
 +
 
 +
State-wide birth registration began in 1915. For a copy of a birth from 1915 or later, contact the [http://www.scdhec.gov/administration/vr/ South Carolina Department of Health]. The Abbeville County Health Department also has copies but they provide only an abbreviated form with limited information. For more information, see the [[South Carolina Vital Records]] page.
 +
 
 +
==== Marriage  ====
 +
 
 +
In South Carolina, marriage licenses were not required by local governments until 1 July 1911. However, in the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination. Not all churches recorded these marriages and some have not survived. See [[South Carolina Vital Records#Marriage_Records|South Carolina Vital Records]] for more information.
 +
 
 +
The [http://www.abbevillecountysc.com/probate.aspx Abbeville County probate court] holds marriage licenses issued from 1 July 1911 to the present. Statewide registration of marriages began in July 1950 and the [http://www.scdhec.gov/administration/vr/index.htm South Carolina Division of Vital Records] has copies of licenses issued after 1 July 1950 through November 2009.
 +
 
 +
Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information. See [[South Carolina Newspapers]].
 +
 
 +
''Marriages and Marriage Substitutes - Indexes and Records''
 +
 
 +
*'''1774-1890''' - ''7500 Marriages from Ninety-Six and Abbeville District, S.C., 1774-1890'', by Larry E. Pursley<ref>Pursley, Larry E. 7500 Marriages from Ninety-Six and Abbeville District, S.C., 1774- 1890], Southern Historical Press, 2001, ©1980.</ref> {{WorldCat|46423221}},{{FHL|264999|item}} - index  
 +
*'''1777-1852 '''- ''Abbeville District, South Carolina, 1777-1852'' by Silas Emmett Lucas<ref>Lucas, Silas Emmett, Abbeville District, South Carolina Marriages, 1777-1852, Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, ©1979.</ref> {{FHL|69369|item}}, {{WorldCat|5800325}} - index
 +
*'''1777-1852 '''- ''Abbeville District, South Carolina Marriages, 1777-1852'' by Pauline Young.<ref>Young, Pauline, Abbeville District, south Carolina Marriages, 1777-1852, Liberty, SC: Pauline Young Genealogical Society, 1964.</ref> {{FHL|201904|item}} - index; these marriages are taken from old wills, equity records, etc.
 +
*'''1780-1879''' - ''Abbeville County Marriages, 1780-1879, Implied in Abbeville County, South Carolina Equity Records'' by Barbara R. Langdon<ref>Langdon, Barbara R., Abbeville County Marriages, 1780-1879, Implied in Abbeville County, South Carolina Equity Records, Aiken, SC: Langdon Langdon, ©1994.</ref> {{WorldCat|30758674}}, {{FHL|707412|item}} - index
 +
*'''1846-1860''' - ''Marriage and Death Notices from the Abbeville Banner, 1846-1860'' by E. Don Herd <ref>Herd, Jr., E. Don, Marriage and Death Notices from the Abbeville Banner, 1846-1860, [S.l. : s.n.], c1980.</ref> {{WorldCat|6867370}}, {{FHL|633868|item}} - index
 +
*'''1911-1951''' - ''Abbeville County, South Carolina Marriage Registers and Licenses,1911-1951'' <ref>South Carolina. Probate Court (Abbeville County), Abbeville County, South Carolina Marriage Registers and Licenses,1911-1951, Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2003.</ref> {{FHL|1152450|item}} - index and records
 +
*There are several online marriage indexes containing miscellaneous marriage records found in some counties of South Carolina listed on the [[South Carolina Vital Records#South_Carolina.C2.A0Birth.2C_Marriage_and_Death_Records_Online|South Carolina Vital Records]] page.
 +
 
 +
==== Death  ====
 +
 
 +
State-wide death registration began in 1915. For a copy of the death certificates from 1915 or later, contact the [http://www.scdhec.gov/administration/vr/ South Carolina Department of Health]. The Abbeville County Health Department only has copies for deaths occurring in the last 5 years. For more information, see the [[South Carolina Vital Records|South Carolina Vital Records]] page.
 +
 
