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{{Infobox NIFGS|June 2012|{{Research Alberta Ancestors Course}}|Arlene Borgstede}} 
+
{{Infobox NIFGS|November 2013|{{US Court Records Course}}|C. Ann Staley, CG}}  
  
== Libraries ==
+
=== U.S. Court of Claims (RG 123) ===
  
=== Alberta Genealogical Society Library  ===
+
Although the U.S. Court of Claims was not established until an act of 24 February, 1855 (10 Stat. 612), U.S. Citizens and Indians, frequently sought restitution for alleged wrongs long before that time. Prior to 1855, claims for redress of grievances were submitted to the U.S. Treasury. If a claim was rejected by the Treasury department the claimant’s only recourse was to appeal directly to the United States Congress for redress. By the middle of the nineteenth century, petitions to Congress for relief had become so numerous that Congress found it impossible to make the proper investigations which were a necessity to assist in determining the action to be taken on the claim. An act of Congress was approved on 24 February 1855 (10 Stat. 612), which established the Court of Claims.
  
:'''Alberta Genealogical Society Library'''
+
==== Claims: Pre-1855  ====
:[http://www.abgensoc.ca/library/index.html Edmonton Branch Library]
+
:162, 14315- 118 Avenue
+
:Edmonton, Alberta T5L 4S6
+
:Telephone: (780) 424-4429
+
:Email: [mailto:agsoffice@abgensoc.ca agsoffice@abgensoc.ca]<br>
+
  
Although these two organizations share the same location, their collections are separate. The Alberta Genealogical Society collection is available to all Alberta Genealogical Society members. Only Edmonton Branch members may borrow Branch books. The public is welcome to use library resources, however, there is a $4 charge for non-members.  
+
Before the creation of the U.S. Court of Claims in 1855, common grievances relating to the federal government were often taken directly to the United States Congress (equivalent records will be found in the state court files and among the records of the counties, municipalities, and towns). Responsible for the allocation of federal funds, the United States Congress received thousands of claims for money, land, or aid in the first seventy-five years of the nation. The Congress was petitioned to redress damage to private individuals (private claims), claims relating to military service, military supplies, and military transportation (men and supplies).  
  
Publications: Edmonton Branch ''Clandigger'' published with AGS ''Relatively Speaking''.  
+
The pre-1855 claims against the federal government are addressed in, and researchers should consult, the American State Papers, U.S. Serial Set, and Territorial Records to help fill in the gaps. All three of these sets of records contain valuable insight into claims of individuals, or groups, and are an excellent source of genealogical information. We must be cautious! Even though we generally want to find our ancestors in the best light, the thought of obtaining a monetary award sometimes caused our ancestors to prevaricate. When examining documents, it is essential that we, as researchers, report what we find while being cautious not to read too much between the lines.  
  
==== Resources  ====
+
With every passing day, more and more records are available online for the use of the general public—some databases are provided with free access and others charge a fee.
  
*how-to books, research guides
+
==== Claims: 1855-1982  ====
*atlases, gazetteers, almanacs, maps
+
*periodicals: Canadian, U.S., British
+
*Ancestor Indexes (i.e. BIG R)
+
*Ontario Marriages
+
*Ontario 1871 census/cemetery finding aids (on computer)
+
*Nova Scotia vital statistics from newspapers (1769, 1812, 1834)
+
*United Empire Loyalist material
+
*computer searches
+
*Alberta cemetery recordings– surname index of 100,000 burials
+
*Alberta birth, marriage and death– 1870-1905 card file
+
*1901 Canada census– Alberta surname index
+
*local and regional histories
+
*Genealogical Research Directories (1981-1998)
+
*C. Denney collection of Métis genealogy (photocopied from original at Glenbow Archives)
+
*C. Denney collection of Canadiana publications
+
*Dr. G.J. Conradi collection (a recent donation of over 100 volumes on German and Eastern European genealogy plus periodicals. All books are in German and include family genealogies, biographies etc.)
+
*indexed obituaries from ''The Edmonton Journal'', 1972-1978
+
  
==== Services  ====
+
The function of the U.S. Court of Claims was to hear claims against the United States brought directly by claimants.
  
