Wales, Probate Abstracts (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{FamilySearch Collection
 
{{FamilySearch Collection
 
|CID=CID1876640
 
|CID=CID1876640
|title=Wales, Probate Abstracts, 1564-1858
+
|title=Wales, Probate Abstracts, 1544-1858
 
|location=Wales}}<br>  
 
|location=Wales}}<br>  
 
== Collection Time Period  ==
 
 
This collection covers records for the years 1564 to 1858.
 
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
This is a collection of abstracts of wills and administrations. Information in the abstracts was extracted, independently checked and proof-read. They are an excellent working guide to the names, relationships and place names contained in the original documents. The following localities are included:  
+
This is a collection of abstracts of wills and administrations originally recorded in the six consistory courts, including the dioceses of:  
  
 
*Bangor  
 
*Bangor  
Line 19: Line 15:
 
*St. David's
 
*St. David's
  
=== Record Content  ===
+
The abstracts were created from microfilming done at the National Library of Wales. Information in the abstracts was extracted, independently checked and proof-read. They are an excellent working guide to the names, relationships and place names contained in the original documents. Images of original wills and administrations are available on the National Library of Wales website. This collection is being published as images become available.
  
[[Image:Wales Llandaff Probate Abstracts (10-0779) DGS 4664464 131.jpg|thumb|right]]
+
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1876640/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page.
 +
 
 +
This collection covers records for the years 1544 to 1858.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 +
 
 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
 +
 
 +
{{Collection citation | text= "Wales, Probate Abstracts 1544-1858" Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing National Library, Aberystwyth.}}
 +
 
 +
[[Wales, Probate Abstracts (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 +
 
 +
== Record Content  ==
 +
 
 +
<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 +
Image:Wales Llandaff Probate Abstracts (10-0779) DGS 4664464 131.jpg|Probate Abstract
 +
</gallery>
  
 
Probate extracts generally include the following:  
 
Probate extracts generally include the following:  
Line 31: Line 43:
 
*Probate date  
 
*Probate date  
 
*Burial place  
 
*Burial place  
*Names of heirs such as spouse, children, guardians, and other relatives or friends along&nbsp;with&nbsp;their relationship to the deceased and their resedence.
+
*Names of heirs such as spouse, children, guardians, and other relatives or friends along with their relationship to the deceased and their residence.
  
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
To begin your search you will need to know the following:  
+
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:  
  
*Name  
+
*Name of ancestor
 
*Residence  
 
*Residence  
 
*Approximate death or probate date
 
*Approximate death or probate date
  
Compare the information in the abstract to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.  
+
==== Search the Collection  ====
 +
 
 +
To search the collection <br> ⇒ Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒ Select the appropriate "Diocese"<br> ⇒ Select the appropriate "Record type and date range" which will take you to the images.
 +
 
 +
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.  
 +
 
 +
==== Using the Information  ====
  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s abstract, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s abstract, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:  
  
 
*Use probate records to identify heirs and relatives.  
 
*Use probate records to identify heirs and relatives.  
*You may be able to use the probate record to learn about adoptions or guardianship of any minor children and dependents.
 
*Probate records may not give an exact death date, but a death most often occurred within a few months of the date of probate. Use the document (such as the will) or the recording dates to approximate a death date.
 
 
*Use the information in the probate record to substitute for civil birth and death records since the probates exist for an earlier time period.  
 
*Use the information in the probate record to substitute for civil birth and death records since the probates exist for an earlier time period.  
 
*You may be able to use the probate record to learn about land transactions.  
 
*You may be able to use the probate record to learn about land transactions.  
*Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.
+
*Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.
*Use the occupations listed to find employment records&nbsp;or other types of records such as land records, tax records, or military records.
+
*Compile the entries for every person who&nbsp;lived&nbsp;in the same parish as the deceased, this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
+
*Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have died in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
+
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
+
  
==== Keep in mind: ====
+
==== Tips to Keep in Mind ====
  
*The contents of probate records vary greatly depending on the prevailing law, local&nbsp;customs&nbsp;and the personality of the record keeper.  
+
*The records are quite reliable because of their legal nature.
 +
*You may be able to use the probate record to learn about adoptions or guardianship of any minor children and dependents.
 +
*Probate records may not give an exact death date, but a death most often occurred within a few months of the date of probate. Use the document (such as the will) or the recording dates to approximate a death date.
 +
*Compile the entries for every person who lived in the same parish as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
 +
*Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have died in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
 +
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 +
*The contents of probate records vary greatly depending on the prevailing law, local customs and the personality of the record keeper.  
 
*There is also some variation in the information given from one record to another record.  
 
*There is also some variation in the information given from one record to another record.  
*Although extracts are often easier to locate and to read than the actual probate documents, it is&nbsp;always a good idea to also read the original probate documents as small details are often omitted from extracts.  
+
*Although extracts are often easier to locate and to read than the actual probate documents, it is always a good idea to also read the original probate documents as small details are often omitted from extracts.  
 