 +
''Deaths and Death Substitutes - Indexes and Records''
 +
 
 +
*'''1846-1860''' - ''Marriage and Death Notices from the Abbeville Banner, 1846-1860'' <ref>Herd, Jr., E. Don, Marriage and Death Notices from the Abbeville Banner, 1846-1860, [S.l. : s.n.], c1980.</ref> {{WorldCat|6867370}}, {{FHL|633868|item}} - index
 +
*'''1914-1960:''' State-wide South Carolina Death Indexes. There are several online death indexes covering all of South Carolina listed on the [[South Carolina Vital Records#South_Carolina.C2.A0Birth.2C_Marriage_and_Death_Records_Online|South Carolina Vital Records]] page.[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1675535 Birth],[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1675541 Marriage], [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417492 Deaths, 1915-1943[, and [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1589507 Deaths, 1944-1955]
 +
 
 +
== Archives, Libraries, and Museums  ==
 +
 
 +
=== Abbeville County Libraries  ===
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.sciway.net/lib/abbeville-county-library.html '''Abbeville County Library''']<br>203 South Main Street<br>Abbeville, SC<br>Telephone: 864-459-4009<br>Hours: Monday, Wednesday. Friday: 9:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.; Thursday: 9:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.; Saturday: 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.
 +
 
 +
The Abbeville County Library system has a main county library and two branches. The county library has the largest collection of genealogical material, though the branches also have helpful material. The County&nbsp;Library has books, name files, old newspapers, and microfilm. The library system has an [http://www2.youseemore.com/Abbeville/catalog.asp online catalog] which is shared by three other counties. You can search for specific items in the search box at the top of the screen. Or you can brows the collection by clicking the starred Search tab, then limiting your search results to the genealogy collection. At the [http://www2.youseemore.com/Abbeville/readyref.asp Reference tab ]there are a number of genealogy resources you can search.
 +
 
 +
The Abbeville County Library system is on [http://www.facebook.com/pages/Abbeville-County-Library-System/135697677399 Facebook]
 +
 
 +
For Genealogy Requests - please email [mailto:genealogy@abbevillecounty.org genealogy@abbevillecounty.org] including some background and&nbsp;specific information you are seeking. Genealogy volunteers will search for your information and respond directly to you.
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.erskine.edu/library/ '''Erskine College''']
 +
 
 +
The McCain Library at Erskine College has records helpful to genealogists. The Archive and Special Collections located in Ried Hall&nbsp;serves as a central location for preserving and accessing records relating to the intertwined histories of Erskine College, Erskine Theological Seminary, the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church, and Abbeville County, South Carolina. The genealogical collection contains information on persons having connections to any or all of these institutions and locations, as well as general resources for those doing family history research. There are census records, diaries and family histories, local newspapers, and more.It includes the Miller-Henry Family History Center and the Woffard E. Baldwin Reading Room. The Library also has a Government documents section. The archival research and photocopying policies are available online.
 +
 
 +
Erskine College maintains a [http://www.erskine.edu/library/periodsearch.htm searchable database ]of periodical subscriptions owned by Piedmont Technical College, Lander University, Erskine College, Greenwood County Library, and the libraries at the Greenwood Genetics Center and Self Regional Healthcare. You will be able to search for periodical holdings by title and limit your search by location.
 +
 
 +
The Archivist is available Monday - Friday, 8:30 a.m. - 12:00 noon, or by special appointment. To Contact the Archivist:<br>'''Phone: '''864-379-8763 or 864-379-6576<br>'''Fax: '''864.379.2900<br>'''E-mail: '''ebrawley@erskine.edu<br>'''Mailing Address:'''<br>Edith Brawley, McCain Library, <br>Erskine College and Seminary<br>P.O. Box 188<br>One Depot Street (for FedEx and UPS)<br>Due West, SC 29639<br><br>[http://www.scmemory.org/collections/countymap/county.php?id=1 South Carolina Digital Library] - scroll down for Abbeville's online collections .
 +
 
 +
The South Carolina Digital Library (SCDL) is a collaborative effort that includes South Carolina’s schools, libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural heritage institutions. It includes resources for ageds kindergarten through adult. Its mission is to create, maintain, and promote digital collections that represent South Carolina's historical and cultural resources. It also seeks to enhance the overall education and scholarship of South Carolina's citizens by coordinating free and unlicensed access to these digital collections through a central web presence.
 +
 
