Welsh Place Name Elements

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
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A list of words found in Welsh place-names with their English translations.
+
A list of words found in Welsh place-names with their English translations.  
  
[[Portal:Wales|Return to Portal:Wales page]] <br>
+
[[Portal:Wales|Return to Portal:Wales page]] <br>  
  
 
=== A  ===
 
=== A  ===
Line 8: Line 8:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Abaty  
 
| Abaty  
| an abbey <br>
+
| an abbey
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Aber  
 
| Aber  
| mouth, or confluence, of a river <br>
+
| mouth (coastal), or confluence (inland), of a river
 
|-
 
|-
| Adfa<br>
+
| Adfa
| border, recess, place to drive animals<br>
+
| border, recess, place to drive animals
 
|-
 
|-
| Adwy<br>
+
| Adwy
| a gap, pass<br>
+
| a gap, pass
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Ael  
 
| Ael  
| brow of a hill <br>
+
| brow of a hill
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Afon  
 
| Afon  
| a river <br>
+
| a river
 
|-
 
|-
| Allt <br>
+
| Allt
| a wooded hill or cliff <br>
+
| a wooded hill or cliff
 
|-
 
|-
| Aran <br>
+
| Aran
| a mountain ridge <br>
+
| a mountain ridge
 
|-
 
|-
| Arian <br>
+
| Arian
| silver <br>
+
| silver
 
|-
 
|-
| Aur <br>
+
| Aur
| gold <br>
+
| gold  
 
|-
 
|-
| Awel<br>
+
| Awel
| a breeze, wind<br>
+
| a breeze, wind
 
|}
 
|}
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=== B <br> ===
+
=== B ===
  
 
{| class="vertical listing"
 
{| class="vertical listing"
 
|-
 
|-
| Bach
+
| Bach  
| small, little <br>
+
| small, little
 
|-
 
|-
| Bala <br>
+
| Bala
| where a river flows from a lake <br>
+
| where a river flows from a lake
 
|-
 
|-
| Banc <br>
+
| Banc or Bonc
| a bank, hillock <br>
+
| a bank, hillock
 
|-
 
|-
| Bedw <br>
+
| Bedw
| birch trees <br>
+
| birch trees
 
|-
 
|-
| Beili <br>
+
| Beili
| a yard, enclosure, bailey <br>
+
| a yard, enclosure, bailey
 
|-
 
|-
| Berllan <br>
+
| Berllan
| an orchard <br>
+
| an orchard
 
|-
 
|-
| Berth <br>
+
| Berth  
| a copse, hedge <br>
+
| a copse, hedge
 
|-
 
|-
| Berthi <br>
+
| Berthi  
| hedges <br>
+
| hedges
 
|-
 
|-
| Betws <br>
+
| Betws
| an oratory, prayer house, bede house <br>
+
| an oratory, prayer house, bede house
 
|-
 
|-
| Blaen <br>
+
| Blaen
| head of a valley, source of a river <br>
+
| head of a valley, source of a river
 
|-
 
|-
| Blaenau<br>
+
| Blaenau
| valley heads<br>
+
| valley heads
 
|-
 
|-
| Bont<br>
+
| Bont
| a bridge<br>
+
| a bridge
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== C ===
+
=== C ===
  
 
{| class="vertical listing"
 
{| class="vertical listing"
 
|-
 
|-
| Cae
+
| Cae  
| a field <br>
+
| a field
 
|-
 
|-
| Capel <br>
+
| Capel
| a chapel <br>
+
| a chapel
 
|-
 
|-
| Carn <br>
+
| Carn
| a heap of stones <br>
+
| a heap of stones
 
|-
 
|-
| Carreg <br>
+
| Carreg  
| a rock <br>
+
| a rock  
 
|-
 
|-
| Cwrt <br>
+
| Cwrt
| a court <br>
+
| a court
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== D ===
+
=== D ===
  
 
{| class="grid listing"
 
