Welsh Place Name Elements

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A list of words found in Welsh place-names with their English translations.
 
A list of words found in Welsh place-names with their English translations.
  
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[[Category:Wales]]
 
[[Category:Wales]]

Revision as of 13:38, 17 April 2008

A list of words found in Welsh place-names with their English translations.

Return to Portal:Wales page

Contents

A

Abaty an abbey
Aber mouth of a river
Adfa
border, recess, place to drive animals
Adwy
a gap, pass
Ael brow of a hill
Afon a river
Allt
a wooded hill or cliff
Aran
a mountain ridge
Arian
silver
Aur
gold
Awel
a breeze, wind

B

Bach small, little
Bala
where a river flows from a lake
Banc
a bank, hillock
Bedw
birch trees
Beili
a yard, enclosure, bailey
Berllan
an orchard
Berth
a copse, hedge
Berthi
hedges
Betws
an oratory, prayer house, bede house
Blaen
head of a valley, source of a river
Blaenau
valley heads
Bont
a bridge

C

Cae a field
Capel
a chapel
Carn
a heap of stones
Carreg
a rock
Cwrt
a court

D

Dalen a leaf
Dan under
De south
Derwen an oak tree
Derw oak trees
Dinas a fort
Dol a meadow, river meadow
Domen a mound
Dre a town, home
Dryw a wren
Du black
Dwfr water
Dyffryn a valley
Dyserth a retreat

E

Efail a smithy
Eglwys a church
Eithin gorse
Eos a nightingale
Erw an acre
Esgair a mountain ridge

F

Fach little, small
Fan a peak
Fechan little, small
Fedwen a birch tree
Fedw birch trees
Felen yellow
Felin a mill
Foel a bare topped hill
Fron a hillside
Fychan little, small
Ffinn a border, limit
Ffordd a road
Ffyrdd roads
Ffos a ditch, brook
Ffridd a sheepwalk, mountain pasture
Ffrith a sheepwalk
Ffrwd a stream
Ffynnon well

G

Gaer a fort, camp
Gallt a wooded hill or cliff
Garn a heap of stones
Gelli a grove, small wood
Glan a river bank
Glyn a glen
Goch red
Godre foot of a hill, edge, border
Graig a rock, crag
Gwynt wind

H

Hafan a haven
Hafod a summer dwelling and pasture
Helyg willow trees
Hen old, ancient
Hendre winter dwelling
Heol a road
Hir long
Hwylfa a pathway, entry
Hydd a stag

I

Isel low
Is lower
Isaf lowest
Issa lowest

L

Lan a bank, slope, rise
Las green, verdant, lush, blue

LL

Llaith wet
Llan an enclosure, church, church village
Llawr a valley floor
Llech a flagstone, flat stone, slate
Llethyr a slope
Lloches a shelter
Lluest a small hill farm, hut
Llwyd holy, sanctified, grey
Llwyn a bush, grove
Llyn a lake
Llys a palace, court, enclosure

M

Maen a cut stone, rock
Maes a field
Mawn peat
Mawr big, large, great
Meifod a halfway house
Meity a halfway house
Melin a mill
Melyn yellow
Merthyr a martyr
Moel a bare topped hill
Mor sea
Morfa sea marsh
Mur a wall
Murddyn a ruin
Mwnt a mound, hill
Mynach a monk
Mynydd a mountain

N

Nant a stream, brook
Neuadd a hall, mansion
Newydd new

O

Ochr side, edge
Oer cold
Ogof a cave
Onnen an ash tree

P

Pandy a fulling mill
Pant a hollow
Parc a park
Pen head, end, top
Pentref a village, hamlet
Perth a copse, hedge
Pistyll a spring, well
Plas a hall, place, mansion
Pont a bridge
Porth a landing place, gateway

RH

Rhaeadr a waterfall
Rhiw a hillside
Rhodwydd an embankment, earthwork
Rhos a moorland
Rhyd a ford
Rhyn a headland

S

Sant a saint
Sarn a causeway, paved road
Sarnau causeways
Swydd a district
Sych dry

T

Tafarn an inn
Tai houses
Tal end, front
Tarren a rocky hillside, cliff
Teg fair
Tir land
Tomen a mound, heap
Ton lay land
Traeth beach, shore
Tref a town, habitation
Tro a turn, bend
Troed foot, base
Tros over
Trwyn a promontory
Twll a hollow
Ty
house
Tyddyn
a farmstead
Tyn
a farmstead

U

Uch higher
Uchaf highest
Uchel high
Uwch above

W

Waun a moorland field
Waen a moorland field
Wen white, fair, blessed
Werdd green
Wern a marsh, alder trees
Wig a haven, wooded land
Wrth near to, by

Y

Y the
Yr the
Yn in
Ynys an island
Ysbyty a hospital, hostel
Ysgol a school
Ysgubor a barn
Ystrad a vale, wide valley
Ystryd a street
Ystum a bend, curve
Ystwyth pliable, agile

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