 +
=== Abbeville County Museums  ===
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.ohwy.com/sc/a/abbevcom.htm '''Abbeville County Museum''']<br>'''Address:'''<br>Popular and Cherry Streets<br>Abbeville, SC 29620<br>'''Telephone:''' 864 366 6525 or 864-459-4600 <br>The Abbeville County Museum is part of a collection of historic sites in the [http://sctravelold96.com/content/index.php Old 96 District ]that includes Edgefield, Greenwood, Laurens, and McCormick counties.
 +
*For a list of Abbeville and other South Carolina museums, [http://www.southcarolinamuseums.org/museums.html Click here].
 +
 
 +
== Societies - Genealogical, Historical, Lineage  ==
 +
 
 +
*[http://web.wctel.net/~kfleming/bhs.html Boonesborough Historical Society] - Abbeville and Anderson counties - especially Donalds, Due West, and Honea Path
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.oldninetysix.scgen.org/ South Carolina Genealogical Society] - Old 96 District Chapter<br>Old 96 Chapter SCGS<br>P.O. Box 3468<br>Greenwood, SC 29648-3468&nbsp;&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
The Old 96 Chapter includes Greenwood, Abbeville and parts of Edgefield and McCormick counties.
 +
 
 +
== Family History Centers  ==
 +
 
 +
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
 +
 
 +
<br> '''[[User:DiltsGD/Sandbox#1850|1850]]'''
 +
'''[[User:DiltsGD/Sandbox#1865|1865]]'''
 +
 
 +
== Web Sites  ==
 +
 
 +
{{Wikipedia|Abbeville County, South Carolina}}
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~scabbevi/ Abbeville County SCGenWeb project].
 +
*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/SC/Abbeville/ Abbeville County, South Carolina Genealogy and Family History ](Linkpendium)
 +
*South Carolina Pioneers [http://www.southcarolinapioneers.net]
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
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{{reflist}}  
 
{{reflist}}  
  
[[Abington, Massachusetts|Top of Page]]
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{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
{{Towns in Plymouth County in Massachusetts}} {{-}}  
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{{featured article}}  
  
--[[User:Yourgenealogist|Yourgenealogist]] 14:48, 11 April 2012 (UTC) [[Category:Plymouth_County,_Massachusetts]]
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[[Category:South_Carolina_Family_History_Centers|Family History Centers]] [[Category:South_Carolina_counties]] [[Category:Abbeville_County,_South_Carolina]]

Revision as of 16:26, 3 April 2013

United States go to South Carolina go to Abbeville County

Abbeville County, South Carolina genealogy and family history research guide. Introduces you to county topics such as vital record births, marriages, divorces, and deaths, census, court records, deeds, maps, immigration, maps, military records, newspapers, obituaries, plantations, probate records, slaves, local archives, libraries, museums, churches, cemeteries, and Civil War records.

Coordinates: 34.23°0′N 82.45°0′W / 34.23°N 82.45°W / 34.23; -82.45

Abbeville County, South Carolina
Map
Map of South Carolina highlighting Abbeville County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the U.S.
Facts
Founded March 12, 1785
County Seat Abbeville
Courthouse

Contents

Quick Dates

Abbeville County's civil records start the following years:

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1915 1911 1915 1790 1873 1782

County Courthouse

AbbevilleSC.jpg

Abbeville County Courthouse
201 Court Square
Abbeville, SC 29620-2452
Phone: 864-366-5312

Abbeville County Probate Court
102 Courthouse Court Square, Rm.102
P.O. Box 70
Abbeville, SC 29620
Phone: 864-366-5312 Ext. 62
Fax: 864-366-4023
Marriage and Probate records

Abbeville Register of Deeds
102 Courthouse Court Square
Abbeville, South Carolina 29620
Phone: 864-366-5312
Land records

Abbeville County Clerk of Court
102 Courthouse Court Square, Rm. 103
P.O. Box 99
Abbeville, South Carolina 29620
Phone: 864-366-5312
Fax: 864-366-9188
General Sessions and Common Pleas court records.

Hours
8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Monday - Friday

Historical Facts

Abbeville County takes its name from the town of Abbeville, which was named by Huguenot settler Dr. John de la Howe in honor of his home, Abbeville, France. [1] Abbeville County was settled heavily by Scots-Irish settlers who migrated from Pennsylvania along the Great Wagon Road. [2] Learn more about the history of Abbeville County from the South Carolina State Library or from Carolana.com.