{| class="grid listing"
 
|-
 
|-
| Dalen
+
| Dalen  
 
| a leaf
 
| a leaf
 
|-
 
|-
| Dan
+
| Dan  
 
| under
 
| under
 
|-
 
|-
| De
+
| De  
 
| south
 
| south
 
|-
 
|-
| Derwen
+
| Derwen  
 
| an oak tree
 
| an oak tree
 
|-
 
|-
| Derw
+
| Derw  
 
| oak trees
 
| oak trees
 
|-
 
|-
| Dinas
+
| Dinas  
 
| a fort
 
| a fort
 
|-
 
|-
| Dol
+
| Dol  
 
| a meadow, river meadow
 
| a meadow, river meadow
 
|-
 
|-
| Domen
+
| Domen  
 
| a mound
 
| a mound
 
|-
 
|-
| Dre
+
| Dre (mutation of 'tre')
 
| a town, home
 
| a town, home
 
|-
 
|-
| Dryw
+
| Dryw  
 
| a wren
 
| a wren
 
|-
 
|-
| Du
+
| Du  
 
| black
 
| black
 
|-
 
|-
| Dwfr
+
| Dŵr or Dŵfr
 
| water
 
| water
 
|-
 
|-
| Dyffryn
+
| Dyffryn  
 
| a valley
 
| a valley
 
|-
 
|-
| Dyserth
+
| Dyserth  
 
| a retreat
 
| a retreat
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== E ===
+
=== E ===
  
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Efail
+
| Efail  
 
| a smithy
 
| a smithy
 
|-
 
|-
| Eglwys
+
| Eglwys  
 
| a church
 
| a church
 
|-
 
|-
| Eithin
+
| Eithin  
 
| gorse
 
| gorse
 
|-
 
|-
| Eos
+
| Eos  
 
| a nightingale
 
| a nightingale
 
|-
 
|-
| Erw
+
| Erw  
 
| an acre
 
| an acre
 
|-
 
|-
| Esgair
+
| Esgair  
 
| a mountain ridge
 
| a mountain ridge
 
|}
 
|}
Line 177: Line 176:
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Fach  
+
| Fach (mutation of 'bach')
 
| little, small
 
| little, small
 
|-
 
|-
| Fan  
+
| Fan (mutation of 'ban')
 
| a peak
 
| a peak
 
|-
 
|-
| Fechan  
+
| Fechan (feminine mutation of 'bychan')
 
| little, small
 
| little, small
 
|-
 
|-
| Fedwen  
+
| Fedwen (mutation of 'bedwen')
 
| a birch tree
 
| a birch tree
 
|-
 
|-
| Fedw  
+
| Fedw (mutation of 'bedw')
 
| birch trees
 
| birch trees
 
|-
 
|-
| Felen  
+
| Felen (feminine mutation of 'melyn')
 
| yellow
 
| yellow
 
|-
 
|-
| Felin  
+
| Felin (mutation of 'melin')
 
| a mill
 
| a mill
 
|-
 
|-
| Foel  
+
| Foel (mutation of 'moel')
 
| a bare topped hill
 
| a bare topped hill
 
|-
 
|-
| Fron  
+
| Fron (mutation of 'bron')
 
| a hillside
 
| a hillside
 
|-
 
|-
| Fychan  
+
| Fychan (mutation of 'bychan')
 
| little, small
 
| little, small
 +
|}
 +
 +
=== Ff  ===
 +
 +
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Ffin  
 
| Ffin  
Line 231: Line 235:
 
| well
 
| well
 
|}
 
|}
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+
<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->  
 
+
=== G ===
=== G ===
+
  
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Gaer
+
| Gaer (mutation of 'caer')
 
| a fort, camp
 
| a fort, camp
 
|-
 
|-
| Gallt
+
| Gallt  
 
| a wooded hill or cliff
 
| a wooded hill or cliff
 
|-
 
|-
| Garn
+
| Garn  
 
| a heap of stones
 
| a heap of stones
 
|-
 
|-
| Gelli
+
| Gelli  
 
| a grove, small wood
 
| a grove, small wood
 
|-
 
|-
| Glan
+
| Glan  
 
| a river bank
 
| a river bank
 
|-
 
|-
| Glyn
+
| Glyn  
 
| a glen
 
| a glen
 
|-
 
|-
| Goch
+
| Goch (mutation of 'coch')
 
| red
 
| red
 
|-
 
|-
| Godre
+
| Godre  
 
| foot of a hill, edge, border
 
| foot of a hill, edge, border
 
|-
 
|-
| Graig
+
| Graig (mutation of 'craig')
 
