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Contents

State Censuses

Census Records done by the State of New York

COUNTY 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925
Albany      

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Allegany       FHL FHL FHL FHL FamilySearch FHL FHL FHL
Bronx               FHL FHL FHL
Broome

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Cattaraugus  FHL  FHL  FHL  FHL

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Cayuga        FHL  FHL  FHL  FHL  FHL  FHL  FHL
Chautauqua

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Chemung        FHL

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Chenango       FHL

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Clinton            

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COUNTY 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925
Columbia       FHL FHL FHL    FHL FHL  FHL 
Cortland FHL FHL  FHL FHL

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FHL FamilySearch

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Delaware     FHL-p

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Dutchess        

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FHL FamilySearch

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Erie       FHL

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FHL FHL  FHL 
Essex       FHL FHL FHL 

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FHL  FHL  FHL 
Franklin       FHL    FHL    FHL  FHL  FHL 
Fulton     FHL  FHL 

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Genesee           FHL 

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Greene       FHL FHL  FHL FHL  FHL FHL FHL 
Hamilton             FHL  FHL  FHL FHL 
COUNTY 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925
Herkimer

FHL index

FHL  index

FHL index

FHL

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FHL 

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Ancestry

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Jefferson FHL FHL   FHL 

FHL index

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Kings       FHL 

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FHL

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FHL FHL FHL
Lewis FHL FHL    FHL  FHL  FHL

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 Ancestry

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Livingston       FHL

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Madison       FHL FHL FHL  FHL FHL FHL FHL
Monroe       FHL

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FHL FamilySearch

FHL  FHL FHL 
Montgomery      

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FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

FHL  FHL  FHL 
Nassau                 FHL FHL 
New York       FHL FHL      FHL FHL FHL
Niagra       FHL

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FHL

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COUNTY 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925
Oneida  

FHL index

 

FHL index

FHL index

FHL index

    FHL FHL
Onondaga       FHL FHL FHL FHL FHL  FHL FHL 
Ontario       FHL  FHL  FHL  FHL    FHL  FHL 
Orange  FHL FHL  FHL  FHL  FHL  FHL      FHL FHL 
Orleans       FHL FHL FHL

FHL FamilySearch Ancestry

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Oswego       FHL FHL FHL FHL FHL FHL FHL
Otesgo FHL     FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

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Putnam                 FHL  FHL 
Queens             FHL  

FHL index

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Rensselaer      

FHL

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FHL    FHL  FHL  FHL 
Richmond       FHL  FHL  FHL      FHL 

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Rockland       FHL 

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FHL  

FHL  FHL 
COUNTY 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925
Saint Lawrence     FHL    FHL     FHL  FHL  FHL 
Saratoga       FHL

FHL FamilySearch

FHL

FHL FamilySearch

FHL  FHL FHL 
Schenectady   FHL    FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

FHL  FHL FHL
Schoharie FHL  FHL    FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

FHL

FHL FamilySearch Ancestry

FHL  Ancestry

FHL FHL
Schuyler       FHL  FHL  FHL      FHL  FHL 
Seneca               FHL  FHL  FHL 
Steuben FHL  FHL  FHL  FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

FHL  FHL FHL 
Suffolk         FHL        FHL FHL 
Sullivan       FHL    FHL      FHL  FHL
Tioga FHL  FHL   FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

FHL  FHL  FHL
Tompkins FHL  FHL     

FHL FamilySearch

FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

FHL FHL  FHL 
Ulster       FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

FHL    FHL  FHL FHL 
COUNTY 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925
Warren       FHL  FHL FHL 

FHL  Ancestry

FHL Ancestry 

FHL  FHL 
Washington FHL  FHL    FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

FHL  FHL FHL 
Wayne      

FHL index 

index


index 

FHL FamilySearch Ancestry

FHL  Ancestry

FHL  FHL
Westchester               FHL  FHL  FHL 
Wyoming           FHL      FHL  FHL 
Yates FHL  FHL  FHL  FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

FHL 

FHL FamilySearch

FHL  FHL  FHL 


Ancestry.com comes in several different online editions, each having it own unique characteristics and user lists. For example, *Ancestry.com Home Edition for use by individual subscribers; *AncestryInstitution.com Family History Library Edition for patrons of that library; and *AncestryLibrary.Proquest.com Library Edition for patrons of other libraries with a subscription.

