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This is a sandbox area. It is a '''experimentation area''' and often contains '''disposable content'''. It's a place to practice editing.  
 
This is a sandbox area. It is a '''experimentation area''' and often contains '''disposable content'''. It's a place to practice editing.  
  
 +
Title: '''Historical Maps of Sweden'''
  
{| border="1" class="sortable"
+
Whether you are working in Swedish church, taxation, or military records, there are lots of references to place names. These places names show where people lived. With this information, you can find the place on a historical map (a map that was created close to the time period that your ancestors lived in.)
 +
 
 +
It's really exciting to see the place where your ancestor lived on a map that was created about the same time they lived there. The information you see on the map can be used in your research strategy or to enhance your family history. A huge amount of historical maps have survived in Sweden. The maps were created for a variety of reasons including real estate maps for taxation, surveying boundaries, and road development.
 +
 
 +
The largest collection of historical maps was created to asses or move property boundaries that were associated to farming. Sometimes the property was owned; most often before the mid 1800's it was only leased. But this depends on where you are in the country. Sweden is slightly larger than the state of California and has a great diversity of land usage. The majority of arable land is in southern Sweden, with regional mining, and vast forests in the west and north. Historically, the good arable farm land was under the control of manorial estates (either by nobility or the crown.) Each owner of an estate would divide up the estate into smaller lots to maximize productivity. Then the lots would be leased. Each lease holder had financial obligations such as taxes and other fees associated to the lease agreement. These contracts were often transferred within a family, usually going to the oldest son. It was in the estate’s best interest to try to do this as fairly as possible (each lot having good land and poor land.)
 +
 
 +
The problem was that over time trying to be fair, the transfer of contracts and the increase of population, only complicated the structure of boundaries. These reasons, combined with the ambitions of the king and government in the 1600’s set the stage for land usage reform beginning in the mid 1700's. The land reforms were supposed to streamline farm production which in turn increased tax revenue. <br>
 +
 
 +
=== Lantmäteriet  ===
 +
 
 +
The royal [http://www.lantmateriet.se/ lantmäteri] (land surveying office) was founded in 1628. Its duties included geometrical measurements, and the creation of maps. The maps were created by a Lantmätare (surveyor) and his team.
 +
 
 +
Find the time period you need on the table below to see what historical maps are available. Use the links in the Tools area when you do the actual searching.
 +
 
 +
=== Tools  ===
 +
 
 +
*Scales on Maps
 +
*Linear Measurments in Sweden
 +
*Word List for Historical Maps
 +
*Lantmäteriet Website (direct link)
 +
*Krigsarkivet Website (direct link)
 +
*&nbsp;? SVAR Historical Maps
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
== Types of Historical Maps  ==
 +
 
 +
{| border="1" width="90%" class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
! DGS Number
+
! scope="col" | Name  
! Name of Parish
+
! scope="col" | Time Period
! Record Type
+
! scope="col" | Number of Maps
! Volume and Year
+
! Remarks
+
 
|-
 
|-
| 4015751
+
|  
| Nora Bergs församling
+
'''Äldre geometriska kartor'''
| B Flyttningslängder
+
 
| 1, 1746-
+
*Also called Geometriska jordeböcker. These maps are visual tax records. See the [[Äldre Geometriska Historical Maps of Sweden|Äldre Geometriska Historical Maps]] page.
| <br>
+
 
 +
| 1600's
 +
| 12,000
 
|-
 
|-
| 4015751
+
|  
| Nora Bergs församling
+
'''Geometriska kartor'''
| C Födelse- och dopböcker
+
 
| 1, 1737-1756
+
*Arial views of residential and cultivation areas. See the [[Geometriska Historical Maps of Sweden|Geometriska Historical Maps]] page.
| Särskild förteckning över oäkta barn. Innehåller även kyrkopliktslängd 1744-1751.
+
 
 +
| early 1700's - 1750
 +
| Unknown
 
|-
 
|-
| 4015751
+
|  
| Nora Bergs församling
+
'''Storskifte'''
| C Födelse- och dopböcker
+
 
| 2, 1756-1770
+
*Maps from the 1st land reform. See the [[Storskifte Historical Maps of Sweden|Storskifte Historical Maps]] page.
| Särskild förteckning över oäkta barn.
+
 
 +
| 1750's - 1820
 +
| 40,000
 
|-
 
|-
| 4015751
+
|  
| Nora Bergs församling
+
'''Enskifte'''
| C Födelse- och dopböcker
+
 
| 3, 1770-1788
+
*Maps from the 2nd land reform. See the [[Enskifte Historical Maps of Sweden|Enskifte Historical Maps]] page.
| Särskild förteckning över oäkta barn.
+
 
