Wales, Probate Abstracts (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
Line 2: Line 2:
 
|CID=CID1876640
 
|CID=CID1876640
 
|title=Wales, Probate Abstracts, 1564-1858
 
|title=Wales, Probate Abstracts, 1564-1858
|location=Wales}}<br>  
+
|location=Wales}}<br>
  
 
== Collection Time Period  ==
 
== Collection Time Period  ==
Line 20: Line 20:
  
 
=== Record Content  ===
 
=== Record Content  ===
 
[[Image:Wales Llandaff Probate Abstracts (10-0779) DGS 4664464 131.jpg|thumb|right]]
 
  
 
Probate extracts generally include the following:  
 
Probate extracts generally include the following:  
 +
 +
[[Image:Wales Llandaff Probate Abstracts (10-0779) DGS 4664464 131.jpg|thumb|right]]
  
 
*Name of the deceased  
 
*Name of the deceased  
Line 35: Line 35:
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
To begin your search you will need to know the following:  
+
To begin your search, you will need to know the following:  
  
 
*Name  
 
*Name  
Line 43: Line 43:
 
Compare the information in the abstract to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.  
 
Compare the information in the abstract to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.  
  
When you have located your ancestor’s abstract, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:  
+
When you have located your ancestor’s abstract, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.  
 +
 
 +
For example:  
  
 
*Use probate records to identify heirs and relatives.  
 
*Use probate records to identify heirs and relatives.  
Line 52: Line 54:
 
*Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.  
 
*Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.  
 
*Use the occupations listed to find employment records&nbsp;or other types of records such as land records, tax records, or military records.  
 
*Use the occupations listed to find employment records&nbsp;or other types of records such as land records, tax records, or military records.  
*Compile the entries for every person who&nbsp;lived&nbsp;in the same parish as the deceased, this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
+
*Compile the entries for every person who&nbsp;lived&nbsp;in the same parish as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
 
*Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have died in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.  
 
*Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have died in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.  
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
Line 70: Line 72:
 
*Remember that the patronymic naming system was used in Wales.&nbsp;The adoption of fixed surnames did not happen at one time for all families or the country as a whole.  
 
*Remember that the patronymic naming system was used in Wales.&nbsp;The adoption of fixed surnames did not happen at one time for all families or the country as a whole.  
 
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.  
 
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.  
*Search the indexes of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury
+
*Search the indexes of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
  
 
== Record History  ==
 
== Record History  ==
  
Although any person, regardless of class or wealth, may have left a will or might be mentioned in one, wills were made primarily by the middle and upper classes, mostly by males with property. Before 1882 a wife who died before her husband could not make a will except with her husband’s consent or under a marriage settlement created before her marriage. A widow, however, could make a will. <br>  
+
Although any person, regardless of class or wealth, may have left a will or might be mentioned in one, wills were made primarily by the middle and upper classes, mostly by males with property. Before 1882, a wife who died before her husband could not make a will except with her husband’s consent or under a marriage settlement created before her marriage. A widow, however, could make a will. <br>
  
Before 1750 heirs often did not prove wills to avoid court costs. The will was often kept in case someone later objected to the distribution of the property. As a result, sometimes wills were probated decades after the testator’s death. Some archives have collections of unproved wills. Others may be among family papers.  
+
Before 1750, heirs often did not prove wills to avoid court costs. The will was often kept in case someone later objected to the distribution of the property. As a result, sometimes wills were probated decades after the testator’s death. Some archives have collections of unproved wills. Others may be among family papers.  
  
 
Until 1833 real property could be entailed. This specified how property would be inherited in the future. An entail prevented subsequent inheritors from bequeathing the property to anyone except the heirs specified in the entail.  
 
Until 1833 real property could be entailed. This specified how property would be inherited in the future. An entail prevented subsequent inheritors from bequeathing the property to anyone except the heirs specified in the entail.  
Line 82: Line 84:
 
The [http://www.llgc.org.uk/index.php?id=487 National Library of Wales] in Aberystwyth holds the original wills proved in Welsh ecclesiastical courts and has published images online.  
 
The [http://www.llgc.org.uk/index.php?id=487 National Library of Wales] in Aberystwyth holds the original wills proved in Welsh ecclesiastical courts and has published images online.  
  
=== Why this Record Was Created  ===
+
=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
  
 
Probate records are used to legally dispose of a person’s estate after his or her death. The probate process transfers the legal responsibility for payment of taxes, care and custody of dependent family members, liquidation of debts, and transfer of property title. The transfer is to an executor or executrix if the deceased had made a will, to an administrator or administratrix if the deceased had not made a will, or to a guardian or conservator if the deceased had heirs under the age of twenty-one or if heirs were incompetent due to disease or disability.  
 
Probate records are used to legally dispose of a person’s estate after his or her death. The probate process transfers the legal responsibility for payment of taxes, care and custody of dependent family members, liquidation of debts, and transfer of property title. The transfer is to an executor or executrix if the deceased had made a will, to an administrator or administratrix if the deceased had not made a will, or to a guardian or conservator if the deceased had heirs under the age of twenty-one or if heirs were incompetent due to disease or disability.  
Line 92: Line 94:
 
The records are quite reliable because of their legal nature.  
 
The records are quite reliable because of their legal nature.  
  