New York State has a wonderful collection of state census records.  They have a 105-year span of population schedules that are available to researchers.  With the federal census records it is possible to see a family unit every five years in some towns.

State censuses were taken about every ten years beginning in 1795. All of the state census schedules in the custody of the State Library were destroyed in the 1911 fire. An Albany County 1790 census exists:

  • Kenneth Scott, compiler,New York State Census of Albany County Towns in 1790 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1975; Family History Library book 974.742 X2s).

State censuses have survived for some counties for 1825, 1835, 1845, and 1855 and for most counties for 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, and 1925. Most censuses are in the possession of county clerks and are on microfilm at the Family History Library. There are few indexes, but some 1855 schedules are being indexed.

The state archives has a name index to the 1925 census schedules for Albany County. Indexes for the 1892 census have been transferred to the Albany County Hall of Records, 250 South Pearl Street, Albany, NY 12207.

The records for some counties are missing, as indicated below:

1855 Census--Missing Clinton, Dutchess, Genesee, Hamilton, Putnam, Queens, St. Lawrence, Seneca, Suffolk, Tompkins, Westchester, and Wyoming counties.

1865 Census--Missing Clinton, Franklin, Genesee, Hamilton, New York, Putnam, Queens, Seneca, Westchester, and Wyoming counties.  The available counties can be found on FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site

1875 Census--Missing Chemung, Clinton, Hamilton, New York, Putnam, Queens, Seneca, St. Lawrence, Suffolk, and Westchester counties. (Note that the records are arranged by town names.) See FHL films 895248, 895249, 895250, and 892398.

1892 Census--Missing Chenango, Columbia, Franklin, Fulton, Jefferson, Livingston, New York, Oneida, Putnam, Richmond, St. Lawrence, Seneca, Schuyler, Sullivan, Westchester, and Wyoming counties. The available counties  can be found on  FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site

1905 Census--Missing Livingston, Oneida, Ontario, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, and Wyoming counties.

Content of State Census Records

State censuses are a little more informative than federal censuses. The 1845 census lists the birthplace in one of several categories, such as born in New York, New England, Latin America, British Empire, France, or Germany. Censuses beginning in 1855 give the names of all people in the household and their age and state of birth. The 1855 through 1875 censuses list the New York county where a person was born, relationship to the head of household, age, years of residency in the city or town (1855 only), and many other items.

The 1865 census tells how many children each parent had and the number of times each parent was married. Both the 1865 and 1875 censuses have schedules for marriages and deaths within the year. The 1892 census only lists name, sex, color, age, country of birth, whether or not a U.S. citizen, and occupation.

The 1915 and 1925 censuses give detailed information about each member of the household, including street address, name, relation to the head of family, color, sex, age, birthplace, number of years in United States, whether citizen or alien, when and where naturalized (1925), and occupation.

Questions from each of the New York State Census can be found in the New York State Library listing.

How to Find State Census Records

Microfilm copies of all surviving New York state censuses are at the state library and the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. Manuscript copies for 1915 and 1925 are at the state archives. The staff will not search these unindexed records for you. All state censuses are available on microfilm at the Family History Library. You can find the film numbers in the Family History Library Catalog Place Search under NEW YORK, [COUNTY] - CENSUS.

State census register : state & county censuses located at the Family History Library

The Family History Library has street indexes for the 1905, 1915, and 1925 Manhattan censuses (Family History Library 36 films). These are listed in the Family History Library Catalog Place Search under NEW YORK, NEW YORK - CENSUS - [YEAR]. The library also has a manuscript street index to the 1915 Brooklyn census, 1915 Queens census, and 1925 Queens census. 1925 census maps showing assembly and election district boundaries are available on microfiche for New York City (fiche 6088624), Buffalo (fiche 6088619), Rochester (fiche 6088627), and some other cities. More information on New York census records is in:

  • Marilyn Douglas and Melinda Yates, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925, Bibliography Bulletin 88 (Albany, New York: The State Education Department, 1981 Family History Librarybook 974.7 A1 number 72).
  • Buckway, G. Eileen. U.S. State and Special Census Register. Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1992. (Family History Librarybook 973 X2be; fiche 6104851-52.)


