War of 1812, 1812 to 1815

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[[Image:{{Treaty of Ghent (1814)}}]]__TOC__
<div style="width: 74%; float: right"><center>''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[War of 1812, 1812 to 1815|War of 1812]]''</center>[[Image:Signing_of_Treaty_of_Ghent_(1812).jpg|thumb|right|250px|Signing of the Treaty of Ghent to End the War of 1812]]<br>
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The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812. It involved about 60,000 U.S. Army forces supported by 470,000 militia and volunteer troops. To end the war, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814, however another battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.<br>
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When war was declared, the Regular Army had about 10,000 men, and about half of those were new recruits. "Each Regular Army infantry regiment was recruited from a particular state (or states). Rifle, artillery, and dragoons were recruited at large...Most, but not all, of the men recruited for a particular infantry regiment were from the state of recruitment."<ref>National Archives. [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/war-of-1812/1812-discharge-certificates/discharge-certificates.html War of 1812 Discharge Certificates], (accessed 25 April 2012).</ref> <br>  
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<br>  
  
<br> Map of the [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:United_States_1812-06-1816.png United States during the War of 1812]. <br>  
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The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812 when the U.S. Congress ratified the declaration of war. After two and a half years of fighting, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814. However another land battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans because neither side had heard the news of the peace treaty. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.<ref>National Archives. [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/war-of-1812/1812-discharge-certificates/discharge-certificates.html War of 1812 Discharge Certificates], (accessed 25 April 2012).</ref> Two naval battles were fought afterwards, again because the news of the treaty had not reached all the combatants.
  
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=== Countries Involved in the War  ===
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== <center>Battles</center>  ==
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'''- Canada'''. [[Canada in the War of 1812|Canada in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning Canadian military forces, civilians, and First Nations. <br>  
  
*Queenston, Ontario (British victory) 13 October 1812
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'''- Great Britain.''' [[Great Britain in the War of 1812|Great Britain in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning British military forces.<br>
**[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Queenston_Heights Battle of Queenston Heights] (Wikipedia)
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**[http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/english/on-line-exhibits/1812/niagara-1812.aspx Battle of Queenston Heights] (Archives of Ontario)
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'''- United States'''. [[United States in the War of 1812|United States in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning U.S. military forces and civilians.
*[http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_frenchtown.html Battle of Frenchtown] (Historyofwar.org) (British victory) - 22 January 1813 now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lake_Erie Battle of Lake Erie] (Wikipedia) (United States naval victory) 10 September 1813
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=== Native Americans / First Nations  ===
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Thames Battle of the Thames] (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario 5 October 1813
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*[http://www.historycentral.com/1812/lundy.html Batle of Lundy's Lane] (Historycentral.com) (Both sides claimed victory) - about one mile from Niagara Falls 25 July 1814
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'''- American Indians.''' [[American Indian Military#War of 1812 (1812-1815)|American Indians in the War of 1812]] lists tribes that fought with the British and U.S. forces, and links to web sites concerning their involvement in the war.<br>  
*[http://www.historycentral.com/1812/NewOrleans.html Battle of New Orleans] (Historycentral.com) (United States victory) (after peace treaty was signed) 8 January 1815
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*''Campaigns of the War of 1812-1815, against Great Britain, sketched and criticised; with brief biographies of the American engineers'', George W. Cullum,[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F374043 FHL&nbsp;Microfilm 1404257]<br>  
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'''- Canadian Aboriginal Peoples.''' [[First Nations Military Records#War of 1812 (1812-1815)|First Nations in the War of 1812]]
*Paine, Ralph Delahaye, ''The fight for a free sea: a chronicle of the War of 1812'' New Haven Connecticut, Yale Univeristy Press, 1920) pages[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F87294 FHL Book 235 973 H2]<br>
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=== African Americans  ===
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'''- African Americans.''' [[African American Military Records#War of 1812 (1812-1815)|African Americans in the War of 1812]] has military records, and other information specific to African Americans in the war.
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=== Timeline  ===
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*[http://www.ourflagwasstillthere.org/the-war-of-1812/2011-12-06-17-10-16.html War of 1812 Timeline] <br>
  