== Related Web Sites ==
+
== Related Websites ==
  
 
*[http://www.llgc.org.uk/index.php?id=487 National Library of Wales - Wills]  
 
*[http://www.llgc.org.uk/index.php?id=487 National Library of Wales - Wills]  
Line 109: Line 111:
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
+
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
  
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
+
==== Example of a Source Citation for a Record Found&nbsp;in This Collection  ====
  
"Wales, Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780." images, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org https://www.familysearch.org]): accessed April 8, 2011. entry for David John; citing Probate Abatracts, Llandaff Diocese, Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780, Image 61; National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, Wales.
+
"Wales, Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780." images, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org https://www.familysearch.org]): accessed April 8, 2011. entry for David John; citing Probate Abatracts, Llandaff Diocese, Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780, Image 61; National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, Wales.  
  
== Sources of Information for This Collection  ==
+
== Citation for This Collection  ==
 +
 
 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
  
 
<!--bibdescbegin-->“Wales, Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780,” images, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://familysearch.org https://familysearch.org]); from the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion (WALES). FHL digital images, 2,100 pages, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->  
 
<!--bibdescbegin-->“Wales, Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780,” images, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://familysearch.org https://familysearch.org]); from the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion (WALES). FHL digital images, 2,100 pages, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->  
 +
 +
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
  
 
[[Category:Wales]]
 
[[Category:Wales]]

Revision as of 22:52, 6 December 2011

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Collection Time Period

This collection covers records for the years 1564 to 1858.

Record Description

This is a collection of abstracts of wills and administrations. Information in the abstracts was extracted, independently checked and proof-read. They are an excellent working guide to the names, relationships and place names contained in the original documents. The following localities are included:

  • Bangor
  • Brecon
  • Hawarden
  • Llandaff
  • St. Asaph
  • St. David's

Record Content

Probate extracts generally include the following:

Wales Llandaff Probate Abstracts (10-0779) DGS 4664464 131.jpg
  • Name of the deceased
  • Residence
  • Type of document
  • Death date
  • Probate date
  • Burial place
  • Names of heirs such as spouse, children, guardians, and other relatives or friends along with their relationship to the deceased and their resedence.

How to Use the Record

To begin your search, you will need to know the following:

  • Name
  • Residence
  • Approximate death or probate date

Compare the information in the abstract to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.

When you have located your ancestor’s abstract, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.

For example:

  • Use probate records to identify heirs and relatives.
  • You may be able to use the probate record to learn about adoptions or guardianship of any minor children and dependents.
  • Probate records may not give an exact death date, but a death most often occurred within a few months of the date of probate. Use the document (such as the will) or the recording dates to approximate a death date.
  • Use the information in the probate record to substitute for civil birth and death records since the probates exist for an earlier time period.
  • You may be able to use the probate record to learn about land transactions.
  • Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.
  • Use the occupations listed to find employment records or other types of records such as land records, tax records, or military records.
  • Compile the entries for every person who lived in the same parish as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
  • Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have died in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.

Keep in mind:

  • The contents of probate records vary greatly depending on the prevailing law, local customs and the personality of the record keeper.
  • There is also some variation in the information given from one record to another record.
  • Although extracts are often easier to locate and to read than the actual probate documents, it is always a good idea to also read the original probate documents as small details are often omitted from extracts.
  • Probate records may omit the name of the eldest son who received his inheritance according to law, others who previously received their inheritance, or deceased family members.
  • Probate records may mention children who are from a spouse’s previous marriage or mention a spouse who is not the parent of the children named.
  • Transcription errors may have occurred.

If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, try the following:

  • Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
  • Remember that the patronymic naming system was used in Wales. The adoption of fixed surnames did not happen at one time for all families or the country as a whole.
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
  • Search the indexes of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.

Record History

Although any person, regardless of class or wealth, may have left a will or might be mentioned in one, wills were made primarily by the middle and upper classes, mostly by males with property. Before 1882, a wife who died before her husband could not make a will except with her husband’s consent or under a marriage settlement created before her marriage. A widow, however, could make a will.

Before 1750, heirs often did not prove wills to avoid court costs. The will was often kept in case someone later objected to the distribution of the property. As a result, sometimes wills were probated decades after the testator’s death. Some archives have collections of unproved wills. Others may be among family papers.

Until 1833 real property could be entailed. This specified how property would be inherited in the future. An entail prevented subsequent inheritors from bequeathing the property to anyone except the heirs specified in the entail.

The National Library of Wales in Aberystwyth holds the original wills proved in Welsh ecclesiastical courts and has published images online.

Why the Record Was Created

Probate records are used to legally dispose of a person’s estate after his or her death. The probate process transfers the legal responsibility for payment of taxes, care and custody of dependent family members, liquidation of debts, and transfer of property title. The transfer is to an executor or executrix if the deceased had made a will, to an administrator or administratrix if the deceased had not made a will, or to a guardian or conservator if the deceased had heirs under the age of twenty-one or if heirs were incompetent due to disease or disability.

Abstracts are created to summarize the details of the will or probate documents.

Record Reliability

The records are quite reliable because of their legal nature.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections

Example of a Source Citation for a Record Found in This Collection

"Wales, Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780." images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org): accessed April 8, 2011. entry for David John; citing Probate Abatracts, Llandaff Diocese, Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780, Image 61; National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, Wales.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

“Wales, Probate Abstracts, 1773-1780,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org); from the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion (WALES). FHL digital images, 2,100 pages, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.

Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.