West Virginia Land and Property

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[[Portal:United States Land and Property|Portal:United States Land and Property ]]>[[West Virginia|West Virginia]]  
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''[[United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Land and Property|U.S. Land and Property]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[West Virginia|West Virginia ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[West_Virginia_Land_and_Property|Land and Property]]''
  
 
=== Land Grants  ===
 
=== Land Grants  ===
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In 1744 Virginia encouraged the settlement of western Virginia by offering land speculators 1,000 acres for each family they brought to settle the frontier. These speculators organized land companies, such as the Greenbriar Company and the Loyal Land Company of Virginia. These companies surveyed the land and sold the surveys to individuals who obtained title by patent from the Secretary of the Colony or, after 1779, from the Virginia Land Office. By 1754 over 2 1/2 million acres had been granted to land companies.  
 
In 1744 Virginia encouraged the settlement of western Virginia by offering land speculators 1,000 acres for each family they brought to settle the frontier. These speculators organized land companies, such as the Greenbriar Company and the Loyal Land Company of Virginia. These companies surveyed the land and sold the surveys to individuals who obtained title by patent from the Secretary of the Colony or, after 1779, from the Virginia Land Office. By 1754 over 2 1/2 million acres had been granted to land companies.  
  
The first warrants for military bounty land in present-day West Virginia were issued in 1782 through the Virginia Land Office. Many soldiers sold their warrants to speculators who resold the land to others (see [[West Virginia Military Records|West Virginia Military Records]]).  
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The first warrants for military bounty land in present-day West Virginia were issued in 1782 through the Virginia Land Office. Many soldiers sold their warrants to speculators who resold th[[Image:Kanawha west virginia.jpg|thumb|right|300px]]e land to others (see [[West Virginia Military Records|West Virginia Military Records]]).  
  
After West Virginia became a state, the state government took possession of all unowned land and continued issuing grants. The original state land grants, sales, and surveys for West Virginia are located at:
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After West Virginia became a state, the state government took possession of all unowned land and continued issuing grants. By a legisilative order in 1951 the State Auditor's office was to locate and take custody of all of the original state land grants, sales, and surveys for West Virginia. These records were collected and were transfered to the state archives.<br>
  
Office of the State Auditor<br>Capitol Building<br>County Collections Division<br>Building-1 Room W-212<br>Charleston, WV 25305<br>Telephone: 304-558-2251<br>Fax: 304-558-5200
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The [http://www.wvculture.org/HiStory/archivesindex.aspx West Virginia Archives and History Library] has custody of these records. The Family History Library has microfilm copies of these records, including:  
  
The [http://www.wvculture.org/HiStory/archivesindex.aspx Archives and History Library] has copies of these records. The Family History Library has microfilm copies of these records, including:
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*'''1748-1912''' Land grants arranged by counties {{FHL|334356|item|disp=FHL film 521685, first of 56 films}}.  
 
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*'''1860-1875''' Land sales{{FHL|61196|item|disp=FHL film 558437–558440}}.
*Land grants arranged by counties, 1748-1912 (on 56 Family History Library films beginning with [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=334356&disp=Land+grants%2C+1748+-+1912++ 521685])
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*'''1863-1889''' Plats and surveys {{FHL|58999|item|disp=FHL film 462959}}
*Land sales, 1860-75 (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=61196&disp=Land+sales%2C+1860-1875++ films 558437-39])
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*Plats and surveys, 1863-89 (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=58999&disp=Plats+and+surveys%2C+1863-1889++ film 462959])&nbsp;&nbsp;
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The office of the state auditor published an index of all identifiable grantees from 1748 to the 1900s in:  
 
The office of the state auditor published an index of all identifiable grantees from 1748 to the 1900s in:  
  
Sims, Edgar Barr. ''Sims Index to Land Grants in West Virginia.'' Charleston, West Virginia: E.B. Sims, 1952. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=109038&disp=Sims+index+to+land+grants+in+West+Virgin%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 975.4 R21w; film1036828 items 3-4].) The grantees are listed alphabetically within the county that issued the grant. The actual grants are on microfilm (see above).&nbsp;&nbsp;This book is online at a subscription website:
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Sims, Edgar Barr. ''Sims Index to Land Grants in West Virginia.'' Charleston, West Virginia: E.B. Sims, 1952. {{FHL|109038|item|disp=FHL book 975.4 R21w, film 1036828 items 3-4}} {{WorldCat|1485573|disp=At many libraries (WorldCat)}} The grantees are listed alphabetically within the county that issued the grant. The actual grants are on microfilm (see above). Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=DSOvSkTzTP0C Google Books] and at [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=BookList&dbid=25647&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry.com]($)
 
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[http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=BookList&dbid=25647&offerid=0:7858:0 http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=BookList&amp;dbid=25647&amp;offerid=0%3a7858%3a0]  
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Information on boundary disputes and county formation data (including maps) is in:  
 
Information on boundary disputes and county formation data (including maps) is in:  
  
Sims, Edgar Barr. ''Making a State: Formation of West Virginia.'' Charleston, West Virginia: E.B. Sims, 1956. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=49225&disp=Making+a+state%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book Q 975.4 R2s].) This includes a supplement to the Sims Index (see above).  
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Sims, Edgar Barr. ''Making a State: Formation of West Virginia.'' Charleston, West Virginia: E.B. Sims, 1956. {{FHL|49225|item|disp=FHL book Q 975.4 R2s}} {{WorldCat|1851901|At many libraries(WorldCat)}} This includes a supplement to the Sims Index (see above).  
  