Online Population Schedule Indexes and Images

 

Online Federal Census Population Indexes and Images Available for New York

  Free Free at some Libraries *

Free at Family History Library

Pay
Year Index Images Index Images Index Images Index Images
1790

U.S. Census Bureau

 

Ancestry HeritageQuest

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1800    

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1810

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1820    

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1830    

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1840    

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1850 FamilySearch FamilySearch

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1860 FamilySearch  

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1870

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1880 FamilySearch  

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1890

info

   

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1900 FamilySearch FamilySearch

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1910     

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1920     

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1930    

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1940 Release in 2012  





       


* Ancestry.com and HeritageQuest are free at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, at some Family History Centers around the USA,  at the National Archives, and at the New York Public Library.  HeritageQuest is also available free in many areas with your city library card number.


1791-1930--The National Archives and its regional centers, the Family History Library, the New York Public Library, and the New York State Library have microfilm copies of the U.S. federal censuses of New York for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930. The original county copies of the federal censuses, 1850–1880, are normally at the county clerk's offices. These copies are more accurate than the federal copies. The Family History Library has county copies on microfilm.

Online Population Schedule Indexes and Images - Trial  

New York Federal Census
Source 1790 1800

1810

1820 1830 1840 1850 1860

1870

1880

1890

1900 1910 1920 1930 1940

Ancestry.com

FHL

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes  - - - 

HeritageQuest

Index

 Yes Yes Yes  Yes  - - -   - - -  - - - Yes  Yes Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes   - - -

HeritageQuest

Images

Yes Yes Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes Yes  Yes  Yes   - - - 

FamilySearch

Index

 - - -  - - -  - - -  - - -

- - -

 - - - Yes Yes  Yes Yes   - - - Yes   - - -  - - -  - - -  - - -

Footnote.com

Free at the FHL

 - - -   - - -   - - -  - - -   - - -   - - -  - - - Yes  - - -  - - -   - - -  - - -  - - -  - - - Yes  - - -
Footnote.com Pay site  ---   ---   ---   ---   ---   ---   --- Yes    ---   ---    ---   ---   ---   --- Yes  ---
Ancestry.com Individual pay  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  - - -
Ancestry.com  in Some Libraries  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  - - -
US Census Bureau  Yes  - - -  - - -  - - -  - - -  - - -  - - -  - - -  - - -  - - -  - - -  - - -  - - -  - - -  - - -  - - -



Version 2

Available and Lost Census Schedules

NEW YORK:  Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules[1]
  Population Schedules Vets Slave Mortal Agricu Indust Defect
1790 Aug 2 Exist for all counties.            
1800 Aug 4 Exist for all counties.            
1810 Aug 6 Exist for all counties, except Cortland County and some of Broome County.         Exist  
1820 Aug 7 Exist for all counties.         Exist  
1830 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.            
1840 Jun 1 Exist for all counties. Exist          
1850 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.     Exist  Exist  Exist  
1860 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.       Exist  Exist  Exist  
1870 Jun 1 Exist for all counties. Two enumerations for New York City.       Exist  Exist  Exist  
1880 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.       Exist  Exist     Exist
1890 Jun 2 Exist only Eastchester in Westchester County, and Brookhaven Township in Suffolk County. Exist           
1900 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.            
1910 Apr 15 Exist for all counties.            
1920 Jan 1 Exist for all counties.            
1930 Apr 1 Exist for all counties.            
1940 Exist for all counties - Available in 2012            


Tips

 

TIPS:

Why use the Census?



 

Census Records - done by the state

Onondaga county, New York Census - done by the state
Source 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925
Family History Library

 - 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes  Yes  Yes Yes
FamilySearch Records - -     - - -
New York State Library  Yes Yes  Yes  Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ancestry.com - - - -  - -
  •   P-Index is only partial

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