Vermont, Franklin County Probate Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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|CID=CID1921463
 
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|title=Vermont, Franklin County Probates, 1796 to 1921
 
|title=Vermont, Franklin County Probates, 1796 to 1921
|location=United States}} <br>
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|location=United States}}&nbsp;<br>
  
 
== Collection Time Period  ==
 
== Collection Time Period  ==
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== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
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Probate records are court documents may have included both loose papers and bound volumes. These records were generally known as an estate file, case file, or probate packets.
  
 
[[Image:Vermont Probate Records Page 1 DGS 4181395 57.jpg|thumb|right]] [[Image:Vermont Probate Records Page 2 DGS 4181395 58.jpg|thumb|right]]  
 
[[Image:Vermont Probate Records Page 1 DGS 4181395 57.jpg|thumb|right]] [[Image:Vermont Probate Records Page 2 DGS 4181395 58.jpg|thumb|right]]  
  
Probate records are court documents may have included both loose papers and bound volumes. These records were generally known as an estate file, case file, or probate packets. These files normally included the following types of documents:  
+
These files normally included the following types of documents:  
  
 
*Wills  
 
*Wills  
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*Name of testator or deceased  
 
*Name of testator or deceased  
 
*Names of heirs such as spouse, children, and other relatives or friends  
 
*Names of heirs such as spouse, children, and other relatives or friends  
*Name of executor, administrator, or guardian *Names of witnesses  
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*Name of executor, administrator, or guardian <span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1324483758984_944" />
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*Names of witnesses  
 
*Residence of testator  
 
*Residence of testator  
 
*Dates the documents were written and recorded (Used to approximate event dates, i.e. a will was usually written near the time of death)  
 
*Dates the documents were written and recorded (Used to approximate event dates, i.e. a will was usually written near the time of death)  
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== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned. When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:  
+
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
 +
 
 +
When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:  
  
 
*The place of residence  
 
*The place of residence  
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*Use the information in the probate record to substitute for civil birth and death records since the probates exist for an earlier time period.  
 
*Use the information in the probate record to substitute for civil birth and death records since the probates exist for an earlier time period.  
 
*You may be able to use the probate record to learn about land transactions.  
 
*You may be able to use the probate record to learn about land transactions.  
*Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.
+
*Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.  
*Use the occupations listed to find employment records or other types of records such as military records.  
+
*Use the occupations listed to find other types of records such as employment or military records.  
 
*Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
 
*Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
 
*Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have died in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.  
 
*Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have died in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.  
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Vermont was originally part of Massachusetts. In 1749, New Hampshire claimed a large portion of the area. In 1764, New York claimed jurisdiction over a large portion of the land held by New Hampshire. In 1777, Vermont became independent and was made a state in 1791. Probate records for those who died before 1777 may be in the records of the county and state who claimed the area before Vermont was formally created. Probate courts began recording probate records soon after the county was created. There are 14 counties but 18 probate districts. The four southern counties have 2 districts each.&nbsp;Probate records cover approximately 40 percent of adult males who left wills, but this may be less than 25 percent in some areas. Less than 10 percent of women had wills or estate inventories. Wills are more likely to be found in rural communities than in larger cities and industrial areas. A higher percentage of individuals died without a will, but they may have had their estates probated and distributed through the courts. Wills and other estate documents are found in the estate files.  
 
Vermont was originally part of Massachusetts. In 1749, New Hampshire claimed a large portion of the area. In 1764, New York claimed jurisdiction over a large portion of the land held by New Hampshire. In 1777, Vermont became independent and was made a state in 1791. Probate records for those who died before 1777 may be in the records of the county and state who claimed the area before Vermont was formally created. Probate courts began recording probate records soon after the county was created. There are 14 counties but 18 probate districts. The four southern counties have 2 districts each.&nbsp;Probate records cover approximately 40 percent of adult males who left wills, but this may be less than 25 percent in some areas. Less than 10 percent of women had wills or estate inventories. Wills are more likely to be found in rural communities than in larger cities and industrial areas. A higher percentage of individuals died without a will, but they may have had their estates probated and distributed through the courts. Wills and other estate documents are found in the estate files.  
  
=== Why This Collection Was Created&nbsp;  ===
+
=== Why&nbsp;the Record Was Created&nbsp;  ===
  
 
Probate records were used to legally dispose of a person’s estate after his or her death. If the deceased had made a will, the probate process transferred the following from the deceased to an executor or executrix:  
 
Probate records were used to legally dispose of a person’s estate after his or her death. If the deceased had made a will, the probate process transferred the following from the deceased to an executor or executrix:  
  
*Legal responsibility for payment of taxes
+
*Legal responsibility for payment of taxes  
*Care and custody of dependent family members
+
*Care and custody of dependent family members  
 
*Liquidation of debts  
 
*Liquidation of debts  
 
*Transfer of property title to heirs
 
*Transfer of property title to heirs
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The death date, residence, and other facts that were current at the time of the probate proceedings are reliable, but realize that there is still a chance of misinformation. The records may omit the names of deceased family members or those who had previously received an inheritance. In some cases, the spouse mentioned in the will was not the parent of the children mentioned. Also, some wills do not name family members.  
 
The death date, residence, and other facts that were current at the time of the probate proceedings are reliable, but realize that there is still a chance of misinformation. The records may omit the names of deceased family members or those who had previously received an inheritance. In some cases, the spouse mentioned in the will was not the parent of the children mentioned. Also, some wills do not name family members.  
  
