Westmoreland County, Virginia

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Revision as of 16:43, 24 March 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  Westmoreland County

Tidewater county in the Northern Neck region of Virginia.


Westmoreland County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Westmoreland County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Westmoreland County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded July 5, 1653
County Seat Montross
Courthouse

Contents

County Courthouse

Westmoreland County Courthouse, Montross, Va.
 

Westmoreland County, Virginia
Polk Street P O Box 107
Montross, Virginia 22520
804-493-0108

  • Circuit Court Clerk has birth and death records 1855-1895, marriage records from 1786, death records 1855-1895
  • Probate court and land records from 1653[1]

History

Many colonial settlers who gained prominence in America arrived in Westmoreland County, Virginia as immigrants during the mid 1600s. These wealthy Westmoreland planters had the money to purchase the labor of indentured servants imported from the British Isles. In the early eighteenth century, historians estimate that Westmoreland had more English transported convicts serving labor terms within its bounds, than any other Virginia county.[2] Hence, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the area became the first home to many poor immigrants, before they moved to frontier areas to stake out cheap land.

Parent County

1653--Westmoreland County was created 5 July 1653 from Northumberland County.
County seat: Montross [1]

Boundary Changes

In 1662, Westmoreland County and Northumberland County were temporarily joined into a single county.[3]

Variant Spellings

  • Westmorland[4]

Record Loss

  • County court order book, years: 1765 to 1775
  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890
  • Some wills from the 1600s are lost[5]

Places/Localities

Part of the Northern Neck region

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Getting Started

Compiled genealogies are a good place to start research for this area, see Westmoreland County, Virginia Genealogy.

If you are researching families who lived in Westmoreland County, Virginia between the 1700s and 1750s, the Sparacios' books are a great time saver. They comprehensively index several publications covering that period:

  • Sparacio, Ruth Trickey and Sam Sparacio. Surname Index of Antient Press Publications. 14+ vols. McLean, Va.: R. & S. Sparacio, Antient Press, 1993-. FHL Collection 975.5 P22s v. 1-2; publisher's website: Antient Press. (Some of the index volumes have not been printed and it is necessary to contact the publishers to search them.)

Research Guides

  • Davis, Virginia Lee Hutcheson. "Records of Tidewater Virginia Counties," Tidewater Virginia Families: A Magazine of History and Genealogy, Vol. 1, No. 2 (May-June 1992):53-66. FHL Collection 975.51 D25t [For Westmoreland County, see p. 64]
  • Dorman, John Frederick. "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Westmoreland County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):120-123. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).

African American

Cemeteries

  • Beale, G.W. "Early Tombs in Westmoreland, Richmond, and Northumberland Counties," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 2 (Oct. 1902):123-130. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • "Cemetery Records, Westmoreland County - Haywood Plantation - Washington Family," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 24 (1974).
  • "Early Tombs in Westmoreland, Richmond, and Northumberland Counties," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Jan. 1903):191-195. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • "Inscriptions on Old Tombstones in Westmoreland and Northumberland Counties," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Jul. 1900):25-31. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Mallory. "St. Pauls Episcopal Church Cemetery: Nomini Grove, Westmoreland Co., VA," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 54 (2004).
  • "Old Tombstones in Westmoreland County," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 7, No. 2 (Oct. 1898):93-98. Available at JSTOR ($).

Census


For tips on accessing Westmoreland County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 7,722
1810 8,102 4.9%
1820 6,901 −14.8%
1830 8,396 21.7%
1840 8,019 −4.5%
1850 8,080 0.8%
1860 8,282 2.5%
1870 7,682 −7.2%
1880 8,846 15.2%
1890 8,399 −5.1%
1900 9,243 10.0%
1910 9,313 0.8%
1920 10,240 10.0%
1930 8,497 −17.0%
1940 9,512 11.9%
1950 10,148 6.7%
1960 11,042 8.8%
1970 12,142 10.0%
1980 14,041 15.6%
1990 15,480 10.2%
2000 16,718 8.0%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
1890 Union Veterans

