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The original content for this article was contributed by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies in June 2012. It is an excerpt from their course United States Migration Patterns  by Beverly Whitaker, CG. The Institute offers over 200 comprehensive genealogy courses for a fee ($).

Recommended Websites

Maps of Early America

Map of the Wilderness Road
http://www.tennessee.gov/tsla/exhibits/myth/images/DB_and_the_Wilderness_Road_p341.jpg

Migration Routes from Pennsylvania to Virginia
http://www.sgarner349.com/migration_routes_from_pennsylvan.htm

The Old Pennsylvania Road. Pennsylvania Road, Great Road, and Braddock’s Road
http://www.family-genealogy.com/PennsylvaniaRoad.html

University of Texas Library - Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection - Exploration & Settlement 1675-1800
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/united_states/exploration_1675.jpg

University of Texas Library - Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection - Exploration & Settlement Before 1675
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/united_states/exploration_before_1675.jpg

National Park Service - Indian Reservations in the Continental United States
http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/DOCUMENTS/ResMap.htm

U.S. Westward Migration, 1775-1860 Map
http://www.clippingdale.org/images/US_Westward_Migration_1775-1860.jpg


Miscellaneous Roads/Trails

The index in Cyndi’s List plus several “general” websites are introduced in this lesson although some of the roads and trails described appear later in America’s history.

Cyndi’s List - Migration Routes, Roads & Trails
http://www.cyndislist.com/migration

Church of the Brethren Network - Brethren Life - Brethren Migrations
http://www.cob-net.org/docs/brethrenlife_migrations.htm

Excellent detailed descriptions of roads used by Brethren Migrations include roads used by others as well. Some of the roads are rarely mentioned in other sources. Also included is a good discussion of river transportation in a section titled, “Originally the River.” The following roads/trails are described at this site:

Bullskin Road Forbes Road
Zane Trace Wilderness Road
The Kanawha Trace Canada Road
Monocacy Road Delaware Road
Valley or Great Wagon Road National Road
Carolina Road Wayne Road
Braddock Road

RoadTrails: Early American Trails and Roads
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gentutor/trails.html

This site provides introductory paragraph summaries and map sketches of 18 roads and trails:

Boston Post Road Natchez Trace
Braddock’s Road National Road
California Trail Oregon Trail
Fall Line Road Pennsylvania Road
Federal Road Santa Fe Trail
Great Wagon Road Trail of Tears
King’s Highway Upper Road
Mohawk Trail Wilderness Road
Mormon Trail Zane’s Trace

The Main Indian Paths And Migration Trails in Pennsylvania http://noel.mcn.org/Westmoreland/MigrationTrails.htm

Catawba Path Shamokin Path
Old Kittanning Indian Trail Forbes’ Road
Braddock’s Road Monocacy Trail
Tulpehocken Trail New York to Baltimore Road

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Information in this Wiki page is excerpted from the online course United States: Migration Patterns offered by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies. To learn more about this course or other courses available from the Institute, see our website at http://www.genealogicalstudies.com. We can be contacted at wiki@genealogicalstudies.com

We welcome updates and additions to this Wiki page.