Wales

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__NOTOC__ [[Image:Y ddraig goch.png|thumb|150px|Y ddraig goch.png]] The country of Wales is located in the western part of Britain and is one of the four constituant countries of the United Kingdom.<br>  
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__NOTOC__ [[Image:Y ddraig goch.png|thumb|150px|Y ddraig goch.png]] The country of Wales is located in the western part of Britain and is one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom.<br>  
  
 
From its original Celtic origins, a distinct Welsh national identity emerged in the centuries after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century.<br>  
 
From its original Celtic origins, a distinct Welsh national identity emerged in the centuries after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century.<br>  

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Y ddraig goch.png
The country of Wales is located in the western part of Britain and is one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom.

From its original Celtic origins, a distinct Welsh national identity emerged in the centuries after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century.

The country is bilingual, with both Welsh and English being official languages. However, English is the predominant language spoken, with approximately 20 percent of the population able to speak Welsh.[1]

The population in Wales is 2,903,085 as of the 2001 census.[2]

The city of Cardiff, on the south coast, is the country's capital, seat of government and chief commercial centre. It has a population of around 350,000.


Learn how to start your Welsh genealogy.

The historic counties



Most researchers will be researching with the context of these historic counties. Wales, like many other countries, has seen much reorganisation over time and it may be necessary to search in several counties.

pre 1974 1974-1996 post 1996
Anglesey Gwynedd Anglesey
Breconshire Powys
Mid Glamorgan
Gwent
Powys
Rhondda Cynon Taf
Monmouthshire
Caernarfonshire Gwynedd Gwynedd
Conwy
Cardiganshire Dyfed Ceredigion
Carmarthenshire Dyfed Carmarthenshire
Pembrokeshire
Denbighshire Clwyd
Powys
Denbighshire
Flintshire
Wrexham
Conwy
Flintshire Clwyd Flintshire
Denbighshire
Wrexham
Glamorgan Mid Glamorgan



South Glamorgan

West Glamorgan
Bridgend
Merthyr Tydfil
Rhondda Cynon Taf
Caerphilly
Cardiff
Vale of Glamorgan
Swansea
Neath Port Talbot
Merionethshire Gwynedd
Clwyd
Gwynedd
Denbighshire
Monmouthshire Gwent
Mid Glamorgan
South Glamorgan
Monmouthshire
Newport
Blaenau Gwent
Islwyn
Torfaen
Caerphilly
Montgomeryshire Powys Powys
Pembrokeshire Dyfed Pembrokeshire
Radnorshire Powys Powys

See the relevant county pages for further information.

Featured resources

Cardiff Bay WMC.jpg

News and events

News:

  • Records recently deposited for Bethania Chapel, Maesteg 1861-2005 at the Glamorgan Record Office.
  • Pre 1858 Welsh Probate indexes and free document images are now online.
  • The 1911 census is now available online for all of Wales. About 13% of the schedules are printed and filled out in Welsh.
  • Ordnance Survey Maps with registration district boundaries free to search online
  • The National Library of Wales at Aberystwyth has begun a £20 million project to make large parts of its collection available on-line. The project will take 10 years to complete and will involve the digitising of millions of documents, newspapers and books.
  • The latest national Census in Wales took place on 27 March, 2011.
  • BBC Wales have relaunched their website on Welsh Family History
  • FamilySearch now has Welsh parish registers on microfilm.

Events:

  • Cwrs Cymraeg This year's Welsh course, Cwrs Halen Ddaear, will be at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City on July 22-29, 2012.
More events & details ...

Things you can do

Useful websites

more Wales Websites

Wiki articles describing these collections are found at:

References

  1. "Wales.com - Language." Welsh Government, accessed Nov. 30, 2011, http://www.wales.com/en/content/cms/English/About_Wales/Language/Language.aspx.
  2. United Kingdom. Office for National Statistics, "Census 2001: First results On population for Wales," 2002.