*Probate records may omit the name of the eldest son who received his inheritance according to law, others who previously received their inheritance, or deceased family members.  
 
*Probate records may omit the name of the eldest son who received his inheritance according to law, others who previously received their inheritance, or deceased family members.  
 
*Probate records may mention children who are from a spouse’s previous marriage or mention a spouse who is not the parent of the children named.  
 
*Probate records may mention children who are from a spouse’s previous marriage or mention a spouse who is not the parent of the children named.  
 
*Transcription errors may have occurred.
 
*Transcription errors may have occurred.
  
If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, try the following:
+
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
  
 
*Check for variant spellings of the surnames.  
 
*Check for variant spellings of the surnames.  
*Remember that the patronymic naming system was used in Wales.&nbsp;The adoption of fixed surnames did not happen at one time for all families or the country as a whole.  
+
*Remember that the patronymic naming system was used in Wales. The adoption of fixed surnames did not happen at one time for all families or the country as a whole.  
 
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.  
 
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.  
*Search the indexes of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury
+
*Search the indexes of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
  
== Record History ==
+
==== General Information About Probate Records ====
  
Although any person, regardless of class or wealth, may have left a will or might be mentioned in one, wills were made primarily by the middle and upper classes, mostly by males with property. Before 1882 a wife who died before her husband could not make a will except with her husband’s consent or under a marriage settlement created before her marriage. A widow, however, could make a will. <br>  
+
Although any person, regardless of class or wealth, may have left a will or might be mentioned in one, wills were made primarily by the middle and upper classes, mostly by males with property. Before 1882, a wife who died before her husband could not make a will except with her husband’s consent or under a marriage settlement created before her marriage. A widow, however, could make a will. <br>  
  
Before 1750 heirs often did not prove wills to avoid court costs. The will was often kept in case someone later objected to the distribution of the property. As a result, sometimes wills were probated decades after the testator’s death. Some archives have collections of unproved wills. Others may be among family papers.  
+
Before 1750, heirs often did not prove wills to avoid court costs. The will was often kept in case someone later objected to the distribution of the property. As a result, sometimes wills were probated decades after the testator’s death. Some archives have collections of unproved wills. Others may be among family papers.  
  
 
Until 1833 real property could be entailed. This specified how property would be inherited in the future. An entail prevented subsequent inheritors from bequeathing the property to anyone except the heirs specified in the entail.  
 
Until 1833 real property could be entailed. This specified how property would be inherited in the future. An entail prevented subsequent inheritors from bequeathing the property to anyone except the heirs specified in the entail.  
  
 
The [http://www.llgc.org.uk/index.php?id=487 National Library of Wales] in Aberystwyth holds the original wills proved in Welsh ecclesiastical courts and has published images online.  
 
The [http://www.llgc.org.uk/index.php?id=487 National Library of Wales] in Aberystwyth holds the original wills proved in Welsh ecclesiastical courts and has published images online.  
 
=== Why this Record Was Created  ===
 
  
 
Probate records are used to legally dispose of a person’s estate after his or her death. The probate process transfers the legal responsibility for payment of taxes, care and custody of dependent family members, liquidation of debts, and transfer of property title. The transfer is to an executor or executrix if the deceased had made a will, to an administrator or administratrix if the deceased had not made a will, or to a guardian or conservator if the deceased had heirs under the age of twenty-one or if heirs were incompetent due to disease or disability.  
 
Probate records are used to legally dispose of a person’s estate after his or her death. The probate process transfers the legal responsibility for payment of taxes, care and custody of dependent family members, liquidation of debts, and transfer of property title. The transfer is to an executor or executrix if the deceased had made a will, to an administrator or administratrix if the deceased had not made a will, or to a guardian or conservator if the deceased had heirs under the age of twenty-one or if heirs were incompetent due to disease or disability.  
Line 88: Line 104:
 
Abstracts are created to summarize the details of the will or probate documents.  
 
Abstracts are created to summarize the details of the will or probate documents.  
  
=== Record Reliability  ===
+
== Related Websites ==
 
+
The records are quite reliable because of their legal nature.
+
 
+
== Related Web Sites ==
+
  
 
*[http://www.llgc.org.uk/index.php?id=487 National Library of Wales - Wills]  
 
*[http://www.llgc.org.uk/index.php?id=487 National Library of Wales - Wills]  
Line 101: Line 113:
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Wales Wales]  
+
*[[Wales]]  
 
*[[Wales Probate Records|Wales Probate Records]]  
 
*[[Wales Probate Records|Wales Probate Records]]  
 
*[[Quick Research Links - Wales]]
 
*[[Quick Research Links - Wales]]
  
=== Contributions to This Article  ===
+
== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
Line 111: Line 123:
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
+
A suggested format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: [[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]]
+
 
