West Virginia Naturalization Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{Record Search article
 
{{Record Search article
|CID=
+
|CID=CID1909003
|title=West Virginia Naturalization Records
+
|title=West Virginia Naturalization Records, 1814-1991
|location=United States
+
|location=United States}}&nbsp;<br>
|scheduled=}}  
+
  
== Collection Time Period  ==
+
<br>
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
=== Record Content  ===
+
The collection consists of a variety of naturalization records for 32 of 55 West Virginia Counties. Records include the following:
 +
 
 +
*Declarations of intention
 +
*Petitions
 +
*Oaths of allegiance
 +
*Certificates of naturalization
 +
*Registers of naturalizations granted and/or denied
 +
*Card files of naturalization
 +
*Naturalization orders
 +
*Lists of naturalized citizens
 +
*Naturalization dockets
 +
 
 +
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1909003/waypoints Browse].
 +
 
 +
The records cover the years 1814 to 1991.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. The counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.
 +
 
 +
The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.
 +
 
 +
=== Coverage Table<br>  ===
 +
 
 +
The following chart lists the counties included in the collection.
 +
 
 +
{| border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| Barbour
 +
| Hancock
 +
| Mineral
 +
| Randolph
 +
|-
 +
| Berkeley
 +
| Hardy
 +
| Mingo
 +
| Roane
 +
|-
 +
| Brooke
 +
| Harrison
 +
| Monongalia
 +
| Summers
 +
|-
 +
| Clay
 +
| Lewis
 +
| Nicholas
 +
| Tucker
 +
|-
 +
| Fayette
 +
| Logan
 +
| Ohio
 +
| Upshur
 +
|-
 +
| Gilmer
 +
| Marion
 +
| Pocahontas
 +
| Wetzel
 +
|-
 +
| Greenbrier
 +
| Mason
 +
| Preston
 +
| Wood
 +
|-
 +
| Hampshire
 +
| McDowell
 +
| Raleigh
 +
| Wyoming
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== Record Content  ==
 +
 
 +
<gallery>
 +
Image:West Virginia Naturalization Records DGS 4713532 111.jpg|Naturalization Record
 +
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
The following information is usually found in naturalization records:
 +
 
 +
*Name
 +
*Age
 +
*Year of immigration
 +
*Native country
 +
*Birth place
 +
*Birth date<br>
  
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
== Record History  ==
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:
  
=== Why This Record Was Created  ===
+
*The full name of your ancestor
 +
*The approximate immigration and naturalization dates
 +
*The ancestor’s residence
  
=== Record Reliability  ===
+
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
+
Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
 +
 
 +
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
 +
 
 +
For example, you can use naturalization records to:
 +
 
 +
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
 +
*Confirm their date of arrival
 +
*Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
 +
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
 +
 
 +
You may also find these tips helpful:
 +
 
 +
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
 +
*An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
 +
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
 +
*Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
 +
*The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
 +
*You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:
 +
 
 +
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
 +
*Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
 +
*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
 +
 
 +
For a browse collection: To search the collection image by image, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the appropriate&nbsp; "County" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate&nbsp; "Record Type, Date Range and Volume" which takes you to the images.<br>
 +
 
 +
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
 +
 
 +
Keep in mind:
 +
 
 +
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
== Known Issues with This Collection ==
 +
 
 +
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[West Virginia Naturalization Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.<br>
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.  
+
[http://www.wvculture.org/history/natural.html West Virginia State Archives]
 +
 
 +
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 +
 
 +
*[[West Virginia Emigration and Immigration|West Virginia Emigration and Immigration]]
 +
*[[West Virginia Naturalization and Citizenship|West Virginia Naturalization and Citizenship]]
  
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
Line 31: Line 165:
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1909003/waypoints West Virginia Naturalization Records, 1814-1991]
 +
 
 +
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]  
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
  
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
+
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
*United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71.
+
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.  
*Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023.
+
  
== Sources of information for This Collection ==
+
{{Collection citation | text= "West Virginia, Naturalization Records, 1814-1991" Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013.}}
  
The suggested format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections is found in the following article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]
 
  
 
[[Category:West_Virginia]]
 
[[Category:West_Virginia]]

Revision as of 21:10, 20 December 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
 


Contents

Record Description

The collection consists of a variety of naturalization records for 32 of 55 West Virginia Counties. Records include the following:

  • Declarations of intention
  • Petitions
  • Oaths of allegiance
  • Certificates of naturalization
  • Registers of naturalizations granted and/or denied
  • Card files of naturalization
  • Naturalization orders
  • Lists of naturalized citizens
  • Naturalization dockets

The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship. 

Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen. 

No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). 

Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters. 

For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

The records cover the years 1814 to 1991. 

Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. The counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.

The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.

Coverage Table

The following chart lists the counties included in the collection.

Barbour Hancock Mineral Randolph
Berkeley Hardy Mingo Roane
Brooke Harrison Monongalia Summers
Clay Lewis Nicholas Tucker
Fayette Logan Ohio Upshur
Gilmer Marion Pocahontas Wetzel
Greenbrier Mason Preston Wood
Hampshire McDowell Raleigh Wyoming

Record Content

The following information is usually found in naturalization records:

  • Name
  • Age
  • Year of immigration
  • Native country
  • Birth place
  • Birth date

How to Use the Record

To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:

  • The full name of your ancestor
  • The approximate immigration and naturalization dates
  • The ancestor’s residence

If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.

Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.

For example, you can use naturalization records to:

  • Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
  • Confirm their date of arrival
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.

You may also find these tips helpful:

  • Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
  • An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
  • If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
  • Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
  • The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
  • You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors. 

If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:

  • Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
  • Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
  • Search the indexes of nearby counties.

For a browse collection: To search the collection image by image, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate  "County"
⇒Select the appropriate  "Record Type, Date Range and Volume" which takes you to the images.

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.


Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

West Virginia State Archives

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: West Virginia Naturalization Records, 1814-1991

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"West Virginia, Naturalization Records, 1814-1991" Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013.