Welsh Place Name Elements

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[[Image:Mwnt Church, Mwnt, near Cardigan.jpg|thumb|right|328x209px]]__NOTOC__ [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Wales]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Welsh_Place_Names|Welsh place names]]
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A list of words found in Welsh place-names with their English translations.  
 
A list of words found in Welsh place-names with their English translations.  
  
[[Portal:Wales|Return to Portal:Wales page]] <br>
+
Many Welsh place names are made up of several elements.
  
=== A  ===
+
Literally translated the name '''Rhosllannerchrugog''' comes from:
  
{| class="vertical listing"
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*rhos "moor"
 +
*llannerch "glade"
 +
*grugog "heathery"
 +
 
 +
hence ''Moor of the Heathery Glade''. Unsurprisingly it is often known simply as Rhos!
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 +
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== A  ==
 +
 
 +
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="90%"
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|-
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|-
 
|-
 
| Abaty  
 
| Abaty  
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| mouth (coastal), or confluence (inland), of a river
 
| mouth (coastal), or confluence (inland), of a river
 
|-
 
|-
| Adfa
+
| Adfa  
 
| border, recess, place to drive animals
 
| border, recess, place to drive animals
 
|-
 
|-
| Adwy
+
| Adwy  
 
| a gap, pass
 
| a gap, pass
 
|-
 
|-
Line 25: Line 40:
 
| a river
 
| a river
 
|-
 
|-
| Allt
+
| Allt  
 
| a wooded hill or cliff
 
| a wooded hill or cliff
 
|-
 
|-
| Aran
+
| Aran  
 
| a mountain ridge
 
| a mountain ridge
 
|-
 
|-
| Arian
+
| Arian  
 
| silver
 
| silver
 
|-
 
|-
| Aur
+
| Aur  
| gold  
+
| gold
 
|-
 
|-
| Awel
+
| Awel  
 
| a breeze, wind
 
| a breeze, wind
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== B ===
+
<br>
  
{| class="vertical listing"
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== B  ==
 +
 
 +
{| class="plain FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="90%"
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|-
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! width="40%" |
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! width="50%" |
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Bach  
 
| Bach  
 
| small, little
 
| small, little
 
|-
 
|-
| Bala
+
| Bala  
 
| where a river flows from a lake
 
| where a river flows from a lake
 
|-
 
|-
| Banc or Bonc
+
| Banc or Bonc  
 
| a bank, hillock
 
| a bank, hillock
 
|-
 
|-
| Bedw
+
| Bedw  
 
| birch trees
 
| birch trees
 
|-
 
|-
| Beili
+
| Beili  
 
| a yard, enclosure, bailey
 
| a yard, enclosure, bailey
 
|-
 
|-
| Berllan
+
| Berllan  
 
| an orchard
 
| an orchard
 
|-
 
|-
Line 69: Line 89:
 
| hedges
 
| hedges
 
|-
 
|-
| Betws
+
| Betws  
 
| an oratory, prayer house, bede house
 
| an oratory, prayer house, bede house
 
|-
 
|-
| Blaen
+
| Blaen  
 
| head of a valley, source of a river
 
| head of a valley, source of a river
 
|-
 
|-
| Blaenau
+
| Blaenau  
 
| valley heads
 
| valley heads
 
|-
 
|-
| Bont
+
| Bont  
 
| a bridge
 
| a bridge
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== C  ===
+
<br>
  
{| class="vertical listing"
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== C  ==
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{| class="plain FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="90%"
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|-
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|-
 
|-
 
| Cae  
 
| Cae  
 
| a field
 
| a field
 
|-
 
|-
| Capel
+
| Capel  
 
| a chapel
 
| a chapel
 
|-
 
|-
| Carn
+
| Carn  
 
| a heap of stones
 
| a heap of stones
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Carreg  
 
| Carreg  
| a rock  
+
| a rock
 
|-
 
|-
| Cwrt
+
| Cwrt  
 
| a court
 
| a court
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== D  ===
+
<br>
  
{| class="grid listing"
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== D  ==
 +
 
 +
{| class="plain FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="90%"
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|-
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|-
 
|-
 
| Dalen  
 
| Dalen  
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| a mound
 
| a mound
 
|-
 
|-
| Dre (mutation of 'tre')
+
| Dre (mutation of 'tre')  
 
| a town, home
 
| a town, home
 
|-
 
|-
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|}
 
|}
  
=== E  ===
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<br>
  
{| class="plain"
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== E  ==
 +
 
