Washington Census

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Washington|Washington]]  >  [[Washington Census Records]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Washington|Washington]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Washington_Census|Census]]''  
  
== Available and Lost Census Schedules  ==
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="1"
+
<br>
|+ '''WASHINGTON:&nbsp; Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules'''<ref>William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 51-59, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41640325&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes]'' (Bountiful, Utah: HeritageQuest, 1999), 103-104.</ref>
+
 
 +
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Washington Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== Online Washington indexes and images  ===
 +
 
 +
{{Census Online Washington}}
 +
 
 +
=== Federal population schedules  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Microfilm images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="90" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;
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| 1940 N/A
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Population Schedules'''
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| {{FHL|646884|title-id|disp=1910}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Vets'''
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| {{FHL|698925|title-id|disp=1870}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Slave'''
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|  
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Mortal'''
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| &nbsp;
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Agricu'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Indust'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Defect'''
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|-
 
|-
| '''1850'''
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| {{FHL|1037534|title-id|disp=1930}}
| '''see OREGON TERRITORY'''
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| {{FHL|654978|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
|  
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| {{FHL|708784|title-id|disp=1860}}
|  
+
|  
+
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
|-
 +
| {{FHL|558333|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
 +
| {{FHL|676535|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1860''' Jun 1
 
| Exist for all counties.
 
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;  
 +
|
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;  
| Exist
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|  
| Exist
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| Exist
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| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 +
|}
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1870''' Jun 1
+
| 1940 N/A
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-04.html#washington 1910 T624]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#washington 1870 M593&nbsp;]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;  
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|
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
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| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
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| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
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| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1880''' Jun 1
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/stateSearch.asp 1930 T626]
| Exist for all counties.  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-08.html#washington 1900 T623&nbsp;]and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-06.html#washington Soundex T1077]
| &nbsp;  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#washington 1860 M653]
| &nbsp;
+
|  
| Exist
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| Exist
+
| Exist
+
| Exist
+
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1890''' Jun 2
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-09.html#washington 1920 T625] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-06.html#washington Soundex M1593]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Lost
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#washington 1880 T9&nbsp;]and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#washington Soundex T777]
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist&nbsp;  
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|  
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
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|  
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
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| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
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| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
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| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1900''' Jun 1
 
| Exist for all counties.
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;  
 +
|
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;  
 +
|
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1910''' Apr 15
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
|-
 
| '''1920''' Jan 1
 
| Exist for all counties.
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1930''' Apr 1
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
<br>
 
<br>
  
== Availability ==
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book ====
  
'''1850:&nbsp; '''Oregon Territory census.
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Washington, [[Washington Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
'''1860 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors''
+
=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
'''1870-1880:&nbsp;'''
+
==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
'''1870 United States Territorial Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.  
+
{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="80%" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" align="center" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Washington'''</font>
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Free'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" align="center" | '''Free at Some Libraries '''(usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" width="4%" align="center" | '''Year'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" width="40%" align="center" | '''Type'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" width="10%" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" width="10%" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" width="10%" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" width="10%" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" width="10%" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 +
|-
 +
| '''1890'''
 +
| width="20%" | Veterans
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Defective
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Mortality
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1870'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1860'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1850'''
 +
| Mortality (as part of Oregon Territory)
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|}
  
'''1890:&nbsp; '''Census destroyed.
+
==== Microfilm images  ====
  
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.  
+
The mortality schedules for 1860 to 1880 are also available at the [[Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) Library|DAR Library]] in Washington D.C. and at the [http://cals.evergreen.edu/search~S2/?searchscope=2&SORT=D&criteria=2&searchtype=Y&searcharg=census+mortality+schedule Washington State Library.]
  
