Vermont History

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''[[United States|United States]] > [[Vermont|Vermont]]  > Vermont History''
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==Brief History==
 
Effective family history research requires some understanding of the historical events that affected your family and the records about them. Learning about wars, governments, laws, migrations, and religious trends can help you understand political boundaries, family movements, and settlement patterns.  
 
Effective family history research requires some understanding of the historical events that affected your family and the records about them. Learning about wars, governments, laws, migrations, and religious trends can help you understand political boundaries, family movements, and settlement patterns.  
  
Line 5: Line 7:
 
The following important events in the history of [[Vermont|Vermont]] affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements:  
 
The following important events in the history of [[Vermont|Vermont]] affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements:  
  
'''1724:''' The first permanent English settlement was made at Fort Dummer, near the site of present-day Brattleboro. Permanent settlement began in most of Vermont after 1760, when the English drove the French from the area.  
+
*'''1724:''' The first permanent English settlement was made at Fort Dummer, near the site of present-day Brattleboro. Permanent settlement began in most of Vermont after 1760, when the English drove the French from the area.  
 +
*'''1749–1764:''' New Hampshire granted land for 129 towns in Vermont.
 +
*'''1764–1776:''' New York claimed jurisdiction and tried to establish county governments in the area. Albany, Cumberland, Gloucester, and Charlotte counties of New York included what is now Vermont. When New York land grants conflicted with the earlier grants, New Hampshire pioneers formed the Green Mountain Boys to drive first the “Yorkers” and then the British from the area.
 +
*'''1777–1791:''' Vermont was an independent republic until it joined the Union in 1791.
 +
*'''1800–1816:''' Many people went to new lands in upstate New York to escape the War of 1812, cold seasons, floods, and epidemics. In one epidemic more than 6,000 persons died.
 +
*'''1820–1860:''' The Champlain Canal opened in 1823, connecting Vermont to New York City. The Erie Canal opened in 1825, carrying Vermont settlers to Ohio and other western areas. Irish laborers came to work on Vermont railroads, the first of which opened in 1848.
 +
*'''1861–1865:''' More than 35,000 Vermonters served in the Union Army during the Civil War.
 +
*'''After 1850:''' Agriculture declined and farmers left for the cities or better farms in the Midwest.
 +
*'''Late 1800s:''' French Canadians and Europeans settled mostly in cities to work in factories. Burlington grew rapidly because of lumber. The granite industry boomed in Barre. The textile industry declined and many mills were moved to the South.
 +
*'''1898:'''  Over 300,000 men were involved in the [http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/ Spanish-American War] which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.
 +
*'''1917–1918:'''  More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the Selective Service.  [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I World War I] over 4.7 million American men and women served during the war.
 +
*'''1930's:'''  [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression The Great Depression] closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.
 +
*'''1940–1945:'''  Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940 Selective Service]. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during [http://www.worldwar-2.net/ World War II].
 +
*'''1950–1953:'''  Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.korean-war.com/ Korean War].
 +
*'''1950's–1960's'''  The building of [http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/nhs/ interstate highways] made it easier for people to move long distances. Interstate highways led to increased tourism.
 +
*'''1964–1972:'''  Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.vietnamwar.com/ Vietnam War].
 +
==Historical Content==
  
'''1749–1764:''' New Hampshire granted land for 129 towns in Vermont.  
+
Histories are great sources of genealogical information. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including:  
 +
{| width="80%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
*Parents' names
 +
*Maiden names of women
 +
*Place of birth, death, or marriage
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
*Occupation
 +
*Migration
 +
*Military service
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
*Descendants
 +
|}
 +
==Local Histories==
 +
Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]], public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies. The United States Research  "[[United States History|History]]" page cites nationwide bibliographies of local histories which include histories of Vermont.
  
'''1764–1776:''' New York claimed jurisdiction and tried to establish county governments in the area. Albany, Cumberland, Gloucester, and Charlotte counties of New York included what is now Vermont. When New York land grants conflicted with the earlier grants, New Hampshire pioneers formed the Green Mountain Boys to drive first the “Yorkers” and then the British from the area.  
+
*''Historical Sketches of Vermont Communities'' <ref> Brown, Elizabeth Crockett. ''Historical Sketches of Vermont Communities''. N.p., 1991. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=499785&disp=Historical+sketches+of+Vermont+communiti%20%20&columns=*,0,0 974.3 H2be].) </ref>  This source contains historical information about each town. There are brief sketches arranged by counties and towns.
  