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|-
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|-
 
|-
 
| Efail  
 
| Efail  
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|}
 
|}
  
=== F  ===
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<br>
  
{| class="plain"
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== F  ==
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 +
{| class="plain FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="90%"
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|-
 +
! width="40%" |
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|-
 
|-
| Fach (mutation of 'bach')
+
| Fach (mutation of 'bach')  
 
| little, small
 
| little, small
 
|-
 
|-
| Fan (mutation of 'ban')
+
| Fan (mutation of 'ban')  
 
| a peak
 
| a peak
 
|-
 
|-
| Fechan (feminine mutation of 'bychan')
+
| Fechan (feminine mutation of 'bychan')  
 
| little, small
 
| little, small
 
|-
 
|-
| Fedwen (mutation of 'bedwen')
+
| Fedwen (mutation of 'bedwen')  
 
| a birch tree
 
| a birch tree
 
|-
 
|-
| Fedw (mutation of 'bedw')
+
| Fedw (mutation of 'bedw')  
 
| birch trees
 
| birch trees
 
|-
 
|-
| Felen (feminine mutation of 'melyn')
+
| Felen (feminine mutation of 'melyn')  
 
| yellow
 
| yellow
 
|-
 
|-
| Felin (mutation of 'melin')
+
| Felin (mutation of 'melin')  
 
| a mill
 
| a mill
 
|-
 
|-
| Foel (mutation of 'moel')
+
| Foel (mutation of 'moel')  
 
| a bare topped hill
 
| a bare topped hill
 
|-
 
|-
| Fron (mutation of 'bron')
+
| Fron (mutation of 'bron')  
 
| a hillside
 
| a hillside
 
|-
 
|-
| Fychan (mutation of 'bychan')
+
| Fychan (mutation of 'bychan')  
 
| little, small
 
| little, small
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== Ff  ===
+
<br>
  
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== Ff  ==
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|-
 
|-
 
| Ffin  
 
| Ffin  
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| well
 
| well
 
|}
 
|}
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=== G  ===
 
  
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<br>
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== G  ==
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|-
 
|-
| Gaer (mutation of 'caer')
+
| Gaer (mutation of 'caer')  
 
| a fort, camp
 
| a fort, camp
 
|-
 
|-
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| a glen
 
| a glen
 
|-
 
|-
| Goch (mutation of 'coch')
+
| Goch (mutation of 'coch')  
 
| red
 
| red
 
|-
 
|-
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| foot of a hill, edge, border
 
| foot of a hill, edge, border
 
|-
 
|-
| Graig (mutation of 'craig')
+
| Graig (mutation of 'craig')  
 
| a rock, crag
 
| a rock, crag
 
|-
 
|-
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|}
 
|}
  
=== H  ===
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<br>
  
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== H  ==
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|-
 
| Hafan  
 
| Hafan  
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|}
 
|}
  
=== I  ===
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<br>
  
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== I  ==
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|-
 
|-
 
| Isel  
 
| Isel  
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|}
 
|}
  
=== L  ===
+
<br>
  
{| class="plain"
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== L  ==
 +
 
 +
{| class="plain FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="90%"
 
|-
 
|-
| Lan
+
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| a bank, slope, rise
+
! width="50%" |  
 
|-
 
|-
| Las (mutation of 'glas')
+
| Lan (mutation of 'glan')
 +
| a bank, shore
 +
|-
 +
| Las (mutation of 'glas')  
 
| blue, verdant, lush, green
 
| blue, verdant, lush, green
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== Ll  ===
+
<br>
  
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== Ll  ==
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|-
 
|-
 
| Llaith  
 
| Llaith  
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|}
 
|}
  
=== M  ===
+
<br>
  
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== M  ==
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{| class="plain FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="90%"
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|-
 
|-
 
| Maen  
 
| Maen  
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|}
 
|}
  
=== N  ===
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== N  ==
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|-
 
|-
 
| Nant  
 
| Nant  
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|}
 
|}
  
=== O  ===
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<br>
  
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== O  ==
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|-
 
|-
 
| Ochr  
 
| Ochr  
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|}
 
|}
  
=== P  ===
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<br>
  
{| class="plain"
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{| class="plain FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="90%"
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|-
 