*Tracing Your Family Tree course: spring &amp; fall
+
The Court of Claims has retained indexes, dockets, journals, a register of attorneys, notice books, correspondence of the Chief Clerk, and other records relating to the Court. The decisions of the Court of Claims were reported in various congressional documents including ''Cases Decided in the Court of Claims of the United States...'' (Government Printing Office, 1867-1982).
*(Edmonton Branch)
+
*spring conference (Alberta Genealogical Society)
+
*Special Interest Groups (Edmonton Branch)
+
*England, Ireland, Scotland, United Empire Loyalists,  
+
*Eastern European, Holland
+
*workshops, seminars
+
*computer
+
*microfilm, microfiche readers
+
  
:[http://www.ahsgr.org/Chapters/edmonton_chapter.htm American Historical Society of Germans from Russia]
+
The Federal Courts Improvement Act of 1982 (96 Stat. 25), April 2, 1982, abolished the United States Courts of Claims and established the United States Claims Court (trial jurisdiction) and the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (appellate jurisdiction).  
:162, 14315- 118 Avenue
+
:Edmonton, Alberta T5L 4S6
+
:Telephone: (780) 424-4429
+
:Email: [mailto:agsoffice@abgensoc.ca agsoffice@abgensoc.ca]
+
  
This small collection which specializes in books relating to Germans from Russia research is housed in the Alberta Genealogical Society library and may be used by the public. Only members of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia may borrow books.  
+
Researchers will find the table of “Claims Made Against the U.S. Government” in ''The Source''<ref>Arlene H. Eakle, "Research in Court Records," ''The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy,'' revised edition (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, Inc. 1997), 175.</ref> a valuable resource.  
  
*journals, periodicals
+
Claims relating to the Indian-depredation are in Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
*name indexes
+
*local histories
+
*maps
+
*obituary files
+
  
=== Alberta Genealogical Society Branch Libraries  ===
+
The court also had temporary jurisdiction in District of Columbia cases, French spoliation cases, and Indian depredation cases.
  
:[http://www.eidnet.org/local/agsbrooks/ Brooks and District Branch]
+
=== American State Papers  ===
:327 Third Street West
+
:Basement, West Entrance, Room 4
+
:Brooks, Alberta
+
:Telephone: (403) 362-2732
+
:''Mailing address:''
+
:Box 1538
+
:Brooks, Alberta T1R 1C4
+
  
Publication: ''Brooks and District Heir Lines''.  
+
Earlier records can be found in the ''American State Papers.<ref>''American State Papers: Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States, 1789-1837,'' 38 volumes (Washington, DC:Gales and Seaton, 1832-1861)</ref>'' The thirty-eight set of physical volumes contain the legislative and executive documents of Congress for the time period 1789 to 1838. They are considered a part of the ''U.S. Serial Set'' which officially began in 1817. The ''American State Papers,'' also available on microfilm, are arranged in ten categories (classes).  
  
The public is welcome to visit the library but only members have borrowing privileges.
+
*Foreign Relations
 +
*Naval Affairs
 +
*Indian Affairs
 +
*Post Office Department
 +
*Finances
 +
*Public Lands
 +
*Commerce and Navigation
 +
*Claims
 +
*Military Affairs
 +
*Miscellaneous
  
==== Resources  ====
+
<br> Here , we are particularly interested in the eight volumes in the “Public Lands” Class and the two volumes in the “Claims” Class. The ''American State Papers'' are not a complete record of activities because the 1814 fire destroyed many records and clerks were not always diligent record keepers. Each of the thirty-eight volumes are individually indexed, but researchers need to consider using Phillip W. McMullin’s ''Grassroots of America: A Computerized Index to the American State Papers: Land Grants and Claims (1789-1837).<ref>Phillip W. McMullin, ''Grassroots of America: A Computerized Index to the American State Papers: Land Grants and Claims (1789-1837)'' (1972, reprint; Greeneville, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1994).</ref>''
  