When Abbeville was created from the old Ninety-Six District in 1785, it inherited the former district's record collection. [3]

Parent County/Boundary Changes

  • 1785 - Thirty-three counties were created within existing South Carolina Districts. Abbeville County was created within Ninety-Six District.
  • 1800 - Abbeville was re-christened a district and Ninety-Six District was abolished.[4]
  • 1868 - Abbeville and all other districts became counties.
  • 1897 - Greenwood County was created from Abbeville and Edgefield Counties.
  • 1898 - Greenwood County gained from Abbeville and Edgefield Counties.
  • 1916 - McCormick County was created from Abbeville, Greenwood, and Edgefield Counties.

For more information as well as maps of Abbeville County through time, see the South Carolina State Archives or South Carolina County Maps and Atlases.

County Seat

The county seat of Abbeville County is Abbeville.

County Pronunciation

Hear it spoken[5]

Record Loss

Fires in January and November of 1872 and January 1873 destroyed virtually all records except those of the probate and equity courts.

Places / Localities

The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.

Resources

Research Guides

Books

  • 150 Years Later, Collier, Melvin J., pub. 2011. Available here: 150 Years Later.  This resource will be very useful for identifying research techniques and historical documentation available for discovering ancestors who were former slaves and former slaveholders.  Specific resources often overlooked are cited and are useful for research in Abbeville County, SC.  Methods for identifying ancestors migrating to Mississippi prior to 1865 have also been cited. 

African Americans

United States African Americans go to South Carolina African Americans

  • Fair, Robert A. Our Slaves Should Have the Bible: An Address Delivered Before the Abbeville Bible Society, At Its Anniversary, July, 1854 by Robert A. Fair, Esq., Abbeville, S.C. , pub. 1854. Digital version at Internet Archive.
  • Heinegg, Paul. "'Other Free' Heads of Household in the 1790 South Carolina Census, by County," Free African Americans.com. [Includes free blacks in Abbeville County.]
  • Will of George Galphin. Typescript, 2002. FHL fiche 6004787 [Chiefly the will of George Galphin of Abbeville, South Carolina. He gave all the legatees listed in his will their freedom and discharged them from all manner of slavery and bondage. He also left items to family members living in Ireland.]
  • In Those Days is an oral history from elderly African Americans in Elbert County, Georgia, and Abbeville County, South Carolina.

Known plantations South Carolina Plantations:

  • Broadway
  • Cedar Hill
  • Cherry Hill
  • Clover Hill
  • Cotton Hill
  • Ellington
  • Lochaber (at Long Cane)
  • Millwood (at Calhoun Falls)
  • Orange Hill
  • Rocky Grove
  • Vienna (at Mount Carmel)

Biography

Cemeteries

There are more than 120 burial grounds in the county.

To view a list, see Abbeville County, South Carolina Cemeteries.

Census

Federal

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 9,197
1800 13,553 47.4%
1810 21,156 56.1%
1820 23,167 9.5%
1830 28,149 21.5%
1840 29,351 4.3%
1850 32,318 10.1%
1860 32,385 0.2%
1870 31,129 −3.9%
1880 40,815 31.1%
1890 46,854 14.8%
1900 33,400 −28.7%
1910 34,804 4.2%
1920 27,139 −22.0%
1930 23,323 −14.1%
1940 22,931 −1.7%
1950 22,456 −2.1%
1960 21,417 −4.6%
1970 21,112 −1.4%
1980 22,627 7.2%
1990 23,862 5.5%
2000 26,167 9.7%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Abbeville County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see South Carolina Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

See South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Abbeville County, SC census assignments, including links to transcribed files [The USGenWeb Census Project®]

1779
1800
  • Ware, Lowry P. The Second Census of the United States, 1800, Abbeville District, South Carolina. 1972. FHL 975.735 X2w 1800
1810
  • Pursley, Larry E. Federal Census of Abbeville County, South Carolina, 1810-1840. pub. 2006. FHL Book 975.735 X22p
1820
  • Pursley, Larry E. Federal Census of Abbeville County, South Carolina, 1810-1840. pub. 2006. FHL Book 975.735 X22p
1820 Manufactures

The original manufactures schedules for South Carolina are kept at the NARA, Washington, D.C. FHL copies: FHL microfilms 1024517 - 1024518.

