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Wayne County, Illinois
Map
Boundary map of Wayne County, Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Facts
Founded: March 26, 1819
County Seat Fairfield
Courthouse
Wayne County Courthouse.gif
Photo courtesy Illinois Regional Archives Depository, Illinois State Archives
Address Wayne County Courthouse
301 E. Main Street
Fairfield, IL 62837
{618) 842-5182
Wayne County Website
 

United States Gotoarrow.png Illinois Gotoarrow.png Wayne County

Contents

Wayne County Organization

Wayne County's civil records start the following years:

                                     Beginning Dates for Wayne County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1870
1850
1886
1820
1865
1886

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Wayne County are kept, see the Wayne County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts

Anthony Wayne.JPG

The county is named after Revolutionary War General "Mad" Anthony Wayne (1745-1796).[1]

Parent County

  • 1819--Wayne County was created 26 March 1819 from Edwards County.  County seat: Fairfield [2]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Wayne County boundary changes.

Record Loss

November 17, 1886 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.

  • USGenWeb, Wayne County, Illinois (ILGenWeb), Wayne County's Great Loss

For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Biography

Cemeteries

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Cemeteries for more information.

Illinois cemetery records often identify birth, death, relationship, and military information, as well as religious affiliation.

  • Find A Grave can be searched by the name of a person or family to find where a person is buried.  Usually gives birth and death dates often with a picture of the tombstone.  May give obituaries, names of family members and links to their information in Find A Grave.
  • USGenWeb, Wayne County, Illinois (ILGenWeb), cemetery index

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.
190027,626
191025,697−7.0%
192022,772−11.4%
193019,130−16.0%
194022,09215.5%
195020,933−5.2%
196019,008−9.2%
197017,004−10.5%
198018,0596.2%
199017,241−4.5%
200017,151−0.5%
IL Counties 1900-1990

1840 Pensioners

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C., 1841. FHL 973 X2pc 1840; FHL 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See Illinois, Wayne County on page 188.]

Church Records

  • USGenWeb, Wayne County, Illinois (ILGenWeb), early church records and history
  • 1853–1958 Pleasant Grove Baptist Church FHL film 984189
  • 1868–1934 Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Dry Fork Branch FHL film 1954900 Item 13

Catholic

FamilySearch has made parish records from a Belleville Diocese Catholic church in Wayne County available online. The records include first communions, confirmations, marriages, and deaths:

Court Records

Original court records are held in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk. See Illinois Court Records for more information about using court records.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Eastern Illinois University (EIU) - search for Wayne County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the EIU IRAD Wiki page.

  • 1915–1928 Circuit Court Record, Criminal IRAD–EIU

Ethnic Research

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.

Genealogy

History

Land and Property


Gotoarrow.png Illinois Land and Property for more information.

1851-present The original land and property records for Wayne County are held by the County Recorder. See the info box above for contact information. The following copies are available:

  • 1800s – Present - Use the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Land Patent Index to obtain original federal land transfer records, including homestead, military warrants, and cash entry patents. These records help a researcher establish location and lead to National Archives’ records which may include genealogical information. Earlier land transfer records are at the National Archives.

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Wayne County land and property may be found in the FHLC. Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FHLC may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the Family History Library Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Maps

Military Records

Civil War

Civil War service men from Wayne County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Wayne County.

- 5th Regiment, Illinois Cavalry, Companies D and M.
- 18th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies F and G.
- 40th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies D and E.
- 56th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company H.
- 60th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies G and H.
- 61st Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company K.
- 87th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company D.

Naturalization

Newspapers and Obituaries

  • USGenWeb, Wayne County, Illinios (ILGenWeb), obituaries and death notices

Periodicals

Probate Records

Original estates and wills are held in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk. See Illinois Probate Records for more information about using probate records.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through, the Family History Library or the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Eastern Illinois University (EIU) - search for Wayne County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the EIU IRAD Wiki page.