*International Genealogical Index, LDS Library Locality Index microfiche (older editions)
+
The American Memory project on the Library of Congress website provides a link to the [http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/lwsp.html American State Papers], with images and searchable test.  
*reference and ‘how to’ books
+
*local histories
+
*AGS cemetery index on microfiche
+
*periodicals
+
*Alberta
+
*Manitoba/Saskatchewan
+
*Ontario
+
*U.S.  
+
*British Isles
+
*Germans from Russia
+
*information representative of many areas
+
*Canada
+
*Europe
+
*British Isles
+
*Index of Obituaries as Published in ''Brooks Bulletin''—1910-1989 (for sale by Branch)
+
  
=== Drayton Valley and District Branch ===
+
=== U.S. Serial Set ===
  
:[http://dvbranch.abgensoc.ca/ Drayton Valley Health Care Complex]
+
The United States Congressional Serial Set, commonly referred to as the Serial Set, began publication with the 15th Congress, 1st Session (1817).  
:4550 Madsen Avenue
+
:Drayton Valley, Alberta
+
:Telephone: (780) 542-2787
+
:''Mailing address:''
+
:P.O. Box 115
+
:Rocky Rapids , Alberta T0E 1Z0
+
  
Publication: ''Past Finder''
+
The Serial Set includes congressional publications and is compiled and printed by direction of Congress. The publications can include:  
  
==== Resources  ====
+
*committee reports on public and private legislation
 +
*House and Senate journals
 +
*House and Senate numbered reports and documents
 +
*congressionally commissioned or conducted investigations
 +
*directories and manuals
 +
*executive branch publications
 +
*other House or Senate ordered printed papers or documents
 +
*various non-governmental publications
 +
*and reports and journals from many other sources
  
*books
+
These documents can run the gamut in the variety of topics that are covered, such as:
*maps
+
*genealogical aids
+
*periodicals
+
*Alberta cemetery recordings
+
  
==== Areas of Interest  ====
+
*23rd Congress, 1833-1835, No. 252, Senate Document No. 505: Statistical view of population of U.S., 1790-1830<br>
  
*Canada
+
*27th Congress, 1841-1843, No. 406, House Document No. 212 includes:
*Ontario, Alberta
+
*Germany
+
*Sweden
+
*Poland
+
*England, Wales, Scotland
+
*Ireland
+
  
=== Fort McMurray Genealogy Library  ===
+
:-American citizens, captured by Mexicans at Santa Fe
 +
:-Bankrupt law, Rhode Island, resolutions to suspend
 +
:-Bounty land, Virginia, resolutions relating to
 +
:-Iowa, resolutions of, as to expenses of convention to form a State Constitution
  
:[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~abfmags/ Fort McMurray Genealogy Library]
+
*41st Congress, 1869-1871, No. 1397 and 1398, Senate Executive Document No. 11: Claims Against Great Britain<br>
:Lower Level, Hill Building
+
:10011 Franklin Avenue
+
:Fort McMurray, Alberta
+
:Telephone: (780) 791-5663
+
:''Mailing address:''
+
:305-1011
+
:Fort McMurray, Alberta T9H 2K7
+
  
Publication: ''Lines of Descent''
+
*61st Congress, 1909-1911, No. 5592, House Report No. 983: Withdrawals of Public Lands in Certain Cases. House Report No. 983.<br>
  
==== Resources  ====
+
*90th Congress, 1967, No. 12751-2, Senate Report: Reports on private bills
  
*1984 and 1992 International Genealogical Index
+
In its printed format there are over 14,000 volumes, but there are also microfiche versions available. The Law Librarians’ Society of Washington, D.C. website has an article “An Overview of the U.S. Congressional Serial Set” by Richard J. McKinney which provides information on the content, arrangement, numbering schemes and indexing of the Serial Set. It also provides information on locating libraries that have access to the Serial Set, other sources and Serial Set projects.
*Passenger indexes and Immigration lists 1600-1900 Filby and Meyer
+
*Alberta cemetery listings
+
*Ontario 1871 census
+
*Manitoba and East Rupert’s Land 1881 census index
+
*North West Territories census index
+
*various English county 1851 census index
+
*Fremanagh and Tyrone Counties 1901 census index
+
*periodicals and newsletters
+
*microfilm printer/reader microfiche readers
+
*computer programs
+
*internet access
+
*preservation supplies
+
*Hudson Bay Company maps
+
*Canadian railways records
+
  