| a rock, crag
 
| a rock, crag
 
|-
 
|-
| Gwynt
+
| Gwynt  
 
| wind
 
| wind
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== H ===
+
=== H ===
  
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Hafan
+
| Hafan  
 
| a haven
 
| a haven
 
|-
 
|-
| Hafod
+
| Hafod  
 
| a summer dwelling and pasture
 
| a summer dwelling and pasture
 
|-
 
|-
| Helyg
+
| Helyg  
 
| willow trees
 
| willow trees
 
|-
 
|-
| Hen
+
| Hen  
 
| old, ancient
 
| old, ancient
 
|-
 
|-
| Hendre
+
| Hendre  
 
| winter dwelling
 
| winter dwelling
 
|-
 
|-
| Heol
+
| Heol  
 
| a road
 
| a road
 
|-
 
|-
| Hir
+
| Hir  
 
| long
 
| long
 
|-
 
|-
| Hwylfa
+
| Hwylfa  
 
| a pathway, entry
 
| a pathway, entry
 
|-
 
|-
| Hydd
+
| Hydd  
 
| a stag
 
| a stag
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== I ===
+
=== I ===
  
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Isel
+
| Isel  
 
| low
 
| low
 
|-
 
|-
| Is
+
| Is  
 
| lower
 
| lower
 
|-
 
|-
| Isaf
+
| Isaf  
 
| lowest
 
| lowest
 
|-
 
|-
| Issa
+
| Issa  
 
| lowest
 
| lowest
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== L ===
+
=== L ===
  
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Lan
+
| Lan  
 
| a bank, slope, rise
 
| a bank, slope, rise
 
|-
 
|-
| Las
+
| Las (mutation of 'glas')
| green, verdant, lush, blue
+
| blue, verdant, lush, green
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== LL ===
+
=== Ll  ===
  
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Llaith
+
| Llaith  
 
| wet
 
| wet
 
|-
 
|-
| Llan
+
| Llan  
 
| an enclosure, church, church village
 
| an enclosure, church, church village
 
|-
 
|-
| Llawr
+
| Llawr  
 
| a valley floor
 
| a valley floor
 
|-
 
|-
| Llech
+
| Llech  
 
| a flagstone, flat stone, slate
 
| a flagstone, flat stone, slate
 
|-
 
|-
| Llethyr
+
| Llethyr  
 
| a slope
 
| a slope
 
|-
 
|-
| Lloches
+
| Lloches  
 
| a shelter
 
| a shelter
 
|-
 
|-
| Lluest
+
| Lluest  
 
| a small hill farm, hut
 
| a small hill farm, hut
 
|-
 
|-
| Llwyd
+
| Llwyd  
 
| holy, sanctified, grey
 
| holy, sanctified, grey
 
|-
 
|-
| Llwyn
+
| Llwyn  
 
| a bush, grove
 
| a bush, grove
 
|-
 
|-
| Llyn
+
| Llyn  
 
| a lake
 
| a lake
 
|-
 
|-
| Llys
+
| Llys  
 
| a palace, court, enclosure
 
| a palace, court, enclosure
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== M ===
+
=== M ===
  
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Maen
+
| Maen  
 
| a cut stone, rock
 
| a cut stone, rock
 
|-
 
|-
| Maes
+
| Maes  
 
| a field
 
| a field
 
|-
 
|-
| Mawn
+
| Mawn  
 
| peat
 
| peat
 
|-
 
|-
| Mawr
+
| Mawr  
 
| big, large, great
 
| big, large, great
 
|-
 
|-
| Meifod
+
| Meifod  
 
| a halfway house
 
| a halfway house
 
|-
 
|-
| Meity
+
| Meity  
 
| a halfway house
 
| a halfway house
 
|-
 
|-
| Melin
+
| Melin  
 
| a mill
 
| a mill
 
|-
 
|-
| Melyn
+
| Melyn  
 
| yellow
 
| yellow
 
|-
 
|-
| Merthyr
+
| Merthyr  
 
| a martyr
 
| a martyr
 
|-
 
|-
| Moel
+
| Moel  
 
| a bare topped hill
 
| a bare topped hill
 
|-
 
|-
| Mor
+
| Môr
 
| sea
 
| sea
 
|-
 
|-
| Morfa
+
| Morfa  
 
| sea marsh
 
| sea marsh
 
|-
 
|-
| Mur
+
| Mur  
 
| a wall
 
| a wall
 
|-
 
|-
| Murddyn
+
| Murddyn  
 
| a ruin
 
| a ruin
 
|-
 
|-
| Mwnt
+
| Mwnt  
 
| a mound, hill
 
| a mound, hill
 
|-
 
|-
| Mynach
+
| Mynach  
 
| a monk
 
| a monk
 
|-
 
|-
| Mynydd
+
| Mynydd  
 
| a mountain
 
| a mountain
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== N ===
+
=== N ===
  