'''1900-1930:&nbsp; '''Washington State.
+
*&nbsp; {{FHL|343884|title-id|disp=1860-1870-1880 Mortality}}
  
== Historical Background  ==
+
*&nbsp; {{FHL|703475|title-id|disp=1900 Washington State Prisoner Records}}
  
'''1848:&nbsp; '''The Oregon Territory was created.&nbsp; It included what is now Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and parts of Montana and Wyoming.
+
*&nbsp; [http://www.sos.wa.gov/archives/search_results.aspx?q=agriculture+census&region= Schedules of Industry and Agriculture]
  
'''1853:&nbsp; '''Washington Territory was created from the northern part of Oregon Territory.
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''1859: &nbsp;'''Oregon became a state. Washington Territory was enlarged to include the remaining Oregon territory not included in the new state.  
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Washington, [[Washington Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
'''1863:&nbsp; '''The Idaho Territory was created from lands in eastern Washington Territory.
+
=== State and territorial censuses  ===
  
'''1889: '''Washington became a state.
+
*[http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1018 ''Washington State and Territorial Censuses, 1857-1892''] (If the link does not work, go to [http://www.ancestry.com/ ancestry.com] ($), click '''Search''', select '''Card Catalog''', paste Title into search box, click '''Search''')
  
== Indexes  ==
+
*[http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3579 ''Washington, Compiled Census Index, 1850-90''] (If the link does not work, go to [http://www.ancestry.com/ ancestry.com] ($), click '''Search''', select '''Card Catalog''', paste Title into search box, click '''Search''')
  
==== Book Indexes  ====
+
<br> Washington took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.
  
1860, 1870, 1880:&nbsp; Indexes in book and microfiche format are available.
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 
+
|-
'''Soundex&nbsp;'''  
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| bgcolor="#99cc99" align="center" colspan="90" | '''Washington state, territorial, and colonial censuses'''<ref name="Lainh">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 109-12.</ref><ref name="Dubes">Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948)[[{{Dubes}}]], 62.</ref>
 
+
|-
'''1880, 1900, 1920, 1930:&nbsp; '''A soundex (phonetic) index is available on microfilm for part of the 1880 and all of the 1900, 1920 and 1930 censuses.  
+
| align="left" |
 
+
| align="left" | No statewide state census was taken, but many county censuses were taken at different years from 1856 to 1898.
'''1910:&nbsp; '''The Family History Library has a street index for Seattle. (Family History Library fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=232848&disp=Cross+index+to+selected+city+streets+and++ 6331481]) <br>
+
|-
 
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1898'''
== Special Censuses  ==
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;County of Garfield
 
+
|-
==== Mortality Schedules  ====
+
| align="left" | '''1892'''
 
+
| align="left" | &nbsp;Counties of Douglas, Garfield,&nbsp;King, Klickitat, Mason, Pierce, Stevens, Thurston, and Walla Walla&nbsp;
'''1850-1880:&nbsp; '''Mortality schedules exist for Washington (as part of Oregon Territory), censuses. The mortality schedules for 1860 to 1880 are available at the DAR library in Washington D.C. and at the Washington State Library. The Family History Library has copies of the 1860, 1870, and 1880 mortality schedules.
+
|-
 
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1891'''
[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;County of Jefferson&nbsp;
 
+
|
The 1860, 1870, and 1880 Mortality schedules for Washington are on the [http://www.digitalarchives.wa.gov/RecordSeriesInfo.aspx?rsid=4 Washington State Digital Archives] site. Searchable by name.
+
|-
 
+
| align="left" | '''1889'''
== State Censuses  ==
+
| align="left" | &nbsp;Counties of Adams, Asotin, Clallam, Columbia, Garfield, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Kittitas,&nbsp;Klickitat, Lincoln, Mason, Pierce, San Juan, Snohomish, Thurston, Whatcom, and Whitman
 
+
|-
State censuses also exist for a few counties of Washington for various years. These generally include heads of households only. These partial censuses are available at the Washington State Library and the Family History Library (beginning with Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=543867&disp=Washington+Territorial+census+rolls%2C+1%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1841781]).&nbsp; The years included:
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1887'''
 