== <center>Documentaries</center> ==
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=== Documentaries  ===
  
 
*PBS [http://www.warof1812.ca/ The War of 1812 Website] is a documentary about the war. <br>
 
*PBS [http://www.warof1812.ca/ The War of 1812 Website] is a documentary about the war. <br>
  
*PBS, [http://www.pbs.org/wned/war-of-1812/ The War of 1812], has a short video with information about the war. It also has lists of historic sites with short histories of each. <br>
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*PBS, [http://www.pbs.org/wned/war-of-1812/ The War of 1812], has a short video with information about the war. It also has lists of historic locations with short histories of each. <br>
  
*History.com, [http://www.history.com/topics/war-of-1812 War of 1812], has several short videos about the war as well as a brief written histories of the war and a few prominent people. <br>
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*History.com, [http://www.history.com/topics/war-of-1812 War of 1812], has several short videos about the war as well as brief written histories of the war and a few prominent people. <br>
  
*Galafilm, [http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/index.html War of 1812], has brief [http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/chronology/index.html histories of events], [http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/maps/index.html historical maps], a [http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/bibliography/biblio.html bibliography], and lists of [http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/links/index.html links] to other War of 1812 sites.<br>
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*Galafilm, [http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/index.html War of 1812], has brief [http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/chronology/index.html histories of events], [http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/maps/index.html historical maps], a [http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/bibliography/biblio.html bibliography], and lists of [http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/links/index.html links] to other Internet sites about the war.<br>
  
*Naval History and Heritage, [http://www.history.navy.mil/commemorations/1812/1812-index.htm Bicentennial of the War of 1812], US Navy, US Marine Corps, US Coast Guard, has videos, biographies, etc. <br>
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=== Guides  ===
  
*United States Navy, Bicentennial of the War of 1812, [http://www.navy.mil/1812/videos.asp videos]
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*Fredriksen, John C. "Resource Guide for the War of 1812". ([S.l.]: J.C. Fredriksen, c1979). {{FHL|155935|item|disp=FHL book 973 M23f}} <br>
  
=== <center>Additional Resources </center>  ===
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*Malcomson, Robert. ''Historical Dictionary of the War of 1812''. (Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2006). 701 pages. [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1369438 FHL book 973 H26]
  
==== Histories  ====
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=== Histories  ===
  
 
*Dudley, William S. ''The Naval War of 1812: a Documentary History''. (Washington, District of Columbia, Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy 1985-2002). [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F501945 FHL Book 973 M3]<br>
 
*Dudley, William S. ''The Naval War of 1812: a Documentary History''. (Washington, District of Columbia, Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy 1985-2002). [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F501945 FHL Book 973 M3]<br>
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*Lossing, Benson J. ''The pictorial field-book of the War of 1812: or, Illustrations, by Pen and Pencil, of the history, biography, scenery, relics, and traditions of the last war for American independence'' (Salt Lake City: Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah c2009)&nbsp; [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1716926 View a great digital version] <br>
 
*Lossing, Benson J. ''The pictorial field-book of the War of 1812: or, Illustrations, by Pen and Pencil, of the history, biography, scenery, relics, and traditions of the last war for American independence'' (Salt Lake City: Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah c2009)&nbsp; [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1716926 View a great digital version] <br>
  
*''War of 1812 newspaper clippings and pictures'' (Frankfort, Kentucky, Kentucky Historical Society, 1966) {{FHL|255528|title-id|disp=FHL film 482877}} <br>
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*''War of 1812 newspaper clippings and pictures'' (Frankfort, Kentucky, Kentucky Historical Society, 1966) {{FHL|255528|title-id|disp=FHL film 482877}}
  
==== Guides ====
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=== Battles ===
  
*Fredriksen, John C. "Resource Guide for the War of 1812". ([S.l.]: J.C. Fredriksen, c1979). {{FHL|155935|item|disp=FHL book 973 M23f}}
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*Queenston, Ontario (British victory) - 13 October 1812
*Malcomson, Robert. ''Historical Dictionary of the War of 1812''. (Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2006). 701 pages. [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1369438 FHL&nbsp;Book 973 H26]
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**[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Queenston_Heights Battle of Queenston Heights] (Wikipedia)  
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**[http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/english/on-line-exhibits/1812/niagara-1812.aspx Battle of Queenston Heights] (Archives of Ontario) <br>
  