'''1777–1791:''' Vermont was an independent republic until it joined the Union in 1791.  
+
*''Vermont, a Bibliography of Its History. Bibliographies of New England History'' <ref> ''Vermont, a Bibliography of Its History. Bibliographies of New England History'', v.4. Boston, Massachusetts: G.K. Hall, 1981. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=54265&disp=Vermont%2C+a+bibliography+of+its+history%20%20&columns=*,0,0 974.3 H23v].) </ref> This book includes state, county, and local histories and an index of authors, editors, compilers, subjects, and places.  
  
'''1800–1816:''' Many people went to new lands in upstate New York to escape the War of 1812, cold seasons, floods, and epidemics. In one epidemic more than 6,000 persons died.  
+
*''A Bibliography of American County Histories'' <ref> Filby, P. William. ''A Bibliography of American County Histories''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&title=A+Bibliography+of+American+County+Histories&pretitle=A+Bibliography+of+American+County+Histories FHL book 973 H23bi])</ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12356760&referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref>
  
'''1820–1860:''' The Champlain Canal opened in 1823, connecting Vermont to New York City. The Erie Canal opened in 1825, carrying Vermont settlers to Ohio and other western areas. Irish laborers came to work on Vermont railroads, the first of which opened in 1848.
+
*''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress'' <ref> Kaminkow, Marion J. ''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress''. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=252458&disp=United+States+local+histories+in+the+Lib%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 973 A3ka].) </ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=United+States+Local+Histories+in+the+Library+of+Congress&qt=results_page Worldcat] </ref>
  
'''1861–1865:''' More than 35,000 Vermonters served in the Union Army during the Civil War.  
+
==State Histories Useful to Genealogists==
 +
Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful.
 +
But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. Some examples for the State of Vermont are:
  
'''After 1850:''' Agriculture declined and farmers left for the cities or better farms in the Midwest.  
+
*''The History of Vermont from Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time.'' <ref> Carpenter, W. H. ''The History of Vermont from Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time.'' Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Lippincott, Grambo, 1853. (Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=377363&disp=The+history+of+Vermont%2C+from+its+earli%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1065107].) </ref> This history discusses Indian wars, settlements, the problems with Canada, and frustrations caused by Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and New York meddling.  
  
'''Late 1800s:''' French Canadians and Europeans settled mostly in cities to work in factories. Burlington grew rapidly because of lumber. The granite industry boomed in Barre. The textile industry declined and many mills were moved to the South.  
+
*''Vermont, the Green Mountain State'' <ref> Crockett, Walter H. ''Vermont, the Green Mountain State''. 5 vols. New York, New York: Century History, 1921. (Family History Library book 974.3 H2c; film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=166409&disp=Vermont%2C+the+green+mountain+state%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1000619].) </ref> This is an all-encompassing history including the Indians, French and English settlements, the New Hampshire grants, and the resistance to New York. It includes indexes.  
 +
==United States History==
  
'''1930s:''' Depression closed many factories and mills.
+
The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:
  
'''1960s:''' Interstate highways led to increased tourism.  
+
*''The Almanac of American History'', <ref> Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. ''The Almanac of American History.'' Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&title=The+Almanac+of+American+History.&pretitle=The+Almanac+of+American+History. FHL book 973 H2alm]) </ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9392978&referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref> This provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
  
== State Histories ==
+
*''Dictionary of American History, Revised ed'' <ref>'' Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols''. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=76529&disp=Dictionary+of+American+history%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 973 H2ad].)</ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2507380&referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref> This includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations. A snippet view is available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=Lz9WC9EyF08C&q=9780684138565&dq=9780684138565&ei=F4GxSbisHpDMlQSW3Z36BQ&pgis=1 Google books].
  
The Family History Library has many histories of Vermont including:  
+
*''Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium'' <ref>'' Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium''. Springfield, Mass.: G&C Merriam, 1971. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&title=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History%3A+A+Chronological%2C+Geographical%2C+and+Biographical+Survey+and+Compendium&pretitle=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History%3A+A+Chronological%2C+Geographical%2C+and+Biographical+Survey+and+Compendium FHL book 973 H2v]) </ref>  <ref> Limited view at [http://books.google.com/books?id=MVU6DS6Re8gC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History:+A+Chronological,+Geographical,+and+Biographical+Survey+and+Compendium%27&ei=Vn-xSeS6FJDUlQSby81v#PPP13,M1 Google Books] </ref>  <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History&qt=owc_search Worldcat] </ref> This includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.
  