|-
 
| Pandy  
 
| Pandy  
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| head, end, top
 
| head, end, top
 
|-
 
|-
| Pentref or Pentre
+
| Pentref or Pentre  
 
| a village, hamlet
 
| a village, hamlet
 
|-
 
|-
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|}
 
|}
  
=== Rh  ===
+
<br>
  
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== Rh  ==
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|-
 
|-
 
| Rhaeadr  
 
| Rhaeadr  
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|}
 
|}
  
=== S  ===
+
<br>
  
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{| class="plain FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="90%"
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|-
 
|-
 
| Sant  
 
| Sant  
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|}
 
|}
  
=== T  ===
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<br>
  
{| class="plain"
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== T  ==
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{| class="plain FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="90%"
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|-
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|-
 
|-
 
| Tafarn  
 
| Tafarn  
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| beach, shore
 
| beach, shore
 
|-
 
|-
| Tref or Tre
+
| Tref or Tre  
 
| a town, habitation
 
| a town, habitation
 
|-
 
|-
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| a hollow
 
| a hollow
 
|-
 
|-
| Tŷ
+
| Tŷ  
 
| a house
 
| a house
 
|-
 
|-
| Tyddyn
+
| Tyddyn  
 
| a farmstead
 
| a farmstead
 
|-
 
|-
| Ty'n
+
| Ty'n  
 
| a farmstead
 
| a farmstead
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== U  ===
+
<br>
  
{| class="plain"
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 +
{| class="plain FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="90%"
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|-
 
|-
 
| Uch  
 
| Uch  
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|}
 
|}
  
=== W  ===
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<br>
  
{| class="plain"
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{| class="plain FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="90%"
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|-
 
|-
 
| Waun  
 
| Waun  
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| a moorland field
 
| a moorland field
 
|-
 
|-
| Wen (feminine mutation of 'gwyn')
+
| Wen (feminine mutation of 'gwyn')  
 
| white, fair, blessed
 
| white, fair, blessed
 
|-
 
|-
| Werdd (feminine mutation of 'gwyrdd')
+
| Werdd (feminine mutation of 'gwyrdd')  
 
| green
 
| green
 
|-
 
|-
| Wern (mutation of 'gwern')
+
| Wern (mutation of 'gwern')  
 
| a marsh, alder trees
 
| a marsh, alder trees
 
|-
 
|-
| Wig (mutation of 'gwig')
+
| Wig (mutation of 'gwig')  
 
| a haven, wooded land
 
| a haven, wooded land
 
|-
 
|-
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|}
 
|}
  
=== Y  ===
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|-
 
| Y  
 
| Y  
 
| the
 
| the
 
|-
 
|-
| Yr (before vowels)
+
| Yr (before vowels)  
 
| the
 
| the
 
|-
 
|-
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|}
  
[[Portal:Wales|Return to Portal:Wales page]] <!--{12084394614410} --> <!--{12084394614411} --> <!--{12084394614412} --> <!--{12084394614413} --> <!--{12084394614414} --> <!--{12084394614415} -->
 
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[[Category:Wales]]
 
[[Category:Wales]]

Revision as of 21:40, 22 June 2011

Mwnt Church, Mwnt, near Cardigan.jpg
Gotoarrow.png Wales Gotoarrow.png Welsh place names

A list of words found in Welsh place-names with their English translations.

Many Welsh place names are made up of several elements.

Literally translated the name Rhosllannerchrugog comes from:

  • rhos "moor"
  • llannerch "glade"
  • grugog "heathery"

hence Moor of the Heathery Glade. Unsurprisingly it is often known simply as Rhos!

Index A B C Ch D E F Ff G H I L Ll M N O P R Rh S T Th U V W Y


A

Abaty an abbey
Aber mouth (coastal), or confluence (inland), of a river
Adfa border, recess, place to drive animals
Adwy a gap, pass
Ael brow of a hill
Afon a river
Allt a wooded hill or cliff
Aran a mountain ridge
Arian silver
Aur gold
Awel a breeze, wind


B

Bach small, little
Bala where a river flows from a lake
Banc or Bonc a bank, hillock
Bedw birch trees
Beili a yard, enclosure, bailey
Berllan an orchard
Berth a copse, hedge
Berthi hedges
Betws an oratory, prayer house, bede house
Blaen head of a valley, source of a river
Blaenau valley heads
Bont a bridge