 
{| class="grid listing"
 
{| class="grid listing"
 
|-
 
|-
| Nant
+
| Nant  
 
| a stream, brook
 
| a stream, brook
 
|-
 
|-
| Neuadd
+
| Neuadd  
 
| a hall, mansion
 
| a hall, mansion
 
|-
 
|-
| Newydd
+
| Newydd  
 
| new
 
| new
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== O ===
+
=== O ===
  
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Ochr
+
| Ochr  
 
| side, edge
 
| side, edge
 
|-
 
|-
| Oer
+
| Oer  
 
| cold
 
| cold
 
|-
 
|-
| Ogof
+
| Ogof  
 
| a cave
 
| a cave
 
|-
 
|-
| Onnen
+
| Onnen  
 
| an ash tree
 
| an ash tree
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== P ===
+
=== P ===
  
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Pandy
+
| Pandy  
 
| a fulling mill
 
| a fulling mill
 
|-
 
|-
| Pant
+
| Pant  
 
| a hollow
 
| a hollow
 
|-
 
|-
| Parc
+
| Parc  
 
| a park
 
| a park
 
|-
 
|-
| Pen
+
| Pen  
 
| head, end, top
 
| head, end, top
 
|-
 
|-
| Pentref
+
| Pentref or Pentre
 
| a village, hamlet
 
| a village, hamlet
 
|-
 
|-
| Perth
+
| Perth  
 
| a copse, hedge
 
| a copse, hedge
 
|-
 
|-
| Pistyll
+
| Pistyll  
 
| a spring, well
 
| a spring, well
 
|-
 
|-
| Plas
+
| Plas  
 
| a hall, place, mansion
 
| a hall, place, mansion
 
|-
 
|-
| Pont
+
| Pont  
 
| a bridge
 
| a bridge
 
|-
 
|-
| Porth
+
| Porth  
 
| a landing place, gateway
 
| a landing place, gateway
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== RH ===
+
=== Rh  ===
  
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Rhaeadr
+
| Rhaeadr  
 
| a waterfall
 
| a waterfall
 
|-
 
|-
| Rhiw
+
| Rhiw  
 
| a hillside
 
| a hillside
 
|-
 
|-
| Rhodwydd
+
| Rhodwydd  
 
| an embankment, earthwork
 
| an embankment, earthwork
 
|-
 
|-
| Rhos
+
| Rhos  
 
| a moorland
 
| a moorland
 
|-
 
|-
| Rhyd
+
| Rhyd  
 
| a ford
 
| a ford
 
|-
 
|-
| Rhyn
+
| Rhyn  
 
| a headland
 
| a headland
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== S ===
+
=== S ===
  
