War of 1812, 1812 to 1815

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<div style="width: 74%; float: right"><center>''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[War_of_1812,_1812_to_1815|War of 1812]]''</center>[[Image:{{Treaty of Ghent (1814)}}]]<br>  
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[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[War_of_1812,_1812_to_1815|War of 1812]]''
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[[Image:{{Treaty of Ghent (1814)}}]]<br>  
 
The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812. It involved about 60,000 U.S. Army forces supported by 470,000 militia and volunteer troops. To end the war, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814, however another battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.<br>  
 
The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812. It involved about 60,000 U.S. Army forces supported by 470,000 militia and volunteer troops. To end the war, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814, however another battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.<br>  
  
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== <center>Battles</center>  ==
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== Battles ==
  
 
*Queenston, Ontario (British victory) 13 October 1812  
 
*Queenston, Ontario (British victory) 13 October 1812  
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*Paine, Ralph Delahaye, ''The fight for a free sea: a chronicle of the War of 1812'' New Haven Connecticut, Yale Univeristy Press, 1920) pages[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F87294 FHL Book 235 973 H2]<br>
 
*Paine, Ralph Delahaye, ''The fight for a free sea: a chronicle of the War of 1812'' New Haven Connecticut, Yale Univeristy Press, 1920) pages[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F87294 FHL Book 235 973 H2]<br>
  
== <center>Documentaries</center>  ==
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== Documentaries ==
  
 
*PBS [http://www.warof1812.ca/ The War of 1812 Website] is a documentary about the war. <br>
 
*PBS [http://www.warof1812.ca/ The War of 1812 Website] is a documentary about the war. <br>
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*United States Navy, Bicentennial of the War of 1812, [http://www.navy.mil/1812/videos.asp videos]
 
*United States Navy, Bicentennial of the War of 1812, [http://www.navy.mil/1812/videos.asp videos]
  
=== <center>Additional Resources </center>  ===
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=== Additional Resources ===
  
 
==== Histories  ====
 
==== Histories  ====
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*Van Thienen, Erik, [http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20070418171335AAhaCvK The War of 1812, 1812-1815], (Yahoo! Answers, accessed 29 May 2012), has a good explanation of the role of African Americans in the War, including the names of over 20 soldiers.&nbsp; It also gives several sources for more information.
 
*Van Thienen, Erik, [http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20070418171335AAhaCvK The War of 1812, 1812-1815], (Yahoo! Answers, accessed 29 May 2012), has a good explanation of the role of African Americans in the War, including the names of over 20 soldiers.&nbsp; It also gives several sources for more information.
  
== <center>Web Sites</center> ==
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== Web Sites  ==
  
 
*Wikipedia contributors, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812 War of 1812 Article]  
 
*Wikipedia contributors, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812 War of 1812 Article]  
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*Olive Tree Genealogy, [http://www.olivetreegenealogy.com/mil/usa/1812/ War of 1812 Genealogy and History]
 
*Olive Tree Genealogy, [http://www.olivetreegenealogy.com/mil/usa/1812/ War of 1812 Genealogy and History]
 
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=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===

Revision as of 17:16, 18 June 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png War of 1812

Signing of the Treaty of Ghent, Belgium, December 24, 1814

The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812. It involved about 60,000 U.S. Army forces supported by 470,000 militia and volunteer troops. To end the war, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814, however another battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.

When war was declared, the Regular Army had about 10,000 men, and about half of those were new recruits. "Each Regular Army infantry regiment was recruited from a particular state (or states). Rifle, artillery, and dragoons were recruited at large...Most, but not all, of the men recruited for a particular infantry regiment were from the state of recruitment."[1]


Map of the United States during the War of 1812.


Contents

Battles

  • Queenston, Ontario (British victory) 13 October 1812
  • Battle of Frenchtown (Historyofwar.org) (British victory) - 22 January 1813 now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River
  • Battle of Lake Erie (Wikipedia) (United States naval victory) 10 September 1813
  • Battle of the Thames (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario 5 October 1813
  • Batle of Lundy's Lane (Historycentral.com) (Both sides claimed victory) - about one mile from Niagara Falls 25 July 1814
  • Battle of New Orleans (Historycentral.com) (United States victory) (after peace treaty was signed) 8 January 1815
  • Campaigns of the War of 1812-1815, against Great Britain, sketched and criticised; with brief biographies of the American engineers, George W. Cullum,FHL Microfilm 1404257
  • Paine, Ralph Delahaye, The fight for a free sea: a chronicle of the War of 1812 New Haven Connecticut, Yale Univeristy Press, 1920) pagesFHL Book 235 973 H2

Documentaries

  • PBS, The War of 1812, has a short video with information about the war. It also has lists of historic sites with short histories of each.
  • History.com, War of 1812, has several short videos about the war as well as a brief written histories of the war and a few prominent people.
  • United States Navy, Bicentennial of the War of 1812, videos

Additional Resources

Histories

  • Dudley, William S. The Naval War of 1812: a Documentary History. (Washington, District of Columbia, Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy 1985-2002). FHL Book 973 M3
  • Heidler, David S. and Jeanne T. Heidler. Encyclopedia of the War of 1812 (Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, c1997). 636 pages. FHL Book 973 H26
  • Hickey, Donald R. The War of 1812, a Forgotten Conflict (Chicago, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1989). 457 pages. FHL Book 973 H2
  • Horsman, Reginald The War of 1812 (New York, New York, Alfred A Knophf, 1969) pages 286 FHL Book 973 H2
  • Jacobs, James Ripley and Glenn Tucker, The War of 1812 : a compact history (New York, New York, Hawthorn Books copyright 1969)
  • Latimer, Jon: 1812: war with America (Cambridge, Massachusette: Belknap Press, c2007 pages 637 FHL Book 973 M2
  • Lossing, Benson J. The pictorial field-book of the War of 1812: or, Illustrations, by Pen and Pencil, of the history, biography, scenery, relics, and traditions of the last war for American independence (Salt Lake City: Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah c2009)  View a great digital version
  • War of 1812 newspaper clippings and pictures (Frankfort, Kentucky, Kentucky Historical Society, 1966) FHL film 482877

Guides

  • Fredriksen, John C. "Resource Guide for the War of 1812". ([S.l.]: J.C. Fredriksen, c1979). FHL book 973 M23f
  • Malcomson, Robert. Historical Dictionary of the War of 1812. (Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2006). 701 pages. FHL Book 973 H26

African Americans

During the War of 1812, many African Americans fought in the U.S. armed forces, especially in the Navy.  Many others fought on the side of the British.

  • Van Thienen, Erik, The War of 1812, 1812-1815, (Yahoo! Answers, accessed 29 May 2012), has a good explanation of the role of African Americans in the War, including the names of over 20 soldiers.  It also gives several sources for more information.

Web Sites

References

  1. National Archives. War of 1812 Discharge Certificates, (accessed 25 April 2012).