Published abstract:

  • National Archives. Indexes to Manufactures Census of 1820. pub. 1920; reprint 1977. FHL Book 973 X2m 1820; digital version at Lineages. [Includes this county.]
1830
  • Pursley, Larry E. Federal Census of Abbeville County, South Carolina, 1810-1840. pub. 2006. FHL Book 975.735 X22p
1840
  • Pursley, Larry E. Federal Census of Abbeville County, South Carolina, 1810-1840. pub. 2006. FHL Book 975.735 X22p
Revolutionary War Pensioners
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. pub. 1841. FHL Book 973 X2pc 1840 and film 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See South Carolina, Abbeville District on page 142.]
1850
  • Lawrence, Harold. The 1850 Census of Abbeville District, South Carolina. pub. 1981. FHL 975.735 X28L 1850
1860
1890

For 1890, see: United States Census 1890.

Churches

Baptist

South Carolina Baptist Historical Collection
James B. Duke Library
Furman University
3300 Poinsett Highway
Greenville, SouthCarolina 29613-0600
Phone: (864) 294-2194
Fax: (864) 294-2194

Methodist

United Methodist Archives and History Center of the United Methodist Church
Located on the campus of Drew Universtiy, Madison, New Jersey.


The Inventory of (SC) Church Archives 1937-1939 is available for free online, courtesy: South Caroliniana Library. Abbeville County's W.P.A. reports are included.

Abbeville County Churches identifies dozens of churches in the area, courtesy: South Carolina Genealogical Society.

Presbyterian

  • The Constitution and Bye Laws, of the Upper Long-Cane Society of Abbeville District. Abbeville, S.C.: John Taggart, 1832. Digital version at Internet Archive.

Court Records

DNA

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Abbeville County residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested.

Peter Lee (African American) b. ca 1810 SC

John Thomas Black b. 1870 Anderson Co, SC - d. ca 1958 Abbeville Co, SC

Genealogy

More than 100 genealogies have been published about Abbeville County families. To view a list, visit Abbeville County, South Carolina Genealogy.

History

  • Davis, Mary Katherine. "The Feather Bed Aristocracy: Abbeville District in the 1790s," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 80, No. 2 (Apr. 1979):136-155. FHL Book 975.7 B2s v. 80 (1979); digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Carlisle, H. Arnett. The History of Lowndesville, S.C. (Danielsville, Georgia: Heritage Papers, c1987), 414 pages. Includes biographies, military history, cemeteries and the following census information: 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, and 1910. Book found at WorldCat 18557351, FHL Book 975.735/L1 H2c

Immigration

  • Moragne, W.C. An Address, Delivered at New Bordeaux, Abbeville District, S.C., November 15, 1854, on the 90th Anniversary of the Arrival of the French Protestants at that Place. James Phynney, 1857. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Porter, H. Leonard. Destiny of the Scotch-Irish: An Account of a Migration from Ballybay, Ireland to Washington County, New York; Abbeville District, South Carolina; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Preble County, Ohio; Randolph County, Illinois and the Central Illinois Prairie, 1720-1853. 1985. FHL Book 973 W2po

Early migration routes to and from Abbeville County for European settlers included: [6]

Land and Property

  • Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868 For information about the State Land Grants, see State Land Grants

Deed Books

Because of South Carolina’s history as an agricultural state many residents owned land. For more information about types of land records see South Carolina Land and Property.

Tracing records through South Carolina county and district changes can be difficult. In general, for earliest records begin by searching the Charleston District, then your ancestor’s residential district, then neighboring districts, then the residential county, then neighboring counties. Not all districts and counties kept records. The following chart show where you may best expect to find land records for Abbeville County:

Tracing Land Currently in Abbeville County with Parent Counties and Districts [7]
Date Government Office
1710-1719 Proprietary Land Grants
1719-1769 Charleston District
1769-1800 Abbeville County (old) Records Lost *
1800-1865 Abbeville District Records Lost *
1868-1873 Abbeville County Records Lost*
1873-present Abbeville County

*Deeds burned in 1873 while in storage

** Records of Pendleton/Anderson County should also be checked

Maps

Abbeville County Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps of South Carolina (South Carolina Digital Collections)

Topographical Maps of Abbeville County, South Carolina, 1888-1975 (South Carolina Digital Collections)