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Sant
+
| Sant  
 
| a saint
 
| a saint
 
|-
 
|-
| Sarn
+
| Sarn  
 
| a causeway, paved road
 
| a causeway, paved road
 
|-
 
|-
| Sarnau
+
| Sarnau  
 
| causeways
 
| causeways
 
|-
 
|-
| Swydd
+
| Swydd  
 
| a district
 
| a district
 
|-
 
|-
| Sych
+
| Sych  
 
| dry
 
| dry
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== T ===
+
=== T ===
  
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Tafarn
+
| Tafarn  
 
| an inn
 
| an inn
 
|-
 
|-
| Tai
+
| Tai  
 
| houses
 
| houses
 
|-
 
|-
| Tal
+
| Tal  
 
| end, front
 
| end, front
 
|-
 
|-
| Tarren
+
| Tarren  
 
| a rocky hillside, cliff
 
| a rocky hillside, cliff
 
|-
 
|-
| Teg
+
| Teg  
 
| fair
 
| fair
 
|-
 
|-
| Tir
+
| Tir  
 
| land
 
| land
 
|-
 
|-
| Tomen
+
| Tomen  
 
| a mound, heap
 
| a mound, heap
 
|-
 
|-
| Ton
+
| Ton  
 
| lay land
 
| lay land
 
|-
 
|-
| Traeth
+
| Traeth  
 
| beach, shore
 
| beach, shore
 
|-
 
|-
| Tref
+
| Tref or Tre
 
| a town, habitation
 
| a town, habitation
 
|-
 
|-
| Tro
+
| Tro  
 
| a turn, bend
 
| a turn, bend
 
|-
 
|-
| Troed
+
| Troed  
 
| foot, base
 
| foot, base
 
|-
 
|-
| Tros
+
| Tros  
 
| over
 
| over
 
|-
 
|-
| Trwyn
+
| Trwyn  
 
| a promontory
 
| a promontory
 
|-
 
|-
| Twll
+
| Twll  
 
| a hollow
 
| a hollow
 
|-
 
|-
| Ty<br>
+
|
| house<br>
+
| a house
 
|-
 
|-
| Tyddyn<br>
+
| Tyddyn
| a farmstead<br>
+
| a farmstead
 
|-
 
|-
| Tyn<br>
+
| Ty'n
| a farmstead<br>
+
| a farmstead
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== U ===
+
=== U ===
  
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Uch
+
| Uch  
 
| higher
 
| higher
 
|-
 
|-
| Uchaf
+
| Uchaf  
 
| highest
 
| highest
 
|-
 
|-
| Uchel
+
| Uchel  
 
| high
 
| high
 
|-
 
|-
| Uwch
+
| Uwch  
 
| above
 
| above
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== W ===
+
=== W ===
  
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Waun
+
| Waun  
 
| a moorland field
 
| a moorland field
 
|-
 
|-
| Waen
+
| Waen  
 
| a moorland field
 
| a moorland field
 
|-
 
|-
| Wen
+
| Wen (feminine mutation of 'gwyn')
 
| white, fair, blessed
 
| white, fair, blessed
 
|-
 
|-
| Werdd
+
| Werdd (feminine mutation of 'gwyrdd')
 
| green
 
| green
 
|-
 
|-
| Wern
+
| Wern (mutation of 'gwern')
 
| a marsh, alder trees
 
| a marsh, alder trees
 
|-
 
|-
| Wig
+
| Wig (mutation of 'gwig')
 
| a haven, wooded land
 
| a haven, wooded land
 
|-
 
|-
| Wrth
+
| Wrth  
 
| near to, by
 
| near to, by
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== Y ===
+
=== Y ===
  
 
{| class="plain"
 
{| class="plain"
 
|-
 
|-
| Y
+
| Y  
 
| the
 
| the
 
|-
 
|-
| Yr
+
| Yr (before vowels)
 
| the
 
| the
 
|-
 
|-
| Yn
+
| Yn  
 
| in
 
| in
 
|-
 
|-
| Ynys
+
| Ynys  
 
| an island
 
| an island
 
|-
 
|-
| Ysbyty
+
| Ysbyty  
 
| a hospital, hostel
 
| a hospital, hostel
 
|-
 
|-
| Ysgol
+
| Ysgol  
 
| a school
 
| a school
 
|-
 
|-
| Ysgubor
+
| Ysgubor  
 
| a barn
 
| a barn
 
|-
 
|-
| Ystrad
+
| Ystrad  
 
| a vale, wide valley
 
| a vale, wide valley
 
|-
 
|-
| Ystryd
+
| Ystryd  
 
| a street
 
| a street
 
|-
 
|-
| Ystum
+
| Ystum  
 
| a bend, curve
 
| a bend, curve
 
|-
 
|-
| Ystwyth
+
| Ystwyth  
 
| pliable, agile
 
| pliable, agile
 
|}
 
|}
  
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[[Category:Wales]]
 
[[Category:Wales]]

Revision as of 19:44, 16 May 2008

A list of words found in Welsh place-names with their English translations.

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Contents

A

Abaty an abbey
Aber mouth (coastal), or confluence (inland), of a river
Adfa border, recess, place to drive animals
Adwy a gap, pass
Ael brow of a hill
Afon a river
Allt a wooded hill or cliff
Aran a mountain ridge
Arian silver
Aur gold
Awel a breeze, wind

B

Bach small, little
Bala where a river flows from a lake
Banc or Bonc a bank, hillock
Bedw birch trees
Beili a yard, enclosure, bailey
Berllan an orchard
Berth a copse, hedge
Berthi hedges
Betws an oratory, prayer house, bede house
Blaen head of a valley, source of a river
Blaenau valley heads
Bont a bridge

