User:MorrisGF/Sandbox

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
This is a sandbox area. It is a '''experimentation area''' and often contains '''disposable content'''. It's a place to practice editing.  
 
This is a sandbox area. It is a '''experimentation area''' and often contains '''disposable content'''. It's a place to practice editing.  
  
Title: '''Historical Maps of Sweden'''  
+
Title: '''Orphanages in Sweden'''  
  
Whether you are working in Swedish church, taxation, or military records, there are lots of references to place names. These places names show where people lived. With this information, you can find the place on a historical map (a map that was created close to the time period that your ancestors lived in.)
+
Due to life’s circumstances, there have always been children who needed to be provided for when their parent (-s) could not. In medieval Sweden the monasteries, abbeys, and sanctuaries provided assisted for this need. After the reformation, the church in rural areas and civil orphanages in the cities took this role. If you have an ancestor that was an orphan, finding their biological parents can be difficult. This article will help you understand how the orphanages came about, how they changed through the years, and introduce you to the records they left behind.
  
It's really exciting to see the place where your ancestor lived on a map that was created about the same time they lived there. The information you see on the map can be used in your research strategy or to enhance your family history. A huge amount of historical maps have survived in Sweden. The maps were created for a variety of reasons including real estate maps for taxation, surveying boundaries, and road development.  
+
Swedish society addressed these needs differently in the cities than in rural areas. In rural areas, the local parish was the first place to turn for assistance. Generally the local rural parishes had a meager budget to meet their social needs. Parishes in the cities had larger budgets but the social demands were also much greater. City authorities were concerned for these social problems and their consequences. In 1624 King Gustaf II Adolf presented a plan to require an orphanage in every Swedish province and city. One example of this is the Stora Barnhus in Stockholm that was founded in 1633. This was the beginning of many orphanages in Sweden.
  
The largest collection of historical maps was created to asses or move property boundaries that were associated to farming. Sometimes the property was owned; most often before the mid 1800's it was only leased. But this depends on where you are in the country. Sweden is slightly larger than the state of California and has a great diversity of land usage. The majority of arable land is in southern Sweden, with regional mining, and vast forests in the west and north. Historically, the good arable farm land was under the control of manorial estates (either by nobility or the crown.) Each owner of an estate would divide up the estate into smaller lots to maximize productivity. Then the lots would be leased. Each lease holder had financial obligations such as taxes and other fees associated to the lease agreement. These contracts were often transferred within a family, usually going to the oldest son. It was in the estate’s best interest to try to do this as fairly as possible (each lot having good land and poor land.)
 
  
The problem was that over time trying to be fair, the transfer of contracts and the increase of population, only complicated the structure of boundaries. These reasons, combined with the ambitions of the king and government in the 1600’s set the stage for land usage reform beginning in the mid 1700's. The land reforms were supposed to streamline farm production which in turn increased tax revenue. <br>
 
  
 
=== Lantmäteriet  ===
 
=== Lantmäteriet  ===
  
The royal [http://www.lantmateriet.se/ lantmäteri] (land surveying office) was founded in 1628. Its duties included geometrical measurements, and the creation of maps. The maps were created by a Lantmätare (surveyor) and his team.
 
  
Find the time period you need on the table below to see what historical maps are available. Use the links in the Tools area when you do the actual searching.
 
  
 
=== Tools  ===
 
=== Tools  ===
Line 28: Line 24:
 
<br>  
 
<br>  
  
== Types of Historical Maps ==
+
== Orphanage Pages ==
 +
To learn more about the orphanage and the records they kept, click on the name of the orphanage from the list below:
  
{| border="1" width="90%" class="wikitable"
+
{| width="99%" class="wikitable sortable"
 
|-
 
|-
! scope="col" | Name  
+
! scope="col" | Name of Orphanage
! scope="col" | Time Period
+
! scope="col" | Location
! scope="col" | Number of Maps
+
! scope="col" | Time Period
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| Allmänna Barnhus
'''Äldre geometriska kartor'''
+
  
*Also called Geometriska jordeböcker. These maps are visual tax records. See the [[Äldre Geometriska Historical Maps of Sweden|Äldre Geometriska Historical Maps]] page.
+
* Before 1785 see the Stora Barnhus page.
  
| 1600's
+
| Stockholm
| 12,000
+
| 1785 - present
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| Arbetarklassens barnhem
'''Geometriska kartor'''
+
| Lund
 
+
| 1868 - 1908
*Arial views of residential and cultivation areas. See the [[Geometriska Historical Maps of Sweden|Geometriska Historical Maps]] page.
+
 
+
| early 1700's - 1750
+
| Unknown
+
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| Borgerskapets Barnhus
 +
| Göteborg (private)
 
|  
 
|  
'''Storskifte'''
 
 
*Maps from the 1st land reform. See the [[Storskifte Historical Maps of Sweden|Storskifte Historical Maps]] page.
 