Military History and Records

General

Revolutionary War

  • "Battle of Cedar Springs," Upper South Carolina Genealogy and History,Feb 2006 Volume 20, Issue 1. Piedmont Historical Society: Spartansburg, SC. Revolutionary war history.
  • "Revolutionary war pensions, B", Genealogical Roots and Branches, August 1989, Volume 10, Issue 7. Old Ninety-Six Chapter, SCGS: Greenwood, SC.
  • "Pension records, Revolutionary War," Genealogical Roots and Branches, November 1987, Volume 8, Issue 9. Old Ninety-Six Chapter, SCGS : Greenwood, SC.
  • "Revolutionary pension records," Genealogical Roots and Branches, October 1987, Volume 8, Issue 8. Old Ninety-Six Chapter, SCGS: Greenwood, SC.
  • "Soldiers killed, 1788," Carolina Genealogist, Winter 1977, Issue 29. Heritage Papers: Danielsville, Georgia. FHL Book 975 B2cg no. 19-32. Indexed in PERiodical Source Index (PERSI) under CRGN.
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Book 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, South Carolina, Abbeville County, p. 181. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Civil War service men from Abbeville County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regimens that were formed of many men from Abbeville County.

- 1st Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry
- Company B
- Company G
- 1st Battalion, South Carolina Rifles
- Company A
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Artillery
- Company A - (also known as Calhoun's Battery; Sumter Light Artillery, Sumter Battery, Preston's Battery, Blake's Battery and other name variations of these
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry
- Company A - (also known as M. T. Owens Cavalry and Albemarle, South Carolina Cavalry, and Abbeville Troop) - many men from Abbeville District (County)
- Company G - (also known as L. J. Johnson's Cavalry)
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (6 months, 1861)
- Company D - (also known as the Abbeville Volunteers)
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Butler's) (1st Regulars)
- Company A - (also called Company B and Beauregard Artillery)
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (McCreary's) (1st Provisional Army)
- Company H - (also known as Haskell's Rifle Corps)
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina State Troops Junior Reserves (State Militia)
- Company F
- Company G
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Rifles (Orr's)
- Company B (also known as Abbeville Minutemen or McDuffie Guards
- Company E (also known as Oconee Riflemen or Oconee Rifles)
- Company G (also known as Marshall Riflemen)
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina State Troops
- Company F
- Company I
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry
- Company A (also known as M. T. Owens Cavalry and Albemarle, South Carolina Cavalry
- Company G (also known as L. J. Johnson's Cavalry)
- 2nd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry
- Company G (also known as Bonham's Light Dragoons and Lipscomb's Troop)
- Company I (also known as the Edgefield Hussars or formerly known as Company A, Cavalry Battalion, Hampton Legion, and the Edgefield Dragoons)
- 2nd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (2nd Palmetto Regiment)
- Company F (also known as Secession Guard)
- 2nd Regiment, South Carolina Rifles
- Company A
- Company F
- Company K
- 3rd Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Lauren's) (James')
- Company A
- Company D
- 3rd Battalion, South Carolina Light Artillery (Palmetto Battalion)
- Company F (also known as the Chestnut Light Artillery)
- 3rd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry
- Company F
- 4th Battalion, South Carolina Reserve
- Company B
- Company F
- 5th Battalion, South Carolina Rifles
- Company A
- Company F
- 5th Regiment, South Carolina Reserves (90 days 1862-63)
- Company A
- Company G
- Company H
- 6th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry (Aiken's Partisan Rangers) (1st Partisan Rangers)
- Company A
- Company B
- Company C
- Company G
- Company H
- 6th Regiment, South Carolina Militia
- 7th Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Nelson's) (Enfield Rifles)
- Company H
- 7th Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry ,
- Company G
- 14th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry,
- Company G
- Company I
- 15th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry
- Company K
- 16th Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry,
- Company A
- Company B
- Company C
- Company G
- 19th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry
- Company G
- Company H
- Company I
- 24th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry
- Company F


  • Ingram, Virginia. Confederate Veterans of Abbeville County [S.C.] from the Enrollment Books Taken About 1902. All Civil War veterans of Abbeville County are listed first by township & then Alphabetically by veteran's surname. WorldCat 43499609, FHL 975.735 M22i
  • Carlisle, H. Arnett, The History of Lowndesville, S.C. Includes biographies, military history, cemeteries and the following census information: 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, and 1910. Civil War pages 2, 14, 121 & 136. WorldCat 18557351, FHL 975.735/L1 H2c
  • South Carolina. County Court. County Enrollment Book [of] Confederate Veterans; List of Widows, 1929. Arranged by surname in alphabetical order. FHL Film 181613
  • Abbeville County Courthouse. Distribution of the State Pension Fund in Abbeville County, South Carolina for 1916-1956.. FHL microfilm 181614

Newspapers

Historic

The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Abbeville County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.