Church

Baptist
  • Dover Baptist Association, William Webber, Robert Baylor Semple, and James Greenwood. Minutes of the Dover Baptist Association,: holden at Nomony Meeting-House, Westmoreland County, Virginia. October 9th, 1802. J. Dixon and J. Courtney, Jun., 1803.
  • Dover Baptist Association, Robert Baylor Semple. Minutes of the Baptist Dover Association,: Held at Nomony Meeting House, Westmoreland County. Virginia, October 12th, 13th & 14th, 1811. John O'Lynch., 1811.
  • Dozier, Richard. Historical Notes Concerning the Planting of Baptist Principles in the Northern Neck of Virginia: Text Book from 1771 : Sermons Preached from the Within Texts and Heard by me, Richard Dozier, son of Thomas in Westmoreland County, Virginia. [Incomplete citation from Google Books.]
  • Healy, Elton C. "'History of Nomini Baptist Church' Given at Nomini Baptist Church August 9, 1953 in Connection with the 300th Anniversary of Westmoreland County," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 19 (1969).
  • Henly, Robert Page. "The Family of Captain Joseph Peirce, One of the Founders of Nomini Baptist Church Westmoreland County," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 8 (1958).
Church of England

Also known as Anglican, Protestant Episcopal.

Gotoarrow.png See also Appomattox Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Chickacoan Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Cople Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Machodick Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Nomini Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Potomac Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Washington Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Westbury Parish

  • Beale, George W. "The Early Churches of Northern Neck (Beulah Hinton Marsh)--Aquia Church in Stafford County, Christ Church Lancaster County, Farnham Church in Richmond County, Lamb's Creek Church in King George County, St. Mary's White Chapel in Lancaster County, St. Paul's Church in King George County, Yeocomico Church in Westmoreland County--Baptist Churches of White Marsh in Lancaster, Morattico Baptist, Nomini in Westmoreland, Farnham in Richmond, Hanover Baptist in King George 4. A Ride Through Westmoreland County, Virginia,"  Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 2 (1952). 
  • Davison, Bertha. "A History of Washington Parish," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 13 (1963).
  • Davison, Bertha Lawrence Newton. The Life of Cople Parish 1664-1964 in Westmoreland County, Virginia. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1999. FHL Collection
  • Early Virginia Religious Petitions, courtesy of The Library of Congress, American Memory, has placed eight petitions from residents of Westmoreland County, Virginia dated 1778, 1778, 1785, 1785, 1785, 1786, 1786, and 1786 online. Principally, they concern matters of the Church of England. Petitions are valuable to genealogists because they contain lists of names of residents of the community.
  • Ljungstedt, Mrs. Milnor. "Westmoreland Parishes," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 6, No. 3 (Jul. 1926):258. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Mason, George Carrington. "The Colonial Churches of Westmoreland and King George Counties, Virginia, Part I," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 56, No. 2 (Apr. 1948):154-172. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Mason, George Carrington. "The Colonial Churches of Westmoreland and King George Counties, Virginia, Part II," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 56, No. 3 (Jul. 1948):280-293. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Mayo, Wat Tyler, Walter Randolph Crabbe and S. Downing Cox. A Sketch of Yeocomico Church (Built 1706) in Cople Parish, Westmoreland County, Va: With a Reference to the Bicentennial Celebration on July 15, 1906, and the Movement to Raise an Endowment Fund for the Preservation of the Church. C.F. Sudwarth, 1906.
  • "Pope's Creek Episcopal Church, Westmoreland County," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 10 (1960).
  • Pratt, Harden de V. "Yeocomico Church, Westmoreland County," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 4 (1954); Vol. 5 (1955).
  • "The Pulpit Cloth of Appomattox Church," [Washington Parish, Westmoreland County] The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Jul., 1918), pp. 28-33. Available at JSTOR ($). [Discusses theft of the pulpit cloth, dated 1715.]

Pope's Creek Episcopal Church was situated in Westmoreland County.[6]

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: History of Pope's Creek

Court

General

  • Carver, Mrs. A.E. "Westmoreland County Court Houses," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 21 (1971).

Chancery Court

  • Indexed images of Westmoreland County, Virginia Chancery Records 1753-1902 (incomplete) are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.

