Virginia in the Revolutionary War

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#District ([[Accomack County, Virginia|Accomack]] and [[Northampton County, Virginia|Northampton]] counties)  
 
#District ([[Accomack County, Virginia|Accomack]] and [[Northampton County, Virginia|Northampton]] counties)  
 
#District ([[Princess Anne County, Virginia|Princess Anne]], [[Norfolk County, Virginia|Norfolk]], [[Nansemond County, Virginia|Nansemond]] and [[Isle of Wight County, Virginia|Isle of Wight]] counties and [[Norfolk, Virginia|Norfolk Borough]])  
 
#District ([[Princess Anne County, Virginia|Princess Anne]], [[Norfolk County, Virginia|Norfolk]], [[Nansemond County, Virginia|Nansemond]] and [[Isle of Wight County, Virginia|Isle of Wight]] counties and [[Norfolk, Virginia|Norfolk Borough]])  
#District ([[Southampton County, Virginia|Southampton]], [[Sussex County, Virginia|Sussex]], [[Surry County, Virginia|Surry]], [[Brunswick County, Virginia|Brunswick]], [[Prince George County, Virginia|Prince George]], and [[Dinwiddie County, Virginia|Dinwiddie]] counties)
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#District ([[Southampton County, Virginia|Southampton]], [[Sussex County, Virginia|Sussex]], [[Surry County, Virginia|Surry]], [[Brunswick County, Virginia|Brunswick]], [[Prince George County, Virginia|Prince George]], and [[Dinwiddie County, Virginia|Dinwiddie]] counties)  
#District ([[Mecklenburg County, Virginia|Mecklenburg]], [[Lunenburg County, Virginia|Lunenburg]], [[Charlotte County, Virginia|Charlotte]], [[Halifax County, Virginia|Halifax]], and [[Prince Edward County, Virginia|Prince Edward]] counties)
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#District ([[Mecklenburg County, Virginia|Mecklenburg]], [[Lunenburg County, Virginia|Lunenburg]], [[Charlotte County, Virginia|Charlotte]], [[Halifax County, Virginia|Halifax]], and [[Prince Edward County, Virginia|Prince Edward]] counties)  
#District ([[Amelia County, Virginia|Amelia]], [[Chesterfield County, Virginia|Chesterfield]], and [[Cumberland County, Virginia|Cumberland]] counties)
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#District ([[Amelia County, Virginia|Amelia]], [[Chesterfield County, Virginia|Chesterfield]], and [[Cumberland County, Virginia|Cumberland]] counties)  
#District ([[Henrico County, Virginia|Henrico]], [[Hanover County, Virginia|Hanover]], [[Goochland County, Virginia|Goochland]], and [[Louisa County, Virginia]] counties)
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#District ([[Henrico County, Virginia|Henrico]], [[Hanover County, Virginia|Hanover]], [[Goochland County, Virginia|Goochland]], and [[Louisa County, Virginia]] counties)  
#District ([[Pittsylvania County, Virginia|Pittsylvania]], [[Fincastle County, Virginia|Fincastle]], [[Bedford County, Virginia|Bedford]], and [[Botetourt County, Virginia|Botetourt]] counties)
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#District ([[Pittsylvania County, Virginia|Pittsylvania]], [[Fincastle County, Virginia|Fincastle]], [[Bedford County, Virginia|Bedford]], and [[Botetourt County, Virginia|Botetourt]] counties)  
#District ([[Buckingham County, Virginia|Buckingham]], [[Amherst County, Virginia|Amherst]], [[Albemarle County, Virginia|Albemarle]], and [[Augusta County, Virginia|Augusta]] counties)
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#District ([[Buckingham County, Virginia|Buckingham]], [[Amherst County, Virginia|Amherst]], [[Albemarle County, Virginia|Albemarle]], and [[Augusta County, Virginia|Augusta]] counties)  
#District ([[Elizabeth City County, Virginia|Elizabeth City]], [[Warwick, Virginia|Warwick]], [[York County, Virginia|York]], [[James City County, the city of Williamsburg, and the counties of Charles City and New Kent]] counties)
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#District ([[Elizabeth City County, Virginia|Elizabeth City]], [[Warwick, Virginia|Warwick]], [[York County, Virginia|York]], [[James City County, Virginia|James City]], [[Charles City County, Virginia|Charles City]], [[New Kent County, Virginia|New Kent]] counties, and the City of [[Williamsburg, Virginia|Williamsburg]])
 
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#District ([[Gloucester County, Virginia|Gloucester]], [[Middlesex County, Virginia|Middlesex]], [[Essex County, Virginia|Essex]], [[King and Queen County, Virginia|King and Queen]], and [[King William County, Virginia|King William]] counties)
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#District ([[Lancaster County, Virginia|Lancaster]], [[Northumberland County, Virginia|Northumberland]], [[Westmoreland County, Virginia|Westmoreland]], and [[Richmond County, Virginia|Richmond]] counties)  
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#District ([[Culpeper County, Virginia|Culpeper]], [[Orange County, Virginia|Orange]], and [[Fauquier County, Virginia|Fauquier]] counties)
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#District ([[Caroline County, Virginia|Caroline]], [[Spotsylvania County, Virginia|Spotsylvania]], [[King George County, Virginia|King George]], and [[Stafford County, Virginia|Stafford]] counties)
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#District ([[Prince William County, Virginia|Prince William]], [[Fairfax County, Virginia|Fairfax]], and [[Loudoun County, Virginia|Loudoun]] counties)
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#District ([[Berkeley County, West Virginia|Berkeley]], [[Frederick County, Virginia|Frederick]], [[Dunmore County, Virginia|Dunmore]], and [[Hampshire County, West Virginia|Hampshire]] counties)
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#District ([[West_Augusta_District,_Virginia|West Augusta District]])
  