C

Cae a field
Capel a chapel
Carn a heap of stones
Carreg a rock
Cwrt a court

D

Dalen a leaf
Dan under
De south
Derwen an oak tree
Derw oak trees
Dinas a fort
Dol a meadow, river meadow
Domen a mound
Dre (mutation of 'tre') a town, home
Dryw a wren
Du black
Dŵr or Dŵfr water
Dyffryn a valley
Dyserth a retreat

E

Efail a smithy
Eglwys a church
Eithin gorse
Eos a nightingale
Erw an acre
Esgair a mountain ridge

F

Fach (mutation of 'bach') little, small
Fan (mutation of 'ban') a peak
Fechan (feminine mutation of 'bychan') little, small
Fedwen (mutation of 'bedwen') a birch tree
Fedw (mutation of 'bedw') birch trees
Felen (feminine mutation of 'melyn') yellow
Felin (mutation of 'melin') a mill
Foel (mutation of 'moel') a bare topped hill
Fron (mutation of 'bron') a hillside
Fychan (mutation of 'bychan') little, small

Ff

Ffin a border, limit
Ffordd a road
Ffyrdd roads
Ffos a ditch, brook
Ffridd a sheepwalk, mountain pasture
Ffrith a sheepwalk
Ffrwd a stream
Ffynnon well

G

Gaer (mutation of 'caer') a fort, camp
Gallt a wooded hill or cliff
Garn a heap of stones
Gelli a grove, small wood
Glan a river bank
Glyn a glen
Goch (mutation of 'coch') red
Godre foot of a hill, edge, border
Graig (mutation of 'craig') a rock, crag
Gwynt wind

H

Hafan a haven
Hafod a summer dwelling and pasture
Helyg willow trees
Hen old, ancient
Hendre winter dwelling
Heol a road
Hir long
Hwylfa a pathway, entry
Hydd a stag

I

Isel low
Is lower
Isaf lowest
Issa lowest

L

Lan a bank, slope, rise
Las (mutation of 'glas') blue, verdant, lush, green

Ll

Llaith wet
Llan an enclosure, church, church village
Llawr a valley floor
Llech a flagstone, flat stone, slate
Llethyr a slope
Lloches a shelter
Lluest a small hill farm, hut
Llwyd holy, sanctified, grey
Llwyn a bush, grove
Llyn a lake
Llys a palace, court, enclosure

M

Maen a cut stone, rock
Maes a field
Mawn peat
Mawr big, large, great
Meifod a halfway house
Meity a halfway house
Melin a mill
Melyn yellow
Merthyr a martyr
Moel a bare topped hill
Môr sea
Morfa sea marsh
Mur a wall
Murddyn a ruin
Mwnt a mound, hill
Mynach a monk
Mynydd a mountain

N

Nant a stream, brook
Neuadd a hall, mansion
Newydd new

O

Ochr side, edge
Oer cold
Ogof a cave
Onnen an ash tree

P

Pandy a fulling mill
Pant a hollow
Parc a park
Pen head, end, top
Pentref or Pentre a village, hamlet
Perth a copse, hedge
Pistyll a spring, well
Plas a hall, place, mansion
Pont a bridge
Porth a landing place, gateway

Rh

Rhaeadr a waterfall
Rhiw a hillside
Rhodwydd an embankment, earthwork
Rhos a moorland
Rhyd a ford
Rhyn a headland

S

Sant a saint
Sarn a causeway, paved road
Sarnau causeways
Swydd a district
Sych dry

T

Tafarn an inn
Tai houses
Tal end, front
Tarren a rocky hillside, cliff
Teg fair
Tir land
Tomen a mound, heap
Ton lay land
Traeth beach, shore
Tref or Tre a town, habitation
Tro a turn, bend
Troed foot, base
Tros over
Trwyn a promontory
Twll a hollow
a house
Tyddyn a farmstead
Ty'n a farmstead

U

Uch higher
Uchaf highest
Uchel high
Uwch above

W

Waun a moorland field
Waen a moorland field
Wen (feminine mutation of 'gwyn') white, fair, blessed
Werdd (feminine mutation of 'gwyrdd') green
Wern (mutation of 'gwern') a marsh, alder trees
Wig (mutation of 'gwig') a haven, wooded land
Wrth near to, by

Y

Y the
Yr (before vowels) the
Yn in
Ynys an island
Ysbyty a hospital, hostel
Ysgol a school
Ysgubor a barn
Ystrad a vale, wide valley
Ystryd a street
Ystum a bend, curve
Ystwyth pliable, agile

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