 +
| 1803 - 1827
 +
| Unknown
 
|-
 
|-
| 4015752
+
|  
| Stora Mellösa församling
+
'''Lagaskifte '''
| B Flyttningslängder
+
 
| 1, 1746-1799
+
*Maps from the 3rd land reform. See the [[Laga Skifte Historical Maps of Sweden|Lagaskifte Historical Maps]] page.
| Innehåller även utflyttningslängd för Norrbyås.
+
 
 +
| 1828 - 1926
 +
| Unknown
 
|-
 
|-
| 4015752
+
|  
| Stora Mellösa församling
+
'''Krigsarkivets Maps'''
| C Födelse- och dopböcker
+
| 1, 1660-1684
+
| Innehåller även vigselbok 1660-1684, dödbok 1660-1688, gåvolängd 1679, series pastorum 1572-1739, inventarium 1666-1693.
+
|-
+
| 4015752
+
| Stora Mellösa församling
+
| C Födelse- och dopböcker
+
| 2, 1688-1704
+
| Innehåller även lysnings- och vigselbok 1688-1704, död- och begravningsbok 1688-1704, gåvolängd 1688-1689, inventarium 1695.
+
|-
+
| 4015752
+
| Stora Mellösa församling
+
| C Födelse- och dopböcker
+
| 3, 1705-1746
+
| <br>
+
|-
+
| 4015752
+
| Stora Mellösa församling
+
| C Födelse- och dopböcker
+
| 4, 1747-1780
+
| 1747-1779(1780).
+
|-
+
| 4015752
+
| Stora Mellösa församling
+
| C Födelse- och dopböcker
+
| 5, 1780-1805
+
| <br>
+
|-
+
| 4115876
+
| Almby församling
+
| A I Husförhörslängder
+
| 1, 1765-1777
+
| <br>
+
|}
+
  
<br>
+
*Maps in the Krigsarkivets collection. See the [[Krigsarkivets_Historical_Maps_of_Sweden|Krigsarkivets Historical Maps]] page.
  
<br>
+
| 1600's - early 1800's
 +
| 35,000
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
Category: Sweden, Category Historical Maps in Sweden
  
 
[[Category:Sandbox]]
 
[[Category:Sandbox]]

Revision as of 16:03, 19 March 2013

This is a sandbox area. It is a experimentation area and often contains disposable content. It's a place to practice editing.

Title: Historical Maps of Sweden

Whether you are working in Swedish church, taxation, or military records, there are lots of references to place names. These places names show where people lived. With this information, you can find the place on a historical map (a map that was created close to the time period that your ancestors lived in.)

It's really exciting to see the place where your ancestor lived on a map that was created about the same time they lived there. The information you see on the map can be used in your research strategy or to enhance your family history. A huge amount of historical maps have survived in Sweden. The maps were created for a variety of reasons including real estate maps for taxation, surveying boundaries, and road development.

The largest collection of historical maps was created to asses or move property boundaries that were associated to farming. Sometimes the property was owned; most often before the mid 1800's it was only leased. But this depends on where you are in the country. Sweden is slightly larger than the state of California and has a great diversity of land usage. The majority of arable land is in southern Sweden, with regional mining, and vast forests in the west and north. Historically, the good arable farm land was under the control of manorial estates (either by nobility or the crown.) Each owner of an estate would divide up the estate into smaller lots to maximize productivity. Then the lots would be leased. Each lease holder had financial obligations such as taxes and other fees associated to the lease agreement. These contracts were often transferred within a family, usually going to the oldest son. It was in the estate’s best interest to try to do this as fairly as possible (each lot having good land and poor land.)

The problem was that over time trying to be fair, the transfer of contracts and the increase of population, only complicated the structure of boundaries. These reasons, combined with the ambitions of the king and government in the 1600’s set the stage for land usage reform beginning in the mid 1700's. The land reforms were supposed to streamline farm production which in turn increased tax revenue.

Lantmäteriet

The royal lantmäteri (land surveying office) was founded in 1628. Its duties included geometrical measurements, and the creation of maps. The maps were created by a Lantmätare (surveyor) and his team.

Find the time period you need on the table below to see what historical maps are available. Use the links in the Tools area when you do the actual searching.

Tools

  • Scales on Maps
  • Linear Measurments in Sweden
  • Word List for Historical Maps
  • Lantmäteriet Website (direct link)
  • Krigsarkivet Website (direct link)
  •  ? SVAR Historical Maps


Types of Historical Maps

Name Time Period Number of Maps

Äldre geometriska kartor

1600's 12,000

Geometriska kartor

early 1700's - 1750 Unknown

Storskifte

1750's - 1820 40,000

Enskifte

1803 - 1827 Unknown

Lagaskifte

1828 - 1926 Unknown

Krigsarkivets Maps

1600's - early 1800's 35,000

Category: Sweden, Category Historical Maps in Sweden