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#Accomack District  
 
#Accomack District  

Revision as of 02:20, 26 January 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Civil War  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia Military  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia in the Revolutionary War

Contents

Organization

History

"The Convention ... passed an ordinance July 17, 1775, for raising two regiments of regulars and for organizing the militia. The first regiment was to consist of 544 rank and file, with a colonel, lieutenant- colonel, major, 8 captains, 16 lieutenants, and 8 ensigns; and the second of 476 rank and file, with seven companies and corresponding officers. The field officers were appointed by the Convention - Patrick Henry to command the first regiment, and Colonel Woodford the second. The companies were to consist of 68 men each, to be enlisted in districts, and to serve one year. .. The company officers were appointed by the members of the Convention from the district.

"The whole state was divided into military districts, and the militia were ordered to be embodied as minute-men. ... Each district was to raise a battalion of 500 men, rank and file, from the age of 16 to that of 50, to be divided into ten companies of 50 men each. The officers were to be appointed by committees, selected by the various county committees. The battalion was required to be kept in training at some convenient place for twelve days, twice a year; and the several companies to be mustered four days in each month, except December, January and February, in their respective counties.

"Every man so enlisted was required to 'furnish himself with a good rifle, if to be had, otherwise a tomahawk, common firelock bayonet, pouch, or cartouch box, and three charges of powder and ball.' Upon affidavit that the minute-man was not able to furnish his arms, &c., they were to be supplied at public expense. The officers were required to equip themselves, and officers and men were liable to a fine for failure in this respect.

"In December, 1775, the Convention passed another ordinance for raising additional troops. It provided for augmenting the two regiments already raised, by the addition of two companies to the first, and three to the second; and also for raising six additional regiments, of ten companies each, and sixty-eight men to a company. ... Captains and other company officers were to be appointed by the committees of the counties in which companies were raised, respectively.

"Arms, &c., for the new companies were to be furnished by the public; but until muskets could be procured, the men were to bring the best guns they had - riflemen to bring rifles and tomahawks. ...

"The same ordinance provided for raising a Ninth regiment of seven companies, sixty-eight men to a company, for the protection of Accomac and Northampton counties. ...

"The Legislature elected under the State Constitution met for the first time October 7, 1776, and soon thereafter passed an act for raising six additional battalions 'on the continental establishment...'"[1]

"In September, 1778, the number of Virginia regiments were reduced from fifteen to eleven and designated as follows: The Ninth was incorporated with the First; the Sixth with the Second; the Fifth with the Third, and the Eighth with the Fourth; the Seventh was designated the Fifth; Tenth the Sixth; Eleventh the Seventh; Twelfth the Eighth; Thirteenth the Ninth; Fourteenth the Tenth, and Fifteenth the Eleventh."[2]

Virginia Military Units

Most units were numbered. Some were named. See the list below for links to more detailed information.

Virginia regiments typically consisted of 8 to 10 companies recruited from specific areas of Virginia.

Regiments

State Regiments

Militia

  • Bedford County Militia
  • Culpeper Minutemen
  • Ethiopian Regiment
  • Fluvanna County Militia
  • Lee's Legion. Lt.-Col. Commandant Henry Lee; Captain Patrick Carnes; Captain Lieutenant William Epps; Captain Churchill Jones[2]
  • Artillery, Colonel Charles Harrison; Colonel Nathaniel Gist; Captain Nathan Burwell; Captain-Lt. Lewis Booker; Captain Lt. Ambrose Bohanner; Captain-Lt. Fleming William Gaines; Captain Lt. Thomas Fenn; Captain Lt. Richard Walters; Captain Whitehead Coleman; Captain Champe John Carter; Lt. Col. Edward Carrington; Captain John Dandrige; Captain Lieutenant Thomas Dix; Captain Samuel Eddins; Captain William Meredith; Captain and Aide-de-Camp William Pearce; Captain Drury Ragsdale; Captain Anthony Singleton[2]
  • 1st Dragoons, Colonel Walton Anthony White; Captain James Gunn; Captain John Hughes; Captain Andrew Nixon; Captain Thomas Pemberton; Captain John Watts; Captain Robert Yancey[2]
  • 3rd Dragoons, Captain William Barrett; Captain Peregrine Fitzhugh, Captain John Kiltey, Captain Robert Morrow; Captain William Parsons[2]
  • 4th Dragoons, Captain Erasmus Gill, Captain Lawrence Trant; Lt. Col. Benjamin Temple[2]
  • Infantry, Captain Samuel Lapsley; Captain Lt. Arthur Lind, Captain Francis Minnis; Captain Francis Muir[2]
  • Posey's, Lt. Colonel Thomas Posey; Captain Alexander Parker; Captain Thomas Parker; Captain Beverly Roy; Captain Joseph Scott; Captain Clough Shelton[2]