County Court

Loose Papers

  • Lewis, James F. "A Jury's Verdict, Westmoreland County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 25, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1981):88-91. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).

Superior Court of Chancery

The Superior Court of Chancery of Fredericksburg (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over certain Westmoreland County court cases. An index has been compiled:

  • Indexes of Court Records in the Clerk's Office, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1782-1904. Original records, Fredericksburg City Courthouse, Fredericksburg, Va., microfilm: FHL Collection [Indexes the following records: District Court law book v. 8, 1782-1792; District Court law books 1790-1793, v. A-F 1789-1811; Superior Court of Law law order books v. G-H 1812-1831; Superior Court of Chancery chancery order books 1814-1831; Hustings Court orders v. A-O 1782-1871; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery law order books v. A-E 1831-1875; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery chancery order books v. A-D 1831-1872; Circuit Court chancery order books v. A2, B-C 1875-1904; Fredericksburg District Court (1789-1808) had jurisdiction over the following counties: Spotsylvania (including Fredericksburg), Caroline, King George, Stafford, Orange, and Culpeper; Superior Court of Chancery (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over the following localities: city of Fredericksburg and the counties of Caroline, Culpeper, Fauquier, Fairfax, Lancaster, Northumberland, Madison, King George, Orange, Prince William, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Essex, and Westmoreland.]

Genealogy

More than 300 genealogies have been published about Westmoreland County families. To view a list, visit Westmoreland County, Virginia Genealogy.

Historic Residences

  • Davison, Treadwell. "Wakefield Plantation (Westmoreland County)," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 15 (1965).
  • "Dedication of the Payne Family Memorial, to Ancestors Buried at Red House Westmoreland County, VA on May 11, 1935," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 22 (1972).
  • Dos Passos, Elizabeth H. "Pedkatone, Then and Now," [Peckatone Plantation, Westmoreland County] Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 23 (1973).
  • "History of Westmoreland County & Stratford Hall," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 53 (2003).
  • Latane, Lawrence Washington. "Blenheim," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 25 (1975).
  • McCartney, Martha. James Monroe's Birthplace, Westmoreland County, Virginia. Virginia Research Center for Archaeology, 197-?.
  • O'Dell, Jeffrey M. "1972 Excavation at the Chantilly Manor House Site, Westmoreland County, Virginia," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 23 (1973).
  • Robert E. Lee Memorial Foundation. Stratford, Colonial Home and Plantation, Westmoreland County, Virginia: Birthplace of Robert E. Lee and of Two Signers of the Declaration of Independence. B.S. Adams, 1940.
  • "The Colonial Mansion and Grounds at Wakefield Near Popes Creek in Westmoreland County, Virginia," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 14, Index to Vol. 14 (Jan. 1934). Available at JSTOR ($). [Photograph]
  • United States. National Park Service. George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Westmoreland County, Virginia: "Wakefield," Washington's Birthplace: The Memorial Mansion Marking the Site of the House in Which George Washington was Born. 1938.

Immigration

Headright grants identify many Westmoreland County, Virginia immigrants who arrived before 1720.[7] The Virginia Immigration article provides tips about using this source.

Additional resources include:

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Correspondence with the American Colonies 1739-1782," The Genealogist, Vol. 12, No. 1 (Spring 1998):108-128; Vol. 12, No. 2 (Fall 1998):189-205. [Overseas correspondence of a resident of Westmoreland County with the following surname: Lee.] FHL Collection
  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Cople Parish, Leeds [Leedstown], Mattox, Nominy [Nomini Hall], Washington Parish, and Westmoreland County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
  • "Colonial Convicts of the Northern Neck," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 52 (2002).
  • List of imported servants from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Westmoreland County, Virginia (work in progress), Courtesy: Immigrant Servants Database.