=== African Americans  ===
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*[http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_frenchtown.html Battle of Frenchtown](British victory) - 22 January 1813 at what is now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River <br>
  
During the War of 1812, many African Americans fought in the U.S. armed forces, especially in the Navy.&nbsp; Many others fought on the side of the British.  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lake_Erie Battle of Lake Erie] (Wikipedia) [[Image:Battle Lake Errie 1813.jpg|right|200px|Battle Lake Errie 1813.jpg]](United States naval victory) - 10 September 1813 <br>
  
*Van Thienen, Erik, [http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20070418171335AAhaCvK The War of 1812, 1812-1815], (Yahoo! Answers, accessed 29 May 2012), has a good explanation of the role of African Americans in the War, including the names of over 20 soldiers.&nbsp; It also gives several sources for more information.
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Thames Battle of the Thames] (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - 5 October 1813 at Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario <br>
  
== <center>Web Sites</center> ==
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*[http://www.historycentral.com/1812/lundy.html Battle of Lundy's Lane] (Both sides claimed victory) - 25 July 1814 about one mile from Niagara Falls <br>
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*[http://www.historycentral.com/1812/NewOrleans.html Battle of New Orleans] (United States victory) (after peace treaty was signed) 8 January 1815 <br>
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*''Campaigns of the War of 1812-1815, against Great Britain, sketched and criticised; with brief biographies of the American engineers'', George W. Cullum. {{FHL|374043|item|disp=FHL microfilm 1404257}}<br>
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*Paine, Ralph Delahaye, ''The Fight for a Free Sea: a Chronicle of the War of 1812'', New Haven, Connecticut, (Yale University Press, 1920). [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F87294 FHL Book 235 973 H2]
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=== Societies  ===
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*[http://www.militarysocietyofthewarof1812.com/history.html Military Society of the War of 1812]
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=== Web Sites  ===
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*Wikipedia contributors, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812 War of 1812 Article] <br>
  
*Wikipedia contributors, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812 War of 1812 Article]
 
 
*[http://www.iaw.on.ca/~jsek/1812gene.htm War of 1812 Genealogical Research] has links to various War of 1812 web sites. <br>
 
*[http://www.iaw.on.ca/~jsek/1812gene.htm War of 1812 Genealogical Research] has links to various War of 1812 web sites. <br>
  
 
*[http://www.warof1812.ca/1812events.htm Causes and events of the War of 1812: a Timeline] - includes political events, military events, and military events in Europe. <br>
 
*[http://www.warof1812.ca/1812events.htm Causes and events of the War of 1812: a Timeline] - includes political events, military events, and military events in Europe. <br>
 
*[http://www.ourflagwasstillthere.org/the-war-of-1812/2011-12-06-17-10-16.html War of 1812 Timeline] <br>
 
  
 
*[http://www.newberry.org/sites/default/files/textpage-attachments/War%20of%201812.pdf War of 1812 Resources] - list of resources available in the Newberry Library. <br>
 
*[http://www.newberry.org/sites/default/files/textpage-attachments/War%20of%201812.pdf War of 1812 Resources] - list of resources available in the Newberry Library. <br>
  
*[http://www.militaryindexes.com/warof1812/index.html Online War of 1812 Indexes &amp; Records]<br>
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*[http://www.militaryindexes.com/warof1812/index.html Online War of 1812 Indexes and Records]<br>
  
 
*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gen4abear/warof1812.html War of 1812] <br>
 
*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gen4abear/warof1812.html War of 1812] <br>
  
*[http://www.angelfire.com/on3/oneida/page79.html Ely Parker's List of Oneida Indian Volunteers, War of 1812]<br>
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*[http://www.cyndislist.com/1812/rosters/ Cyndi's List] 1812 rosters <br>
 
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*[http://www.nps.gov/hobe/historyculture/upload/creek%20muster.pdf Major William McIntosh’s Company of Creek Indians, Creek War of 1814]<br>
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*[http://www.cyndislist.com/1812/rosters/ Cyndi's List] <br>
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*Olive Tree Genealogy, [http://www.olivetreegenealogy.com/mil/usa/1812/ War of 1812 Genealogy and History]
 
