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The original content for this article was contributed by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies in June 2012. It is an excerpt from their course US: Occupational Records  by Beverly Rice, CG. The Institute offers over 200 comprehensive genealogy courses for a fee ($).

The Schedules by Year: Population and Non-Population Schedules

1870

The most significant change that occurred in the enumeration of the 1870 census was the inclusion of all individuals. The term “free” was removed and the schedules now included all inhabitants. This is the first time former slaves were included with name, age, occupation etc.

Question from the 1870 Population Schedule related to occupations:

  • Name of every person
  • Profession, Occupation, or Trade of each person, male or female (no age restriction)
  • Value of Real Estate Owned
  • Value of Real Estate
  • Value of Personal Estate
  • Education
  • Cannot read
  • Cannot write

1870 Santa Clara County, California, population schedule, Gilroy Township, post office Gilroy, page 72, dwelling 538, family 514, National Archives micropublication M593, roll 88


Agriculture Schedule

There were several changes from the previous schedules.

Question from the 1870 Agriculture Schedule related to occupations:

  • Name of Agent, Owner or Manger
  • Acres of Land
  • Improved, number
  • Unimproved
  • Woodland, number
  • Other unimproved, number
  • Present Cash Value
  • of farm, dollars
  • of farming implements and machinery, dollars
  • Total amount of wages paid during the year including value of board, dollars
  • Live Stock, June 1, 1870
  • Horses, number
  • Mules and Asses, number
  • Milch Cows, number
  • Working Oxen, number
  • Other Cattle, number
  • Sheep, number
  • Swine, number
  • Value of ALL live stock, dollars
  • Produce during the year ending June 1, 1870
  • Wheat
  • Spring, bushel
  • Winter, bushel
  • Rye, bushel
  • Indian corn, bushel
  • Oats, bushel
  • Barley, bushel
  • Buckwheat, bushel
  • Rice, pounds
  • Tobacco, pounds
  • Cotton, 450 lbs bale
  • Wool, pounds
  • Peas and Beans, bushels
  • Potatoes
  • Irish, bushels
  • Sweet, bushels
  • Orchard products, dollars
  • Wine, gallons
  • Produce of Market gardens, dollars
  • Dairy Products
  • Butter, pounds
  • Cheese, pounds
  • Milk sobl, gallons
  • Hay, tons
  • Seeds
  • Clover, bushel
  • Grass, bushel
  • Hops, pounds
  • Hemp, tons
  • Flax, pounds
  • Flax seed, bushel
  • Silk cocoons, pounds
  • Sugar
  • Maple, pounds
  • Cane, 1000 lbs, hbds,
  • Molasses, gallons
  • Bees
  • Wax, pounds
  • Honey, pounds
  • Forest Products, dollars
  • Value of Home Manufactures, dollars
  • Value of animals slaughtered sold for slaughter, dollars

1870 Santa Clara County, California, agriculture schedule, Gilroy Township, post office Gilroy, page 3, California microfilm C130, reel 2, California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento, California.

Product of Industry






















The 1870 Product of Industry Schedule asked more detailed information than past schedules. This data will assist the research in gathering a more complete picture of a company or small business

Question from the 1870 Product of Industry Schedule related to occupations:

  • Name of Corporation, Company or Individual producing a value of $500, annually § Name of Business, Manufacture, or Product § Capital (real and personal) invested in the business § Motive Power ú Kind of Power (steam, water, wind, horse or hand) ú If steam or water number of horsepower § Machine ú Name or Description ú Number of § Average Number of Hands Employed ú Males above 16 years ú Females above 15 years ú Children and youth § Total amount paid in wages during year § Materials (including Mill Supplies and Fuel ú Kinds ú Quantities ú Values (omitting fractions of a dollar) § Production (including all Jobbing and Repairing) ú Kinds ú Quantities ú Values (omitting fractions of a dollar)
1870 San Francisco County, California, Product of Industry schedule, 1st Precinct 7th Ward, post office San Francisco, page 7; California microfilm C130, reel 2, California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento, California.

Mortality Schedule

The questions related to occupation on the Mortality Schedule have not changed since 1850. The death date will be between June 1, 1869 to May 31, 1870.


Questions from the 1870 Mortality Schedule related to occupations: § Name of person § Professional, Occupation, or Trade § Disease or Cause of Death (significant if related to occupation)

1870 Napa County, California, mortality schedule, page 2, California microfilm C132, reel 1, California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento, California.




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Information in this Wiki page is excerpted from the online course US: Occupational Records offered by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies. To learn more about this course or other courses available from the Institute, see our website. We can be contacted at wiki@genealogicalstudies.com

We welcome updates and additions to this Wiki page.