Current

Periodicals

See: Periodicals for description.

Probate Records

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[8] Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records in State Probate Records.

The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has holdings of microfilms or typescripts of wills, inventories, bills of sale, power of attorneys, bonds, notes, administrations, judgments, and sales records. They have placed Will Transcriptions for 1782 to 1855 online. Index searchable by name and the image is available.

The organization Strictly By Name provides free online indexes to early Abbeville wills and probate records. They offer a record retrieval service to photocopy and transcribe microfilm copies of the original documents for a small fee. Available indexes:

Additional Abbeville County probate records include:

Taxation

Tax-related records are kept by the offices of the county Assessor, Auditor, Sheriff, and Treasurer. Taxes were levied on real and personal property and can help establish ages, residences, relationships, and the year an individual died or left the area. They can be used as substitutes for missing or destroyed land and census records.

Published abstracts

Vital Records

Birth, marriage, and death records were not recorded by South Carolina until the 1900s, thus leaving a lack of vital records. Substitute records, when available, are used to obtain this information. These substitute records including newspapers, court records have been added to this section, when applicable.

Birth

State-wide birth registration began in 1915. For a copy of a birth from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health. The Abbeville County Health Department also has copies but they provide only an abbreviated form with limited information. For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Marriage

In South Carolina, marriage licenses were not required by local governments until 1 July 1911. However, in the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination. Not all churches recorded these marriages and some have not survived. See South Carolina Vital Records for more information.

The Abbeville County probate court holds marriage licenses issued from 1 July 1911 to the present. Statewide registration of marriages began in July 1950 and the South Carolina Division of Vital Records has copies of licenses issued after 1 July 1950 through November 2009.

Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information. See South Carolina Newspapers.

Marriages and Marriage Substitutes - Indexes and Records

  • 1774-1890 - 7500 Marriages from Ninety-Six and Abbeville District, S.C., 1774-1890, by Larry E. Pursley[9] WorldCat 46423221,FHL Collection - index
  • 1777-1852 - Abbeville District, South Carolina, 1777-1852 by Silas Emmett Lucas[10] FHL Collection, WorldCat 5800325 - index
  • 1777-1852 - Abbeville District, South Carolina Marriages, 1777-1852 by Pauline Young.[11] FHL Collection - index; these marriages are taken from old wills, equity records, etc.
  • 1780-1879 - Abbeville County Marriages, 1780-1879, Implied in Abbeville County, South Carolina Equity Records by Barbara R. Langdon[12] WorldCat 30758674, FHL Collection - index
  • 1846-1860 - Marriage and Death Notices from the Abbeville Banner, 1846-1860 by E. Don Herd [13] WorldCat 6867370, FHL Collection - index
  • 1911-1951 - Abbeville County, South Carolina Marriage Registers and Licenses,1911-1951 [14] FHL Collection - index and records
  • There are several online marriage indexes containing miscellaneous marriage records found in some counties of South Carolina listed on the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Death

State-wide death registration began in 1915. For a copy of the death certificates from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health. The Abbeville County Health Department only has copies for deaths occurring in the last 5 years. For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Deaths and Death Substitutes - Indexes and Records

Archives, Libraries, and Museums

Abbeville County Libraries

  • Abbeville County Library
    203 South Main Street
    Abbeville, SC
    Telephone: 864-459-4009
    Hours: Monday, Wednesday. Friday: 9:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.; Thursday: 9:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.; Saturday: 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.

The Abbeville County Library system has a main county library and two branches. The county library has the largest collection of genealogical material, though the branches also have helpful material. The County Library has books, name files, old newspapers, and microfilm. The library system has an online catalog which is shared by three other counties. You can search for specific items in the search box at the top of the screen. Or you can brows the collection by clicking the starred Search tab, then limiting your search results to the genealogy collection. At the Reference tab there are a number of genealogy resources you can search.

The Abbeville County Library system is on Facebook

For Genealogy Requests - please email genealogy@abbevillecounty.org including some background and specific information you are seeking. Genealogy volunteers will search for your information and respond directly to you.