*Olive Tree Genealogy, [http://www.olivetreegenealogy.com/mil/usa/1812/ War of 1812 Genealogy and History]
 
<br> __NOTOC__
 
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
 
<references />  
 
<references />  
{{U.S. War of 1812}} </div>
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[[Category:United_States_-_Military_-_War_of_1812,_1812-1815]] [[Category:Wars_involving_the_United_States|War of 1812]]
 
[[Category:United_States_-_Military_-_War_of_1812,_1812-1815]] [[Category:Wars_involving_the_United_States|War of 1812]]

Revision as of 22:11, 25 February 2014

Signing of the Treaty of Ghent, Belgium, December 24, 1814

Contents



The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812 when the U.S. Congress ratified the declaration of war. After two and a half years of fighting, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814. However another land battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans because neither side had heard the news of the peace treaty. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.[1] Two naval battles were fought afterwards, again because the news of the treaty had not reached all the combatants.

Countries Involved in the War

- Canada. Canada in the War of 1812 has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning Canadian military forces, civilians, and First Nations.

- Great Britain. Great Britain in the War of 1812 has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning British military forces.

- United States. United States in the War of 1812 has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning U.S. military forces and civilians.

Native Americans / First Nations

- American Indians. American Indians in the War of 1812 lists tribes that fought with the British and U.S. forces, and links to web sites concerning their involvement in the war.

- Canadian Aboriginal Peoples. First Nations in the War of 1812

African Americans

- African Americans. African Americans in the War of 1812 has military records, and other information specific to African Americans in the war.

Timeline

Documentaries

  • PBS, The War of 1812, has a short video with information about the war. It also has lists of historic locations with short histories of each.
  • History.com, War of 1812, has several short videos about the war as well as brief written histories of the war and a few prominent people.

Guides

  • Fredriksen, John C. "Resource Guide for the War of 1812". ([S.l.]: J.C. Fredriksen, c1979). FHL book 973 M23f
  • Malcomson, Robert. Historical Dictionary of the War of 1812. (Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2006). 701 pages. FHL book 973 H26

Histories

  • Dudley, William S. The Naval War of 1812: a Documentary History. (Washington, District of Columbia, Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy 1985-2002). FHL Book 973 M3
  • Heidler, David S. and Jeanne T. Heidler. Encyclopedia of the War of 1812 (Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, c1997). 636 pages. FHL Book 973 H26
  • Hickey, Donald R. The War of 1812, a Forgotten Conflict (Chicago, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1989). 457 pages. FHL Book 973 H2
  • Horsman, Reginald The War of 1812 (New York, New York, Alfred A Knophf, 1969) pages 286 FHL Book 973 H2
  • Jacobs, James Ripley and Glenn Tucker, The War of 1812 : a compact history (New York, New York, Hawthorn Books copyright 1969)
  • Latimer, Jon: 1812: war with America (Cambridge, Massachusette: Belknap Press, c2007 pages 637 FHL Book 973 M2
  • Lossing, Benson J. The pictorial field-book of the War of 1812: or, Illustrations, by Pen and Pencil, of the history, biography, scenery, relics, and traditions of the last war for American independence (Salt Lake City: Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah c2009)  View a great digital version
  • War of 1812 newspaper clippings and pictures (Frankfort, Kentucky, Kentucky Historical Society, 1966) FHL film 482877

Battles

  • Battle of Frenchtown(British victory) - 22 January 1813 at what is now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River
  • Battle of the Thames (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - 5 October 1813 at Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario
  • Campaigns of the War of 1812-1815, against Great Britain, sketched and criticised; with brief biographies of the American engineers, George W. Cullum. FHL microfilm 1404257
  • Paine, Ralph Delahaye, The Fight for a Free Sea: a Chronicle of the War of 1812, New Haven, Connecticut, (Yale University Press, 1920). FHL Book 235 973 H2

Societies

Web Sites

References

  1. National Archives. War of 1812 Discharge Certificates, (accessed 25 April 2012).