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;Counties of Adams, Asotin, Clallam, Clark, Columbia, Cowlitz, Douglas, Franklin, Garfield, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Kittitas, Klickitat, Lewis, Lincoln, Mason, Pacific, Pierce, San Juan, Skagit, Skamania, Snohomish, Spokane, Stevens, Thurston, Wahkiakum, Walla Walla, Whatcom, Whitman, and Yakima
:'''1854, 1857, 1861, 1871, 1875, 1877-1879, 1881, 1883, 1885, 1887, 1890-1892, 1907.'''
+
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1885'''
 +
| align="left" | &nbsp;Counties of Adams, Asotin, Chehalis, Clallam, Clark, Columbia, Cowlitz, Douglas, Franklin, Garfield, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Kittitas, Klickitat, Lewis, Lincoln, Mason, Pacific, Pierce, San Juan, Skagit, Skamania, Snohomish, Spokane, Stevens, Thurston, Wahkiakum, Walla Walla, Whatcom, Whitman, and Yakima
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1883'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;Counties of Clallam, Clark, Columbia, Cowlitz, Garfield, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Klickitat, Lewis, Mason, Pacific, Pierce, Snohomish, Thurston, Whitman, and Yakima
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1881'''
 +
| align="left" | &nbsp;Counties of Jefferson, King, and Thurston
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1880'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;Counties of Jefferson, King, and Thurston
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1879'''
 +
| align="left" | &nbsp;Counties of Jefferson, King, Mason, Pierce, and Thurston
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1878'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;Counties of Jefferson,&nbsp;Mason, Pierce, Stevens, and Thurston
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1877'''
 +
| align="left" | &nbsp;Counties of Jefferson and Thurston
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1875'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;County of Thurston
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1874'''
 +
| align="left" | &nbsp;County of Jefferson
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1873'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;County of Thurston
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1871'''
 +
| align="left" | &nbsp;Counties of Chehalis, Clallam, Clark, Cowlitz, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Klickitat, Lewis, Mason, Pierce, Skamania, Stevens, Thurston, Whatcom, and Yakima
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1860'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;Counties of Chehalis, Clallam, Clark, Island, Jefferson, Kitsap,&nbsp;Lewis,&nbsp;Skamania,&nbsp;and Whatcom
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1858'''&nbsp;
 +
| align="left" | &nbsp;County of Chehalis
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1857'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | &nbsp;Counties of Clallam, Clark, Island, Kitsap, Lewis, Mason, Pierce, and Wahkiakum
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1856'''
 +
| align="left" | &nbsp;County of King
 +
|}
  
== Territorial Censuses  ==
+
These partial censuses are available at the [http://www.sos.wa.gov/_assets/library/Territorial_Census.pdf Washington State Library], the Family History Library (beginning with Family History Library film {{FHL|543867|title-id|disp=1841781}}) and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1018 ancestry.com]&nbsp; The years included:
  
'''1850:&nbsp; '''Part of Oregon Territory
+
'''1854, 1856, 1857, 1860, 1861, 1871, 1873, 1875, 1877-1879, 1880, 1881, 1883, 1885, 1887, 1890-1892, 1898, 1907.'''
  
'''1860-1880:&nbsp; '''Washington Territory
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
== Web Sites  ==
+
For a list of available and missing Washington censuses, [[Washington Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/WA/ http://www.census-online.com/links/WA/]
+
=== More about censuses  ===
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/wa/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/wa/census.html]  
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/washington.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/washington.htm]  
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:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
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:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
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:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
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:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]  
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*[http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3579 ''Washington, Compiled Census Index, 1850-90''] (If the link does not work, go to [http://www.ancestry.com/ ancestry.com] ($), click '''Search''', select '''Card Catalog''', paste Title into search box, click '''Search''')
  
