Wales Marriage Bonds

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[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Wales]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Marriage Bonds
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[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Wales]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Marriage Bonds  
  
Most marriages in Wales could only take place after:
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Most marriages in Wales could only take place after:  
  
* ''either'' '''banns''' were read out in the parish church, where the wedding was due to take place, on three consecutive weeks. This announced the couples' intention to marry
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*''either'' '''banns''' were read out in the parish church, where the wedding was due to take place, on three consecutive weeks. This announced the couples' intention to marry  
* ''or'' a '''licence''' was granted to the couple by the appropriate ecclesiastical authority. In order to obtain a licence the couple had to make an '''allegation''', a document in which the couple, or sometimes just the groom, declared that there were no impediments to the marriage. Additionally, a '''marriage bond''' was signed which set a financial penalty on the groom and his '''bondsman''' (usually a relative or close friend). If the the allegation should prove to be false, this sum was forfeited. The sums involved were usually set deliberately high and so licences tended to be only used by relatively wealthy families. Church law stipulated that the marriage bond should state where the marriage would take place and, on some occasion, a choice of more than one parish in given.
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*''or'' a '''licence''' was granted to the couple by the appropriate ecclesiastical authority. In order to obtain a licence the couple had to make an '''allegation''', a document in which the couple, or sometimes just the groom, declared that there were no impediments to the marriage. Additionally, a '''marriage bond''' was signed which set a financial penalty on the groom and his '''bondsman''' (usually a relative or close friend). If the the allegation should prove to be false, this sum was forfeited. The sums involved were usually set deliberately high and so licences tended to be only used by relatively wealthy families. Church law stipulated that the marriage bond should state where the marriage would take place and, on some occasion, a choice of more than one parish in given.
  
The [[National Library of Wales]] holds over 90,000 Welsh marriage bonds, covering the period from 1616 to 1837.
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The [[National Library of Wales]] holds over 90,000 Welsh marriage bonds, covering the period from 1616 to 1837.  
  
* Bangor: 1757-1931
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*Bangor: 1757-1931  
* Brecon / Aberhonddu: 1661-1867
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*Brecon / Aberhonddu: 1661-1867  
* Llandaf: 1665-1941
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*Llandaf: 1665-1941  
* St Asaph / Llanelwy: 1690-1938
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*St Asaph / Llanelwy: 1690-1938  
* St David's / Tyddewi : 1661-1867
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*St David's / Tyddewi : 1661-1867
 
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An on-line searchable index, for bonds issued up to 1837, is available through the library's [http://isys.llgc.org.uk/ ISYS] system.
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An on-line searchable index, for bonds issued up to 1837, is available through the library's [http://isys.llgc.org.uk/ ISYS] system.
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[[Wales Glamorgan Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
[[Category:Wales]]
 
[[Category:Wales]]

Revision as of 21:28, 28 June 2011

Gotoarrow.png Wales Gotoarrow.png Marriage Bonds

Most marriages in Wales could only take place after:

  • either banns were read out in the parish church, where the wedding was due to take place, on three consecutive weeks. This announced the couples' intention to marry
  • or a licence was granted to the couple by the appropriate ecclesiastical authority. In order to obtain a licence the couple had to make an allegation, a document in which the couple, or sometimes just the groom, declared that there were no impediments to the marriage. Additionally, a marriage bond was signed which set a financial penalty on the groom and his bondsman (usually a relative or close friend). If the the allegation should prove to be false, this sum was forfeited. The sums involved were usually set deliberately high and so licences tended to be only used by relatively wealthy families. Church law stipulated that the marriage bond should state where the marriage would take place and, on some occasion, a choice of more than one parish in given.

The National Library of Wales holds over 90,000 Welsh marriage bonds, covering the period from 1616 to 1837.

  • Bangor: 1757-1931
  • Brecon / Aberhonddu: 1661-1867
  • Llandaf: 1665-1941
  • St Asaph / Llanelwy: 1690-1938
  • St David's / Tyddewi : 1661-1867

An on-line searchable index, for bonds issued up to 1837, is available through the library's ISYS system. Wales Glamorgan Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)