Land

Deeds

  • "Deed From 'Light Horse' Harry Lee to Willoughby Newton II, August 28, 1804. Westmoreland County," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 19 (1969).
  • Fleet, Beverley. Virginia Colonial Abstracts: Westmoreland County, 1653-1657. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1961. Digital book available at Ancestry ($). [Includes deeds.]
  • King, George H.S. "Index. Westmoreland County Virginia. Deeds 1709-1804 and Wills 1755-1800. Unrecorded Wills and Deeds from a Folume at the Library of Virginia," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 22 (1972).

Grants and Patents

  • Crozier, William Armstrong, ed.. Virginia County Records, New Series. Vol. I, Westmoreland County. Hasbrouck Heights, NJ, USA: The Genealogical Association, 1913. Digital version available at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($). Includes will abstracts, 1654-1794, and land grants, 1653-1793.
  • Davey. 253 patents dated 1651-1911 in what is now Fairfax, Fauquier, Northumberland, Prince William, Stafford, and Westmoreland Counties, Virginia placed on a map. DeedMapper. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing, which is "Nova" in this instance); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.]
  • Eaton, David Wolfe. Historical Atlas of Westmoreland County, Virginia: Patents, Showing How Lands were Patented from the Crown & Proprietors of the Northern Neck of Virginia, Including Some History of the Patentees, Indians, Church & State, Parishes, Ministers, Prominent Men, Surveys, Portraits, Maps, Airplane ... The Dietz Press, 1942.
  • Gray, Gertrude E. Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants 1694-1742. Vol. I. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1987. FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry. [Includes Westmoreland County.]
  • Gray, Gertrude E. Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1742-1775. Vol. II. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1997. FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes Westmoreland County.]
  • Nugent, Nell Marion. Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666. Vol. I (1934; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1991). FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes Westmoreland County. N.B. If Ancestry's search engine fails, try checking the printed index at the end of the book.]

Surveys

  • Hudson, J. Paul. "An Early Westmoreland County Land Survey Made in 1783," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 7 (1957).

Local Histories

  • Beale, George W. "A Ride Through Westmoreland County, Virginia," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 2 (1952).
  • Oberseider, Nancy Lou. The Wearing Apparel of the Women of Westmoreland County, Virginia, 1700-1775. College of William and Mary, 1966.
  • Westmoreland 350th Anniversary Commission. Westmoreland County, Virginia: The Cradle of the Nation. Carden Jennings Publishing Co., 2003.
  • Wright, T. R. B. et al. Westmoreland County, Virginia: Parts I and II: A Short Chapter and Bright Day in its History. Richmond, Virginia: Whittet & Shepperson, Printers, 1912. FHL Collection Fiche 6100262; digital versions at Google Books (full-view) and Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($).

Maps

  • Eaton, David Wolfe. Historical Atlas of Westmoreland County, Virginia: Patents, Showing How Lands were Patented from the Crown & Proprietors of the Northern Neck of Virginia, Including Some History of the Patentees, Indians, Church & State, Parishes, Ministers, Prominent Men, Surveys, Portraits, Maps, Airplane ... The Dietz Press, 1942.

Military

Colonial Militia
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. FHL Collection [Identifies some Westmoreland County militia officers in 1724 and 1727; see place name index.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. FHL Collection; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Westmoreland County militia officers in 1680 and 1699; see place name index.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia County Records, New Series. Vol. I, Westmoreland County. Hasbrouck Heights, New Jersey: The Genealogical Association, 1913. Digital book available at Ancestry ($). [Includes militia records.]
French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. FHL Collection [Identifies some Westmoreland County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. FHL Collection; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Westmoreland County, see p. 102.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. FHL Collection; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some militia officers in Westmoreland County in 1758; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Westmoreland County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Westmoreland County supplied soldiers for the:

- 5th Virginia Regiment
- 15th Virginia Regiment (10th Company)[8]

Additional resources:

  • Minutes of Freeholders Meetings, Westmoreland Co., Va., from Nov. 28, 1775 to Aug. 27, 1776. MSS., Fordham University, New York City. Microfilm: FHL Collection 17787 Item 1
  • O'Dell, Jeffrey M. "The War of Independence and the Northern Neck of Virginia," [Chapter III, Westmoreland County Associators, Justices, High Sheriffs, Widows and Husbands in Continental Service, Sons in Service] Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 21 (1971).
  • "Resolution Opposing The Stamp Act, Adopted at Leedstown, Westmoreland County, Virginia, February 27, 1766, Memorialized on a Marble Table on the Wall of the Court House at Montross, Virginia. Transcript of the Resolution," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 1 (1951).
  • Shearman, Virginia W. "Revolutionary War Soldiers, Sailors and Patriots of Richmond and Westmoreland Counties, VA (1775-1783)," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 25 (1975); Vol. 26 (1976).
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at [1]Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Westmoreland County on page 133.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Westmoreland County, p. 107. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War


Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865


Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865

 

Hutt, Charles Warren. The Diary of Charles Warren Hutt of Westmoreland County, Virginia: (Kept While a Prisoner of War at Point Lookout, Maryland, 1864). 1970.

  • Norris, Walter Biscoe Jr., ed, Westmoreland County Virginia 1653-1983, pp. 373-439. FHL book 975.524 H2we

Naturalization


Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929

Native American

  • "Native Americans of Westmoreland County," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 53 (2003).

Newspapers

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations

  • Beale, Lucy Brown. "Westmoreland County, Early Ordinaries in Westmoreland and Their Early Keepers," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 8 (1958).
  • Hudson, J. Paul. "Pottery-Making in Westmoreland County in the Seventeenth Century," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 25 (1975).
  • "Westmoreland County Grist Mills," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol 53 (2003).

Petitions

Early Virginia Religious Petitions, courtesy of The Library of Congress, American Memory, has placed eight petitions from residents of Westmoreland County, Virginia dated 1778, 1778, 1785, 1785, 1785, 1786, 1786, and 1786 online. Principally, they concern matters of the Church of England. Petitions are valuable to genealogists because they contain lists of names of residents of the community.

  • "Miscellaneous Legislative Petitions From The Counties of Westmoreland, Richmond, Northumberland and Lancaster," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 10 (1960).
  • "Westmoreland County, Virginia, Legislative Petitions," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 15, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1971):18-31. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).

Private Papers

Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007

[Brown] McKenney, Lucy Young. "Excerpts from a Manuscript of Thomas Brown," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 18 (1968).

  • [Hutt] Hutt, Charles Warren. The Diary of Charles Warren Hutt of Westmoreland County, Virginia: (Kept While a Prisoner of War at Point Lookout, Maryland, 1864). 1970.
  • [Lee] Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Correspondence with the American Colonies 1739-1782," The Genealogist, Vol. 12, No. 1 (Spring 1998):108-128; Vol. 12, No. 2 (Fall 1998):189-205. [Overseas correspondence of a resident of Westmoreland County with the following surname: Lee.] FHL Collection

Probate

Local Court

  • Crozier, William Armstrong, ed.. Virginia County Records, New Series. Vol. I, Westmoreland County. Hasbrouck Heights, NJ, USA: The Genealogical Association, 1913. Digital versions at Ancestry ($) and World Vital Records ($). Includes will abstracts, 1654-1794.
  • Fleet, Beverley. Virginia Colonial Abstracts: Westmoreland County, 1653-1657. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1961. Digital book available at Ancestry ($). [Includes wills.]
  • Fothergill, Augusta Bridgland Middleton. Wills of Westmoreland County, Virginia, 1654 - 1800. [Richmond?]: Appeals Press, 1925. Baltimore, MD: Reprinted for Clearfield Co. by Genealogical Pub. Co., 1990. Original FHL Collection 1421722 Item 5, reprint: FHL Collection 975.524 P28f 1990; digital version at World Vital Records ($).
  • Fothergill, Augusta Bridgland Middleton. Wills Omitted from Original Publication of Wills of Westmoreland County, Va., by Augusta B. Fothergill: List Later Presented by the Author to Virginia State Library in Typewritten Copy. 1943.
  • King, George H.S. "Index. Westmoreland County Virginia. Deeds 1709-1804 and Wills 1755-1800. Unrecorded Wills and Deeds from a Folume at the Library of Virginia," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 22 (1972).
  • Lewis, James F. "Nuncupative Will of Gilbert Campbell, Westmoreland County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 18, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1974):227. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • The Will of Edward Ransdell of Cople Parish in the County of Westmoreland, Va., 1724 [incomplete citation from Google Books.]
  • Westmoreland County, Virginia Wills, 1654-1800. Database available at Ancestry ($).

