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The original content for this article was contributed by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies in June 2012. It is an excerpt from their course US: Occupational Records by Beverly Rice, CG. The Institute offers over 200 comprehensive genealogy courses for a fee ($).
The Schedules by Year: Population and Non-Population Schedules
In 1860 the enumerators asked very similar questions to the previous census year of 1850. A few changes and added information that would be beneficial in researching the occupation of an individual. The non-population schedules were similar with a few changes and additions. I have noted changes made from the 1850 in italics after the question.
Questions from the 1860 Population Schedule related to occupations:
- Profession, Occupation, or Trade of each persons, male and female over 15 years of age (addition of females)
- Value of Estate Owned
- Value of Real Estate
- Value of Personal Estate (added this year)
- Attended School within the year
- Persons over 20 years of age who cannot read and write
- Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or convict
1860 San Francisco County, California, population
The Agriculture Schedule is two pages with 46 columns. Do not skip the second page, it is easy to do in a rush.
Questions from the 1860 Agriculture Schedule related to occupations:
- Name of Owner, Agent or Manager of the Farm (this could mean that the farm might not be listed under the owner)
- Acres of Land
- Cash Value of Farm
- Value of farming Implements and Machinery
- Live Stock, June 1st, 1860 (this is as a specific date)
- Asses and Mules
- Milch Cows
- Working Oxen
- Other Cattle
- Value of Live Stock
- Produce during the Year ending June 1, 1860 (this is one year’s production prior to the date of the census)
- Wheat, bushels of
- Rye, bushels of
- Indian Corn, bushels of
- Oats, bushels of
- Rice, lbs. of
- Tobacco, lbs. of
- Ginned Cotton, bales of 400 lbs. each
- Wool, lbs. of
- Peas and Beans, bushels of
- Irish Potatoes, bushels of
- Sweet Potatoes, bushels of
- Barley, bushels of
- Buckwheat, bushels of
- Value of Orchard Products in Dollars
- Wine, gallons of
- Value of Produce of Market Gardens
- Butter, lbs. of
- Cheese, lbs. of
- Hay, tons of
- Clover Seed, bushel of
- Grass Seeds, bushels of (changed this year)
- Hops, lbs. of
- Dew Rotted, tons of
- Water Rotted, tons of
- Other prepared Hemp (added this year)
- Flax, lbs. of
- Flaxseed, bushels of
- Silk Cocoons, lbs. of
- Maple Sugar, lbs. of
- Cane Sugar hhds. of 1000 lbs.
- Molasses, gallons of and from what made (working changed)
- Beeswax and Honey lbs. of
- Value of Homemade Manufactures
- Value of Animals slaughtered
1860, Amador County, California, agriculture schedule, Township No. 2, post office Ione City, page 7-8; California microfilm C130, reel 2, California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento, California.
The Industry Schedule
This schedule is a listing of large and small companies, including individuals that produced articles to an annual value of $500 during the year ending June 1, 1860.
Questions from the 1860 Products of Industry Schedule related to occupations:
- Name of Corporation, Company or Individual, producing articles to the annual value of $500
- Name of Business, Manufacturer or Product
- Capital Invested, in real and personal estate, in the Business
- Raw Material Used, Including Fuel
- Kind of Motive Power, Machinery, Structure or Resource
- Average Number of Hands Employed
- Average monthly cost of male labor
- Average monthly cost of female labor
- Annual Products
1860 San Francisco County, California, industry schedule, 9TH Dist. San Francisco City post office, San Francisco, page 3; California microfilm C130, reel 1, California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento, California.
Includes persons who died during the year ending June 1, 1860 or June 1, 1859 to May 31, 1860. The questions are the same as 1850.
Questions from the 1860 Mortality Schedule related to occupations:
- Name of person
- Professional, Occupation, or Trade
- Disease or Cause of Death (significant if related to occupation)
1860 San Diego County, California, mortality schedule, San Luis Rey Township, page 2; California microfilm C130, reel 1, California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento, California.
Social Statistics Schedule
The questions are similar to the 1850 schedule.
Questions from the 1860 Social Statistics Schedule related to occupations:
- Number of Volumes
- Newspapers and Periodicals
- Now often published
- Number of churches (per denomination)
- Number each (church) will accommodate
- Value of Church Property
- Colleges, Academies and Schools
- Number (Character, rank or kind)
- Character, rank or kind
- Number of teachers
- Number of Pupils
- Amount annually realized from endowment
- Raised by Taxation
- Received from public funds
- Received from other sources
1860 Amador County, California, social statistics schedule, townships 1,2,3,5,6, and 7, page [not listed], California microfilm C130, reel 1, California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento, California.
Questions related to occupation are not direct, and usually only relate to the labor force.
Information in this Wiki page is excerpted from the online course US: Occupational Records offered by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies. To learn more about this course or other courses available from the Institute, see our website. We can be contacted at email@example.com
We welcome updates and additions to this Wiki page.