C

Cae a field
Capel a chapel
Carn a heap of stones
Carreg a rock
Cwrt a court


D

Dalen a leaf
Dan under
De south
Derwen an oak tree
Derw oak trees
Dinas a fort
Dol a meadow, river meadow
Domen a mound
Dre (mutation of 'tre') a town, home
Dryw a wren
Du black
Dŵr or Dŵfr water
Dyffryn a valley
Dyserth a retreat


E

Efail a smithy
Eglwys a church
Eithin gorse
Eos a nightingale
Erw an acre
Esgair a mountain ridge


F

Fach (mutation of 'bach') little, small
Fan (mutation of 'ban') a peak
Fechan (feminine mutation of 'bychan') little, small
Fedwen (mutation of 'bedwen') a birch tree
Fedw (mutation of 'bedw') birch trees
Felen (feminine mutation of 'melyn') yellow
Felin (mutation of 'melin') a mill
Foel (mutation of 'moel') a bare topped hill
Fron (mutation of 'bron') a hillside
Fychan (mutation of 'bychan') little, small


Ff

Ffin a border, limit
Ffordd a road
Ffyrdd roads
Ffos a ditch, brook
Ffridd a sheepwalk, mountain pasture
Ffrith a sheepwalk
Ffrwd a stream
Ffynnon well


G

Gaer (mutation of 'caer') a fort, camp
Gallt a wooded hill or cliff
Garn a heap of stones
Gelli a grove, small wood
Glan a river bank
Glyn a glen
Goch (mutation of 'coch') red
Godre foot of a hill, edge, border
Graig (mutation of 'craig') a rock, crag
Gwynt wind


H

Hafan a haven
Hafod a summer dwelling and pasture
Helyg willow trees
Hen old, ancient
Hendre winter dwelling
Heol a road
Hir long
Hwylfa a pathway, entry
Hydd a stag


I

Isel low
Is lower
Isaf lowest
Issa lowest


L

Lan (mutation of 'glan') a bank, shore
Las (mutation of 'glas') blue, verdant, lush, green


Ll

Llaith wet
Llan an enclosure, church, church village
Llawr a valley floor
Llech a flagstone, flat stone, slate
Llethyr a slope
Lloches a shelter
Lluest a small hill farm, hut
Llwyd holy, sanctified, grey
Llwyn a bush, grove
Llyn a lake
Llys a palace, court, enclosure


M

Maen a cut stone, rock
Maes a field
Mawn peat
Mawr big, large, great
Meifod a halfway house
Meity a halfway house
Melin a mill
Melyn yellow
Merthyr a martyr
Moel a bare topped hill
Môr sea
Morfa sea marsh
Mur a wall
Murddyn a ruin
Mwnt a mound, hill
Mynach a monk
Mynydd a mountain


N

Nant a stream, brook
Neuadd a hall, mansion
Newydd new


O

Ochr side, edge
Oer cold
Ogof a cave
Onnen an ash tree


P

Pandy a fulling mill
Pant a hollow
Parc a park
Pen head, end, top
Pentref or Pentre a village, hamlet
Perth a copse, hedge
Pistyll a spring, well
Plas a hall, place, mansion
Pont a bridge
Porth a landing place, gateway


Rh

Rhaeadr a waterfall
Rhiw a hillside
Rhodwydd an embankment, earthwork
Rhos a moorland
Rhyd a ford
Rhyn a headland


S

Sant a saint
Sarn a causeway, paved road
Sarnau causeways
Swydd a district
Sych dry


T

Tafarn an inn
Tai houses
Tal end, front
Tarren a rocky hillside, cliff
Teg fair
Tir land
Tomen a mound, heap
Ton lay land
Traeth beach, shore
Tref or Tre a town, habitation
Tro a turn, bend
Troed foot, base
Tros over
Trwyn a promontory
Twll a hollow
a house
Tyddyn a farmstead
Ty'n a farmstead


U

Uch higher
Uchaf highest
Uchel high
Uwch above


W

Waun a moorland field
Waen a moorland field
Wen (feminine mutation of 'gwyn') white, fair, blessed
Werdd (feminine mutation of 'gwyrdd') green
Wern (mutation of 'gwern') a marsh, alder trees
Wig (mutation of 'gwig') a haven, wooded land
Wrth near to, by


Y

Y the
Yr (before vowels) the
Yn in
Ynys an island
Ysbyty a hospital, hostel
Ysgol a school
Ysgubor a barn
Ystrad a vale, wide valley
Ystryd a street
Ystum a bend, curve
Ystwyth pliable, agile