Winwick, Lancashire

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
m
m
Line 91: Line 91:
  
 
Include an overview if there is any unique information, such as the census for X year was destroyed. Add a link to online sites for indexes and/or images. Also add a link to the Family History Library Catalog showing the film numbers in their collection.  
 
Include an overview if there is any unique information, such as the census for X year was destroyed. Add a link to online sites for indexes and/or images. Also add a link to the Family History Library Catalog showing the film numbers in their collection.  
 +
 +
http://www.1881pubs.com/ for details of public houses in the 1881 census <br>
  
 
==== Probate records<br>  ====
 
==== Probate records<br>  ====

Revision as of 16:53, 9 November 2010

England Gotoarrow.png Lancashire Gotoarrow.png Lancashire Parishes

View a List of Chapels in the Parish of Winwick.

Winwick St Oswald

Contents

Parish History

Winwick St Oswald is an Ancient Parish in the county of Lancashire.

Other places in the parish include: Arbury, Haydock, Houghton, Houghton, Middleton and Arbury, Winwick with Hulme, Kenyon, Middleton, Myddleton, Risley, and Hulme.

WINWICK (St. Oswald), a parish, in the union of Warrington, hundred of West Derby, S. division of Lancashire; containing, with the township of Houghton with Middleton and Arbury, 896 inhabitants, of whom 603 are in the township of Winwick with Hulme, 3 miles (N.) from Warrington. Winwick is supposed, on good authority, to be the site of the British city Caer Guintguic, and to have been the seat of one of the twelve Saxon chiefs who formed their establishments in South Lancashire, before the institution of parishes. It also appears to have been the favourite residence of Oswald, King of Northumbria, who was slain in August 642 at a place which Bede calls Maserfelth. The district in which Winwick is seated has from a very distant period been denominated Makerfield, "a battle field;" and the parish claims to be the battle-field on which the gallant Oswald fell: a little more than half a mile north of the church, on the road to Golborne and Wigan, is an ancient well, known from time immemorial as St. Oswald's well. During the civil war, in 1643 and 1648, the parish was the scene of military operations. In the latter year, in an engagement between the parliamentarians and the Scots, Cromwell is said to have charged home upon the royalists, and to have driven them from their post, slaying 1000 men, and taking 2000 prisoners who had sought refuge in the church. The parish was, until lately, of great extent, and included the now distinct parishes of Ashton-in-Makerfield, St. Thomas in Ashton, Croft with Southworth, Lowton, Newchurch, and Newton-in-Makerfield; all which, by acts of parliament passed in 1844 and 1845, were formed into separate parishes. Winwick now comprises 2281 acres, whereof 1441 are in the township of Winwick with Hulme: of the latter area, 915 acres are meadow and pasture, 421 acres arable, 40 wood, and the remainder gardens and waste. The country around is for the most part flat and unvaried; the soil is chiefly a strong loam, on clay and red-sandstone. The road from Warrington to Newton passes through the parish. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at £102. 9. 9½., and in the patronage of the Earl of Derby: the net income, previously to the division of the parish, was £3616, arising chiefly from the glebe; the whole of the township, with the exception of an acre belonging to the free grammar school, being glebe land. The rectoryhouse is a large and substantial mansion, in a wellwooded park. The church stands on an eminence commanding a most extensive view. It consists of a nave, aisles, chancel, and a tower and spire; the fabric is large and irregular, of various ages, and evidently existed before the Conquest. The nave is separated from the aisles by five arches indented, resting on fluted capitals, bearing clustered columns adorned by the Tudor flower: on the south side of the nave is a chapel belonging to the family of Legh, and opposite to it on the north side is one belonging to Sir John Gerard, Bart. On the cornice or upper part of the south wall is an inscription in ancient Latin verse, in dedication of the church to St. Oswald. The remains of a cross, of great antiquity, exist in the churchyard. The free grammar school was founded in 1618, by Gwalter Legh, of Lyme, and was endowed by him with £10 per annum, since increased by benefactions to £34: the site of the school is supposed to have been the cell of some monks attached to the church.

From: A Topographical Dictionary of England by Samuel Lewis (1848), pp. 622-625. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51416 Date accessed: 25 June 2010.

Resources

Civil Registration

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.

Online index of Lancashire Births, Marriages and Deaths Lancashire BMD

Lancashire Online Parish Clerks

An extremely useful resource for research in Lancashire Parishes http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/

Church records

Include here information for parish registers, Bishop’s Transcripts and other types of church records, such as parish chest records. Add the contact information for the office holding the original records. Add links to the Family History Library Catalog showing the film numbers in their collection

Winwick- St Oswald
Baptisms Transcript-1563-1660- 929.3272 Wi1
Baptisms Transcript-1661-1756- 929.3272 Wi1 or MFE 929.342719 Wi4
Baptisms Transcript-1756-1808- 929.3272 Wi1
Burials Transcript-1563-1661- 929.3272 Wi1
Burials Transcript-1661-1756- 929.3272 Wi1 or MFE 929.342719 Wi4
Burials Transcript-1756-1837- 929.3272 Wi1 or MFE 929.342719 Wi4
Marriages Transcript-1600-1660- 929.3272 Wi1
Marriages Transcript-1661-1754- 929.3272 Wi1 or MFE 929.342719 Wi4
Marriages Transcript-1754-1812- 929.3272 Wi1 or MFE 929.342719 Wi(080)

For original registers of above please enquire at Cheshire Record Office.

The Manchester Room and Greater Manchester County Record Office
Email: archiveslocalstudies@manchester.gov.uk

The Manchester Room@City Library (Local Studies)

Parish registers of Winwick, 1563-1909 Microfilm copy of original record in the Cheshire Record Office, Chester, England.
Cheshire Record Office no.: P158/1/1-8, P158/2988/1-2, P158/2/1-9, P158/2988/3/1-2, P158/3/1-2, P158/4296/1.

Content
Film
Baptisms, 1563-1753. Marriages, burials, 1603-1753.
FHL BRITISH Film
1655875 Items 3 - 8
Baptisms, 1753-1756. Marriages, burials, 1733-1756. Baptisms, burials, 1756-1812. Baptisms, 1813-1841. Marriages, 1754-1765.
FHL BRITISH Film
1655876
Marriages, 1766-1819.
FHL BRITISH Film
1656010
Marriages, 1813-1900.
FHL BRITISH Film
1656144
Burials, 1813-1897.
FHL BRITISH Film
1656145
Baptisms, 1563-1733. Marriages, 1603-1733. Burials, 1603-1733.
FHL BRITISH Film
1885706
Baptisms, 1733-1900. Marriages, 1733-1756. Burials, 1733-1806.
FHL BRITISH Film
1885707
Marriages, 1754-1812.
FHL BRITISH Film
1885708
Marriages, 1813-1843.
FHL BRITISH Film
1885709
Marriages, 1909-1945.
FHL BRITISH Film
2197435 Items 5 - 7
Burials, 1813-1837.
FHL BRITISH Film
1885711
Burials, 1837-1897.
FHL BRITISH Film
1885712



Census records

Include an overview if there is any unique information, such as the census for X year was destroyed. Add a link to online sites for indexes and/or images. Also add a link to the Family History Library Catalog showing the film numbers in their collection.

http://www.1881pubs.com/ for details of public houses in the 1881 census

Probate records

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Lancashire Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

Maps and Gazetteers

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Web sites

Add any relevant sites that aren’t mentioned above.