Virginia Districts

In July 1775, Virginia was divided into 16 military districts for the purpose of raising regiments. Each district encompassed multiple counties. The 16 districts were:[3]

  1. District (Accomack and Northampton counties)
  2. District (Princess Anne, Norfolk, Nansemond and Isle of Wight counties and Norfolk Borough)
  3. District (Southampton, Sussex, Surry, Brunswick, Prince George, and Dinwiddie counties)
  4. District (Mecklenburg, Lunenburg, Charlotte, Halifax, and Prince Edward counties)
  5. District (Amelia, Chesterfield, and Cumberland counties)
  6. District (Henrico, Hanover, Goochland, and Louisa County, Virginia counties)
  7. District (Pittsylvania, Fincastle, Bedford, and Botetourt counties)
  8. District (Buckingham, Amherst, Albemarle, and Augusta counties)
  9. District (Elizabeth City, Warwick, York, James City, Charles City, New Kent counties, and the City of Williamsburg)
  10. District (Gloucester, Middlesex, Essex, King and Queen, and King William counties)
  11. District (Lancaster, Northumberland, Westmoreland, and Richmond counties)
  12. District (Culpeper, Orange, and Fauquier counties)
  13. District (Caroline, Spotsylvania, King George, and Stafford counties)
  14. District (Prince William, Fairfax, and Loudoun counties)
  15. District (Berkeley, Frederick, Dunmore, and Hampshire counties)
  16. District (West Augusta District)



  1. Accomack District
  2. Albemarle District[3]
  3. Amelia District
  4. Amherst District[3]
  5. Augusta District[3]
  6. Bedford District[3]
  7. Berkeley District[3]
  8. Botetourt District[3]
  9. Brunswick District
  10. Buckingham District (Albemarle, Amherst, Augusta, and Buckingham counties)[1][3]
  11. Caroline District
  12. Culpeper District[3]
  13. Dunmore District[3]
  14. Elizabeth City District
  15. Fauquier District[3]
  16. Fincastle District[3]
  17. Frederick District[3]
  18. Gloucester District
  19. Hampshire District[3]
  20. Hanover District
  21. Henrico District
  22. Isle of Wight District
  23. James City District
  24. James River District
  25. Lancaster District
  26. Mecklenburg District
  27. Orange District[3]
  28. Pittsylvania District[3]
  29. Prince George District
  30. Prince William County District (Fairfax, Loudoun, and Prince William counties)
  31. Princess Anne District
  32. Southampton District
  33. Spotsylvania District
  34. Westmoreland District

Battles Fought in Virginia

  • 1775 Oct 26 - Hampton, Va.
  • 1775 Nov 14 - Kemp's Landing, Va.
  • 1775 Dec 9 - Great Bridge, Va.
  • 1776 Jan 1; 9 May 1779 - Norfolk, Va.
  • 1776 Jul 8-10 - Gwynn's Island, Va.
  • 1777 Sep 1; 26-28 Feb 1778 - Fort Henry, Va.
  • 1777 Sep 1; 26-28 Sep 1778 - Wheeling, Va.
  • 1779 May 9 - Fort Nelson, Va.
  • 1781 Jan 5 - Richmond, Va.
  • 1781 Jan 8 - Charles City Courthouse, Va.
  • 1781 Apr 25 - Petersburg, Va.
  • 1781 Apr 27 - Osborne's, Va.
  • 1781 Jun 26 - Spencer's Tavern, Va.
  • 1781 Jul 6 - Green Springs, Va.
  • 1781 Jul 6 - Jamestown Ford, Va.
  • 1781 Sep 25; 19 Oct 1781 - Yorktown, Va.

Source: "Alphabetical List of Engagements," Appendix in John H. Gwathmey, Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution. Soldiers. Sailors. Marines. 1775-1783 (1938; reprint, Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 864-868.

Resources

Service Records

The Family History Library and the National Archives have the:

Pension Records

1840 Census

Regimental Rosters

Regimental rosters with biographical information of Virginia soldiers are published in:

Committees of Safety

Guides to Military Units

For guidebooks to Virginia's military units for the Revolutionary War, the following sources are helpful:

Internet Sites

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Joseph A. Waddell, Annals of Augusta County, Virginia (Richmond, Va.: Wm. Ellis Jones, Book and Job Printer, 1886), 156-158.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 F.B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army During the War of the Revolution, April, 1775, to December, 1783 (Washington, D.C.: W.H. Lowdermilk and Co., 1893), 474-478. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 "An ordinance for raising and embodying a sufficient force, for the defense and protection of this colony," July 1775, in William Waller Hening, ed. The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia from the First Session of the Legislature, in the Year 1619 (Richmond, Va.: J. and G. Cochran, Printers, 1821), Vol. 10:16. Digitized by VAGenWeb.