Carpenter, W. H. ''The History of Vermont from Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time.'' Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Lippincott, Grambo, 1853. (Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=377363&disp=The+history+of+Vermont%2C+from+its+earli%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1065107].) This history discusses Indian wars, settlements, the problems with Canada, and frustrations caused by Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and New York meddling.  
+
*''Writings on American History'' <ref>''Writings on American History'' By American Historical Association, Library of Congress, United States National Historical Publications Commission, Published by KTO Press, 1921 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=244514&disp=Writings+on+American+history%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 973 H23w] </ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Writings+on+American+History&qt=owc_search  Worldcat] </ref> Has the full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=mgEPAAAAYAAJ&dq=United+States+Local+Histories+in+the+Library+of+Congress&ei=N3yxSd6pI4K0kATC-qRu Google Books]
  
Crockett, Walter H. ''Vermont, the Green Mountain State''. 5 vols. New York, New York: Century History, 1921. (Family History Library book 974.3 H2c; film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=166409&disp=Vermont%2C+the+green+mountain+state%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1000619].) This is an all-encompassing history including the Indians, French and English settlements, the New Hampshire grants, and the resistance to New York. It includes indexes.  
+
To find more books and articles about Vermont  's history use the Internet [http://www.google.com/ Google] search for phases like "Vermont history."
 
+
[[Family History Library Catalog Surname Search|Family History Library Catalog Surname Search]] lists many more histories under topics like:
== Local Histories  ==
+
::VERMONT - HISTORY
 
+
::VERMONT, [COUNTY] - HISTORY
Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of area families. The [[United States History|“History”]] section of the United States Research Outline (30972) cites nationwide bibliographies of local histories, which include local histories of Vermont. For a statewide bibliography of local histories, see:
+
::VERMONT, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY  
 
+
::VERMONT, BIBLIOGRAPHY
''Vermont, a Bibliography of Its History. Bibliographies of New England History'', v.4. Boston, Massachusetts: G.K. Hall, 1981. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=54265&disp=Vermont%2C+a+bibliography+of+its+history%20%20&columns=*,0,0 974.3 H23v].) This book includes state, county, and local histories and an index of authors, editors, compilers, subjects, and places.
+
 
+
For a statewide collection of brief local histories, see:  
+
 
+
Brown, Elizabeth Crockett. ''Historical Sketches of Vermont Communities''. N.p., 1991. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=499785&disp=Historical+sketches+of+Vermont+communiti%20%20&columns=*,0,0 974.3 H2be].) This source contains historical information about each town. There are brief sketches arranged by counties and towns.
+
 
+
Information on additional resources about the history of Vermont and local histories of its towns and counties can be found in the Family History Library Catalog by using a Place Search under:  
+
 
+
VERMONT- HISTORY<br>VERMONT, [COUNTY]- HISTORY<br>VERMONT, [COUNTY], [TOWN]- HISTORY
+
  
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
== Web Sites  ==
 +
*[http://www.vermonthistory.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=25&Itemid=166%20/%3E%3C/head%3E%3Cbody%3E%3Cscript%20language= Vermont History Journal]
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Vermont Vermont History -Wikipedia]
  
*http://www.vermonthistory.org/journal/
+
==Sources==
*http://home.att.net/~Local_History/VT_History.htm
+
<references/>
  
 
[[Category:Vermont]]
 
[[Category:Vermont]]

Revision as of 23:02, 9 March 2009

United States > Vermont > Vermont History

Contents

Brief History

Effective family history research requires some understanding of the historical events that affected your family and the records about them. Learning about wars, governments, laws, migrations, and religious trends can help you understand political boundaries, family movements, and settlement patterns.

State, county, and town histories often contain biographical sketches of local citizens, including important genealogical information. This may be one of the best sources of information for some families.