The following abstracts or indexes are available:

  • USGenWeb, Wayne County, Illiniois (ILGenWeb), will index books C and D


Copies of original records

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Wayne County probates may be found in the Illinois, Wayne – Probate, Illinois, Wayne – Probate newspapers, and on Illinois, Wayne – Probate record indexes topic pages of the Family History Library catalog (FHLC). Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FHLC may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the Family History Library Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Repositories

County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Wayne County are kept, see the Wayne County Courthouse page.

Family History Centers

There are over 4500 Family History Centers worldwide which serve as branch facilities of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.  Volunteers provide research assistance to help patrons identify their ancestors.  Microfilm and microfiche may be ordered from the FHL collection at a nominal cost.  Locate your nearest Family History Center at the FamilySearch website.  Call ahead to verify operating hours.  All are welcome.

The following centers are accessible to residents of Wayne County, Illinois:

Centralia Illinois Family History Center 
Leafland & 3rd Street
Centralia, Marion, Illinois
Phone: 618-532-3482
Hours: Wednesday 2-6pm
Attention: We have temporarily moved to this new location while our building is being remodeled.

Eldorado Illinois Family History Center
103 Grayson Rd
Eldorado, Saline, Illinois
Phone: 618-273-8172
Hours: By appointment. Please call 618-276-4283

Evansville Indiana Family History Center 
8020 E Covert Ave
Evansville, Vanderburgh, Indiana
Phone: 812-471-0191
Hours: First Wednesday of every month 10:00 - 12:00, Tues & Wed evening 6:00 - 8:00; other times by appointment
Closed: Closed Major Holidays

Foxcroft Illinois Family History Center
17947 Rt 37 North
Johnston City, Williamson, Illinois
Phone: 618-937-4755
Hours: Tuesday 9am-4pm; & other times by appt

Please note: Addresses posted are not mailing addresses. Due to limited staff, Family History Centers are unable to respond to mail inquiries.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)

The Illinois State Archives administers a system of Illinois Regional Archives Depositories (IRAD) to manage the archival records of local governments.  Local governments which have transferred records to the regional depositories include counties, townships, municipalities, and school districts.  The records of Wayne County come under the jurisdiction of the Eastern Illinois University (EIU) regional depository.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)
Booth Library
Eastern Illinois University (EIU)
600 Lincoln Avenue
Charleston, IL 61920
Telephone: (217) 581-6093

Hours: Monday – Friday, except state holidays
9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.; 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.

Note: The depository is staffed by graduate student interns. Because of class scheduling conflicts, hours may vary somewhat from the published schedule. Researchers are urged to call before planning a visit.

Libraries

Fairfield Public Library
300 Sout East Second Street
Fairfield IL 62837
(618) 842-4516

Wayne City Public Library
103 East Mill Street
Wayne City, IL 62895
(618) 895-2661

School Records

  • 1826–1968 School teachers' daily registers IRAD–EIU
  • 1836–1854 School Land Sale Petitions IRAD–EIU
  • 1837–1854 School Land Sale Record IRAD–EIU

Social Groups Online

Societies

Genealogical Society of Southern Illinois 

Taxation

Vital Records

See Illinois Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Illinois.

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Original birth and death certificates recorded until the year 1916 are kept by the Wayne County Clerk while those recorded after 1916 are kept by the Illinois Department of Public Health with a copy to the County Clerk. Original marriage records are usually kept by the County Clerk from the establishment of the county to the present. Original divorce records are generally in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through online databases, the Family History Library and the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Eastern Illinois University (EIU) - search for Wayne County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the IRAD Wiki page.

Births

Abstracts

  • USGenWeb, Wayne County, Illinois (ILGenWeb), County birth Indexes, beginning 1886

Copies of Original Records

Marriages

Abstracts


Copies of Original Records

Deaths

Abstracts

Copies of Original Records

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Wayne County births, marriages and deaths may be found in the Illinois, Wayne – Vital Records, and the Illinois, Wayne – Vital Records - newspapers topic pages of the Family History Library catalog (FHLC). Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FHLC may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the Family History Library Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Web Sites

Databases pertinent to Wayne County

References

  1. "Anthony Wayne," Wikipedia.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).

 

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