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes wills of residents of Cople Parish, Leeds [Leedstown], Mattox, Nominy [Nomini Hall], Washington Parish, and Westmoreland County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me? 

  • [1776] Lewis, James F. "Westmoreland County, Virginia, Tithables, 1776," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1975):210-213. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • [1782] Land tax list, 1782, Researcher. Richmond VA: Jan 1928. Vol. 2 Iss. 2.
  • [1782] Land taxes, 1782, Tidewater Virginia Families. Williamsburg VA: Aug 1998. Vol. 7 Iss. 2.
  • [1782] James, Edward Wilson. "Slave Owners, Westmoreland County, Va., 1782," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 10 (1903):229-235. FHL Collection; reprinted in Virginia Tax Records. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available as FHL Collection; digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • [1782-1815] Heinegg, Paul. "Westmoreland County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1815," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1783] Fothergill, Augusta B. and John Mark Naugle. Virginia Tax Payers, 1782-87, Other Than Those Published by the United States Census Bureau. 1940; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1978. FHL Collection [1783 personal property tax list of Westmoreland County.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. FHL Collection [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Westmoreland County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1791, 1800] Indexed images of the 1791 and 1800 Personal Property Tax Lists of Westmoreland County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. FHL Collection [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Westmoreland County is included in Vol. 3.]
  • [1850] Free male Negroes list, 1850, Tidewater Virginia Families. Williamsburg VA: Feb 1997. Vol. 5 Iss. 4
  • [1865-1883] Mayo, William. Sale of Delinquent Lands: List of Real Estate in Westmoreland Co., Va., Delinquent for Non-Payment of the Taxes Assessed ... from 1865 to 1883, Inclusive ... Take Notice! on the 23rd day of August, 1886 ... I Shall Proceed to Sell All Lands Above Mentioned ... 1886.

Vital Records

Indexes to Westmoreland County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Marriages
  • Headley, Robert K. Married Well and Often: Marriages of the Northern Neck of Virginia 1649-1800: Marriages and Marriage References for the Counties of Lancaster, Northumberland, Old Rappahannock, Richmond, and Westmoreland. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2003. FHL Collection
  • King, George H.S. "Some Westmoreland County Marriages 1691-1692," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 23, No. 1 (Jan. 1943):85. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Lewis, James F. "Westmoreland County, Virginia, Marriages," [1780s-1840] The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 10, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1966):25-26. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). [These loose court papers were not filed properly and do not appear in some published abstracts of Westmoreland County marriages.]
  • Nottingham, Stratton. The Marriage License Bonds of Westmoreland County, Virginia from 1786 to 1850. Originally published: Onancock VA: [s.n.], 1928. Reprint: Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1975. Reprint: FHL Collection; digital version at World Vital Records ($).
Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Voting Records

  • Lion, Jane A. "A List of Voters in the 1741 Burgess Election from Westmoreland County, Va.," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 25, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1981):275-280. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • "Polls in Westmoreland County for Election of Burgesses [1744-1761]," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Jul. 1899):32. Available at JSTOR ($). Identifies candidates by name, but not voters.

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Websites

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. A. Roger Ekirch, Bound for America: The Transportation of British Convicts to the Colonies, 1718-1775 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987). FHL Book 975 W2e.
  3. Mrs. Milnor Ljungstedt, "Westmoreland and Northumberland Joined," The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jan. 1924):46-47. Available at JSTOR.
  4. Kenneth Scott, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812 (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 322. FHL Book 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  5. Barbara Vines Little, "A Much Married Woman: Mary (--?--) Pope Bridges Nicholas Whitliffe," Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 50, No. 1 (Feb. 2012):68.
  6. Popes Creek Episcopal Church, The Historical Marker Database.
  7. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Cavaliers and Pioneers," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):221. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 24 (1980)
  8. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 72. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.