 
'''Transfers of Land between Individuals'''  
 
'''Transfers of Land between Individuals'''  
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Land transactions after the original patent was issued have been recorded in county deed books (often titled land books). You can obtain copies by contacting the appropriate clerk's office—usually the clerk of the circuit court.  
 
Land transactions after the original patent was issued have been recorded in county deed books (often titled land books). You can obtain copies by contacting the appropriate clerk's office—usually the clerk of the circuit court.  
  
The Family History Library has microfilm copies of the pre-1900 records for most counties. From Kanawha County, for example, the library has 200 microfilms of lease records (1865-1906), release books (1866-1909), trust deeds (1855-1910), deeds (1790-1946), and homesteads (1874-1944).  
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The Family History Library has microfilm copies of the pre-1900 records for most counties. From {{FHL|427399|subject_id|disp=Kanawha County}} for example, the library has 200 microfilms of lease records (1865-1906), release books (1866-1909), trust deeds (1855-1910), deeds (1790-1946), and homesteads (1874-1944).  
  
 
'''Online Resources'''  
 
'''Online Resources'''  
  
http://www.lva.lib.va.us/whatwehave/  
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[http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/using_collections.asp Library of Virginia–Using the Collections]
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[http://www.rootsweb.com/~wvmorgan/sims/Sims.htm Sims Index to Land Grants in West Virginia ]
  
http://www.rootsweb.com/~wvmorgan/sims/Sims.htm
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[http://www.wvculture.org/hiStory/journal_wvh/wvh40-2.html Early Land Grants and Settlers Along Patterson Creek]
  
http://www.rootsweb.com/~wvminera/simsindex.htm
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== References  ==
  
http://www.wvculture.org/hiStory/journal_wvh/wvh40-2.html
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{{West Virginia|West Virginia}} {{U.S. Land and Property}}
  
== References&nbsp;  ==
 
{{West Virginia|West Virginia}}
 
 
[[Category:West_Virginia|Land]]
 
[[Category:West_Virginia|Land]]

Revision as of 18:43, 13 September 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Land and Property  Gotoarrow.png West Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  Land and Property

Land Grants

In 1744 Virginia encouraged the settlement of western Virginia by offering land speculators 1,000 acres for each family they brought to settle the frontier. These speculators organized land companies, such as the Greenbriar Company and the Loyal Land Company of Virginia. These companies surveyed the land and sold the surveys to individuals who obtained title by patent from the Secretary of the Colony or, after 1779, from the Virginia Land Office. By 1754 over 2 1/2 million acres had been granted to land companies.

The first warrants for military bounty land in present-day West Virginia were issued in 1782 through the Virginia Land Office. Many soldiers sold their warrants to speculators who resold th
Kanawha west virginia.jpg
e land to others (see West Virginia Military Records).

After West Virginia became a state, the state government took possession of all unowned land and continued issuing grants. By a legisilative order in 1951 the State Auditor's office was to locate and take custody of all of the original state land grants, sales, and surveys for West Virginia. These records were collected and were transfered to the state archives.

The West Virginia Archives and History Library has custody of these records. The Family History Library has microfilm copies of these records, including:

The office of the state auditor published an index of all identifiable grantees from 1748 to the 1900s in:

Sims, Edgar Barr. Sims Index to Land Grants in West Virginia. Charleston, West Virginia: E.B. Sims, 1952. FHL book 975.4 R21w, film 1036828 items 3-4 At many libraries (WorldCat) The grantees are listed alphabetically within the county that issued the grant. The actual grants are on microfilm (see above). Digital version at Google Books and at Ancestry.com($)

Information on boundary disputes and county formation data (including maps) is in:

Sims, Edgar Barr. Making a State: Formation of West Virginia. Charleston, West Virginia: E.B. Sims, 1956. FHL book Q 975.4 R2s WorldCat 1851901 This includes a supplement to the Sims Index (see above).

Transfers of Land between Individuals

Land transactions after the original patent was issued have been recorded in county deed books (often titled land books). You can obtain copies by contacting the appropriate clerk's office—usually the clerk of the circuit court.

The Family History Library has microfilm copies of the pre-1900 records for most counties. From Kanawha County for example, the library has 200 microfilms of lease records (1865-1906), release books (1866-1909), trust deeds (1855-1910), deeds (1790-1946), and homesteads (1874-1944).

Online Resources

Library of Virginia–Using the Collections

Sims Index to Land Grants in West Virginia

Early Land Grants and Settlers Along Patterson Creek

References