=== Grande Prairie and District Branch  ===
+
The options to finding indexes and digital images are opening up as technology advances. Just a few examples are:
  
:'''Grande Prairie and District Branch'''
+
Access to the U. S. Serial Set was difficult, at best, until the ''CIS U.S. Serial Set Index (1789-1969)'' was published by the Congressional Information Service (CIS), now part of LexisNexis Academic and Library Solutions. (This index also covers the American State Papers, starting in 1789). The [http://www.lexisnexis.com/academic/serialset/docs/usserialsetwhitepaper_05_25_06.pdf LexisNexis] website provides information on their index and a web link to a free whitepaper by Andrea Sevetson entitled “An Insider’s View of the U.S. Serial Set”.  
:9839 - 103 Avenue
+
:Grande Prairie, Alberta T8V 2Z1
+
:Telephone: (780) 532-7138
+
:''Mailing address''
+
:P.O. Box 1257
+
:Grande Prairie, Alberta T8V 4Z1
+
  
Library Collection is housed in the Isabel Campbell room of the Grande Prairie Public Library. It is open to members and the public the same hours as the Grande Prairie Public Library.  
+
The [http://library.wustl.edu/units/westcampus/govdocs/serialset/congresses-index.html Washington University Libraries] website provides additional information for resources on the Web. They also have an abbreviated index available. The index is mainly for providing what access is available in the St. Louis Metro Area; however, the index itself is useful to anyone. It covers the 15th Congress (1817-1819) through the 110th Congress (2007-2008).  
  
Publication: ''Heritage Seekers ''(published with AGS ''Relatively Speaking'')
+
The Library of Congress, American Memory Project website, provides information on the [http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/lwss.html U.S. Serial Set] and digitized images of selected documents and reports from some of the congresses .
  
==== Resources  ====
+
The U.S. Government Printing Office website has an article [http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/fdlp/history/sset/index.html “U.S. Congressional Serial Set]: What It Is and Its History”. The article also provides information on how what is being printed has changed over the years.
  
*members pedigrees
+
The U.S. Government Printing Office’s Federal Digital System (FDSYS) provides “Numerical Lists of Documents and Reports” from the 85th Congress (1957-1958) through the 111th Congress (2009-2010) and the “[http://www.gpo.gov/help/u.s._congressional_serial_set.htm Schedule of Serial Set Volumes]from the 100th Congress (1987-1988) through the 111th Congress (2009-2010).
*“Genies in the Library” is a program offered jointly by the Branch and the Grande Prairie Public Library. “Genies” are available in the Isabel Campbell Room at the Grande Prairie Public Library on Wednesday evenings 7:00-9:00 pm and Fridays 1:00-3:00 pm The “Genies” provide assistance to people interested in genealogical research
+
*obituary file from the Grande Prairie ''Daily Herald-Tribune'' (1978-present) [1978 to 1984 are on microfilm at the Grande Prairie Public Library]  
+
*obituary file from other Peace Country newspapers
+
*Alberta Genealogical Society Cemetery Records in Alberta with an index for the cemeteries recorded
+
*collection of periodicals from over 40 genealogical societies as well as continuing subscriptions to ''Genealogical Helper, Family Tree Magazine'' and''Family History News''
+
*1891 and the 1901 Canadian census on microfilm in the Grande Prairie Public Library Ÿ several indexes to the census are available
+
*a “Researchers Group” will do a limited search through local resources; at present, this service is offered for the cost of any materials required
+
  
<br>____________________________________________________________ <br>
+
=== References  ===
  
Information in this Wiki page is excerpted from the online course {{Research Alberta Ancestors Course}} offered by [http://www.genealogicalstudies.com The National Institute for Genealogical Studies]. To learn more about this course or other courses available from the Institute, see our website. We can be contacted at [mailto:wiki@genealogicalstudies.com wiki@genealogicalstudies.com] <br>  
+
<references /> <br>  
  
We welcome updates and additions to this Wiki page.
+
<br>_________________________________________________________________ <br>
  
<br>  
+
Information in this Wiki page is excerpted from the online course {{US Court Records Course}} offered by [http://www.genealogicalstudies.com The National Institute for Genealogical Studies]. To learn more about this course or other courses available from the Institute, see our website. We can be contacted at [mailto:wiki@genealogicalstudies.com wiki@genealogicalstudies.com] <br>  
 +
 
 +
We welcome updates and additions to this Wiki page.
  