== Related Web Sites ==
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== Related Websites ==
  
[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/vermont/ Access Vermont Genealogy]
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[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/vermont/ Access Vermont Genealogy]  
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 +
 
 +
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
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==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record Found&nbsp;in This Collection  ====
  
"Vermont Probate Files, 1791-1919." images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://www.familysearch.org]): accessed April 8, 2011. entry for Thomas Wright, age 27; citing Probate Files, digital folder number 4184707; Essex County Probate Court, Guildhall, Vermont.  
+
"Vermont Probate Files, 1791-1919." images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://www.familysearch.org FamilySearch]): accessed April 8, 2011. entry for Thomas Wright, age 27; citing Probate Files, digital folder number 4184707; Essex County Probate Court, Guildhall, Vermont.  
  
== Sources of Information for This Collection  ==
+
== Citation for This Collection  ==
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->"Vermont, Franklin County Probates, 1796 to 1921," images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://familysearch.org]). Supreme Court of vermont, Office of the Court Administrator. Montpelier, Vermont. FHL 20,000 Digital images. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->  
+
<!--bibdescbegin-->"Vermont, Franklin County Probates, 1796 to 1921," images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://familysearch.org FamilySearch]). Supreme Court of vermont, Office of the Court Administrator. Montpelier, Vermont. FHL 20,000 Digital images. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->  
  
 
[[Category:Vermont|Probate]]
 
[[Category:Vermont|Probate]]

Revision as of 16:11, 21 December 2011

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
 

Contents

Collection Time Period

The collection includes records from the time the county was formed to 1921.

Record Description

Probate records are court documents may have included both loose papers and bound volumes. These records were generally known as an estate file, case file, or probate packets.

Vermont Probate Records Page 1 DGS 4181395 57.jpg
Vermont Probate Records Page 2 DGS 4181395 58.jpg

These files normally included the following types of documents:

  • Wills
  • Letters of administration
  • Settlement papers
  • Guardianships
  • Inventories
  • Receipts
  • Distributions
  • Name changes
  • Adoptions
  • Any other records pertaining to estates

This collection consists of images of probate papers located at the Public Records Office, General Service Center, Middlesex. This collection is being published as images become available.

Record Content

Genealogical facts in probate records are:

  • Name of testator or deceased
  • Names of heirs such as spouse, children, and other relatives or friends
  • Name of executor, administrator, or guardian
  • Names of witnesses
  • Residence of testator
  • Dates the documents were written and recorded (Used to approximate event dates, i.e. a will was usually written near the time of death)
  • Description and value of personal property or land owned by the deceased

How to Use the Records

Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:

  • The place of residence
  • The approximate death or probate date
  • The name of the deceased

Use the locator information found in the index (such as page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination. When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.

For example:

  • Use probate records to identify heirs and relatives.
  • You may be able to use the probate record to learn about adoptions or guardianship of any minor children and dependents.
  • Use the document (such as the will) or the recording dates to approximate a death date.
  • Use the information in the probate record to substitute for civil birth and death records since the probates exist for an earlier time period.
  • You may be able to use the probate record to learn about land transactions.
  • Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.
  • Use the occupations listed to find other types of records such as employment or military records.
  • Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
  • Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have died in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct. Keep in mind that wills are more likely to be found in rural communities than in larger cities and industrial areas.

Record History

Vermont was originally part of Massachusetts. In 1749, New Hampshire claimed a large portion of the area. In 1764, New York claimed jurisdiction over a large portion of the land held by New Hampshire. In 1777, Vermont became independent and was made a state in 1791. Probate records for those who died before 1777 may be in the records of the county and state who claimed the area before Vermont was formally created. Probate courts began recording probate records soon after the county was created. There are 14 counties but 18 probate districts. The four southern counties have 2 districts each. Probate records cover approximately 40 percent of adult males who left wills, but this may be less than 25 percent in some areas. Less than 10 percent of women had wills or estate inventories. Wills are more likely to be found in rural communities than in larger cities and industrial areas. A higher percentage of individuals died without a will, but they may have had their estates probated and distributed through the courts. Wills and other estate documents are found in the estate files.

Why the Record Was Created 

Probate records were used to legally dispose of a person’s estate after his or her death. If the deceased had made a will, the probate process transferred the following from the deceased to an executor or executrix:

  • Legal responsibility for payment of taxes
  • Care and custody of dependent family members
  • Liquidation of debts
  • Transfer of property title to heirs

If there was no will, the transfer went to an administrator or administratrix. A guardian or conservator was appointed if the deceased had heirs younger than 21 or if the heirs were incompetent due to disability or disease.

Record Reliability 

The death date, residence, and other facts that were current at the time of the probate proceedings are reliable, but realize that there is still a chance of misinformation. The records may omit the names of deceased family members or those who had previously received an inheritance. In some cases, the spouse mentioned in the will was not the parent of the children mentioned. Also, some wills do not name family members.

Related Websites

Access Vermont Genealogy

Related Wiki Articles

Vermont Probate Records

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Examples of Source Citations for a Record Found in This Collection

"Vermont Probate Files, 1791-1919." images, FamilySearch (FamilySearch): accessed April 8, 2011. entry for Thomas Wright, age 27; citing Probate Files, digital folder number 4184707; Essex County Probate Court, Guildhall, Vermont.

Citation for This Collection

"Vermont, Franklin County Probates, 1796 to 1921," images, FamilySearch (FamilySearch). Supreme Court of vermont, Office of the Court Administrator. Montpelier, Vermont. FHL 20,000 Digital images. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.