War of 1812, 1812 to 1815Edit This Page

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Signing of the Treaty of Ghent, Belgium, December 24, 1814


The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812 when the U.S. Congress ratified the declaration of war. After two and a half years of fighting, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814. However another land battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans because neither side had heard the news of the peace treaty. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.[1] Two naval battles were fought afterwards, again because the news of the treaty had not reached all the combatants.

Countries Involved in the War

- Canada. Canada in the War of 1812 has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning Canadian military forces, civilians, and First Nations.

- Great Britain. Great Britain in the War of 1812 has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning British military forces.

- United States. United States in the War of 1812 has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning U.S. military forces, civilians,and Native Americans.

Native Americans / First Nations

Tribes on the British / Canada Side
Six Nations Survivors of War of 1812
In the photo to the right of veterans of the War of 1812, from left to right are John Smoke Johnson, Jacob Warner (Iroquois) and John Tutlee (Iroquois).

About 35 tribal nations fought with the British and Canadians during the War of 1812. Tecumseh, the Shawnee war chief, worked to united the Indians with the British.

Some of these nations were:

Tribes on the U.S. Side
Tirbes that Fought the U.S. But Not With the British
  • Creek
Web Sites Concerning Indian Involvement

African Americans

During the War of 1812, many African Americans fought in the U.S. armed forces, especially in the Navy. Many others fought on the side of the British.

  • Van Thienen, Erik, The War of 1812, 1812-1815, (Yahoo! Answers, accessed 29 May 2012), has a good explanation of the role of African Americans in the War, including the names of over 20 soldiers.  It also gives several sources for more information.



  • PBS, The War of 1812, has a short video with information about the war. It also has lists of historic locations with short histories of each.
  • History.com, War of 1812, has several short videos about the war as well as brief written histories of the war and a few prominent people.


  • Fredriksen, John C. "Resource Guide for the War of 1812". ([S.l.]: J.C. Fredriksen, c1979). FHL book 973 M23f
  • Malcomson, Robert. Historical Dictionary of the War of 1812. (Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2006). 701 pages. FHL book 973 H26


  • Dudley, William S. The Naval War of 1812: a Documentary History. (Washington, District of Columbia, Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy 1985-2002). FHL Book 973 M3
  • Heidler, David S. and Jeanne T. Heidler. Encyclopedia of the War of 1812 (Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, c1997). 636 pages. FHL Book 973 H26
  • Hickey, Donald R. The War of 1812, a Forgotten Conflict (Chicago, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1989). 457 pages. FHL Book 973 H2
  • Horsman, Reginald The War of 1812 (New York, New York, Alfred A Knophf, 1969) pages 286 FHL Book 973 H2
  • Jacobs, James Ripley and Glenn Tucker, The War of 1812 : a compact history (New York, New York, Hawthorn Books copyright 1969)
  • Latimer, Jon: 1812: war with America (Cambridge, Massachusette: Belknap Press, c2007 pages 637 FHL Book 973 M2
  • Lossing, Benson J. The pictorial field-book of the War of 1812: or, Illustrations, by Pen and Pencil, of the history, biography, scenery, relics, and traditions of the last war for American independence (Salt Lake City: Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah c2009)  View a great digital version
  • War of 1812 newspaper clippings and pictures (Frankfort, Kentucky, Kentucky Historical Society, 1966) FHL film 482877


  • Battle of Frenchtown(British victory) - 22 January 1813 at what is now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River
  • Battle of the Thames (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - 5 October 1813 at Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario
  • Campaigns of the War of 1812-1815, against Great Britain, sketched and criticised; with brief biographies of the American engineers, George W. Cullum. FHL microfilm 1404257
  • Paine, Ralph Delahaye, The Fight for a Free Sea: a Chronicle of the War of 1812, New Haven, Connecticut, (Yale University Press, 1920). FHL Book 235 973 H2


Web Sites


  1. National Archives. War of 1812 Discharge Certificates, (accessed 25 April 2012).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 Canadian Encyclopedia, First Nations in the War of 1812, (accessed 12 July 2012).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Wikipedia contributors, War of 1812 article, (accessed 12 July 2012).


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