[[Category:Canada]]
+
[[Category:United_States_Court_Records]]

Latest revision as of 20:42, 17 September 2014

 
National Institute for Genealogical StudiesNational Institute for Genealogical Studies.gif

The original content for this article was contributed by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies in November 2013. It is an excerpt from their course US Court Records  by C. Ann Staley, CG. The Institute offers over 200 comprehensive genealogy courses for a fee ($).

Contents

U.S. Court of Claims (RG 123)

Although the U.S. Court of Claims was not established until an act of 24 February, 1855 (10 Stat. 612), U.S. Citizens and Indians, frequently sought restitution for alleged wrongs long before that time. Prior to 1855, claims for redress of grievances were submitted to the U.S. Treasury. If a claim was rejected by the Treasury department the claimant’s only recourse was to appeal directly to the United States Congress for redress. By the middle of the nineteenth century, petitions to Congress for relief had become so numerous that Congress found it impossible to make the proper investigations which were a necessity to assist in determining the action to be taken on the claim. An act of Congress was approved on 24 February 1855 (10 Stat. 612), which established the Court of Claims.

Claims: Pre-1855

Before the creation of the U.S. Court of Claims in 1855, common grievances relating to the federal government were often taken directly to the United States Congress (equivalent records will be found in the state court files and among the records of the counties, municipalities, and towns). Responsible for the allocation of federal funds, the United States Congress received thousands of claims for money, land, or aid in the first seventy-five years of the nation. The Congress was petitioned to redress damage to private individuals (private claims), claims relating to military service, military supplies, and military transportation (men and supplies).

The pre-1855 claims against the federal government are addressed in, and researchers should consult, the American State Papers, U.S. Serial Set, and Territorial Records to help fill in the gaps. All three of these sets of records contain valuable insight into claims of individuals, or groups, and are an excellent source of genealogical information. We must be cautious! Even though we generally want to find our ancestors in the best light, the thought of obtaining a monetary award sometimes caused our ancestors to prevaricate. When examining documents, it is essential that we, as researchers, report what we find while being cautious not to read too much between the lines.

With every passing day, more and more records are available online for the use of the general public—some databases are provided with free access and others charge a fee.

Claims: 1855-1982

The function of the U.S. Court of Claims was to hear claims against the United States brought directly by claimants.

The Court of Claims has retained indexes, dockets, journals, a register of attorneys, notice books, correspondence of the Chief Clerk, and other records relating to the Court. The decisions of the Court of Claims were reported in various congressional documents including Cases Decided in the Court of Claims of the United States... (Government Printing Office, 1867-1982).

The Federal Courts Improvement Act of 1982 (96 Stat. 25), April 2, 1982, abolished the United States Courts of Claims and established the United States Claims Court (trial jurisdiction) and the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (appellate jurisdiction).

Researchers will find the table of “Claims Made Against the U.S. Government” in The Source[1] a valuable resource.

Claims relating to the Indian-depredation are in Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

The court also had temporary jurisdiction in District of Columbia cases, French spoliation cases, and Indian depredation cases.

American State Papers

Earlier records can be found in the American State Papers.[2] The thirty-eight set of physical volumes contain the legislative and executive documents of Congress for the time period 1789 to 1838. They are considered a part of the U.S. Serial Set which officially began in 1817. The American State Papers, also available on microfilm, are arranged in ten categories (classes).

  • Foreign Relations
  • Naval Affairs
  • Indian Affairs
  • Post Office Department
  • Finances
  • Public Lands
  • Commerce and Navigation
  • Claims
  • Military Affairs
  • Miscellaneous


Here , we are particularly interested in the eight volumes in the “Public Lands” Class and the two volumes in the “Claims” Class. The American State Papers are not a complete record of activities because the 1814 fire destroyed many records and clerks were not always diligent record keepers. Each of the thirty-eight volumes are individually indexed, but researchers need to consider using Phillip W. McMullin’s Grassroots of America: A Computerized Index to the American State Papers: Land Grants and Claims (1789-1837).[3]

The American Memory project on the Library of Congress website provides a link to the American State Papers, with images and searchable test.