+
=== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ===
+
  
"Wales, Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780." images, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org https://www.familysearch.org]): accessed April 8, 2011. entry for David John; citing Probate Abatracts, Llandaff Diocese, Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780, Image 61; National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, Wales.  
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
== Sources of Information for This Collection  ==
+
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->“Wales, Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780,” images, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://familysearch.org https://familysearch.org]); from the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion (WALES). FHL digital images, 2,100 pages, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->
+
"Wales, Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780." digital images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://www.familysearch&nbsp;: accessed 25 April 2012). Llandaff Diocese &gt; Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780 &gt; Image 61 of 184&nbsp;; entry for David John; dated 17 June 1773; citing Probate Abstracts National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, Wales.  
  
 
[[Category:Wales]]
 
[[Category:Wales]]

Revision as of 19:05, 11 July 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

This is a collection of abstracts of wills and administrations originally recorded in the six consistory courts, including the dioceses of:

  • Bangor
  • Brecon
  • Hawarden
  • Llandaff
  • St. Asaph
  • St. David's

The abstracts were created from microfilming done at the National Library of Wales. Information in the abstracts was extracted, independently checked and proof-read. They are an excellent working guide to the names, relationships and place names contained in the original documents. Images of original wills and administrations are available on the National Library of Wales website. This collection is being published as images become available.

For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.

This collection covers records for the years 1544 to 1858. 

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"Wales, Probate Abstracts 1544-1858" Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing National Library, Aberystwyth.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

Probate extracts generally include the following:

  • Name of the deceased
  • Residence
  • Type of document
  • Death date
  • Probate date
  • Burial place
  • Names of heirs such as spouse, children, guardians, and other relatives or friends along with their relationship to the deceased and their residence.

How to Use the Record

To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Name of ancestor
  • Residence
  • Approximate death or probate date

Search the Collection

To search the collection
⇒ Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒ Select the appropriate "Diocese"
⇒ Select the appropriate "Record type and date range" which will take you to the images.

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor’s abstract, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:

  • Use probate records to identify heirs and relatives.
  • Use the information in the probate record to substitute for civil birth and death records since the probates exist for an earlier time period.
  • You may be able to use the probate record to learn about land transactions.
  • Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • The records are quite reliable because of their legal nature.
  • You may be able to use the probate record to learn about adoptions or guardianship of any minor children and dependents.
  • Probate records may not give an exact death date, but a death most often occurred within a few months of the date of probate. Use the document (such as the will) or the recording dates to approximate a death date.
  • Compile the entries for every person who lived in the same parish as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
  • Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have died in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  • The contents of probate records vary greatly depending on the prevailing law, local customs and the personality of the record keeper.
  • There is also some variation in the information given from one record to another record.
  • Although extracts are often easier to locate and to read than the actual probate documents, it is always a good idea to also read the original probate documents as small details are often omitted from extracts.
  • Probate records may omit the name of the eldest son who received his inheritance according to law, others who previously received their inheritance, or deceased family members.
  • Probate records may mention children who are from a spouse’s previous marriage or mention a spouse who is not the parent of the children named.
  • Transcription errors may have occurred.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
  • Remember that the patronymic naming system was used in Wales. The adoption of fixed surnames did not happen at one time for all families or the country as a whole.
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
  • Search the indexes of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.

General Information About Probate Records

Although any person, regardless of class or wealth, may have left a will or might be mentioned in one, wills were made primarily by the middle and upper classes, mostly by males with property. Before 1882, a wife who died before her husband could not make a will except with her husband’s consent or under a marriage settlement created before her marriage. A widow, however, could make a will.

Before 1750, heirs often did not prove wills to avoid court costs. The will was often kept in case someone later objected to the distribution of the property. As a result, sometimes wills were probated decades after the testator’s death. Some archives have collections of unproved wills. Others may be among family papers.

Until 1833 real property could be entailed. This specified how property would be inherited in the future. An entail prevented subsequent inheritors from bequeathing the property to anyone except the heirs specified in the entail.

The National Library of Wales in Aberystwyth holds the original wills proved in Welsh ecclesiastical courts and has published images online.

Probate records are used to legally dispose of a person’s estate after his or her death. The probate process transfers the legal responsibility for payment of taxes, care and custody of dependent family members, liquidation of debts, and transfer of property title. The transfer is to an executor or executrix if the deceased had made a will, to an administrator or administratrix if the deceased had not made a will, or to a guardian or conservator if the deceased had heirs under the age of twenty-one or if heirs were incompetent due to disease or disability.

Abstracts are created to summarize the details of the will or probate documents.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"Wales, Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780." digital images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch&nbsp;: accessed 25 April 2012). Llandaff Diocese > Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780 > Image 61 of 184 ; entry for David John; dated 17 June 1773; citing Probate Abstracts National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, Wales.