 
| 1750's - 1820
 
| 40,000
 
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| Frimurarbarnhus
 +
| Stockholm (private)
 +
| 1753 - present
 +
|-
 +
| Frimurarbarnhuset
 +
| Göteborg (private)
 +
| 1757 -
 +
|-
 +
| Gustavianska Barnhus
 +
| Norrköping (private)
 +
| 1772 -
 +
|-
 +
| Gustavsbergs Barnhus
 +
| Uddevalla (private)
 
|  
 
|  
'''Enskifte'''
 
 
*Maps from the 2nd land reform. See the [[Enskifte Historical Maps of Sweden|Enskifte Historical Maps]] page.
 
 
| 1803 - 1827
 
| Unknown
 
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| Göteborgs Stads Barnhus
 +
| Göteborg
 +
| 1737 - 1999
 +
|-
 +
| Kungsholm
 +
| Stockholm
 +
| 1893 – 1943
 +
|-
 +
| Lidköping
 
|  
 
|  
'''Lagaskifte '''
+
|
 
+
|-
*Maps from the 3rd land reform. See the [[Laga Skifte Historical Maps of Sweden|Lagaskifte Historical Maps]] page.
+
| Malmqvistska Barnuppfostringsanstalten
 
+
| Stockholm (private)
| 1828 - 1926
+
| 1882 – 1922
| Unknown
+
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| Malmö Barnhus
'''Krigsarkivets Maps'''
+
| Malmö
 
+
| abt. 1682 - 1890
*Maps in the Krigsarkivets collection. See the [[Krigsarkivets_Historical_Maps_of_Sweden|Krigsarkivets Historical Maps]] page.
+
|-
 
+
| Murbeckska stiftelsen 
| 1600's - early 1800's
+
| Stockholm
| 35,000
+
| 1754 – 1920
 +
|-
 +
| Politiekollegiums Barnhus
 +
| Stockholm
 +
| 1754 - 1785
 +
|-
 +
| Prins Carls Uppfostringsinrättning (Gålöstiftelsen)
 +
| Gålö (Stockholm)
 +
| 1832 – 1848
 +
|-
 +
| Stora Barnhus
 +
*after 1785 see Allmänna Barnhus
 +
| Stockholm
 +
| 1633 - 1785
 +
|-
 +
| Östads Barnhus
 +
| Östad Säteri near Alingsås (private)
 +
| 1774 -
 
|}
 
|}
  

Revision as of 22:42, 21 May 2013

This is a sandbox area. It is a experimentation area and often contains disposable content. It's a place to practice editing.

Title: Orphanages in Sweden

Due to life’s circumstances, there have always been children who needed to be provided for when their parent (-s) could not. In medieval Sweden the monasteries, abbeys, and sanctuaries provided assisted for this need. After the reformation, the church in rural areas and civil orphanages in the cities took this role. If you have an ancestor that was an orphan, finding their biological parents can be difficult. This article will help you understand how the orphanages came about, how they changed through the years, and introduce you to the records they left behind.

Swedish society addressed these needs differently in the cities than in rural areas. In rural areas, the local parish was the first place to turn for assistance. Generally the local rural parishes had a meager budget to meet their social needs. Parishes in the cities had larger budgets but the social demands were also much greater. City authorities were concerned for these social problems and their consequences. In 1624 King Gustaf II Adolf presented a plan to require an orphanage in every Swedish province and city. One example of this is the Stora Barnhus in Stockholm that was founded in 1633. This was the beginning of many orphanages in Sweden.


Lantmäteriet

Tools

  • Scales on Maps
  • Linear Measurments in Sweden
  • Word List for Historical Maps
  • Lantmäteriet Website (direct link)
  • Krigsarkivet Website (direct link)
  •  ? SVAR Historical Maps


Orphanage Pages

To learn more about the orphanage and the records they kept, click on the name of the orphanage from the list below:

Name of Orphanage Location Time Period
Allmänna Barnhus
  • Before 1785 see the Stora Barnhus page.
Stockholm 1785 - present
Arbetarklassens barnhem Lund 1868 - 1908
Borgerskapets Barnhus Göteborg (private)
Frimurarbarnhus Stockholm (private) 1753 - present
Frimurarbarnhuset Göteborg (private) 1757 -
Gustavianska Barnhus Norrköping (private) 1772 -
Gustavsbergs Barnhus Uddevalla (private)
Göteborgs Stads Barnhus Göteborg 1737 - 1999
Kungsholm Stockholm 1893 – 1943
Lidköping
Malmqvistska Barnuppfostringsanstalten Stockholm (private) 1882 – 1922
Malmö Barnhus Malmö abt. 1682 - 1890
Murbeckska stiftelsen Stockholm 1754 – 1920
Politiekollegiums Barnhus Stockholm 1754 - 1785
Prins Carls Uppfostringsinrättning (Gålöstiftelsen) Gålö (Stockholm) 1832 – 1848
Stora Barnhus
  • after 1785 see Allmänna Barnhus
Stockholm 1633 - 1785
Östads Barnhus Östad Säteri near Alingsås (private) 1774 -

Category: Sweden, Category Historical Maps in Sweden