The following important events in the history of Vermont affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements:

  • 1724: The first permanent English settlement was made at Fort Dummer, near the site of present-day Brattleboro. Permanent settlement began in most of Vermont after 1760, when the English drove the French from the area.
  • 1749–1764: New Hampshire granted land for 129 towns in Vermont.
  • 1764–1776: New York claimed jurisdiction and tried to establish county governments in the area. Albany, Cumberland, Gloucester, and Charlotte counties of New York included what is now Vermont. When New York land grants conflicted with the earlier grants, New Hampshire pioneers formed the Green Mountain Boys to drive first the “Yorkers” and then the British from the area.
  • 1777–1791: Vermont was an independent republic until it joined the Union in 1791.
  • 1800–1816: Many people went to new lands in upstate New York to escape the War of 1812, cold seasons, floods, and epidemics. In one epidemic more than 6,000 persons died.
  • 1820–1860: The Champlain Canal opened in 1823, connecting Vermont to New York City. The Erie Canal opened in 1825, carrying Vermont settlers to Ohio and other western areas. Irish laborers came to work on Vermont railroads, the first of which opened in 1848.
  • 1861–1865: More than 35,000 Vermonters served in the Union Army during the Civil War.
  • After 1850: Agriculture declined and farmers left for the cities or better farms in the Midwest.
  • Late 1800s: French Canadians and Europeans settled mostly in cities to work in factories. Burlington grew rapidly because of lumber. The granite industry boomed in Barre. The textile industry declined and many mills were moved to the South.
  • 1898: Over 300,000 men were involved in the Spanish-American War which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.
  • 1917–1918: More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the Selective Service. World War I over 4.7 million American men and women served during the war.
  • 1930's: The Great Depression closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.
  • 1940–1945: Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the Selective Service. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during World War II.
  • 1950–1953: Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the Korean War.
  • 1950's–1960's The building of interstate highways made it easier for people to move long distances. Interstate highways led to increased tourism.
  • 1964–1972: Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the Vietnam War.

Historical Content

Histories are great sources of genealogical information. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including:

  • Parents' names
  • Maiden names of women
  • Place of birth, death, or marriage
  • Occupation
  • Migration
  • Military service
  • Descendants

Local Histories

Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the Family History Library, public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies. The United States Research "History" page cites nationwide bibliographies of local histories which include histories of Vermont.

  • Historical Sketches of Vermont Communities [1] This source contains historical information about each town. There are brief sketches arranged by counties and towns.
  • Vermont, a Bibliography of Its History. Bibliographies of New England History [2] This book includes state, county, and local histories and an index of authors, editors, compilers, subjects, and places.
  • A Bibliography of American County Histories [3] [4]
  • United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress [5] [6]

State Histories Useful to Genealogists

Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. Some examples for the State of Vermont are:

  • The History of Vermont from Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time. [7] This history discusses Indian wars, settlements, the problems with Canada, and frustrations caused by Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and New York meddling.
  • Vermont, the Green Mountain State [8] This is an all-encompassing history including the Indians, French and English settlements, the New Hampshire grants, and the resistance to New York. It includes indexes.

United States History

The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:

  • The Almanac of American History, [9] [10] This provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
  • Dictionary of American History, Revised ed [11] [12] This includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations. A snippet view is available at Google books.
  • Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium [13] [14] [15] This includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.

To find more books and articles about Vermont 's history use the Internet Google search for phases like "Vermont history." Family History Library Catalog Surname Search lists many more histories under topics like:

VERMONT - HISTORY
VERMONT, [COUNTY] - HISTORY
VERMONT, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY
VERMONT, BIBLIOGRAPHY

Web Sites

Sources

  1. Brown, Elizabeth Crockett. Historical Sketches of Vermont Communities. N.p., 1991. (Family History Library book 974.3 H2be.)
  2. Vermont, a Bibliography of Its History. Bibliographies of New England History, v.4. Boston, Massachusetts: G.K. Hall, 1981. (Family History Library book 974.3 H23v.)
  3. Filby, P. William. A Bibliography of American County Histories. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985. (FHL book 973 H23bi)
  4. Worldcat
  5. Kaminkow, Marion J. United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. (FHL book 973 A3ka.)
  6. Worldcat
  7. Carpenter, W. H. The History of Vermont from Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Lippincott, Grambo, 1853. (Family History Library film 1065107.)
  8. Crockett, Walter H. Vermont, the Green Mountain State. 5 vols. New York, New York: Century History, 1921. (Family History Library book 974.3 H2c; film 1000619.)
  9. Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. The Almanac of American History. Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983. (FHL book 973 H2alm)
  10. Worldcat
  11. Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976. (FHL book 973 H2ad.)
  12. Worldcat
  13. Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium. Springfield, Mass.: G&C Merriam, 1971. (FHL book 973 H2v)
  14. Limited view at Google Books
  15. Worldcat
  16. Writings on American History By American Historical Association, Library of Congress, United States National Historical Publications Commission, Published by KTO Press, 1921 FHL book 973 H23w
  17. Worldcat