West Virginia Naturalization Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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|CID=CID1909003
 
|CID=CID1909003
 
|title=West Virginia Naturalization Records, 1814-1991  
 
|title=West Virginia Naturalization Records, 1814-1991  
|location=United States}}&nbsp;<br>
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|location=West Virginia}} <br>  
 
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== Collection Time Period  ==
+
 
+
The records cover the years 1814 to 1991.
+
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
The collection consists of a variety of naturalization records for 32 of 55 West Virginia Counties. Records include the following:  
+
The collection consists of a variety of naturalization records for 32 of 55 West Virginia counties. The records cover the years 1814 to 1991. Records include the following:  
  
 
*Declarations of intention  
 
*Declarations of intention  
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The following chart lists the counties included in the collection.  
 
The following chart lists the counties included in the collection.  
  
{| border="3"
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{| border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Barbour  
 
| Barbour  
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|}
 
|}
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID=CID1909003
 +
|title=West Virginia Naturalization Records, 1814-1991
 +
}}
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
+
== Record Content  ==
  
{{Collection citation
+
<gallery>
|text = <!--bibdescbegin-->West Virginia. Naturalization Records, 1814-1991. West Virginia State Archives. Charleston, West Virginia.<!--bibdescend-->}}
+
Image:West Virginia Naturalization Records DGS 4713532 111.jpg|Naturalization Record
 
+
</gallery>  
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
+
 
+
=== Record Content  ===
+
  
 
The following information is usually found in naturalization records:  
 
The following information is usually found in naturalization records:  
 
[[Image:West Virginia Naturalization Records DGS 4713532 111.jpg|thumb|right]]
 
  
 
*Name  
 
*Name  
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*Native country  
 
*Native country  
 
*Birth place  
 
*Birth place  
*Birth date
+
*Birth date<br>
  
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
Line 99: Line 93:
 
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.  
 
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.  
  
Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.  
+
=== Search the Collection  ===
 +
 
 +
To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
 +
 
 +
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.  
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 +
 
 +
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 +
 
 +
=== Using the Information  ===
  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.  
Line 110: Line 116:
 
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
 
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
  
You may also find these tips helpful:
+
=== Tips to Keep in Mind  ===
  
 
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.  
 
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.  
Line 117: Line 123:
 
*Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.  
 
*Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.  
 
*The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.  
 
*The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.  
*You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.&nbsp;
+
*You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
  
If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:
+
=== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ===
  
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.  
+
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.  
*Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.  
+
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.  
 
*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
 
*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
  
== Record History  ==
+
{{Tip|Don't overlook {{FHL|West Virginia, Naturalization and Citizenship|keywords|disp}} items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see the wiki article [[West Virginia Archives and Libraries]]. For additional information about this state see the wiki article [[West Virginia]].}}
  
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.
+
=== General Information About These Records  ===
  
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.  
+
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. The counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.  
  
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).  
+
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.&nbsp;
  
Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.  
+
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.&nbsp;
  
=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
+
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).&nbsp;
  
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. The counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.  
+
Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.  
  
=== Record Reliability  ===
+
== Known Issues with This Collection ==
 
+
The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.
+
 
+
== Known Issues with This Collection ==
+
  
 
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[West Virginia Naturalization Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
 
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[West Virginia Naturalization Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
 
 
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 +
 +
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1909003/waypoints West Virginia Naturalization Records, 1814-1991]
  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
+
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
==== Citation Example for Records Found in This Collection  ====
+
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
  
"West Virginia, Naturalization Records, 1814-1991" database and digital images, ''FamilySearch, ''(https://ld familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VRXF-VK7&nbsp;: accessed 1 May 2012), Guisseppe Costa, 1920). entry for Guisappi Costa, born April 4, 1888; citing Naturalization Records, Summers, Declarataions of Intention, 1908-1927, v. 1, Image 29; West Virginia State Archives, Charleston, West Virginia, United States.  
+
{{Collection citation | text= "West Virginia, Naturalization Records, 1814-1991" Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing county clerks throughout West Virginia.}}
  
 
[[Category:West_Virginia]]
 
[[Category:West_Virginia]]

Revision as of 16:32, 12 August 2014

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

The collection consists of a variety of naturalization records for 32 of 55 West Virginia counties. The records cover the years 1814 to 1991. Records include the following:

  • Declarations of intention
  • Petitions
  • Oaths of allegiance
  • Certificates of naturalization
  • Registers of naturalizations granted and/or denied
  • Card files of naturalization
  • Naturalization orders
  • Lists of naturalized citizens
  • Naturalization dockets

The following chart lists the counties included in the collection.

Barbour Hancock Mineral Randolph
Berkeley Hardy Mingo Roane
Brooke Harrison Monongalia Summers
Clay Lewis Nicholas Tucker
Fayette Logan Ohio Upshur
Gilmer Marion Pocahontas Wetzel
Greenbrier Mason Preston Wood
Hampshire McDowell Raleigh Wyoming
You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for West Virginia Naturalization Records, 1814-1991.

Record Content

The following information is usually found in naturalization records:

  • Name
  • Age
  • Year of immigration
  • Native country
  • Birth place
  • Birth date

How to Use the Record

To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:

  • The full name of your ancestor
  • The approximate immigration and naturalization dates
  • The ancestor’s residence

If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.

Search the Collection

To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.

For example, you can use naturalization records to:

  • Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
  • Confirm their date of arrival
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
  • An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
  • If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
  • Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
  • The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
  • You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  • Search the indexes of nearby counties.

General Information About These Records

Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. The counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.

Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen. 

The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship. 

No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). 

Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

West Virginia State Archives

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: West Virginia Naturalization Records, 1814-1991

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"West Virginia, Naturalization Records, 1814-1991" Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing county clerks throughout West Virginia.