U.S. Serial Set

The United States Congressional Serial Set, commonly referred to as the Serial Set, began publication with the 15th Congress, 1st Session (1817).

The Serial Set includes congressional publications and is compiled and printed by direction of Congress. The publications can include:

  • committee reports on public and private legislation
  • House and Senate journals
  • House and Senate numbered reports and documents
  • congressionally commissioned or conducted investigations
  • directories and manuals
  • executive branch publications
  • other House or Senate ordered printed papers or documents
  • various non-governmental publications
  • and reports and journals from many other sources

These documents can run the gamut in the variety of topics that are covered, such as:

  • 23rd Congress, 1833-1835, No. 252, Senate Document No. 505: Statistical view of population of U.S., 1790-1830
  • 27th Congress, 1841-1843, No. 406, House Document No. 212 includes:
-American citizens, captured by Mexicans at Santa Fe
-Bankrupt law, Rhode Island, resolutions to suspend
-Bounty land, Virginia, resolutions relating to
-Iowa, resolutions of, as to expenses of convention to form a State Constitution
  • 41st Congress, 1869-1871, No. 1397 and 1398, Senate Executive Document No. 11: Claims Against Great Britain
  • 61st Congress, 1909-1911, No. 5592, House Report No. 983: Withdrawals of Public Lands in Certain Cases. House Report No. 983.
  • 90th Congress, 1967, No. 12751-2, Senate Report: Reports on private bills

In its printed format there are over 14,000 volumes, but there are also microfiche versions available. The Law Librarians’ Society of Washington, D.C. website has an article “An Overview of the U.S. Congressional Serial Set” by Richard J. McKinney which provides information on the content, arrangement, numbering schemes and indexing of the Serial Set. It also provides information on locating libraries that have access to the Serial Set, other sources and Serial Set projects.

The options to finding indexes and digital images are opening up as technology advances. Just a few examples are:

Access to the U. S. Serial Set was difficult, at best, until the CIS U.S. Serial Set Index (1789-1969) was published by the Congressional Information Service (CIS), now part of LexisNexis Academic and Library Solutions. (This index also covers the American State Papers, starting in 1789). The LexisNexis website provides information on their index and a web link to a free whitepaper by Andrea Sevetson entitled “An Insider’s View of the U.S. Serial Set”.

The Washington University Libraries website provides additional information for resources on the Web. They also have an abbreviated index available. The index is mainly for providing what access is available in the St. Louis Metro Area; however, the index itself is useful to anyone. It covers the 15th Congress (1817-1819) through the 110th Congress (2007-2008).

The Library of Congress, American Memory Project website, provides information on the U.S. Serial Set and digitized images of selected documents and reports from some of the congresses .

The U.S. Government Printing Office website has an article “U.S. Congressional Serial Set: What It Is and Its History”. The article also provides information on how what is being printed has changed over the years.

The U.S. Government Printing Office’s Federal Digital System (FDSYS) provides “Numerical Lists of Documents and Reports” from the 85th Congress (1957-1958) through the 111th Congress (2009-2010) and the “Schedule of Serial Set Volumes” from the 100th Congress (1987-1988) through the 111th Congress (2009-2010).

References

  1. Arlene H. Eakle, "Research in Court Records," The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy, revised edition (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, Inc. 1997), 175.
  2. American State Papers: Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States, 1789-1837, 38 volumes (Washington, DC:Gales and Seaton, 1832-1861)
  3. Phillip W. McMullin, Grassroots of America: A Computerized Index to the American State Papers: Land Grants and Claims (1789-1837) (1972, reprint; Greeneville, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1994).


_________________________________________________________________

Information in this Wiki page is excerpted from the online course US Court Records

offered by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies. To learn more about this course or other courses available from the Institute, see our website. We can be contacted at wiki@genealogicalstudies.com 

We welcome updates and additions to this Wiki page.

  • This page was last modified on 17 September 2014, at 20:42.
  • This page has been accessed 1,113 times.