Wales Marriage Bonds

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[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Wales]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Marriage Bonds  
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__NOTOC__[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Wales]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Marriage Bonds  
  
 
The [[National Library of Wales]] holds over 90,000 Welsh marriage bonds, covering the period from 1616 to 1837. An on-line searchable index, for bonds issued up to 1837, is available through the library's [http://isys.llgc.org.uk/ National Library of Wales ISYS] system.  
 
The [[National Library of Wales]] holds over 90,000 Welsh marriage bonds, covering the period from 1616 to 1837. An on-line searchable index, for bonds issued up to 1837, is available through the library's [http://isys.llgc.org.uk/ National Library of Wales ISYS] system.  
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*St David's / Tyddewi : 1661-1867
 
*St David's / Tyddewi : 1661-1867
  
=== Step 2. Search the free online index   ===
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=== Step 2. Search the free online index ===
*go to the [http://isys.llgc.org.uk/ National Library of Wales ISYS] website.
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*select the button labeled "Archifau: Ymrwymiadau Priodas - Archives: Marriage Bonds"<br>
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*go to the [http://isys.llgc.org.uk/ National Library of Wales ISYS] website.  
*in the white search box type the name of the diocese where the bride and groom lived
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*select the button labeled "Archifau: Ymrwymiadau Priodas - Archives: Marriage Bonds"<br>  
*click on the "Chwilio/Search" button
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*in the white search box type the name of the diocese where the bride and groom lived  
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*click on the "Chwilio/Search" button  
 
*on the search results page select the diocese and date range needed (indexes are arranged by gender, Dynion=Males and Merched=Females)
 
*on the search results page select the diocese and date range needed (indexes are arranged by gender, Dynion=Males and Merched=Females)
  
=== Step 3. Make note of any possible index matches ===  
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=== Step 3. Make note of any possible index matches ===
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*Be sure to copy all the index details for the bride and groom carefully so that a copy of the original document can be obtained
 
*Be sure to copy all the index details for the bride and groom carefully so that a copy of the original document can be obtained
  
 
=== Step 4. Obtain a copy of the record using the index references.  ===
 
=== Step 4. Obtain a copy of the record using the index references.  ===
  
You can order a copy of the document from <br>
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You can order a copy of the document from <br>  
  
*the National Library of Wales<br>
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*the National Library of Wales<br>  
 
*the Family History Library in Salt Lake City<br>
 
*the Family History Library in Salt Lake City<br>
  
 
=== Step 5. Add new details to your notes<br>  ===
 
=== Step 5. Add new details to your notes<br>  ===
  
Add the new details learned from the marriage licensing documents to your note keeping system and share it with others on New FamilySearch. Be sure to document where the new information came from.<br>
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Add the new details learned from the marriage licensing documents to your note keeping system and share it with others on New FamilySearch. Be sure to document where the new information came from.<br>  
  
 
=== Additional Details  ===
 
=== Additional Details  ===
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*''or'' a '''licence''' was granted to the couple by the appropriate ecclesiastical authority. In order to obtain a licence the couple had to make an '''allegation''', a document in which the couple, or sometimes just the groom, declared that there were no impediments to the marriage. Additionally, a '''marriage bond''' was signed which set a financial penalty on the groom and his '''bondsman''' (usually a relative or close friend). If the the allegation should prove to be false, this sum was forfeited. The sums involved were usually set deliberately high and so licences tended to be only used by relatively wealthy families. Church law stipulated that the marriage bond should state where the marriage would take place and, on some occasion, a choice of more than one parish in given.
 
*''or'' a '''licence''' was granted to the couple by the appropriate ecclesiastical authority. In order to obtain a licence the couple had to make an '''allegation''', a document in which the couple, or sometimes just the groom, declared that there were no impediments to the marriage. Additionally, a '''marriage bond''' was signed which set a financial penalty on the groom and his '''bondsman''' (usually a relative or close friend). If the the allegation should prove to be false, this sum was forfeited. The sums involved were usually set deliberately high and so licences tended to be only used by relatively wealthy families. Church law stipulated that the marriage bond should state where the marriage would take place and, on some occasion, a choice of more than one parish in given.
  
[[Category:Wales]]
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[[Category:Wales]]

Revision as of 20:34, 28 December 2011

Gotoarrow.png Wales Gotoarrow.png Marriage Bonds

The National Library of Wales holds over 90,000 Welsh marriage bonds, covering the period from 1616 to 1837. An on-line searchable index, for bonds issued up to 1837, is available through the library's National Library of Wales ISYS system.

Step 1. Identify which diocese the bride and groom lived in.

  • Bangor: 1757-1931
  • Brecon / Aberhonddu: 1661-1867
  • Llandaf: 1665-1941
  • St Asaph / Llanelwy: 1690-1938
  • St David's / Tyddewi : 1661-1867

Step 2. Search the free online index

  • go to the National Library of Wales ISYS website.
  • select the button labeled "Archifau: Ymrwymiadau Priodas - Archives: Marriage Bonds"
  • in the white search box type the name of the diocese where the bride and groom lived
  • click on the "Chwilio/Search" button
  • on the search results page select the diocese and date range needed (indexes are arranged by gender, Dynion=Males and Merched=Females)

Step 3. Make note of any possible index matches

  • Be sure to copy all the index details for the bride and groom carefully so that a copy of the original document can be obtained

Step 4. Obtain a copy of the record using the index references.

You can order a copy of the document from

  • the National Library of Wales
  • the Family History Library in Salt Lake City

Step 5. Add new details to your notes

Add the new details learned from the marriage licensing documents to your note keeping system and share it with others on New FamilySearch. Be sure to document where the new information came from.

Additional Details

Most marriages in Wales could only take place after:

  • either banns were read out in the parish church, where the wedding was due to take place, on three consecutive weeks. This announced the couples' intention to marry
  • or a licence was granted to the couple by the appropriate ecclesiastical authority. In order to obtain a licence the couple had to make an allegation, a document in which the couple, or sometimes just the groom, declared that there were no impediments to the marriage. Additionally, a marriage bond was signed which set a financial penalty on the groom and his bondsman (usually a relative or close friend). If the the allegation should prove to be false, this sum was forfeited. The sums involved were usually set deliberately high and so licences tended to be only used by relatively wealthy families. Church law stipulated that the marriage bond should state where the marriage would take place and, on some occasion, a choice of more than one parish in given.