Record Search:&nbsp;[http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html# http://labs.familysearch.org]
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
== References  ==
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{{reflist}}
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Washington.ASP Washington Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
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{{Place|Washington}} {{USCensus}} {{Washington|Washington}}
  
[[Category:Washington]]
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[[Category:Washington|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Revision as of 14:19, 6 November 2013

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  Washington  Gotoarrow.png  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Washington indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Washington 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
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  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 1870  
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860  
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex  
     


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 1870 M593        
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1077 1860 M653
1920 T625 and Soundex M1593 1880 T9 and Soundex T777
     


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Washington, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Washington

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - Link Link Link
1880 Defective - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality (as part of Oregon Territory) - - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

The mortality schedules for 1860 to 1880 are also available at the DAR Library in Washington D.C. and at the Washington State Library.

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Washington, click here.

State and territorial censuses


Washington took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

Washington state, territorial, and colonial censuses[10][11]
No statewide state census was taken, but many county censuses were taken at different years from 1856 to 1898.
1898  County of Garfield
1892  Counties of Douglas, Garfield, King, Klickitat, Mason, Pierce, Stevens, Thurston, and Walla Walla 
1891  County of Jefferson 
1889  Counties of Adams, Asotin, Clallam, Columbia, Garfield, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Kittitas, Klickitat, Lincoln, Mason, Pierce, San Juan, Snohomish, Thurston, Whatcom, and Whitman
1887  Counties of Adams, Asotin, Clallam, Clark, Columbia, Cowlitz, Douglas, Franklin, Garfield, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Kittitas, Klickitat, Lewis, Lincoln, Mason, Pacific, Pierce, San Juan, Skagit, Skamania, Snohomish, Spokane, Stevens, Thurston, Wahkiakum, Walla Walla, Whatcom, Whitman, and Yakima
1885  Counties of Adams, Asotin, Chehalis, Clallam, Clark, Columbia, Cowlitz, Douglas, Franklin, Garfield, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Kittitas, Klickitat, Lewis, Lincoln, Mason, Pacific, Pierce, San Juan, Skagit, Skamania, Snohomish, Spokane, Stevens, Thurston, Wahkiakum, Walla Walla, Whatcom, Whitman, and Yakima
1883  Counties of Clallam, Clark, Columbia, Cowlitz, Garfield, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Klickitat, Lewis, Mason, Pacific, Pierce, Snohomish, Thurston, Whitman, and Yakima
1881  Counties of Jefferson, King, and Thurston
1880  Counties of Jefferson, King, and Thurston
1879  Counties of Jefferson, King, Mason, Pierce, and Thurston
1878  Counties of Jefferson, Mason, Pierce, Stevens, and Thurston
1877  Counties of Jefferson and Thurston
1875  County of Thurston
1874  County of Jefferson
1873  County of Thurston
1871  Counties of Chehalis, Clallam, Clark, Cowlitz, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Klickitat, Lewis, Mason, Pierce, Skamania, Stevens, Thurston, Whatcom, and Yakima
1860  Counties of Chehalis, Clallam, Clark, Island, Jefferson, Kitsap, Lewis, Skamania, and Whatcom
1858   County of Chehalis
1857  Counties of Clallam, Clark, Island, Kitsap, Lewis, Mason, Pierce, and Wahkiakum
1856  County of King

These partial censuses are available at the Washington State Library, the Family History Library (beginning with Family History Library film 1841781) and ancestry.com  The years included:

1854, 1856, 1857, 1860, 1861, 1871, 1873, 1875, 1877-1879, 1880, 1881, 1883, 1885, 1887, 1890-1892, 1898, 1907.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Washington censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. The 1860 federal census of Washington Territory included the populated areas of present-day Washington. Also, the northern portion of present-day Idaho and parts of present-day northwestern Montana were included with Spokane County.
  9. The 1850 Federal census of Oregon Territory included the populated areas of present-day western Washington.
  10. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 109-12.
  11. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948)[FHL Book 973 X23s; Fiche 6018062], 62.