The McCain Library at Erskine College has records helpful to genealogists. The Archive and Special Collections located in Ried Hall serves as a central location for preserving and accessing records relating to the intertwined histories of Erskine College, Erskine Theological Seminary, the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church, and Abbeville County, South Carolina. The genealogical collection contains information on persons having connections to any or all of these institutions and locations, as well as general resources for those doing family history research. There are census records, diaries and family histories, local newspapers, and more.It includes the Miller-Henry Family History Center and the Woffard E. Baldwin Reading Room. The Library also has a Government documents section. The archival research and photocopying policies are available online.

Erskine College maintains a searchable database of periodical subscriptions owned by Piedmont Technical College, Lander University, Erskine College, Greenwood County Library, and the libraries at the Greenwood Genetics Center and Self Regional Healthcare. You will be able to search for periodical holdings by title and limit your search by location.

The Archivist is available Monday - Friday, 8:30 a.m. - 12:00 noon, or by special appointment. To Contact the Archivist:
Phone: 864-379-8763 or 864-379-6576
Fax: 864.379.2900
E-mail: ebrawley@erskine.edu
Mailing Address:
Edith Brawley, McCain Library,
Erskine College and Seminary
P.O. Box 188
One Depot Street (for FedEx and UPS)
Due West, SC 29639

South Carolina Digital Library - scroll down for Abbeville's online collections .

The South Carolina Digital Library (SCDL) is a collaborative effort that includes South Carolina’s schools, libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural heritage institutions. It includes resources for ageds kindergarten through adult. Its mission is to create, maintain, and promote digital collections that represent South Carolina's historical and cultural resources. It also seeks to enhance the overall education and scholarship of South Carolina's citizens by coordinating free and unlicensed access to these digital collections through a central web presence.

Abbeville County Museums

  • Abbeville County Museum
    Address:
    Popular and Cherry Streets
    Abbeville, SC 29620
    Telephone: 864 366 6525 or 864-459-4600
    The Abbeville County Museum is part of a collection of historic sites in the Old 96 District that includes Edgefield, Greenwood, Laurens, and McCormick counties.
  • For a list of Abbeville and other South Carolina museums, Click here.

Societies - Genealogical, Historical, Lineage

The Old 96 Chapter includes Greenwood, Abbeville and parts of Edgefield and McCormick counties.

Family History Centers


1850 1865

Web Sites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Abbeville County, South Carolina

References

  1. Workers of the Writers' Program of the Works Projects Administration in the State of South Carolina, Palmetto Place Names (The Reprint Company: Spartanburg, S.C., 1975) 11.
  2. Edgar, Walter, South Carolina: A History (University of South Carolina Press: Columbia, South Carolina, 1998) 56.
  3. Mike Becknell, "Overview of South Carolina Genealogical Research," Group Tour of the South Carolina Department of Archives and History, 10 May 2011.
  4. South Carolina State Library, South Carolina Counties (http://www.statelibrary.sc.gov/sc-counties : accessed 7 Apr 2011).
  5. Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002) WorldCat entry. FHL Book 973 D274 2002, and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). WorldCat 1523234, (FHL Book 970.1 M992i)
  7. Schweitzer, George K. , South Carolina Genealogical Research (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, FHL book 975.7 D27s
  8. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."
  9. Pursley, Larry E. 7500 Marriages from Ninety-Six and Abbeville District, S.C., 1774- 1890], Southern Historical Press, 2001, ©1980.
  10. Lucas, Silas Emmett, Abbeville District, South Carolina Marriages, 1777-1852, Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, ©1979.
  11. Young, Pauline, Abbeville District, south Carolina Marriages, 1777-1852, Liberty, SC: Pauline Young Genealogical Society, 1964.
  12. Langdon, Barbara R., Abbeville County Marriages, 1780-1879, Implied in Abbeville County, South Carolina Equity Records, Aiken, SC: Langdon Langdon, ©1994.
  13. Herd, Jr., E. Don, Marriage and Death Notices from the Abbeville Banner, 1846-1860, [S.l. : s.n.], c1980.
  14. South Carolina. Probate Court (Abbeville County), Abbeville County, South Carolina Marriage Registers and Licenses,1911-1951, Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2003.
  15. Herd, Jr., E. Don, Marriage and Death Notices from the Abbeville Banner, 1846-1860, [S.l. : s.n.], c1980.